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1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

It was the final year of the Cold War that had begun in 1947. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics in its place. India also abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy in July 1991 which would increase the GDP but also economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.[2]

1991 in various calendars
Millennium:2nd millennium
Gregorian calendar1991
Ab urbe condita2744
Armenian calendar1440ԹՎ ՌՆԽ
Assyrian calendar6741
Bahá'í calendar147–148
Balinese saka calendar1912–1913
Bengali calendar1398
Berber calendar2941
British Regnal year39Eliz. 2– 40Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2535
Burmese calendar1353
Byzantine calendar7499–7500
Chinese calendar庚午年 (MetalHorse)4687 or 4627— to —辛未年 (MetalGoat)4688 or 4628
Coptic calendar1707–1708
Discordian calendar3157
Ethiopian calendar1983–1984
Hebrew calendar5751–5752
Hindu calendars
Vikram Samvat
Shaka Samvat
Kali Yuga
Holocene calendar11991
Igbo calendar991–992
Iranian calendar1369–1370
Islamic calendar1411–1412
Japanese calendarHeisei3(平成3年)
Javanese calendar1923–1924
Juche calendar80
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4324
Minguo calendarROC80民國80年
Nanakshahi calendar523
Thai solar calendar2534
Tibetan calendar阳金马年(male Iron-Horse)2117 or 1736 or 964— to —阴金羊年(female Iron-Goat)2118 or 1737 or 965
Unix time662688000 – 694223999



  • January 1 Czechoslovakia becomes the second Eastern European country to abandon its command economy. The first anti-stalking law, passed in 1990, goes into effect in California.[3] Dublin begins its year as the European Capital of Culture.

  • January 2 – In eastern El Salvador, Salvadoran rebels shoot down a United States Army helicopter and execute the two surviving members of its 3-man crew.

  • January 4 – The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously to condemn Israel's treatment of the Palestinians.

  • January 5 – Georgian troops attack Tskhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, opening the 1991–92 South Ossetia War.

  • January 6 The runoff for the Guatemalan presidential election is won by Jorge Serrano Elías. The All India Federation of Anganwadi Workers and Helpers is founded in Udaipur.

  • January 7 – In Haiti, an attempted coup by an associate of former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier is thwarted by Loyalist troops.

  • January 9 United States Secretary of State James Baker meets with the Foreign Minister of Iraq Tariq Aziz, but fails to produce a plan for Iraq to withdraw its troops from Kuwait. In Sebokeng, South Africa, gunmen fire on mourners attending the funeral of a leader of the African National Congress, killing 13 people.

  • January 12 – Gulf War: The Congress of the United States passes a resolution authorizing the use of military force to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait.

  • January 13 – Singing Revolution: Soviet forces storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence. January Events (Lithuania) and the Time of Barricades in Latvia.

  • January 15 The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm. Prime Minister of Cape Verde Pedro Pires resigns following his party's loss in the January 13, Cape Verdean parliamentary election, the first ever multiparty election in an African nation.[4]

  • January 16 U.S. serial killer Aileen Wuornos confesses to the murders of six men. Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins with air strikes against Iraq.

  • January 17 Gulf War: Iraq fires eight Scud missiles into Israel. Harald V of Norway becomes king on the death of his father, Olav V. The volcano Hekla erupts on Iceland.

  • January 18 – Eastern Air Lines shuts down after 62 years, citing financial problems.

  • January 19 An Iraqi Scud attack on Tel Aviv in Israel injures 15 people. The Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is founded in Luanda, Angola.

  • January 21 – Harald V's investiture ceremony as King of Norway.

  • January 22 Three Iraqi Scuds and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people; three elderly people die of heart attacks. The British Army SAS patrol, Bravo Two Zero, is deployed in Iraq during the Gulf War.

  • January 24 – The government of Papua New Guinea signs a peace agreement with separatist leaders from Bougainville Island, ending fighting that had gone on since 1988.

  • January 26 – Siad Barre is overthrown; Somalia enters civil war.

  • January 29 Siad Barre is succeeded by Ali Mahdi Muhammad in Somalia. In South Africa, Nelson Mandela of the African National Congress and Mangosuthu Buthelezi of the Inkatha Freedom Party agree to end the violence that had plagued relations between the two organizations. Gulf War: the Battle of Khafji occurs, the battle lasts until February 1.


  • February 1 A USAir Boeing 737-300, USAir Flight 1493 collides with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, 5569 at Los Angeles International Airport, killing 34. The 6.4 mb Hindu Kush earthquake affected northeast Afghanistan with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong), causing extreme damage, leaving 848 dead and 200 injured.

  • February 5 – A Michigan court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.

  • February 7 Haiti's first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in. The Provisional Irish Republican Army launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting. Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Kuwait, thus starting the ground phase of the war.

  • February 9 – Singing Revolution: Voters in Lithuania support independence.

  • February 11 – The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) forms in The Hague, Netherlands.

  • February 13 – Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. United States military intelligence claims it was a military facility but Iraqi officials identify it as a bomb shelter.

  • February 15 – The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.

  • February 17 – The Cape Verdean presidential election, Cape Verde's first multiparty presidential election since 1975, is won by António Mascarenhas Monteiro.

  • February 18 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs in the early morning, at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.

  • February 20 – President of Albania Ramiz Alia dismisses the government headed by Prime Minister of Albania Adil Çarçani in an effort to stem pro-democracy protests. Fatos Nano is sworn in as Prime Minister on February 22.

  • February 22 – Gulf War: Iraq accepts a Soviet-proposed cease fire agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but says that retreating Iraqi forces will not be attacked if they leave Kuwait within 24 hours.

  • February 23 The One Meridian Plaza fire in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, kills three firefighters and destroys eight floors of the building. In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong deposes Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan in a bloodless coup d'état.

  • February 25 – Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 29 and injuring 99 U.S. soldiers. It is the single-most devastating attack on U.S. forces during that war.

  • February 26 – Gulf War: On Baghdad radio, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat.

  • February 27 President Bush declares victory over Iraq and orders a cease-fire.

  • In the Bangladeshi general election, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party wins 139 of 300 seats in the Jatiyo Sangshad. BNP leader Khaleda Zia becomes President of Bangladesh on March 19.


  • March 1 The ballistic missile submarine USS Sam Houston is deactivated. Clayton Keith Yeutter ends his term as United States Secretary of Agriculture.

  • March 3 An amateur video captures the beating of motorist Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers. Singing Revolution: In the Estonian restoration of independence referendum and the Latvian independence and democracy poll, voters vote more than 3-to-1 in favor of independence from the Soviet Union. United Airlines Flight 585 crashes in Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing all 25 people on board. The São Tomé and Príncipe presidential election, the first contested presidential election in the history of São Tomé and Príncipe, is won by Miguel Trovoada.

  • March 6 – Prime Minister of India Chandra Shekhar resigns because of a dispute with former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, whose support had kept him in power.

  • March 9 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade; two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.

  • March 10 Gulf War – Operation Phase Echo: 540,000 American troops begin to leave the Persian Gulf. In the Salvadoran legislative election, the Nationalist Republican Alliance wins 39 of 48 seats in the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador.

  • March 11 – A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa, after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.

  • March 13 The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska. The Acid Rain Treaty of 1991 is signed between the American and Canadian governments.

  • March 14 The Emir of Kuwait, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, returns to Kuwait after seven months of exile in Saudi Arabia while his country was occupied by Iraq. After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a public house in a Provisional Irish Republican Army attack, the "Birmingham Six" are freed when a court determines that the police fabricated evidence.

  • March 15 Four Los Angeles, California, police officers are indicted for the videotaped March 3 beating of Rodney King during an arrest. Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights. The United States and Albania resume diplomatic relations for the first time since 1939.

  • March 17 In a national referendum, the people of the Soviet Union vote in favor of keeping the 15 Soviet republics together, with the pro-unity position gaining 77% of the vote. Six Union Republics effectively boycott the referendum. In the Finnish parliamentary election, the Centre Party wins 55 of 200 seats in the Parliament of Finland, ending 25 years of dominance by the Social Democratic Party of Finland.

  • March 19 – 26 – President of Poland Lech Wałęsa becomes the first Polish president to ever visit the U.S.

