Everipedia Logo
Everipedia is now IQ.wiki - Join the IQ Brainlist and our Discord for early access to editing on the new platform and to participate in the beta testing.
The Young and the Restless

The Young and the Restless

The Young and the Restless (often abbreviated as Y&R) is an American television soap opera created by William J. Bell and Lee Phillip Bell for CBS. The show is set in a fictionalized version of Genoa City, Wisconsin.[2] First broadcast on March 26, 1973, The Young and the Restless was originally broadcast as half-hour episodes, five times a week.[3][4] The show expanded to one-hour episodes on February 4, 1980.[5] In 2006, the series began airing encore episodes weeknights on SOAPnet[6] until 2013, when it moved to TVGN (now Pop). As of July 1, 2013, Pop still airs the encore episodes on weeknights.[7][8] The series is also syndicated internationally.[9]

The Young and the Restless originally focused on two core families: the wealthy Brooks family and the working class Foster family.[3] After a series of recasts and departures in the early 1980s, all the original characters except Jill Foster were written out. Bell replaced them with new core families, the Abbotts and the Williamses.[3] Over the years, other families such as the Newmans, the Barber-Winters, and the Baldwin-Fishers were introduced.[10][11] Despite these changes, one storyline that has endured through almost the show's entire run is the feud between Jill Abbott and Katherine Chancellor, the longest rivalry on any American soap opera.[12][13]

Since its debut, The Young and the Restless has won 10 Daytime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Drama Series. It is also currently the highest-rated daytime drama on American television. As of 2008, it had appeared at the top of the weekly Nielsen ratings in that category for more than 1,000 weeks since 1988.[14] As of December 12, 2013, according to Nielsen ratings, The Young and the Restless was the leading daytime drama for an unprecedented 1,300 weeks, or 25 years.[15] The serial is also a sister series to The Bold and the Beautiful, as several actors have crossed over between shows. In April 2019, The Young and the Restless was renewed for the 2019–20 United States network television schedule.

The Young and the Restless
Also known asY&R
GenreSoap opera
Created byWilliam J. Bell
Lee Phillip Bell
Written byJosh Griffith
Directed bySally McDonald
Owen Renfroe
Conal O'Brien
Casey Childs
Michael Eilbaum
See below
StarringPresent cast
Former cast
Theme music composerRC Cates
Sharon Farber
Rick Krizman
Dominic Messinger
Opening theme"Nadia's Theme"
by Barry De Vorzon and Perry Botkin, Jr.
Country of originUnited States
No.of episodes11,000 (as of September 1, 2016)[1]
  • Anthony Morina and Josh Griffith
  • (and others)
Producer(s)Supervising Producers
Lisa de Cazotte
John Fisher
Matthew J. Olsen
Jonathan Fishman
See below**
Production location(s)Television City Studios
Los Angeles, California
Camera setupMultiple-camera setup
Running time30 minutes (1973–1980)
60 minutes (1980–present)
Productioncompany(s)Bell Dramatic Serial Company
Corday Productions
Screen Gems (1973–1974)
Columbia Pictures Television
CPT Holdings, Inc.
Columbia TriStar Television
Columbia TriStar Domestic Television
Sony Pictures Television
DistributorSony Pictures Television
Original networkCBS
Picture format
  • NTSC (480i) (1973–2001)
  • HDTV 1080i (2001–present)
Audio formatMono (1973–87)
CBS StereoSound (1987–1997)
Digital Stereo (1997–present)
Original releaseMarch 26, 1973 (1973-03-26) –
Related shows
  • As the World Turns
  • The Bold and the Beautiful
External links
Website [133]


To compete with the youthful ABC soap operas, All My Children, One Life to Live, and General Hospital, CBS executives wanted a new daytime serial that was youth oriented.[16] William J. Bell and Lee Phillip Bell created The Young and the Restless in 1972 for the network under the working title, The Innocent Years![16][17] "We were confronted with the very disturbing reality that young America had lost much of its innocence," Bell said. "Innocence as we had known and lived it all our lives had, in so many respects, ceased to exist."[18] They changed the title of the series to The Young and the Restless because they felt it "reflected the youth and mood of the early seventies."[18] The Bells named the fictional setting for the show after the real Genoa City, Wisconsin, which was located on their way from their then-home in Chicago to their annual summer vacation spot in Lake Geneva.[2]

The Young and the Restless began airing on March 26, 1973, replacing the cancelled soap opera, Where the Heart Is.[5] Bell worked as head writer from the debut of the series until his retirement in 1998.[19] He wrote from his home in Chicago while production took place in Los Angeles, California. Originally, Bell wanted to shoot the series in New York, however, CBS executives felt that Los Angeles would be more cost effective.[9] John Conboy acted as the show's first executive producer, staying in the position until 1982.[5] Bell and H. Wesley Kenney became co-executive producers that year until Edward Scott took over in 1989. Bell then became senior executive producer.[5] Other executive producers included David Shaughnessy,[20] John F. Smith,[21] Lynn Marie Latham,[22] Josh Griffith,[23] Maria Arena Bell, and Paul Rauch.[24]

