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Jagmeet Singh

Jagmeet Singh

Jagmeet Singh Jimmy Dhaliwal [2] MP (born January 2, 1979), professionally known as Jagmeet Singh (/dʒəɡˈmiːt sɪŋ/ jəg-MEET SING), is a Canadian lawyer and politician serving as leader of the New Democratic Party since 2017 and as the Member of parliament (MP) for the riding of Burnaby South since 2019.[3] He was previously an Ontario New Democratic Party Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) for Bramalea—Gore—Malton in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 2011 to 2017.[4]

Singh began his career as a criminal defence lawyer for different law firms.

His political career began in 2011 where he contested the 2011 federal election in the federal riding of Bramalea—Gore—Malton which resulted in a narrow victory for Conservative opponent Bal Gosal;[5][6] he became MPP in the overlapping provincial riding later that year.[6][7] In 2015, he became deputy leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party, serving under leader Andrea Horwath until 2017. Singh announced his candidacy for the federal New Democratic Party leadership following a leadership review that resulted in a leadership election to replace Tom Mulcair. Singh was elected leader on October 1, 2017, with a first round vote of 53.8% in a field of four.

Upon his election, Singh became the first person of a visible minority group to lead a major Canadian federal political party on a permanent basis, and the second overall after the Bloc Québécois’s former interim leader Vivian Barbot.[8][9] Singh is also the first turban-wearing Sikh to sit as a provincial legislator in Ontario. He has been widely recognized in Canadian media for his fashion and style sense.[10][11] Ideologically, Singh identifies as both a progressive and a social democrat.[12] He advocates raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour, decriminalizing personal possession of all drugs, and supports eliminating several tax deductions available to the highest-income earners.[13][14]

Leader of theNew Democratic Party
October 1, 2017
DeputyDavid ChristophersonAlexandre BoulericeSheri Benson
Tom Mulcair
Member of theforBurnaby South
March 17, 2019
Kennedy Stewart
Deputy Leader of theOntario New Democratic Party
April 20, 2015 – May 16, 2017
LeaderAndrea Horwath
Marilyn Churley
Sara SinghJohn Vanthof
Member of theforBramalea—Gore—Malton
October 6, 2011 – October 20, 2017
Kuldip Kular
Riding dissolved
Personal details
Political partyNew Democratic
Other politicalaffiliationsOntario New Democratic
RelativesGurratan Singh(brother)
ResidenceBurnaby, British Columbia, Canada[1]
Alma materUniversity of Western Ontario(BSc)York University(LLB)
OccupationLawyer, politician

Early life

Singh was born on January 2, 1979, in Scarborough, Ontario, to Harmeet Kaur and Jagtaran Singh,[15] immigrant parents from the Indian state of Punjab. His mother is from Ghudani Khurd, in Punjab's Ludhiana district, while his father is from Thikriwala, in Barnala district.[16] His great-grandfather was Sewa Singh Thikriwala, a revolutionary who fought against British occupation in India.[17] After a year as a toddler living with his grandparents in India, Singh spent his early childhood in St. John's and Grand Falls-Windsor, both in Newfoundland and Labrador, before relocating with his family to Windsor, Ontario.[2][18] Singh went on to obtain a Bachelor of Science degree in biology from the University of Western Ontario in 2001 and a Bachelor of Laws degree from York University's Osgoode Hall Law School in 2005. He was called to the Bar of the Law Society of Upper Canada in 2006.[19]

Singh has two younger siblings, brother Gurratan and sister Manjot, who were both born during the family's time in Newfoundland. He also has a cousin brother named Harteerath Singh who is currently completing High School in India.[18] Gurratan, who is also a lawyer and politician, has been described as Jagmeet's "secret weapon".[20][21] He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the 2018 Ontario election, representing the riding of Brampton East.[22]

Singh worked as a criminal defence lawyer in the Greater Toronto Area before entering politics, first at the law firm Pinkofskys, then at his own practice, Singh Law, which he established with Gurratan.[2][23] During his time as a lawyer he offered free legal rights seminars across Ontario and provided pro bono legal counsel for people and community organizations in need. In a Toronto Star article published January 9, 2012, Singh stated that his background in criminal defence contributed to his decision to enter politics, particularly his work advocating for the protection of rights entrenched in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[10]