  • March 23 – The Sierra Leone Civil War begins when the Revolutionary United Front attempts a coup against the Sierra Leone government.

  • March 24 – The Beninese presidential election, Benin's first presidential election since 1970, is won by Nicéphore Soglo.

  • March 26 In Mali, military officers led by Amadou Toumani Touré arrest President Moussa Traoré and suspend the constitution. Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing the South Common Market (Mercosur is its acronym in Spanish). In Daegu, South Korea, five boys disappear while frog-hunting. Their remains are found eleven years after their disappearance (Frog Boys; Korean: 개구리소년 실종사건) in 2002.

  • March 31 Albania holds its first multi-party elections. 1991 Georgian independence referendum: Georgia votes for independence from the Soviet Union.


  • April 1 – Comedy Central is launched on cable television in its current format.

  • April 2 – Government-imposed price increases double or triple the prices of consumer goods in the Soviet Union.

  • April 3 – Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes the Cease Fire Agreement, Resolution 687. The Resolution calls for the destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons, all stocks of agents and components, and all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities for ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 km and production facilities; and for an end to its support for international terrorism. Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6.

  • April 4 Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six other people are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania. William Kennedy Smith, a nephew of U.S. Senator Edward Kennedy, is identified as a suspect in an alleged Palm Beach, Florida, sexual assault. Forty people are taken hostage in the 1991 Sacramento hostage crisis. Three gunmen and three hostages were killed in the process.

  • April 5 Former Senator John Tower and 22 others are killed in an airplane crash in Brunswick, Georgia, United States. STS-37: Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The shuttle launches an observatory to study gamma rays before returning to Earth on April 11.

  • April 9 The Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declares independence from the Soviet Union. The first Soviet troops leave Poland.[5]

  • April 10 A South Atlantic tropical cyclone develops in the Southern Hemisphere off the coast of Angola (the first of its kind to be documented by weather satellites). The Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.

  • April 12 – Globalization – The Warsaw Stock Exchange opens in Poland.

  • April 14 – In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500 million from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later they are found in an abandoned car near the museum.

  • April 15 The EBRD is inaugurated. The European Economic Community lifts economic sanctions on South Africa in response to moves to end the apartheid system.

  • April 16 – 18 – Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev begins the first ever visit of a Soviet leader to Japan, but fails to resolve the two countries' dispute over ownership of the Kuril Islands.

  • April 17 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for the first time ever, at 3,004.46.

  • April 18 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq declares some of its chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program.

  • April 19 – George Carey is enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury, the spiritual leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

  • April 21 – French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio discovers the wreckage of the Spanish Galleon San Diego off the coast of Fortune Island (Philippines).

  • April 22 The Social Democratic Party of Albania is founded. The 7.7 Mw Limon earthquake affected Costa Rica and Panama with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing 47–87 deaths and 109–759 injuries.

  • April 23 – Prime Minister of Iceland Steingrímur Hermannsson resigns following an inconclusive parliamentary election on April 20. On April 30, he is succeeded as prime minister by Davíð Oddsson.

  • April 26 55 tornadoes break out in the central United States, killing 21. The most notable tornado of the day strikes Andover, Kansas. Esko Aho, age 36, becomes the youngest-ever Prime Minister of Finland.

  • April 29 A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 138,000 people. STS-39: Space Shuttle Discovery lifts off from Cape Canaveral to study instruments related to the Strategic Defense Initiative. The mission ends on May 6. The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive), killing 270 people.

  • April 29 – 30 – In Lesotho, a bloodless coup ousts military ruler Justin Lekhanya. On May 2, he is replaced as Chairman of the Military Council by Elias Phisoana Ramaema.


  • May 1 In Taiwan, the Temporary Provisions against the Communist Rebellion are abolished, having been in effect for 43 years. Angolan Civil War: The MPLA and UNITA agree to the Bicesse Accords, which are formally signed on May 31 in Lisbon.

  • May 6 – Time magazine in the United States publishes "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power", an article highly critical of the Scientology organization.

  • May 12 – Nepal holds its first multiparty legislative election since 1959.

  • May 14 – Elizabeth II arrives in Washington, D.C. for a 13-day royal visit to the U.S. On May 16 she becomes the first British monarch to address the United States Congress.

  • May 15 – Édith Cresson becomes France's first female prime minister.

  • May 18 – Somaliland withdraws from Somalia.

  • May 19 – In the Croatian independence referendum, voters in the Socialist Republic of Croatia vote to secede from Yugoslavia.

  • May 21 In Sriperumbudur, India, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated at a public meeting in Sriperumbudur, by suicide bomber Thenmozhi Rajaratnam; many others are killed in the explosion. Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, effectively bringing the Ethiopian Civil War to an end.

  • May 22 – Acting Prime Minister of South Korea Ro Jai-bong resigns in the wake of rioting following a beating death of a student by police on April 26. On May 24, he is succeeded by Chung Won-shik.

  • May 24 – Authorised by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, Operation Solomon commences.

  • May 25 – The Surinamese general election is won by the military-backed New Front for Democracy and Development.

  • May 26 – In Thailand, a Lauda Air Boeing 767 crashes near Bangkok, killing all 223 people on board.

  • May 28 – In the Ethiopian Civil War, the forces of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front seize Addis Ababa.


  • June 3 Mount Unzen erupts, killing 43 people as a result of pyroclastic flow. Ethiopian Civil War: Derg insurgents explode an ammunition dump in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia held by the new pro-US anti-communist Ethiopian government.

  • June 4 Fatos Nano resigns as Prime Minister of Albania following a nationwide strike. President of Albania Ramiz Alia appoints Ylli Bufi as his successor. The largest solar flare ever recorded triggers an anomalously large aurora as far south as Pennsylvania.[6][7]

  • June 5 President of Algeria Chadli Bendjedid dismisses Prime Minister of Algeria Mouloud Hamrouche following 11 days of antigovernment demonstrations, replacing him with Sid Ahmed Ghozali. South Africa repeals the last legal foundations of apartheid, the laws that segregated places of residence and employment. STS-40: Space Shuttle Columbia carries the Spacelab into orbit.

  • June 7 – About 200,000 people attend a parade of 8,800 returning Persian Gulf War troops in Washington, D.C.

  • June 9 – A major collapse of ground at the Emaswati Colliery in Swaziland traps 26 miners 65 m below the surface. The men have access to a safe refuge chamber and are all rescued by a drill hole 30 hours after the rescue unit is first alerted.

  • June 12 Boris Yeltsin is elected President of Russia, the largest and most populous of the 15 Soviet republics. Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 152 civilians in Kokkadichcholai. Party of Labour of Albania is dissolved and succeeded by the Socialist Party of Albania which signals the end of communist rule in Albania.

  • June 15 In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century; the final death toll tops 800. End of voting in the Indian general election. The Indian National Congress wins the most seats but fails to secure a majority. On June 21, Congress leader P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister of India

  • June 17 Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act, which had required racial classification of all South Africans at birth. U.S. President Zachary Taylor is exhumed to discover whether or not his death was caused by arsenic poisoning, instead of acute gastrointestinal illness; no trace of arsenic is found. In Northern Ireland, the four main political parties begin talks on restoring self-government. President of Turkey Turgut Özal appoints Mesut Yılmaz as Prime Minister of Turkey, replacing Yıldırım Akbulut, who had resigned. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall announced plans to retire.

  • June 20 – In Germany, the Bundestag votes to move the capital from Bonn to Berlin.

  • June 21 – P. V. Narasimha Rao sworn in as the Prime Minister of India in a Congress party-led coalition government.

  • June 23 − Mesut Yılmaz, of ANAP forms the new government of Turkey (48th government).

  • June 23 – 28 – Iraq disarmament crisis: U.N. inspection teams attempt to intercept Iraqi vehicles carrying nuclear related equipment. Iraqi soldiers fire warning shots in the air to prevent inspectors from approaching the vehicles.

  • June 25 – Collapse of Yugoslavia: Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.

  • June 28 – Comecon is dissolved in Moscow.