In the mid-1980s, Bell and his family moved to Los Angeles to create a new soap opera.[9] During this time, his three children, William Jr., Bradley, and Lauralee Bell, each became involved in soap operas. Lauralee Bell worked as an actress on The Young and the Restless. Bradley Bell co-created The Bold and the Beautiful with his father. William Bell Jr. became involved in the family's production companies as president of Bell Dramatic Serial Co. and Bell-Phillip Television Productions Inc.[9] "It's worked out very well for us because we really all worked in very different aspects of the show," William Bell Jr. said. "With my father and I, it was a great kind of partnership and pairing in the sense that he had a total control of the creative side of the show and I didn't have even the inclination to interject in what he was doing."[9]

After William J. Bell's 1998 retirement, a number of different head writers took over the position, including Kay Alden, Trent Jones, John F. Smith, Lynn Marie Latham, Scott Hamner, Josh Griffith, Maria Arena Bell, and Hogan Sheffer.[20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

In 2012, former General Hospital executive producer Jill Farren Phelps was hired as the new executive producer of the soap, replacing Bell. Griffith was also named the sole head writer.[27] On August 15, 2013, it was speculated and reported by several online sources that Griffith had resigned as head-writer of the serial.[28][29] Further speculation adds that Shelly Altman may take over as the new scribe, alongside Tracey Thomson or Jean Passanante may be brought aboard as co-head scribe.[30][31] On September 12, 2013, it was announced that Passanante and Altman were named head writers of the show, with Thomson promoted to co-head writer.[32]

On September 18, 2014, former All My Children, Santa Barbara and General Hospital head writer Charles Pratt, Jr. was named as the new head writer of the show. Passanante, Altman and Thomson have been demoted to breakdown writers. Pratt was also named as co-executive producer sharing the credit with Phelps.[33] On June 7, 2016, Serial Scoop announced that Phelps had been terminated from her position as executive producer; a replacement was not named at the time of their reporting.[34] The following morning, Sony Pictures Television confirmed to several media outlets that Phelps had been let go from her position; British television producer Mal Young was announced as Phelps' replacement.[35] Phelps' last appearance as executive producer was July 12, 2016, while Young's first appearance occurred the following day on July 13.[36] On September 13, 2016, it was announced that Pratt was named as executive producer and show-runner of Lee Daniels' Star.[37][38] The same day, Daytime Confidential revealed that former Generations and Days of Our Lives head writer Sally Sussman, who previously had positions with the show, such as Associate Head Writer, was in-talks to replace Pratt as Head Writer.[39] On September 15, 2016, it was confirmed that Sussman was named as the soap's new head writer.[40][41]

On September 21, 2016, Daytime Confidential reported that after ten years since leaving the soap, Alden had been re-hired to be a story consultant under Sussman's regime.[42] Sussman's tenure as head writer began taping on October 20, 2016, and began airing on December 7, 2016.[43] On June 20, 2017, CBS announced its decision to renew the serial for three years.[44][45] On July 31, 2017, it was announced that both Alden and Sussman would retire from their positions; Young was named as Sussman's successor as head writer.[46][47] Sussman last aired as head writer on October 24, 2017. Young's tenure as head writer aired on October 25, 2017.[48][49] In December 2018, Young announced his decision to leave the serial, citing that it was a "good time to move on," and cited his desire to pursue his own project.[50] Anthony Morina was announced as executive producer, while Griffith was named co-executive producer and head writer.[51]


Videotaping and broadcasting

Taped at CBS Television City, studios 41 and 43 in Hollywood since its debut on March 26, 1973,[52] the show was packaged by the distribution company Columbia Pictures Television, which has now been replaced by Sony Pictures Television.[4][53] The Young and the Restless originally aired as a half-hour series on CBS and was the first soap opera to focus on the visual aspects of production, creating "a look that broke with the visual conventions of the genre."[3][4] Similar to the radio serials that had preceded them, soap operas at the time primarily focused on dialogue, characters, and story, with details like sets as secondary concerns.[3] The Young and the Restless stood out by using unique lighting techniques and camera angles, similar to Hollywood-style productions.[53][54] The style of videotaping included using out-of-the-ordinary camera angles and a large number of facial close-ups with bright lighting on the actors' faces.[3][53][54][55] Conboy said he used lighting to create "artistic effects".[54] Those effects made the series look dark, shadowy, and moody.[3][54] The Young and the Restless' look influenced the taping styles of other soap operas.[3] When H. Wesley Kenney replaced Conboy as executive producer, he balanced the lighting of the scenes.[55]

Due to the success of the series, CBS and their affiliates pressured Bell to lengthen the series from 30 minutes to a full hour. Bell attributed this change to the show's fall from number one in the Nielsen ratings, since the lengthening of the show led to the departure of a number of cast members.[3] "The issue of performing in a one-hour show had not been part of their contracts," Bell said.[3] This forced the show to recast multiple main characters and eventually phase out the original core families in favor of new ones.[3] The show expanded to one hour on February 4, 1980. It airs at 11:00am on most stations in the Central, Mountain and Pacific time zones, usually as a lead-in to the local noon news for most CBS stations in those regions (though some stations in the Central Time Zone opt to air it at 11:30am). It airs at 12:30pm Eastern.