Political career

Early federal politics

Singh provided pro bono consulting to an activist group that protested the visit to Canada of Kamal Nath, the Indian trade minister who had persecuted Sikhs and had allegedly led armed mobs during the 1984 Delhi pogrom.[24][25] After failing to get their views heard, Singh was inspired to run for office by the activist group so their concerns could be better represented.[24]

Singh began his political career with his decision to run for Member of Parliament in the 2011 federal election as the NDP candidate in the riding of Bramalea—Gore—Malton.[24] During the election, Singh stopped using his surname, Dhaliwal (which is connected to caste), because he wanted to signal his rejection of the inequality inherent in the Indian caste system. Instead, he chose to use Singh, which reflects the spiritual belief in an egalitarian society where all enjoy equitable access to rights and justice.[24] Although he was defeated by Conservative candidate Bal Gosal by 539 votes, Singh finished ahead of incumbent Liberal MP Gurbax Singh Malhi.[5][6]

Provincial politics

Singh at a community BBQ in 2014

Singh at a community BBQ in 2014

Singh ran in the 2011 Ontario provincial election as the NDP candidate in the overlapping provincial riding, and defeated Liberal incumbent Kuldip Kular by 2,277 votes.[6][7] Singh became the first Ontario NDP MPP to represent the Peel Region as well as the first turban-wearing MPP.[6][26] In the 40th Parliament of Ontario, Singh was appointed as the NDP critic for the Attorney General of Ontario and for the Consumer Services.[27] Singh also served as his party's deputy house leader.

In March 2012, Singh introduced a private member's bill called "An Act to Amend the Insurance Act" to address high auto insurance rates. This bill would have removed the industry practice of basing insurance rates on geographic location. The bill failed to pass second reading.[28]

In March 2013, Singh introduced a motion calling on the Liberal government to reduce auto insurance premiums by 15%.[29] Singh's motion was accepted by the legislature, and the 15% reduction was to be included in the Liberal Government's 2013 Provincial budget.[30]

In November 2014, Singh voted against the government's legislation entitled "Fighting Fraud and Reducing Automobile Rates Act", after arguing there were major shortcomings in the legislation regarding the driver's right to sue auto insurance companies.

Singh said, "removing more protections for people is not the right way to go, it's a significant loss of our rights, and this is not a good bill."[31]

In November 2015, Singh introduced a private member's bill to the legislature regarding Tarion. Tarion was created by the provincial government in 1976 to be the regulator of the province's homebuilding industry.[32] Singh's proposed legislation would give the Ontario Ombudsman the jurisdiction to investigate the practices of the corporation, as well as force Tarion to produce a detailed track record of their builds, and include all of their employees who make over $100,000 on the sunshine list. The proposed legislation would also subject Tarion bylaws to the approval of the provincial government.[33]

In December 2013, legislation introduced by Singh to have the month of April recognized as Sikh Heritage Month in the province of Ontario was passed by the legislature.[34]

Singh has called for greater police accountability and demanded the provincial government draft legislation to strengthen Ontario's Special Investigations Unit (SIU). He criticized the Attorney General after the release of a report by the Ombudsman André Marin that found the province had undermined the SIU. Singh said, "The comprehensive failure of the ministry to address concerns about the SIU and give it a proper mandate is simply unacceptable, and I expect immediate action from the new Attorney General."[35]

In October 2015, Singh introduced a motion calling on the government to instruct police services in Ontario to end arbitrary street checks, known as carding.[36] On October 22, 2015, the legislature unanimously passed Singh's motion.[37]

Singh was a critic of the province's handling of the Ornge Air Ambulance service and called for greater oversight of the agency. Ornge was the subject of an investigation that found the air ambulance service paid a $1.4 million salary to its president while failing to provide timely emergency services. Singh said, "No more flying blind at Ornge. The people of Ontario have been paying the bills at Ornge with scarce health dollars. They deserve the facts about what's happened. A key first step is making executive contracts immediately available to the public."[38]

In May 2012, Singh introduced a private member's bill called "An Act to amend the Consumer Protection Act, 2002" to address high fees on overseas money transfers.[39] The bill died on the order paper when the legislature was prorogued in September 2012.[40]

Singh sparked controversy when he introduced a private members bill to allow turban-wearing Sikhs to ride a motorcycle without a helmet.