  • July 1 The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague. Telephone service goes down in the cities of Washington, D.C., Pittsburgh, Los Angeles and San Francisco due to a software bug. About twelve million customers are affected. World's first GSM telephone call made in Finland. Clarence Thomas is nominated to replace Thurgood Marshall as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

  • July 2 – Ten-Day War: Fighting breaks out when the Yugoslav People's Army attacks secessionists in Slovenia.

  • July 4 – President of Colombia César Gaviria lifts a 7-year-long state of siege.

  • July 6 – 7 – Steffi Graf and Michael Stich win the 1991 Wimbledon Championships.

  • July 7 – The Brioni Agreement ends the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.

  • July 9 In response to the end of apartheid, the International Olympic Committee readmits South Africa to the Olympics. Iran–Contra affair: Alan Fiers agrees to plead guilty to two charges of having lied to the U.S. Congress.

  • July 10 Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected president of Russia. President Bush announces the U.S. is ending its 1986-enacted sanctions on South Africa.

  • July 11 A solar eclipse of record totality occurs, seen first in Hawaii, then enters Mexico where the path directly crosses Cabo San Lucas and Mexico City, seen by 20 million inhabitants, and finally ends in Colombia in South America. Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8 operated by Canadian airline Nolisair, catches fire and crashes soon after takeoff from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 people on board.

  • July 15 – Chemical Bank and Manufacturers Hanover Corporation announce that they are merging, the largest bank merger in history.

  • July 16 President Gorbachev arrives in London to ask for western aid from the leaders of the G7. Ukraine celebrates its first Independence Day.

  • July 17 – President Bush and President Gorbachev reach an agreement on START I, which is formally signed on July 31.

  • July 18 In Israel, a judge investigating a 1990 incident outside a mosque in Jerusalem in which at least 17 Palestinians were killed rules that Israeli police provoked the incident. The governments of Mauritania and Senegal sign a treaty to stop the Mauritania–Senegal Border War which had been going on since 1989.

  • July 22 Boxer Mike Tyson is arrested and charged with the rape of Miss Black America contestant Desiree Washington three days earlier, in Indianapolis, Indiana. Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys are found in his Milwaukee, Wisconsin, apartment. Police soon find out that he is involved in six more murders.

  • July 24 – Finance Minister of India Manmohan Singh announces a New Industrial Policy, marking the start of economic liberalisation in India.

  • July 25 – British astronomers announce they have found what appears to be an extrasolar planet.

  • July 27 – An oil spill begins fouling beaches in Olympic National Park.

  • July 29 – In New York City, a grand jury indicts Bank of Credit and Commerce International of the largest bank fraud in history, accusing the bank of defrauding depositors of $5 billion.

  • July 30 – In Haiti, a jury convicts the Tonton Macoute of attempting to overthrow Haiti's first democratically-elected government.

  • July 31 The Warsaw Treaty Organization is officially dissolved in accordance with a protocol calling for a "transition to all-European structures". The United States and the Soviet Union sign the START I treaty limiting strategic nuclear weapons. Singing Revolution: Soviet Special Purpose Police Unit (OMON) forces kill seven Lithuanian customs officials in Medininkai in the most serious of the Soviet OMON assaults on Lithuanian border posts.


  • August 1 – Israel agrees to participate in the Madrid Conference of 1991, which is held in October.

  • August 4 – The cruise liner MTS Oceanos sinks off the coast of South Africa and all 571 passengers on board are safely evacuated by SAAF helicopters.

  • August 5 – Sergey Bubka breaks the world record for men's pole vault.

  • August 6 – Tim Berners-Lee announces the World Wide Web project and software on the alt.hypertext newsgroup. The first website, "info.cern.ch" is created.

  • August 7 – Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is assassinated.

  • August 8 – The Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built at the time, collapses.

  • August 13 – The Super Nintendo Entertainment System (or "Super Nintendo") is released in the United States.

  • August 17 Strathfield massacre: In Sydney, Australia, taxi driver Wade Frankum shoots seven people and injures six others before turning the gun on himself. The remains of the Prussian King Frederick (II) the Great are re-interred in Potsdam.

  • August 17 – 20: Hurricane Bob hits North Carolina and New England. The storm kills 17 people and causes $1½ billion in damage.

  • August 19 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while vacationing in the Crimea during a coup. The attempted coup, led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev and seven hard-liners attempting to usurp control, collapses in less than 72 hours.

  • August 20 Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Estonia restores its independence from the Soviet Union. Dissolution of the Soviet Union: More than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Russia's parliament building protesting the coup that deposed President Mikhail Gorbachev.

  • August 21 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Latvia restores its independence from the Soviet Union.

  • August 22 – Iceland is the first nation in the world to recognize the independence of the Baltic states.


  • September 2 – The United States re-recognizes the independence of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and the US government reopens the embassies there.

  • September 3 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.

  • September 4 – The Russian city Yekaterinburg regains its name from the communist–era name of Sverdlovsk, Russia (former Soviet Union).

  • September 5 – 7 – At the 35th Annual Tailhook Symposium in Las Vegas, 83 women and 7 men are assaulted.

  • September 5 – The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union self-dissolves, replaced by Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union and State Council of the Soviet Union

  • September 6 Singing Revolution: The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states. Leningrad renamed St. Petersburg.

  • September 8 – The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent. A naming dispute with Greece immediately erupts.

  • September 9 – Tajikistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.

  • September 11 Israel releases 51 Arab prisoners and the bodies of nine guerillas, raising hopes that the last Western hostages in Lebanon will soon be released. The Soviet Union announces plans to withdraw Soviet military and economic aid to Cuba.

  • September 15 – In the Swedish general election, the Social Democrats suffer their worst election results in 60 years, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson.

  • September 16 – Judge Gerhard Gesell of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issues a ruling clearing Col. Oliver North of all charges brought against him in the Iran–Contra affair.

  • September 17 – North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.

  • September 19 – Ötzi the Iceman is found in the Alps.

  • September 20 – 21 – In Sandy, Utah, several patients are held hostage and a nurse is killed in the Alta View Hospital hostage incident.

  • September 21 Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union. The Order of the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence of German tongue (Orden der Schwestern der Perpetuellen Indulgenz deutscher Zunge, "O.S.P.I.") is founded in Heidelberg by Erzmutter (Archmother) Johanna Indulgentia Tara Maria Benedicta O.S.P.I.

  • September 21 – 30 – Iraq disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors discover files on Iraq's hidden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi officials confiscate documents from U.N. weapons inspectors, refusing to allow them to leave the site without turning over other documents. A 4-day standoff ensues. Iraq permits the team to leave with the documents after the U.N. Security Council threatens enforcement actions.

  • September 22 – The Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.

  • September 23 – United Nations Special Commission inspectors discover secret Iraqi documents in Baghdad detailing plans to make nuclear weapons, but the Iraqi Army forcibly remove the documents from the inspectors.

  • September 24 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jackie Mann, 77, after more than two years of captivity.

  • September 25 – In the Salvadoran Civil War, representatives of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front reach an agreement with President of El Salvador Alfredo Cristiani, setting the stage for ending over 11 years of civil war.

  • September 27 – President Bush announces unilateral reductions in short-range nuclear weapons and calls off 24-hour alerts for long-range bombers. The Soviet Union responds with similar unilateral reductions on October 5.

  • September 29 – In El Salvador, an army colonel of the Atlacatl Battalion is found guilty of the 1989 murders of six Jesuits.

  • September 30 Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide is removed from power. He is reinstated in 1994. A tornado destroys parts of Itu, a city in southeastern Brazil, killing 16 and leaving 176 injured.


  • October 1 – Croatian War of Independence: Forces of the Yugoslav People's Army invade the area surrounding Dubrovnik in Croatia, beginning the Siege of Dubrovnik, which lasts until May 31, 1992.

  • October 3 Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton announces he will seek the 1992 Democratic nomination for President of the United States. Nadine Gordimer, whose work was once suppressed because of its scathing criticism of Apartheid in South Africa, is awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature. House banking scandal: Tom Foley, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, announces closure of the House Bank by the end of the year after revelations that House members have written numerous bad checks.

  • October 4 – Carl Bildt becomes the new Prime Minister of Sweden, replacing Ingvar Carlsson.