Exteriors used in the late 1980s and early 1990s (and reused years later) included locations in and around Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, including Allegheny General Hospital, One Oxford Centre, the Duquesne Club, Hampton Township and the prison. Phillip Chancellor died in the Richland, Pennsylvania area, where the police chief was not told and believed the accident really happened.[56]

On June 27, 2001, The Young and the Restless became the first daytime soap opera to be broadcast in high-definition.[57] In September 2011, its sister soap The Bold and the Beautiful became the last soap to make the transition from SD to HD before One Life to Live ended its ABC run on January 13, 2012 and began its TOLN run online on April 29, 2013. On April 24, 2006, SoapNet began airing same-day episodes of the series.[6] The final airing on SoapNet was on June 28, 2013. The soap has moved from SoapNet to TV Guide Network.[58] The same day episodes begin airing on TVGN (now Pop) weeknights on July 1, 2013.[59][60]

Casting and story development

The cast photo of The Young and the Restless, taken in celebration of the soap's 11,000th episode (2016). Front row (l-r): Hunter King, Miles Gaston Villanueva, Melissa Ordway, Sean Carrigan, Mishael Morgan, Bryton James, Amelia Heinle, Jason Thompson, Eileen Davidson, Gina Tognoni, Peter Bergman, Eric Braeden, Melody Thomas Scott, Steve Burton, Sharon Case, Joshua Morrow, Justin Hartley, Melissa Claire Egan, Jess Walton, Tristan Rogers, Christel Khalil and Daniel Goddard  Second row: Robert Adamson, Sofia Pernas, Michael E. Knight, Beth Maitland, Tracey E. Bregman, Christian LeBlanc, Doug Davidson, Lauralee Bell, Kristoff St. John, Camryn Grimes, Greg Rikaart, Mara McCaffray, Catherine Bach and Kate Linder

The cast photo of The Young and the Restless, taken in celebration of the soap's 11,000th episode (2016). Front row (l-r): Hunter King, Miles Gaston Villanueva, Melissa Ordway, Sean Carrigan, Mishael Morgan, Bryton James, Amelia Heinle, Jason Thompson, Eileen Davidson, Gina Tognoni, Peter Bergman, Eric Braeden, Melody Thomas Scott, Steve Burton, Sharon Case, Joshua Morrow, Justin Hartley, Melissa Claire Egan, Jess Walton, Tristan Rogers, Christel Khalil and Daniel Goddard Second row: Robert Adamson, Sofia Pernas, Michael E. Knight, Beth Maitland, Tracey E. Bregman, Christian LeBlanc, Doug Davidson, Lauralee Bell, Kristoff St. John, Camryn Grimes, Greg Rikaart, Mara McCaffray, Catherine Bach and Kate Linder

Co-creators William J. Bell and Lee Phillip Bell centered The Young and the Restless around two core families, the wealthy Brooks' and the poor Fosters.[3][16][18] Bell borrowed this technique of soap opera building from his mentor, Irna Phillips.[53]

While casting for the series, Bell and executive producer John Conboy auditioned 540 actors for the 13 main characters.[61] They assembled the youngest group of actors ever cast on a soap opera at the time, hiring mostly unknown actors[62] whom they considered "glamorous model types".[53] Chemistry between actors also factored into the criteria for casting.[54] The stories focused on the younger characters, with an emphasis in fantasy.[3][18] The fantasy element was reflected in the love story between Jill Foster and the millionaire Phillip Chancellor II; the Leslie Brooks, Brad Elliot, and Lorie Brooks love triangle; and Snapper Foster's romance with Chris Brooks.[3][54]

Sexuality also played a major role in the stories.[3][53][55] Formerly, soap operas did not delve into the sexual side of their romances. Bell changed that, first during his time as head writer of Days of Our Lives and again on The Young and the Restless.[53] William Gray Espy's Snapper Foster is considered the "first to discover sex on a soap opera."[55] During the story, the character is engaged to Chris Brooks (Trish Stewart) and having a sexual relationship with Sally McGuire (Lee Crawford).[55] Other plots reflected sexual themes as well. For the first time in the genre, the dialogue and the story situations included explicit sexual themes such as premarital intercourse, impotence, incest, and rape.[3] The first two rape storylines that would be told on the serial were controversial at the time as they reflected a more introspective and analytic storytelling style, the first time rape storylines would be addressed in this manner in the genre.[63] The first, in 1973–74, revolved around the rape of Chris Brooks and the aftermath, in which she entertained (and, eventually, rejected) the idea that she was perhaps at fault for her attack. The second, in 1976, involved Chris's sister Peggy (Pamela Peters Solow) and was meant to serve as a cut-and-dried story in which no viewer could justify this attack, committed out of the blue by an authority figure.[63]