After the motion was denied, Singh released statement declaring "While the Wynne Liberals are happy to pay lip service to civil rights, when the rubber meets the road, this so-called activist premier is quick to deny the Sikh community rights recognized elsewhere".

Wynne countered by stating that "Mortality rates have gone down 30 per cent and head injury rates down 75 per cent in jurisdictions with such (motorcycle helmet) laws".[41]

In June 2015, Singh was chastised by Ontario's integrity commissioner for the improper use of legislative resources meant for his constituency office for partisan purposes. The integrity commissioner's report found that in March 2015, Singh had improperly allowed his constituency office in Brampton to organize bus trips to take supporters to a partisan federal NDP rally in Toronto and that Singh's inclusion of a donation link on his constituency website contravened parliamentary convention. Because Singh did not intentionally break the ethics policy and had proactively acted to fix the breaches when alerted, he was not fined or otherwise punished, and the integrity commissioner only recommended that Singh's staff undergo additional training.[42]

In December 2016, Singh spoke out against the motion introduced by PC MPP Gila Martow, which called for the legislature to denounce the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign.[43]

On October 20, 2017, after winning the federal NDP leadership race, Singh resigned as MPP.[44]

Provincial politics outside Ontario

During the Alberta general election in May 2015, Singh campaigned for the Alberta New Democratic Party, reaching out to voters on behalf of Irfan Sabir, who was running in Calgary-McCall. Sabir was later elected, and was appointed to Premier Rachel Notley's cabinet as Minister of Social Services.[45] Singh also campaigned for the BC NDP and Nova Scotia NDP in those provinces' 2017 elections.[46]

Singh endorsed and campaigned for Wab Kinew in the Manitoba NDP's 2017 leadership race.[46]

Federal politics

Federal leadership

Singh speaks at an Ontario Federation of Labour convention several weeks after winning the New Democratic Party leadership election

Singh speaks at an Ontario Federation of Labour convention several weeks after winning the New Democratic Party leadership election

After Tom Mulcair lost a leadership review vote at the 2016 federal NDP convention, Singh was considered a potential leadership candidate, winning the support of 11 per cent of NDP members in a Mainstreet Research poll conducted in April 2016, and was statistically tied for second place.[47] Singh was considered a leading candidate to replace Horwath as NDP leader if she lost the 42nd Ontario general election.[25][48] He announced his intention to run for the leadership of the New Democratic Party of Canada at a campaign launch on May 15, 2017, in Brampton.[49]

In August, Singh created controversy when he claimed that his candidacy had led to 47,000 sign-ups for the party.[50] Several rival campaigns, most notably Charlie Angus's, accused Singh of inflating party membership sign-ups.[51] A poll by Mainstreet Research was released in September, showing Singh overtaking Charlie Angus to lead the race for NDP leadership for the first time with 27.3 per cent of the vote.[52] Several days before the leadership vote, a video of Singh confronting a heckler, who accused him of plotting to subject Canada to sharia law, went viral leading to Singh getting praise for his handling of the situation and helping him win the NDP leadership.[53][54][55][56]

Singh was elected leader of the federal NDP in the 2017 New Democratic Party leadership election on October 1, 2017, having won on the first ballot with 53.8 per cent of the vote.[57] Soon after his election as leader, Singh named leadership rival Guy Caron as parliamentary leader of the NDP.[58]

Shortly after his election as leader, CBC journalist Susan Bonner was criticized for appearing to mistakenly identify Navdeep Bains, a Liberal MP and cabinet minister, as Singh on Twitter. Singh and Bains are both turban-wearing, bearded Sikh men of South Asian descent. Bonner later apologized for the misunderstanding and deleted the tweet.[59]

In an interview with Bloomberg, Singh explained that he would not rule out working with the Conservatives to topple a federal government led by Trudeau if the NDP held the balance of power in a minority parliament.[60]

In February 2018, Singh suspended MP Erin Weir from the NDP caucus pending an independent investigation made into sexual harassment allegations made against him. Weir was formally expelled from caucus on May 3, 2018, based on the outcome of the sexual harassment investigation, which found one claim of harassment and three claims of sexual harassment.[61] On September 6, 2018 Singh had rejected Weir's request to rejoin the NDP during a meeting in June; despite Weir stating that he had worked with a personal trainer to understand the issues of the complaint.[62]