  • October 6 – President Gorbachev condemns Antisemitism in the Soviet Union in a statement read on the 50th anniversary of the Babi Yar massacres, which saw the death of 35,000 Jews in Ukraine.

  • October 7 – The Yugoslav Air Force bombs the office of President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman, who narrowly escapes with his life.

  • October 8 – The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia.

  • October 11 In Russia, the KGB is replaced by the SVR.[8][9] Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N.

  • Security Council passes Resolution 715, which demands that Iraq "accept unconditionally the inspectors and all other personnel designated by the Special Commission". Iraq rejects the resolution, calling it "unlawful".

  • October 11 – 13 – The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee interviews both Supreme Court candidate Clarence Thomas and former aide Anita Hill, who alleges that Thomas sexually harassed her while she worked for him.

  • October 12 – Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by its Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.

  • October 13 – In the Bulgarian parliamentary election, the Union of Democratic Forces defeats the Bulgarian Socialist Party, leaving no remaining Communist governments in Eastern Europe.

  • October 14 – Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese opposition politician, won the Nobel Peace prize.

  • October 15 – The United States Senate votes 52–48 to confirm Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court of the United States.

  • October 16 – George Hennard murders 23 people in Killeen, Texas, before killing himself.

  • October 18 – The Soviet Union restores diplomatic relations with Israel, which had been suspended since the 1967 Six-Day War.

  • October 20 The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments. The Harare Declaration lays down the membership criteria for the Commonwealth of Nations. Former Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard David Duke wins a spot in the runoff election for governor of Louisiana, ultimately losing to Edwin Edwards.

  • October 21 – Lebanese kidnappers release Jesse Turner, a mathematics professor who had been held hostage for more than four years.

  • October 23 – In Paris, the Vietnam-backed government of the state of Cambodia signs an agreement with the Khmer Rouge to end the civil war and bring the Khmer Rouge into government in spite of its role in the Cambodian genocide which ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. The deal results in the creation of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia.

  • October 27 The first free parliamentary elections are held in Poland. Turkmenistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.

  • October 28 – November 4 – The 1991 Perfect Storm strikes the northeastern United States and Atlantic Canada, causing over $200 million of damage and resulting in 12 direct fatalities.

  • October 29 The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid. The U.S. expands trade sanctions on Haiti to include all goods except food and medicine, in an effort to encourage the leaders of the 1991 Haitian coup d'état to restore democracy.

  • October 30 – In Madrid, the Middle East Peace Conference opens, the first direct negotiations between Israel and nearly all its Arab adversaries.

  • October 31 – November 3 – The Halloween Blizzard hits the Upper Midwest of the United States, causing around $100 million of damage and killing 22.


  • November 4 – 5 – In South Africa, the African National Congress leads a general strike, demanding a role in governing and an end to a value-added tax.

  • November 5 The body of publishing tycoon Robert Maxwell is found floating in the Atlantic Ocean near the Canary Islands. In a special election for the U.S. Senate, Harris Wofford scores an electoral upset against Dick Thornburgh, who had led him by 44 points in an August opinion poll. The United States Senate confirms Robert Gates as Director of Central Intelligence. China–Vietnam relations: China and Vietnam restore diplomatic relations after a 13-year rift which followed the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War.

  • November 6 The KGB officially stops operations. The CPSU and its republic-level division, the Communist Party of the Russian SFSR, are banned in the Russian SFSR by Presidential decree N 169.

  • November 7 Los Angeles Lakers point guard Magic Johnson announces he has HIV, effectively ending his NBA career. The last oil well fire in Kuwait is extinguished. The first report on carbon nanotubes is published by Sumio Iijima in the journal Nature

  • November 8 – Hong Kong begins the forcible repatriation of Vietnamese boat people, starting with a group of 59 who were flown to Hanoi.

  • November 9 The British JET fusion reactor generates 1.5 MW output power. On the anniversary of Kristallnacht, tens of thousands of protestors demonstrate against attacks on immigrant workers.

  • November 12 – June Rowlands is elected the first female Mayor of Toronto, Canada.

  • November 14 American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials, in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103. Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after 13 years of exile. Kidnappers in Lebanon set Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland free.

  • November 18 The forces of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and Serb paramilitaries take the Croatian town of Vukovar after an 87-day siege, and kill more than 260 Croatian prisoners of war.[10] An Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter carrying a 19-member peacekeeping mission team with officials and journalists from Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan is shot down by Armenian military forces in Khojavend district of Azerbaijan. Süleyman Demirel of DYP forms the new government of Turkey (49th government, coalition partner CHP).

  • November 21 – The United Nations Security Council recommends Egypt's deputy prime minister Boutros Boutros-Ghali to be the next Secretary-General of the United Nations.

  • November 23 – Members of the Communist Party of Great Britain vote to dissolve the party and found the think-tank Democratic Left in its place.

  • November 24 – Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury dies from pneumonia induced by AIDS.

  • November 26 – The National Assembly of Azerbaijan abolishes the autonomous status of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of Azerbaijan and renames several cities according to their Azeri names.

  • November 27 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopts a resolution opening the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.


  • December 1 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Ukrainians vote overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union in a referendum.

  • December 4 Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years' captivity as a hostage in Beirut (the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon). Pan American World Airways ends operations. John Leonard Orr, one of the most prolific serial arsonists of the 20th century, is arrested in California. In the ensuing years, Orr is convicted in both Federal and state court.

  • December 8 Leaders of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine meet and sign an agreement ending the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), in the Białowieża Forest Nature Reserve in Belarus. A referendum on the constitution of Romania is accepted as valid.

  • December 11 – Croatian forces kill 18 Serbs and one Hungarian in the village of Paulin Dvor, Croatia.

  • December 12 The Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR denounces the Union Treaty of 1922 and ratifies the Belavezha Accords instead. The government of Nigeria changes the capital of the nation from Lagos to Abuja. Ukraine becomes the first post-Soviet republic to decriminalize homosexuality.

  • December 15 – The Egyptian ferry Salem Express sinks in the Red Sea, killing more than 450.

  • December 16 Kazakhstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: The United Nations General Assembly adopts United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46/86 which states that Zionism is not racism, repealing United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 (adopted 1975). The resolution is favoured by 111 nations and opposed by 25.

  • December 19 Paul Keating defeats Bob Hawke in a Labor Party leadership ballot. Consequently, Keating becomes Prime Minister of Australia, being sworn in the following day.[11] Skarnsund Bridge opens in Norway. With a span of 530 metres (1,739 ft), it will be the world's longest cable-stayed bridge for two years.

  • December 20 – A Missouri court passes the death sentence on Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria, for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.

  • December 21 The North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NAC-C) meets for the first time, the day on which the Soviet Union ceases to exist. source [15] Charilaos Florakis is elected honorary president of the Communist Party of Greece. source [16]

  • December 22 – 1991-92 Georgian coup d'état: Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia.

  • December 24 – Russian SFSR President Boris Yeltsin sends a letter to UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, stating that Russia should be a successor to the collapsing Soviet Union within the United Nations Organization.

  • December 25 Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of the Soviet Union, from which most republics have already seceded, anticipating the dissolution of the 74-year-old state. The Russian SFSR officially renames itself the Russian Federation

  • December 26 – The Supreme Soviet meets for a final time, formally dissolves the Soviet Union, and adjourns sine die, ending the Cold War. All remaining Soviet institutions eventually cease operation on December 31.

Date unknown

  • The University of South Australia is founded.

  • Impostor James Hogue is exposed at Princeton University.

  • Ames crater astrobleme discovered in Major County, Oklahoma.