The series also explored social issues. Jennifer Brooks underwent the first mastectomy on a soap opera.[54] Other social issue storylines included bulimia, alcoholism, and cancer.[64] Lesbianism was also touched on with Katherine Chancellor, who flirts with Jill while drunk in 1974 and has a brief relationship with Joann Curtis (Kay Heberle) in 1977.[64]

When the series lengthened from a half-hour to an hour in 1980, multiple cast members who portrayed characters from the original core families departed because their contracts only bound them to performing in a half-hour show.[3] A number of the characters were recast until one of the few remaining original actors, Jaime Lyn Bauer, who portrayed Lorie Brooks, decided to leave. When she announced her intention not to renew her contract, Bell decided to replace the original core families.[3] "As I studied the remaining cast, I realized I had two characters- Paul Williams, played by Doug Davidson, and Jack Abbott, played by Terry Lester- both of whom had a relatively insignificant presence on the show," Bell said. "They didn't have families. Hell, they didn't even have bedrooms. But these became the two characters I would build our two families around."[3]

The characters from the Abbott and Williams families were integrated into the series while the Brooks and Foster families, with the exception of Jill, were phased out. The continuity of the feud between Jill and Katherine, which began in the early years of the show, smoothed the transition.[3] The relationship between the two characters remained a central theme throughout the series and became the longest lasting rivalry in daytime history.[12]

Another character introduced in the 1980s was Eric Braeden's Victor Newman.[3][10] Originally, the character was "a despicable, contemptible, unfaithful wife abuser" who was intended to be killed off.[10] Braeden's tenure on the show was meant to last between eight and twelve weeks. "When I saw Eric Braeden's first performance- the voice, the power, the inner strength- I knew immediately that I didn't want to lose this man," Bell said. "He was exactly what the show needed. Not the hateful man we saw on-screen, but the man he could and would become."[10] Bell rewrote the story to save the character and put Braeden on contract. Victor's romance with Nikki Reed became a prominent plot in the series.[10]

With the success of another iconic character, Kimberlin Brown's Sheila Carter, Bell successfully crossed her over from The Young and the Restless to his second soap, The Bold and the Beautiful, in 1992. The success of the crossover was due to the creativity of Bell, as the nefarious character of Sheila was presumed to have died in a fire on The Young and the Restless.

In the 1990s, core black characters were introduced with the Barber and Winters families. Victoria Rowell (Drucilla Barber) and Tonya Williams (Dr. Olivia Barber) were cast as the nieces of the Abbott's maid, Mamie Johnson, in 1990.[65] The brothers Neil (Kristoff St. John) and Malcolm Winters (Shemar Moore) were introduced as love interests for Olivia and Drucilla.[11] The Young and the Restless became popular among black viewers, which Williams and St. John attributed to the writing for the black characters.[11][66][67] "I play a CEO at a major corporation, that's something we don't see that often," St. John said. "And the show doesn't use the old African-American stereotypes that we have been seeing on TV, like the hustler, the pimp, the drug dealer. We have come a long way."[66] Though the characters held prominent positions in the fictional work place of Genoa City, they had little interaction with other characters outside of their jobs.[68]