2019 Burnaby South by-election run

While the convention in Canada is for a newly elected party leader to enter the House of Commons by winning a by-election in a safe seat, Singh initially opted to lead the NDP from outside of Parliament. He indicated that he preferred to run in a seat where he feels a "genuine connection" rather than any "safe" seat. Singh had stated that he would most likely run in Brampton East, which includes the bulk of his old provincial riding, in the 2019 election.[63] Soon after his election as leader, Singh named leadership rival Guy Caron as parliamentary leader of the NDP.[58]

On August 8, 2018, however, Singh announced he would be running in a by-election to replace Kennedy Stewart as the Member of Parliament for Burnaby South. Stewart had resigned in order to make an ultimately successful bid for Mayor of Vancouver.[64] Singh relocated to Burnaby for the election[65] and won on February 25, 2019, with 38.9 per cent of the vote.[3]

Political views

Singh has branded himself a progressive and a social democrat.[12]

Drug policy

Singh supports decriminalizing possession of all drugs and treating drug use as a medical issue rather than a criminal issue.[13]

Economic policy

Singh's economic policy states that "millions of Canadians are living in poverty".[66] Singh supports a progressive tax system[67] and supports eliminating several tax deductions available to the highest-income earners and redirect the money to low-income seniors, workers and disabled Canadians.[68] Singh's tax agenda during the 2017 New Democratic Party leadership election included creating new tax brackets for the highest-income earners and raising corporate tax.[69]

Singh supports a $15/hour minimum wage, the imposition of Canadian sales taxes on paid on-demand internet video providers (also referred to as a "Netflix tax"),[70] and a universal pharmacare system, stating "universal healthcare is essential when we talk about equality for all Canadians".

The NDP have stated that closing tax loopholes on the ultra rich would fund a universal pharmacare program.

After the Federal Budget of 2018 was released, Singh criticized the Liberals' plan for research into pharmacare with no funding behind it, calling it "not a plan but a fantasy".[71]

Singh has promised to incentivize the building 500,000 units of affordable housing by removing the federal tax burden on new affordable housing projects.[72]

Energy policy

Singh wants to reduce the carbon emissions levels of Canada to 30% of 2005 levels by 2025.

This would be done by assisting provinces with the 2030 "coal phaseout", implementing a zero emissions vehicle agenda, "greening" the tax system by adding subsidies to companies supporting ecology and building renewable energy supergrid.[73] Singh also supports creating more accountability in climate change policy by creating an independent officer of parliament mandated to report on interim progress on emission reductions (Climate Change Action Officer or CCAO), tasking the Commissioner of Environment and Sustainable Development (CESD) to the Auditor General with gathering data from each province and territory and appointing an advisory group composed of regional and topic-specific experts who will support the CCAO in interpreting data presented by the CESD and assessing implications for climate, energy, and economic policies and regulations.[74]

Quebec policy

During the Lac-St. Jean by-election campaign, he said he would respect the outcome of a Quebec independence referendum.[75]

Social issues

Singh at the Toronto Pride Parade in 2017

Singh at the Toronto Pride Parade in 2017

Singh is a strong advocate for equality.

Recounting a personal experience where he was the subject of racial profiling, Singh has strongly supported legislation for a federal ban on carding, calling the practice a form of systemic racism. Singh also called on the federal Liberal government to scrap the mandatory minimum sentencing rules introduced by the former Conservative government, saying the legislation has not reduced crime and has a disproportionate impact on racialized communities.[76][77]

Singh has urged Justin Trudeau and the Liberal Party to allow cities to ban handguns.[78]

Singh supports LGBTQ rights.[79] Singh believes in training the RCMP in "LGBTQI2S+ competency training" to ensure interactions with law enforcement are not stigmatizing or traumatizing.[80] Singh also supports bringing a form of affirmative action for hiring of LGBTQ people and supports more inclusive shelter and transitional housing spaces in service of LGBTQ youth.[81]

Singh advocates for Health Canada conducting research on the health care needs and experiences of LGBTQ patients and advocates for policy changes allowing people to self-declare their gender.[82] Singh also supports immediately repealing the de facto ban on blood, tissue and organ donation by men who have sex with men and trans women who have sex with men.[83]

Personal life

Singh riding a bike at the National Bike Summit in Ottawa in 2018

Singh riding a bike at the National Bike Summit in Ottawa in 2018

Singh practices Brazilian jiu-jitsu, having competed in submission grappling in the U.S. and Canada.[10][11]

Singh has been recognized for his fashion and style sense in Canadian magazines and publications.