  • January 2 Sergei Petrov, Russian football player Davide Santon, Italian footballer

  • January 5 – Rahel Kiwic, Swiss footballer

  • January 7 Eden Hazard, Belgian football player Alen Stevanović, Swiss-Serbian footballer Caster Semenya, South African athlete

  • January 8 – Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer

  • January 9 – Álvaro Soler, Spanish-German singer

  • January 12 – Pixie Lott, British singer

  • January 13 – Goo Ha-ra, South Korean singer and actress

  • January 14 – Jeanine Mason, American actress and dancer

  • January 15 – Darya Klishina, Russian athlete and model

  • January 18 – Britt McKillip, Canadian actress and musician

  • January 19 Erin Sanders, American actress Yu Takahashi, Japanese actress and model

  • January 20 Ciara Hanna, American actress and model Jolyon Palmer, British racing driver

  • January 24 – Ali Kireş, Turkish footballer

  • January 28 – Calum Worthy, Canadian actor and musician

  • January 31 – Amy Jackson, English actress and model


  • February 1 – Jasmine Tookes, American model

  • February 4 – Mathew Leckie, Australian footballer

  • February 5 – Alba Riquelme, Paraguayan model

  • February 6 – Maxi Iglesias, Spanish actor and model

  • February 8 Genzebe Dibaba, Ethiopian middle- and long-distance runner Wahbi Khazri, Tunisian footballer Nam Woo-hyun, South Korean singer, dancer, and actor

  • February 10 – Emma Roberts, American actress and singer

  • February 11 – Shanina Shaik, Australian model

  • February 14 Raquel Calderón Argandoña, Chilean actress, singer and lawyer Karol G, Colombian reggaeton singer and songwriter

  • February 16 Sergio Canales, Spanish football player Micah Stephen Williams, American actor

  • February 17 Ed Sheeran, English singer Bonnie Wright, British actress

  • February 18 – Malese Jow, American actress and singer

  • February 21 Riyad Mahrez, French-Algerian footballer Solar, South Korean singer, songwriter, and actress

  • February 22 Khalil Mack, American football player Robin Stjernberg, Swedish pop singer

  • February 24 Emily DiDonato, American model O'Shea Jackson Jr., American rapper and actor

  • February 25 – Tony Oller, American actor and singer

  • February 26 – CL, South Korean singer and dancer

  • February 28 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress


  • March 3 – Park Cho-rong, South Korean singer-songwriter and actress

  • March 4 – Aoi Nakamura, Japanese actor

  • March 5 Ramiro Funes Mori, Argentine footballer Rogelio Funes Mori, Argentine footballer

  • March 6 Nicole Fox, American fashion model and actress Tyler, The Creator, American rapper

  • March 8 – Devon Werkheiser, American actor and musician

  • March 11 Linlin, Chinese singer Jack Rodwell, English footballer Poonam Pandey, Indian Bollywood actress

  • March 13 Luan Santana, Brazilian singer-songwriter Tristan Thompson, Canadian basketball player

  • March 15 – Kie Kitano, Japanese actress

  • March 16 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American musician

  • March 19 – Garrett Clayton, American actor and singer

  • March 21 – Antoine Griezmann, French footballer

  • March 25 – Seychelle Gabriel, American actress

  • March 28 Amy Bruckner, American actress and singer Hoya, South Korean singer and actor

  • March 29 Irene, South Korean singer, rapper, television host, and model N'Golo Kanté, French footballer Hayley McFarland, American actress, singer and dancer


  • April 3 – Hayley Kiyoko, American singer and actress

  • April 4 Jamie Lynn Spears, American singer and actress Yui Koike, Japanese actress and singer

  • April 8 – Minami Takahashi, Japanese singer

  • April 10 – AJ Michalka, American singer and actress

  • April 11 Thiago Alcântara, Spanish footballer James Magnussen, Australian swimmer

  • April 13 – Dylan Penn, American model and actress

  • April 15 Javier Fernandez, Spanish figure skater Ghostemane, American rapper and singer Anastasia Vinnikova, Belarusian singer

  • April 19 – Kelly Olynyk, Canadian basketball player

  • April 20 Luke Kuechly, American football player Yuko Shintake, Japanese artistic gymnast

  • April 25 – Alex Shibutani, American ice dancer

  • April 30 – Travis Scott, American rapper


  • May 2 – Ilya Zakharov, Russian diver

  • May 5 – Raúl Jiménez, Mexican footballer

  • May 9 Majlinda Kelmendi, Kosovan joduka Christy Mack, American pornographic actress and model

  • May 16 – Grigor Dimitrov, Bulgarian tennis player

  • May 17 Johanna Konta, Australian-born tennis player Daniel Curtis Lee, American actor and rapper

  • May 22 Sophia Abrahão, Brazilian actress Suho, South Korean singer, songwriter, actor, and model

  • May 23 Aaron Donald, American football player Lena Meyer-Landrut, German singer

  • May 24 Sarah Ramos, American actress Erika Umeda, Japanese singer

  • May 25 – Derrick Williams, American basketball player

  • May 27 – Beauden Barrett, New Zealand rugby union player

  • May 28 – Alexandre Lacazette, French footballer

  • May 31 – Azealia Banks, American singer-songwriter


  • June 3 – Natasha Dupeyrón, Mexican actress and singer

  • June 4 – Lorenzo Insigne, Italian footballer

  • June 6 – Son Dong-woon, Korean pop singer

  • June 7 Emily Ratajkowski, American model and actress Fetty Wap, American rapper

  • June 10 – Pol Espargaró, Spanish motorcycle racer

  • June 12 – Louisa Gummer, American model

  • June 14 – Kostas Manolas, Greek footballer

  • June 15 – Rina Takeda, Japanese actress and black belt

  • June 16 – Joe McElderry, British singer and model

  • June 17 – Yusei Kikuchi, Japanese baseball pitcher

  • June 18 – Willa Holland, American model and actress

  • June 20 – Kalidou Koulibaly, French-Senegalese footballer

  • June 21 Gaël Kakuta, Congolese professional footballer César Taján, Colombian footballer JC Greyling, Namibian rugby union player Min, South Korean singer, actress and model

  • June 23 Katie Armiger, American singer Fakhreddine Ben Youssef, Tunisian footballer

  • June 24 Max Ehrich, American actor, singer and dancer Yasmin Paige, English actress

  • June 25 Christa Theret, French actress Victor Wanyama, Kenyan footballer Kyousuke Hamao, Japanese actor, singer, and model

  • June 28 Kevin De Bruyne, Belgian footballer Kang Min-hyuk, South Korean drummer, actor and singer Seohyun, South Korean singer and actress

  • June 29 Addison Timlin, American actress Kawhi Leonard, American basketball player Suk Hyun-jun, South Korean footballer


  • July 1 Serenay Sarıkaya, Turkish actress and model Lucas Vázquez, Spanish footballer

  • July 2 – Kim Go-eun, South Korean actress

  • July 3 Tomomi Itano, Japanese singer and actress Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova, Russian tennis player Grant Rosenmeyer, American film and television actor

  • July 5 – Jason Dolley, American actor and musician

  • July 6 – Victoire Thivisol, French actress

  • July 7 Alesso, Swedish DJ and music producer Cody Garbrandt, American mixed martial artist Eve Hewson, Irish actress Choi Tae-joon, South Korean actor

  • July 8 – Virgil van Dijk, Dutch footballer

  • July 9 Clara Mae, Swedish singer Mitchel Musso, American actor, musician and singer Riley Reid, American pornographic actress

  • July 10 – Atsuko Maeda, Japanese singer and actress

  • July 11 – Kentaro Sakaguchi, Japanese model and actor

  • July 12 James Rodríguez, Colombian football player Erik Per Sullivan, American actor

  • July 13 Seppe Smits, Belgian snowboarder Khairu Azrin Khazali, Malaysian footballer

  • July 15 Derrick Favors, American basketball player Yuki Kashiwagi, Japanese singer and actress Evgeny Tishchenko, Russian heavyweight boxer

  • July 16 Alexandra Shipp, American actress Andros Townsend, English footballer

  • July 20 Merxat, Chinese actor Tawan Vihokratana, Thai actor, model and travel vlogger

  • July 21 – Sara Sampaio, Portuguese model

  • July 22 – Tomi Juric, Australian footballer

  • July 23 BiBi Jones, American pornographic actress Lauren Mitchell, Australian artistic gymnast Kianoush Rostami, Iranian weightlifter

  • July 24 Riku Matsuda, Japanese footballer Emily Bett Rickards, Canadian actress

  • July 25 – Amanda Kurtović, Norwegian handball player

  • July 27 Matt DiBenedetto, American race car driver Rena Matsui, Japanese singer and idol

  • July 28 – Rina Aizawa, Japanese actress and gravure idol

  • July 31 – Filipa Azevedo, Portuguese singer


  • August 2 – Skyler Day, American actress and singer

  • August 3 – Ismail Juma, Tanzanian long-distance runner (d. 2017)