Executive producers and head writers

NameYearsProduction Notes/Contributions
William J. Bell1973–2005Also the show's creator and longtime head writer (until 1998), he served as the main executive producer while working alongside of other executive producers. He wasn't credited as an executive producer until 1982 when his credit began appearing with H. Wesley Kenney. Served as solo EP from 1986 to 1987 after the departure of Kenney. He received the title of "senior executive producer" when Edward Scott became EP and remained credited with the title until 2004 when he returned to the executive producer credit with John F. Smith as co-executive producer. William J. Bell died on April 29, 2005 and on the following Monday, his credit as EP was edited from the show; he was still living when those episodes were filmed.
John Conboy1973–82Served as the show's first executive producer while credited with the "produced by" credit as the title of executive producer was credited hardly on any soaps (other than a small few), until the mid-1970s to 1980s. It was under his run when CBS wanted Y&R expanded from 30 minutes to an hour with the cancellation of Love of Life. Also the show switched from the live-to-tape filming technique to pre-recording episodes, a practice that remains in effect to this date as with all soaps. John departed in 1982 to produce his newly created soap Capitol, which was later cancelled to make room for *Y&R'*s sister show The Bold and the Beautiful.
H. Wesley Kenney1982–86Guided the show with more action-driven story direction inspired in large part by the more action oriented soap General Hospital which was a ratings smash at the time. The change to more action storylines are believed to be what helped the show win Daytime Emmy Awards in 1983, 1985 and 1986. Began crediting the show's cast in alphabetical order, a standard that remains to this date. Ceased the fade to next scene transition effect within the show's episodes. Had artist Sandy Dvore, who designed the art drawing photos in the shows main title, to design the show's signature stylized brush stroke logo on Y&R merchandise in 1982, leading to the debut of the logo in the show's main title in January 1984.
Edward J. Scott1987–2001Debuted on the show in 1976 as an associate producer eventually becoming the "produced by" producer under John Conboy until 1987. Briefly filled in as EP for H. Wesley Kenney in 1986. Helped the show rise to co-#1 in 1987 with General Hospital in ratings before it solely dethroned GH as #1 in 1988 and has since remained there. Retired the longtime art drawings cast montage of the opening credits in 1988. Began the practice of crediting production principals on opening scenes of the show and adding the cast members' real-life names to the opening credits in 1999. Ceased the last commercial break between the last scene and end credits. Converted the show into HDTV in 2001, making it the first soap in history to do so. Returned from 2004 to 2007 as "supervising producer", a position he previously had briefly in 1987. Real-life husband of actress Melody Thomas Scott (Nikki Reed Newman).
David Shaughnessy2001–04Assumed executive producer position after serving as a producer and supervising producer since 1991. The Bell Dramatic Serial Co. production logo began appearing with end credits under his run. He managed to score brief returns by veteran actors such as Jaime Lyn Bauer, William Gray Espy, Meg Bennett and James Houghton (who wrote on the show between 1991 and 2006), all of whom who left the show back in the 1970s and 1980s, for brief storylines in 2002 and 2003. Debuted "next episode" preview scenes in 2003, a practice started with the ABC soaps in 1998.
John F. Smith2003–06Became co-executive producer with William J. Bell and David Shaughnessy while still serving as co-head writer with Kay Alden and Trent Jones (until 2004). Worked as a writer on the show since the early 1980s. Still maintained the co-EP title after William J. Bell's passing in 2005. Stepped down in 2006 as EP while remaining as co-head writer until November 2006.
Lynn Marie Latham2006–07Brought on as a "creative consultant" under John F. Smith in November 2005; Latham would later fire Smith as co-head writer in 2006. Promoted to head writer with Kay Alden and Smith in February 2006, then promoted to executive producer, becoming the show's first female EP in October 2006, after the show went that summer without an EP. Tenure as EP/HW was criticized by viewers and insiders for damaging the show's history with out-of-text writing, firing several longtime cast and crew members in favor of several unknowns, and doing too much favoritism. She was fired when she abandoned her post as EP to go on strike for the 2007–08 writer's strike.
Josh Griffith2006–08Brought on by Lynn Marie Latham as her co-executive producer in 2006. Assumed full producer duties in December 2007, when Latham was fired. He also served as head writer with Maria Arena Bell during the 2007–08 writers strike. Remained as EP when Bell became sole head writer until he was fired when it was learned that he was tampering with Bell's stories; this was also known as former EP Edward Scott, who is friends with Griffith, was said to be doing the same thing on Days of Our Lives, leading to his departure from that show.
Paul Rauch2008–11The veteran producer debuted as Maria Arena Bell's co-executive producer in October 2008. It was established that his role as co-executive producer would be to only foresee everything with the production of the show while Bell was solely responsible for the stories. This was the only time Paul ever been a co-EP and his first stop back to soap operas in six years since his 2002 departure from Guiding Light. He opted not to renew his contract with Y&R after three years with the show and stepped down in May 2011.
Maria Arena Bell2008–12Bell is the wife of William Bell, Jr., the oldest son of William J. Bell and Lee Phillip Bell. Under her run, she brought the show's fictional Jabot Cosmetics to life by teaming up with a real cosmetics marketing company to help distribute the products. Named head writer in December 2007. Bell was named executive producer in October 2008, after Josh Griffith was ousted for tampering with her stories. Bell brought along veteran producer Paul Rauch to help her with the production of the show while she mostly focused on the stories. She was known for steering away from character-driven storylines in favor of plot-driven ones, which was criticized. From 2008 to 2010, she was credited as co-executive producer as well as Rauch, while her credit appeared first. Bell was let go in July 2012; an official reason was never given for her departure, however many sources speculate it was due to the controversial pairing of characters Sharon and Victor Newman (Sharon Case and Eric Braeden).[69] One of the final milestones to happen under Bell's regime was the celebration of the 10,000th episode.[70] The final episode under Bell's direction was broadcast on October 11, 2012; but she was credited until October 22.[71]
Jill Farren Phelps2012–16Named executive producer in July 2012 upon the dismissal of Maria Arena Bell. This marked the second CBS soap opera Phelps executive produced, with the first being Guiding Light from 1991 to 1995. While Maria Arena Bell was still credited, Phelps began her tenure by August as she made several immediate casting changes (such as hiring Robert Adamson and Hunter King, two young actors she worked with on the primetime soap Hollywood Heights, respectively). By October, she was still uncredited as executive producer although her first episode aired on October 12, 2012,[71] and received her first official credit on October 23, 2012. On June 7, 2016, Serial Scoop and Daytime Confidential reported that Phelps had been terminated at that soap, with no confirmation of final airdate made at press time.[34] Phelps' exit was confirmed the following day by Sony Pictures Television.[35] Phelps was last credited as executive producer on July 12, 2016.[36][72]
Charles Pratt, Jr.2015–16Named co-executive producer in September 2014, sharing the position with Phelps, a position he previously served on NBC soap opera Santa Barbara.[73] Pratt's first episode as HW and co-EP aired on January 16, 2015.[74][75] On September 13, 2016, it was announced that Pratt would no longer co-executive producer the soap, given his new position as show-runner of Lee Daniels' Star.[37][38] Pratt was last credited as head writer and co-executive producer on December 6, 2016.
Mal Young2016–19Named executive producer in June 2016 upon the dismissal of Jill Farren Phelps. This marks the first American soap opera Young executive produced, having previously been the producer and executive producer of British soap operas Brookside, EastEnders and Holby City.[35] July 13, 2016, marked Young's first appearance as executive producer.[36][76] Immediate changes made under Young included the return of actress Elizabeth Hendrickson and a return guest appearance from Michael Graziadei in the roles of Chloe Mitchell and Daniel Romalotti, respectively. The series celebrated its 11,000th episode under Young's credit on September 1, 2016.[1] In 2017, it was announced that Young would take on head writer duties after Sally Sussman's retirement.[46] Young's first credit as head writer appeared on October 25, 2017.[49] Young announced his decision to leave the series on December 18, 2018.[50] Young received his last credit as executive producer on February 5, 2019, and on March 20, 2019, began co-writing alongside Griffith; Young's last credit as head writer aired on April 1, 2019.
Sally Sussman2016–17Named co-executive producer in September 2016 upon the dismissal of Pratt, Jr.. Sussman shares the position with Young, a position she previously served on NBC soap opera Generations.[39][40][41] Sussman's first credit as head writer and co-executive producer appeared on December 7, 2016.[43] In July 2017, it was announced that Sussman would retire; she received her last credit as head writer and co-executive producer on October 24, 2017.[46][49]
Anthony Morina2019–presentNamed executive producer in December 2018 upon the exit of Mal Young. Morina was previously credited as a supervising producer from 2004 until 2019; he received his first credit as executive producer on February 6, 2019.[51]
Josh Griffith2019–presentNamed co-executive producer and head writer in December 2018 upon the exit of Mal Young. Griffith previously returned to the soap in 2018 as a supervising producer; he received his first credit as co-executive producer on February 6, 2019.[51] Griffith first received co-head writing credit, alongside Young, beginning on March 20, 2019, and on April 2, was credited as sole head writer.