He was named by Toronto Life magazine as one of the five youngest rising stars, featured in the top 10 best dressed of 2013 and most recently one of the 10 style icons featured in the 50th anniversary of Yorkdale Mall. Toronto Life also recognized him as one of the top 25 most stylish personalities in Toronto in 2013, noting his ownership of "bespoke suits in the slim British style", two Rolex watches, a crimson BMW coupe, and six designer bicycles. In February 2017, GQ called him an "incredibly well-dressed rising star in Canadian politics".[84]

In January 2012, the Toronto Star named Singh one of Toronto's top 12 personalities to watch in 2012, calling Singh a trailblazer in Ontario politics.[10] Singh was recognized by the World Sikh Organization of Canada in their 2012 list of honorees for being the first turbaned Sikh MPP in Ontario.[85]

In 2013, Singh was denied a visa to India for raising the issue of the 1984 Sikh massacre.[86] He became the first Western legislator ever to be denied entry to India.[87]

In a November 2017 episode of the TVOntario series Political Blind Date, Singh was paired with former Toronto City Councillor and current Premier of Ontario Doug Ford. The pair explored different forms of transportation, with Singh taking Ford on a downtown Toronto bicycle ride while Ford drove Singh along the dedicated streetcar right-of-way on St. Clair Avenue.[88] Ford said of the experience that the two became friends, and Singh said Ford was "very warm and friendly".[89]

In January 2018, Singh became engaged to Gurkiran Kaur Sidhu, a fashion designer and co-founder of jangiiro, a Punjabi clothing line.

He proposed to her at the vegetarian restaurant where they had their first date in front of friends, family, and members of the media that Singh had invited.[90] The pair married on February 22, 2018.[91]

On November 28, 2020, Singh and United States Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez appeared together in a Twitch.tv livestream session of Among Us, a popular online multiplayer video game. The event raised $200,000 USD in donations to various charities for food and housing insecurity in the United States.[205] On the other hand, Singh received some criticism for using the opportunity to fundraise for his own political party, the New Democratic Party.[206] The pair discussed social issues and policies related to their shared democratic-socialist agenda, such as Canada's COVID-19 relief measures and health care system.

He is fluent in English, French, Hindi, and Punjabi.[92]

Electoral record

Federal elections

Canadian federal by-election, February 25, 2019:Burnaby SouthResignation ofKennedy Stewart
New DemocraticJagmeet Singh8,84838.90Increase
LiberalRichard T. Lee5,91926.02Decrease
ConservativeJay Shin5,14722.63Decrease
People'sLaura-Lynn Thompson2,42210.65New
IndependentTerry Grimwood2421.06New
IndependentValentine Wu1680.74New
Total valid votes/Expense limit22,74699.17
Total rejected ballots1900.83+0.23
Eligible voters76,204
New DemocraticholdSwing+5.84
Source: Elections Canada[93]
2011 Canadian federal election:Bramalea—Gore—Malton
ConservativeBal Gosal19,90734.44−2.68
New DemocraticJagmeet Singh19,36833.51+24.49
LiberalGurbax Singh Malhi16,40229.40−15.65
GreenJohn Moulton1,7483.02−2.14
Marxist–LeninistFrank Chilelli3710.64+0.02
Total valid votes57,796100.00
Total rejected ballots4540.80+0.18
Eligible voters