  • August 6 Irina Kulikova, Russian fashion model Jiao Liuyang, Chinese swimmer

  • August 7 – Mike Trout, American baseball player

  • August 9 Alexa Bliss, American professional wrestler Hansika Motwani, Indian actress

  • August 11 – Estelle Nze Minko, French handball player

  • August 12 – Lakeith Stanfield, American actor and rapper

  • August 15 – Filip Mladenović, Serbian football player

  • August 16 Evanna Lynch, Irish actress Kwon Ri-se, South Korean singer (d. 2014) Young Thug, American hip hop artist

  • August 17 – Austin Butler, American actor, singer, and model

  • August 18 Richard Harmon, Canadian actor Brianna Rollins-McNeal, American track and field athlete

  • August 20 – Cory Joseph, Canadian basketball player

  • August 22 – Brayden Schenn, Canadian ice hockey player

  • August 23 – Jennifer Abel, Canadian diver

  • August 25 – Gershon Koffie, Ghanaian soccer player

  • August 26 – Dylan O'Brien, American actor

  • August 28 Kyle Massey, American actor, rapper and singer Samuel Larsen, American actor and singer

  • August 30 – Gaia Weiss, French model and actress


  • September 4 – Carter Jenkins, American actor

  • September 7 – Jennifer Veal, English actress and comedian

  • September 8 – Joe Sugg, English Youtuber

  • September 9 Kelsey Chow, American actress Hunter Hayes, American country musician Oscar dos Santos Emboaba Júnior, Brazilian footballer

  • September 11 Jordan Ayew, Ghanaian footballer Kygo, Norwegian DJ and record producer

  • September 12 – Thomas Meunier, Belgian footballer

  • September 13 – Ksenia Afanasyeva, Russian artistic gymnast

  • September 14 – Nana, South Korean singer, actress and model

  • September 15 – Alex Florea, Romanian singer

  • September 16 – Marlon Teixeira, Brazilian model

  • September 17 An Byeong-hun, Korean golfer Minako Kotobuki, Japanese actress and singer Mena Massoud, Canadian actor Sanne Wevers, Dutch gymnast

  • September 20 – Spencer Locke, American actress

  • September 22 – Khairul Anuar Mohamad, Malaysian archer

  • September 23 – Key, Korean singer

  • September 25 – Emmy Clarke, American actress

  • September 27 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player

  • September 30 – Thomas Röhler, German track and field athlete (javelin)


  • October 2 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer

  • October 4 – Nicolai Kielstrup, Danish singer

  • October 6 – Roshon Fegan, American actor, rapper and dancer

  • October 7 Nicole Jung, Korean-American singer Lay Zhang, Chinese singer-songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor

  • October 10 Michael Carter-Williams, American basketball player Gabriella Cilmi, Australian singer-songwriter Lali Espósito, Argentine actress, singer, dancer and model Mariana Pajón, Colombian cyclist Xherdan Shaqiri, Swiss footballer

  • October 13 – Diego Domínguez, Spanish actor and singer

  • October 16 Phan Thi Ha Thanh, Vietnamese artistic gymnast Miori Takimoto, Japanese actress Jedward, Irish pop duo

  • October 17 – Brenda Asnicar, Argentine actress and singer

  • October 18 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician

  • October 20 – Zulfahmi Khairuddin, Malaysian motocycle racer

  • October 21 – Artur Aleksanyan, Armenian Greco-Roman wrestler

  • October 22 – Tatiana Martínez, Mexican actress

  • October 23 Emil Forsberg, Swedish footballer Princess Mako of Akishino, Japanese princess Sophie Oda, Japanese-American actress

  • October 26 – Amala Paul, Indian film actress

  • October 27 – Bryan Craig, American actor

  • October 30 Artemi Panarin, Russian ice hockey player Tomáš Satoranský, Czech basketball player


  • November 1 Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast Anthony Ramos, American actor

  • November 4 Olta Boka, Albanian singer Bee Vang, American actor Adriana Chechik, American pornographic actress

  • November 6 Camila Finn, Brazilian model Pierson Fodé, American actor and model

  • November 11 Christa B. Allen, American actress Tanvi Hegde, Indian actress

  • November 12 – Takatoshi Abe, Japanese track and field athlete

  • November 13 Matt Bennett, American actor and singer Devon Bostick, Canadian actor

  • November 14 Taylor Hall, Canadian ice hockey player Graham Patrick Martin, American film and television actor

  • November 15 – Shailene Woodley, American actress

  • November 16 – Tomomi Kasai, Japanese singer

  • November 21 Almaz Ayana, Ethiopian long-distance runner Dmitriy Martynov, Russian actor

  • November 22 – Saki Shimizu, Japanese singer

  • November 23 – Christian Cueva, Peruvian footballer

  • November 29 – Becky James, British professional racing cyclist


  • December 1 – Sun Yang, Chinese Olympic swimmer

  • December 2 Chloe Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian freestyle skier Brandon Knight, American basketball player Charlie Puth, American singer

  • December 3 – Masahiro Usui, Japanese actor

  • December 5 – Christian Yelich, American baseball player

  • December 6 Milica Mandić, Serbian taekwondo athlete CoCo Vandeweghe, American tennis player

  • December 9 Prince Joachim of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Belgian prince Choi Minho, South Korean rapper and TV host

  • December 10 – Kiki Bertens, Dutch tennis player

  • December 11 – Anna Bergendahl, Swedish singer

  • December 14 – Mitsuki Takahata, Japanese actress and singer

  • December 15 – Eunice Cho, Korean-American actress

  • December 19 Jorge Blanco, Mexican musician, singer, dancer, and actor Declan Galbraith, English singer Keiynan Lonsdale, Australian actor Sumire Uesaka, Japanese voice actress and singer

  • December 20 Jorginho, Brazilian-Italian footballer Jillian Rose Reed, American actress

  • December 24 Vincent Caso, American actor and writer Louis Tomlinson, British singer and songwriter

  • December 26 – Eden Sher, American actress

  • December 27 – Chloe Bridges, American actress

  • December 28 – Belime, Lebanon singer-songwriter, pop musician, and music producer

  • December 30 – Camila Giorgi, Italian tennis player



  • January 2 – Renato Rascel, Italian actor and singer (b. 1912)

  • January 3 Luke Appling, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1907) Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume designer, painter, commercial artist and writer (b. 1898)

  • January 5 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (b. 1922)

  • January 7 – Maurice Deloraine, French engineer, executive and technical director of International Telephone and Telegraph (b. 1898)

  • January 8 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (b. 1960)

  • January 11 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)

  • January 12 Keye Luke, Chinese-born actor (b. 1904) Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (b. 1913) Mary Francis Shura, American writer (b. 1923)

  • January 14 – Salah Khalaf (a.k.a. Abu Iyad), Palestinian officer (b. 1933)

  • January 15 Ralph Tambs-Lyche, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1890) Frederick J. Pohl, prolific playwright, literary critic, editor, and book writer (b. 1889)

  • January 17 – King Olav V of Norway (b. 1903)

  • January 18 – Hamilton Fish III, American soldier and politician (b. 1888)

  • January 19 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)

  • January 22 – Kenas Aroi, Nauruan politician (b. 1942)

  • January 25 – Frank Soo, English footballer and manager (b. 1914)

  • January 28 – Red Grange, American football player (Chicago Bears) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1903)

  • January 29 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian (b. 1907)

  • January 30 John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908) John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)


  • February 1 – Carol Dempster, American actress (b. 1901)

  • February 2 Sir Monty Finniston, British industrialist (b. 1912) Franco Latini, Italian actor and voice actor (b. 1927)

  • February 3 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)

  • February 5 Pedro Arrupe, Spanish priest (b. 1907) Dean Jagger, American actor (b. 1903) Sergio Méndez Arceo, Mexican bishop (b. 1907)[12]

  • February 6 Salvador Luria, Italian-born American Nobel biologist (b. 1912) Danny Thomas, American singer, comedian, and actor (b. 1912) María Zambrano, Spanish essayist and philosopher (b. 1904)