Head writers

YearsHead writer(s)
March 26, 1973–97William J. Bell
  • William J. Bell
  • Kay Alden
1998–2000Kay Alden
  • Kay Alden
  • Trent Jones
  • Kay Alden
  • John F. Smith
  • Kay Alden
  • John F. Smith
  • Lynn Marie Latham
  • Lynn Marie Latham
  • Scott Hamner
  • Josh Griffith
  • Maria Arena Bell
  • Maria Arena Bell
  • Hogan Sheffer
  • Scott Hamner
  • Josh Griffith
  • Hogan Sheffer
  • Tracey Thomson
  • Shelly Altman
  • Shelly Altman
  • Jean Passanante
  • Tracey Thomson
2015–16Charles Pratt, Jr.
2016–17Sally Sussman
2017–19Mal Young
  • Josh Griffith
  • Mal Young
2019–Josh Griffith


The serial has won 116 Daytime Emmys, among 360 nominations. The following list summarizes awards won by The Young and the Restless:

Daytime Emmy Awards

Outstanding Drama Series1975,[77] 1983,[78] 1985,[79] 1986,[80] 1993,[81] 2004,[82] 2007 (tied with Guiding Light),[83] 2014,[84] 2015 (tied with Days of Our Lives),[85] 2019
Outstanding Individual Director in a Daytime Drama SeriesRichard Dunlap1975,[86] 1978[87]
Outstanding Drama Series Directing Team1986, 1987, 1988, 1989,[88] 1996,[89] 1997,[90] 1998,[91] 1999,[92] 2001,[93] 2002,[94] 2011,[95] 2019
Outstanding Drama Series Writing Team1992,[96] 1997,[90] 2000, 2006,[97] 2011,[95] 2014,[84] 2017, 2019
Lead ActorPeter Bergman
Eric Braeden
Christian LeBlanc
Doug Davidson
Billy Miller
Jack Abbott
Victor Newman
Michael Baldwin
Paul Williams
Billy Abbott
1991,[98] 1992,[99] 2002[94]
2005,[100] 2007[83] 2009[101]
Lead ActressJess Walton
Michelle Stafford
Jeanne Cooper
Gina Tognoni
Eileen Davidson
Jill Foster Abbott
Phyllis Summers
Katherine Chancellor
Phyllis Summers
Ashley Abbott
Supporting ActorShemar Moore
Greg Rikaart
Kristoff St. John
Billy Miller
Steve Burton
Malcolm Winters
Kevin Fisher
Neil Winters
Billy Abbott
Dylan McAvoy
2010,[105] 2013 (tied with Scott Clifton)[106]
Supporting ActressBeth Maitland
Jess Walton
Michelle Stafford
Sharon Case
Amelia Heinle
Jessica Collins
Camryn Grimes
Traci Abbott Connolly
Jill Foster Abbott
Phyllis Summers
Sharon Newman
Victoria Newman
Avery Bailey Clark
Mariah Copeland
2014, 2015[84]
Younger ActressTracey E. Bregman
Tricia Cast
Heather Tom
Camryn Grimes
Christel Khalil
Hunter King
Lauren Fenmore
Nina Webster
Victoria Newman
Cassie Newman
Lily Winters
Summer Newman
1993,[81] 1999[92]
2014,[84] 2015
Younger ActorKristoff St. John
David Tom
David Lago
Bryton James
Neil Winters
Billy Abbott
Raul Guittierez
Devon Hamilton
2005 [100]
Lifetime Achievement AwardWilliam J. Bell
Jeanne Cooper
Lee Phillip Bell
Katherine Chancellor