Provincial elections

2014 Ontario general election:Bramalea—Gore—Malton
New DemocraticJagmeet Singh23,51944.32+6.68
LiberalKuldip Kular17,87333.68+0.75
Progressive ConservativeHarjit Jaswal9,40317.72−4.99
GreenPauline Thornham2,2774.29+1.79
Total valid votes53,072100.0
New DemocraticholdSwing+2.96
Source:Elections Ontario[94]
2011 Ontario general election:Bramalea—Gore—Malton
New DemocraticJagmeet Singh16,62637.64+25.82
LiberalKuldip Kular14,34932.93−14.07
Progressive ConservativeSanjeev Maingi9,89622.71−6.65
GreenPauline Thornham1,0912.50−7.63
LibertarianJoy Lee7381.69
IndependentArchie McLachlan4911.13
Family CoalitionLinda O'Marra3810.87−0.29
Total valid votes43,572100.00
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots3210.73
Eligible voters107,820
New Democraticgain fromLiberalSwing+19.95
Source: Elections Ontario[95]

Leadership elections

**2017 New Democratic Party leadership election**
CandidateBallot 1
Jagmeet Singh35,26653.8%
Charlie Angus12,70519.4%
Niki Ashton11,37417.4%
Guy Caron6,1649.4%

Published works

  • Singh, Jagmeet (May 1, 2019).

  • Love & Courage, Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-9821-0539-6


Citation Linkwww.cbc.ca"NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh campaigns in Montreal ahead of tough byelection fight". Cbc.ca. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
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Citation Linkwww.huffingtonpost.caRaj, Althia (January 1, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh Is A Young, Photogenic, Confident Politician. Sound Familiar?". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
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Citation Linkwww.cbc.ca"NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh wins federal seat in high-stakes Burnaby South byelection". CBC News, February 25, 2019.
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Citation Linkwww.ctvnews.ca"Federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh resigns seat in Ontario legislature". CTV News. The Canadian Press. October 20, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.org"Riding results from across Canada". Edmonton Journal. May 3, 2011. p. A6.
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Citation Linkwww.cbc.ca"Ontario NDP's Singh throws heck of a victory rally". CBC News. October 7, 2011.
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Citation Linkelections.on.ca"Summary of Valid Ballots Cast for Each Candidate" (PDF). Elections Ontario. October 6, 2011. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 30, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
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Citation Linkwww.cbc.caZimonjic, Peter (October 1, 2017). "Meet Jagmeet Singh: New leader of federal NDP". CBC News. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
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Citation Linkwww.nytimes.comAusten, Ian (October 1, 2017). "Sikh Becomes Canada's First Nonwhite Political Party Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
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Citation Linkwww.thestar.comBenzie, Robert (January 9, 2012). "12 to watch in 2012: Jagmeet Singh". Toronto Star.
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Citation Linkwww.rcinet.ca"Making history, Jasmeet Singh, scores NDP leadership victory". Rcinet.ca. October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
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Citation Linkbeta.theglobeandmail.com"Ontario politician Jagmeet Singh launches bid for federal NDP leadership". The Globe and Mail. May 15, 2017. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
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Citation Linkbeta.theglobeandmail.comWoo, Andrea (September 11, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh vows to decriminalize petty drug charges at NDP debate". The Globe and Mail.
Sep 19, 2019, 10:14 PM
Citation Linktwitter.comSingh, Jagmeet [@theJagmeetSingh] (January 6, 2018). "Trudeau has said a $15 federal minimum wage is off the table - I believe it's the minimum that workers deserve. Canadians deserve better - an NDP government would implement a federal minimum wage of $15 because nobody should be working and living under the poverty line" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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Citation Linkwww.hindustantimes.com"Punjab village celebrates its son Jagmeet Singh's success in Canadian politics". Hindustantimes.com/. October 3, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
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Citation Linktimesofindia.indiatimes.com"Trudeau's new political rival is a Canadian Sikh with swag". The Times of India. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
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Citation Linkwww.straight.com"Gurpreet Singh: Beware of those opposed to Jagmeet Singh and his supporters". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly. May 18, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
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Citation Linkwww.thetelegram.com"Jagmeet Singh, who spent part of childhood in Newfoundland, launches bid for federal NDP leadership". The Telegram. St. John's, NL. May 16, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
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Citation Linkwww.huffingtonpost.ca"Jagmeet Singh". Huffington Post.
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Citation Linkwww.bramptonguardian.comBallingall, Alex (March 11, 2018). "Federal NDP leader Jagmeet Singh's brother may run for MPP". Brampton Guardian. Brampton, Ontario. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
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