  • February 7 – Amos Yarkoni, Israeli soldier (b. 1920)

  • February 10 – Bernard Lee, American civil rights activist (b. 1935)

  • February 13 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)

  • February 14 John A. McCone, American politician, 6th Director of Central Intelligence (b. 1902) Neta Snook, American aviator (b. 1896)

  • February 16 – Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan Contras leader (b. 1932)

  • February 21 John Sherman Cooper, American politician (b. 1901) Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)

  • February 24 John Charles Daly, South African-American journalist and game show host (b. 1914) Jean Rogers, American actress (b. 1916)

  • February 25 – Sverre Hansen, Norwegian long jumper (b. 1899)

  • February 28 – Koesbini, Indonesian composer (b. 1910)


  • March 1 Katherine Blake, South African-born British actress (b. 1921) Edwin H. Land, inventor of the Polaroid instant camera (b. 1909)

  • March 2 Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928) Mary Howard (a.k.a. Josephine Edgar), British romance novelist (b. 1907)

  • March 3 – William Penney, Baron Penney, British nuclear physicist (b. 1909)

  • March 7 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)

  • March 12 R. H. C. Davis, British medieval historian (b. 1918) Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1900)

  • March 13 – Sigurd Aalefjær, Norwegian engineer and civil servant (b. 1917)

  • March 14 Howard Ashman, American lyricist (b. 1950) Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)

  • March 15 G. Aravindan, Indian film director and screenwriter (b. 1935) Evelyn Boucher, British film actress (b. 1892) Robin Hill, British plant biochemist (b. 1899) George Sherman, American film director (b. 1908)

  • March 18 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1901)

  • March 21 – Leo Fender, American instrument maker (b. 1909)

  • March 23 – Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet, Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1893)

  • March 24 – Sir John Kerr, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1914)

  • March 25 – Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman Catholic bishop who fought for Catholic Tradition (b. 1905)

  • March 27 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)

  • March 29 – Lee Atwater, American political consultant and strategist (b. 1951)


  • April 1 Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894) Jaime Guzmán, Chilean right-wing senator (assassinated) (b. 1946) Paulo Muwanga, Ugandan military officer and statesman, 3rd Prime Minister of Uganda and 6th President of Uganda (b. 1921)

  • April 3 – Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)

  • April 4 Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911) Louis Guglielmi, French composer (b. 1916) John Heinz, American politician (b. 1938) Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)

  • April 5 Sonny Carter, American astronaut (b. 1947) John Tower, American politician (b. 1925) William Sidney, 1st Viscount De L'Isle, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1909)

  • April 7 – Ruth Page, American ballerina and choreographer (b. 1899)

  • April 9 – Forrest Towns, American Olympic athlete (b. 1914)

  • April 10 Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (b. 1955) Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)

  • April 16 – David Lean, English film director (b. 1908)

  • April 18 – Austin Bradford Hill, English epidemiologist and statistician (b. 1897)

  • April 19 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director, and administrator (b. 1905)

  • April 20 Steve Marriott, English musician (b. 1947) Don Siegel, American film director (b. 1912) Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian Communist leader, former Party General Secretary, Prime Minister of Mongolia (b. 1916)

  • April 23 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)

  • April 26 Carmine Coppola, American composer and conductor (b. 1910) William Andrew Paton, founder of the American Accounting Association in 1916, (b. 1889)

  • April 27 – Robert Velter, French cartoonist (b. 1909)

  • April 28 Paul E. Klopsteg, American physicist (b. 1889) Floyd McKissick, American lawyer and civil rights activist (b. 1922) Lee Wulff, American conservationist and fisherman (b. 1905)

  • April 29 Claude Gallimard, French editor (b. 1914) Gonzaguinha, Brazilian singer and composer (b. 1945)


  • May 1 Cesare Merzagora, Italian politician (b. 1898) Richard Thorpe, American film director (b. 1896)

  • May 3 Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-American writer (b. 1933) James C. Tison Jr., American admiral and civil engineer, sixth Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, first director of the Environmental Science Services Administration Corps (b. 1908)

  • May 4 – Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Egyptian singer and composer (b. 1902)

  • May 6 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, British actor (b. 1903)

  • May 8 Jean Langlais, French composer and organist (b. 1907) Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (b. 1903)

  • May 9 – Yanka Dyagileva, Siberian poet and singer-songwriter (b. 1966)

  • May 13 – Myron Brinig, Jewish-American author (b. 1896)

  • May 14 – Jiang Qing, Chinese radical revolutionary, widow of Mao Zedong (b. 1914)

  • May 15 Shintaro Abe, Japanese politician (b. 1924) Andreas Floer, German mathematician (b. 1956) Ronald Lacey, English actor (b. 1935)

  • May 18 Gerd Achgelis, German aviator, test pilot, and pioneer in the development of helicopters (b. 1908) Betty Alberge, English actress (b. 1922) Edwina Booth, American actress (b. 1904)

  • May 20 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899)

  • May 21 Lino Brocka, Filipino film director (b. 1939) Rajiv Gandhi, 6th Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)

  • May 22 Derrick Henry Lehmer, American mathematician (b. 1905) Stan Mortensen, English footballer (b. 1921)

  • May 23 Jean Van Houtte, Belgian politician, 38th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1907) Wilhelm Kempff, German pianist (b. 1895) Will Sinnott, Scottish bassist and keyboardist (The Shamen) (b. 1960)

  • May 24 – Gene Clark, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)

  • May 27 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)

  • May 29 – Coral Browne, Australian actress (b. 1913)

  • May 30 – Manolo Gómez Bur, Spanish actor (b. 1917)


  • June 1 – David Ruffin, American singer (b. 1941)

  • June 2 – Hailu Yimenu, Ethiopian politician, acting Prime Minister of Ethiopia

  • June 3 Brian Bevan, Australian rugby league player (b. 1924) Eva Le Gallienne, English-born actress (b. 1899)

  • June 4 – MC Trouble, American rapper (b. 1970)

  • June 5 Evelyn Boucher, British silent film actress (b. 1892) Min Chueh Chang, Chinese-born American reproductive biologist (b. 1908) Larry Kert, American actor (b. 1930)

  • June 6 – Stan Getz, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1927)

  • June 8 – Bertice Reading, American actress and singer (b. 1933)

  • June 9 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)

  • June 11 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)

  • June 14 – Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907)

  • June 15 Happy Chandler, 2nd commissioner of Major League Baseball (b. 1898) W. Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915) Ricardo Wolf, Jewish-German-Cuban-Israeli inventor, diplomat, and philanthropist (b. 1887)

  • June 17 – Pierre Jamet, French harpist (b. 1893)

  • June 18 – Joan Caulfield, American actress (b. 1922)

  • June 19 – Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900)

  • June 24 Czesław Białas, Polish Olympic weightlifter (b. 1931) Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (b. 1899)[13]

  • June 25 – Michael Heidelberger, American immunologist (b. 1888)

  • June 27 Molly Geertsema, Dutch liberal politician, former leader of the VVD party (b. 1918) George MacLeod, Scottish soldier and clergyman (b. 1895)

  • June 28 Hans Nüsslein, German tennis player (b. 1910) Nikolas Vogel, German actor and news camera operator (b. 1967)

  • June 29 – Henri Lefebvre, French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1901)


  • July 1 – Michael Landon, American actor (b. 1936)

  • July 2 – Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)

  • July 4 Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936) Henry Koerner, Austrian-born American painter and graphic designer (b. 1915)

  • July 5 Mildred Dunnock, American actress (b. 1901) Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920)

  • July 6 – Anton Yugov, Bulgarian Communist politician, 35th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1904)

  • July 7 – André Busch, French Olympic water polo player (b. 1913)

  • July 8 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)

  • July 11 – Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer (b. 1953)

  • July 15 Bert Convy, American actor, singer, game show host, and television personality (b. 1933) Roger Revelle, American scientist and scholar (b. 1909)

  • July 16 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)

  • July 18 André Cools, Belgian Socialist politician (b. 1927) Ambrus Nagy, Hungarian fencer and Olympic silver medalist (1956) (b. 1927)

  • July 24 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)

  • July 25 Henry Holst, Danish violinist (b. 1899) Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet politician, former member of the CPSU Politburo and Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1893)