TV Soap Golden Boomerang Awards

  • 2006 "Hall of Fame Inductee" Eric Braeden (Victor Newman)

Writers Guild of America Awards

  • 2003 "Best Daytime Serial" Written by Kay Alden, Trent Jones, John F. Smith, Jerry Birn, Jim Houghton, Natalie Minardi, Janice Ferri, Eric Freiwald, Joshua McCaffrey, Michael Minnis, Rex M. Best

  • 2006 "Best Daytime Serial" Written by Kay Alden, John F. Smith, Janice Ferri, Jim Houghton, Natalie Minardi Slater, Sally Sussman Morina, Sara Bibel, Eric Freiwald, Linda Schreiber, Joshua S. McCaffrey, Marc Hertz, Sandra Weintraub

  • 2008 "Best Daytime Serial" Written by Lynn Marie Latham, Scott Hamner, Bernard Lechowick, Cherie Bennett, Jeff Gottesfeld, Jim Stanley, Natalie Minardi Slater, Lynsey Dufour, Marina Alburger, Sara Bibel, Sandra Weintraub


In Belize, Channel 5 Great Belize Television airs the soap, while rival Channel 7 Tropical Vision Limited also airs the soap.

In Canada, the Global Television Network airs new episodes a day ahead of the US broadcast. Most Global stations use The Young and the Restless as a late-afternoon lead-in for their local newscasts, but times vary by market. It also airs on NTV in Newfoundland and Labrador which airs the program on a same-day-as-CBS basis.

In Jamaica, the show airs on CVMTV.

In Trinidad, the show airs weekdays on CBS and has been airing in Trinidad since the 1980s. In 1988, 70 percent of Trinidadians who had access to a television watched daily episodes of The Young and the Restless, a series that emphasized family problems, sexual intrigue, and gossip.[109]


In Australia, The Young and the Restless airs after Days of Our Lives on Arena. It previously aired on the Nine Network from April 1, 1974, to February 23, 2007, before joining the W line-up on April 2, 2007, to August 17, 2012, On July 20, 2012, it was announced that the show would return to Arena on August 20, 2012, after W rebranded as SoHo. Episodes are approximately one week behind those airing in the US at present.

In New Zealand, The Young and the Restless aired alongside Days of Our Lives on TV ONE and ended on November 6, 2009. The soap was approximately four seasons behind the CBS season due to being preempted by holiday and sporting programming.

In the Philippines, aired from 1987 to 1989 on ABS-CBN.


In the United Kingdom, The Young and The Restless has aired on many TV channels starting in 1990, when episodes from 1987 debuted on BSB Galaxy in a regular weekday timeslot. When BSB merged with Sky in November 1990, the soap moved to Sky's flagship channel Sky One and aired at 11:00 weekdays until the end of 1992. When BSB's original three-year contract to air the soap expired, Sky chose not to renew it. In 1993, Y&R was picked up by UK Living (then known as simply Living, now Sky Living) in a primetime timeslot, picking up where Sky left off. This lasted until late 1995. In 2007, Zone Romantica, now CBS Drama began broadcasting the show weekdays [four years behind US]. In 2009, when CBS went into partnership with and took over the Chellozone Channels the show was relegated to just one showing a day [in favor of repeating shows such as Dynasty and Dallas in the daytime]. It was attracting around 18–20,000 viewers at midnight in the last week of its broadcast in the UK in August 2010.

In Italy The Young and the Restless aired from February 1983 to February 1984 on Italia Uno, from October 1984 to June 1995 on Rete 4, in the summer of 1995 on Canale 5 and from April 1998 to October 2009 again on Rete 4. They were shown US episodes from autumn 1979 to March 1986, from November 1989 to December 1993 and from November 1998 to January 2007. In France, the show is on TF1.