  • July 27 – John Friedrich, German-born Australian engineer and conman (b. 1950)

  • July 29 María Antinea, Spanish actress (b. 1915) Christian de Castries, French general (b. 1902)

  • July 31 Miro Barešić, Croatian assassin (b. 1950) Regina Kapeller-Adler, Austrian biochemist (b. 1900)[14] Doris Zinkeisen, Scottish theatrical stage and costume designer, painter, commercial artist, and writer (b. 1898)


  • August 1 – Chris Short, American baseball pitcher (b. 1937)

  • August 3 – Ali Sabri, Egyptian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1920)

  • August 4 – Yevgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1920)

  • August 5 Paul Brown, American football coach (b. 1908) Sam Goodman, American gospel singer (b. 1931) Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and industrialist (b. 1917)

  • August 6 Shapour Bakhtiar, Iranian politician, Prime Minister (b. 1915) Arthur Pentelow, English actor (b. 1924) Harry Reasoner, American journalist and newscaster (b. 1923)

  • August 7 – Billy T. James, New Zealand comedian (b. 1948)

  • August 8 James Irwin, American astronaut (b. 1930) Julissa Gomez, American gymnast (b. 1972)

  • August 11 – J. D. McDuffie, American race car driver (b. 1938)

  • August 13 – James Roosevelt, American businessman and politician (b. 1907)

  • August 14 – Richard A. Snelling, American politician, Governor of Vermont (b. 1927)

  • August 16 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film-maker (b. 1905)

  • August 17 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist and translator (b. 1922)

  • August 21 – Oswald von Nell-Breuning, Roman Catholic theologian and sociologist (b. 1890)

  • August 22 Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian-born American actress (b. 1924) Boris Pugo, Latvian communist politician, Soviet minister of the Interior (b. 1937) Jane Stafford, American medical writer and chemist (b. 1899)

  • August 23 Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897) Mildred Trotter, American forensic anthropologist (b. 1899)

  • August 24 – Sergey Akhromeyev, Marshall of the Soviet Union, Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces (b. 1923)

  • August 25 – Niven Busch, American novelist and screenwriter (b. 1903)

  • August 28 – Alekos Sakellarios, Greek writer and director (b. 1913)

  • August 30 Cyril Knowles, English footballer and manager (b. 1944) Jean Tinguely, Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1925)


  • September 2 – Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)

  • September 3 – Frank Capra, Italian-born American film director (b. 1897)

  • September 4 Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1913) Tom Tryon, American actor and writer (b. 1926) Dottie West, American singer (b. 1932)

  • September 7 – Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)

  • September 8 Alex North, American film composer (b. 1910) Brad Davis, American actor (b. 1949) Gordon Gunson, English football player (b. 1904) Nell Donnelly Reed, American fashion designer and businesswoman (b. 1889)

  • September 10 Jack Crawford, Australian tennis champion (b. 1908) Jan Józef Lipski, Polish critic, historian, and politician (b. 1926)

  • September 12 Bruce Matthews, Canadian Army officer and businessman (b. 1909) Chris Von Erich, American professional wrestler (b. 1969)

  • September 13 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1901)

  • September 14 Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, and author (b. 1910) Lisa Michelson, American voice actress (b. 1958)

  • September 15 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1905)

  • September 16 – Carol White, English actress (b. 1943)

  • September 17 Henry Angus, Canadian lawyer and academic (b. 1891) Zino Francescatti, French violinist (b. 1902) Frank H. Netter, American artist, physician, and medical illustrator (b. 1906)

  • September 19 – Lydia Cabrera, Cuban anthropologist and poet (b. 1899)

  • September 22 – Tino Casal, Spanish pop singer (b. 1950)

  • September 24 – Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), American author (b. 1904)

  • September 25 Klaus Barbie, German Gestapo leader in Lyon (b. 1913) Barbara Rose Johns, American civil rights activist (b. 1935) Viviane Romance, French actress (b. 1912)

  • September 28 Clifford Campbell, Jamaican educator and politician (b. 1892) Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926) Ellic Howe, British writer (b. 1910)

  • September 29 – Grace Zaring Stone, American writer (b. 1891)


  • October 2 – Patriarch Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)

  • October 5 – Martin Ennals, British human rights activist (b. 1927)

  • October 6 Igor Talkov, Russian singer, poet, and composer (b. 1956) Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897)

  • October 7 – Darren Millane, Australian rules football player (b. 1965)

  • October 9 Roy Black, German schlager actor and singer (b. 1943) Thalmus Rasulala, American actor (b. 1939)

  • October 11 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)

  • October 12 Aline MacMahon, American actress (b. 1899) Regis Toomey, American actor (b. 1898)

  • October 13 Daniel Oduber Quirós, Costa Rican politician, 37th President of Costa Rica (b. 1921) Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún, Spanish politician, former Defense Minister and mayor of Madrid (b. 1932)

  • October 17 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer (b. 1919)

  • October 24 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921)

  • October 25 Bill Graham, American promoter (b. 1931) John Stratton, English actor (b. 1925)

  • October 27 Howard Kingsbury, American Olympic rower – Men's eights (b. 1904) Pyke Koch, Dutch painter (b. 1901) Andrzej Panufnik, Polish musician and composer (b. 1914)

  • October 28 – Sylvia Fine, American lyricist (b. 1913)

  • October 29 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Italy and President of the European Parliament (b. 1901)

  • October 31 – Joseph Papp, American theater director and producer (b. 1921)


  • November 2 Irwin Allen, American film and television producer (b. 1916) Cynthia Felgate, British TV producer (b. 1935)

  • November 3 – Chris Bender, American musician (b. 1972)

  • November 5 Fred MacMurray, American actor (b. 1908) Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (b. 1923)

  • November 6 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)

  • November 9 – Yves Montand, French actor and singer (b. 1921)

  • November 10 Eva Bosáková, Czechoslovakian artistic gymnast (b. 1931) Curt Weibull, Swedish historian, educator, and author (b. 1886)

  • November 12 – Keizō Hayashi, Japanese civil servant and military official (b. 1907)

  • November 14 – Tony Richardson, English film and theater director (b. 1928)

  • November 18 – Gustáv Husák, Czechoslovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)

  • November 19 – Reggie Nalder, Austrian actor (b. 1907)

  • November 21 – Daniel Mann, American film director (b. 1912)

  • November 23 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (b. 1926)

  • November 24 Eric Carr, American drummer (b. 1950) Anton Furst, American art director (b. 1944) Freddie Mercury, British lead singer and pianist (b. 1946)

  • November 25 Eleanor Audley, American actress (b. 1905) Nimeño II, French bullfighter (b. 1954)

  • November 26 Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (b. 1908) Bob Johnson, American ice hockey coach (b. 1931)

  • November 29 Ralph Bellamy, American actor (b. 1904) Nasirdin Isanov, 1st Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (b. 1943) Frank Yerby, American novelist (b. 1916)


  • December 1 – George Stigler, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)

  • December 5 – Richard Speck, American mass murderer (b. 1941)

  • December 6 – Sir Richard Stone, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1913)

  • December 7 – Gordon Pirie, English athlete (b. 1931)

  • December 9 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898)

  • December 10 Franco Maria Malfatti, Italian politician (b. 1927) Greta Kempton, American artist (b. 1901)

  • December 11 Robert Q. Lewis, American radio and television personality (b. 1920) Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author (b. 1906)

  • December 12 Eleanor Boardman, American actress (b. 1898) Olli Ungvere, Estonian actress (b. 1906)

  • December 15 – Vasily Zaytsev, Russian World War II hero (b. 1915)

  • December 18 – George Abecassis, English race car driver (b. 1913)

  • December 19 Howie Dallmar, American basketball player (b. 1922) Paul Maxwell, Canadian actor (b. 1921)

  • December 24 – Marguerite Williams, African American geologist (b. 1895)

  • December 27 – Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (b. 1955)

  • December 28 – Cassandra Harris, Australian actress (b. 1941)

  • December 31 – Yuri Belov, Soviet actor (b. 1930)

Nobel Prizes

  • Physics – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

  • Chemistry – Richard R. Ernst

  • Medicine – Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann

  • Literature – Nadine Gordimer

  • Peace – Aung San Suu Kyi

  • Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Ronald Coase


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