Theme music and other music

"Nadia's Theme" has been the theme music of The Young and the Restless since the show's debut in 1973.[5][9] The melody, originally titled "Cotton's Dream", was composed by Barry De Vorzon and Perry Botkin, Jr. for the 1971 theatrical film Bless the Beasts and Children. The melody was later renamed "Nadia's Theme" after the ABC television network's sports summary program Wide World of Sports lent the music for a montage of Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci's routines during the 1976 Summer Olympics;[110] despite the title, Nadia never performed her floor exercises using this piece of music. Instead, she used a piano arrangement of a medley of the songs "Yes Sir, That's My Baby" and "Jump in the Line."

Botkin wrote a rearranged version of the piece specifically for The Young and the Restless' debut.[9] The song remained unchanged, save for a slight remix in 1988 and a three-year stint in the early 2000s (decade), when an alternate, more jazzy arrangement of that tune was used, using portions of the longer closing version of the original theme.[9]

An LP album was published in 1976 by A&M Records. The track list contains two titles of the French composer Michel Colombier, Rainbow and Emmanuel, a success track which he wrote in memory of the death of his son.

In late September and early October 2012, upon the show's 10,000th episode, the current form of opening credits were updated. In the years prior, fans criticized them for their lack of updates and cast additions (some contract players, such as Adrienne Frantz, and Kimberlin Brown came and went without being added).

In mid-February 2017, the current form of opening credits were updated to honor the history on CBS Daytime and to carry them into the future as they approach the 44th anniversary.[111]


As of 2010, The Young and the Restless has managed over 1,000 consecutive weeks in the #1 spot for daytime dramas.[112] On the week ending April 6, 2012, The Young and the Restless was watched by a new low of an average of 3,960,000 viewers for the week, beating its previous low of 4.209 million in October 2011, as well as being the only week to date below 4 million viewers.[113] Currently, the show is still the most-watched daytime drama; and for the season 2011–12, has a household rating of 3.5, and 1.5 for the Women 18–49 demographic.[114] As of 2008, the Tuesday episodes of The Young and the Restless on average is the most-watched daytime drama showing.[115]

When introduced during the 1972–73 season, the show was at the bottom of the ratings, but rose rapidly: ninth by 1974–75 and third by 1975–76. By 1988–89 it had dethroned long-time leader General Hospital as the top-rated soap, a position it has held ever since. During the week of December 2, 2013, the series celebrated their twenty-fifth year as the number one daytime drama.[116] The Young and the Restless airs every weeknight on Pop, where it averaged 362,000 viewers from July to September 2013.[117]

Ratings history

SeasonRatingSeason rank
  • ^A (debut)

  • ^B Tied in rating (8.1) with General Hospital; however General Hospital drew more viewers in millions.

  • ^C The Young and the Restless was number-one solo (for the first time) for the 1988–89 and has retained this position ever since.

See also

  • CBS Daytime

  • The Young and the Restless cast members

  • The Young and the Restless characters

  • List of longest-serving soap opera actors


Citation Linkwww.people.comStrohm, Emily (July 18, 2016). "The Young and the Restless Celebrates 11,000 Episodes and 43 Years on Air!". People. United States: Time Inc. Archived from the original on July 27, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.org"The Young and the Restless". E! True Hollywood Story. May 20, 2001. E!.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkarchive.orgSimon, Ron; Thompson, Robert J.; Spence, Louise; Feuer, Jane (1997). Morton, Robert (ed.). Worlds Without End: The Art and History of the Soap Opera. New York, New York: Harry N Abrams. pp. 150–151. ISBN 0-8109-3997-5.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkarchive.orgHyatt, Wesley (1997). The Encyclopedia of Daytime Television. Billboard Books. pp. 476–482. ISBN 0-8230-8315-2.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgMcNeil, Alex (1996). Total Television: The Comprehensive Guide to Programming From 1948 to the Present. Fourth Edition. Penguin Books. pp. 931–934. ISBN 0140249168.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.variety.comMartin, Denise (March 17, 2006). "Sudser Slides to SoapNet". Variety. Retrieved July 7, 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.hollywoodreporter.comO'Connell, Michael (June 28, 2013). "'The Young and the Restless' Moves From Soapnet to TV Guide Network". Retrieved April 3, 2013.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linktvbythenumbers.zap2it.comBibel, Sara (June 28, 2013). "'The Young & the Restless' Moves to TVGN for Exclusive Basic Cable Airings Beginning Monday, July 1". Retrieved June 10, 2013.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.latimes.com"The Young and the Restless 35th Anniversary Salute" (PDF). Los Angeles Times. April 9, 2008. Retrieved July 6, 2010.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgWorlds Without End, p. 33
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.org"Black Stars Heat Up Daytime Soaps". Jet. October 13, 1997. pp. 52–56.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.theyoungandtherestless.com"Y&R: Famous Plots – Kay/Jill Feud". Youngandtherestless.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.globaltv.com"Y&R: Famous Plots". Globaltv.com. Archived from the original on November 23, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkcommunity.tvguide.comColeridge, Daniel (April 26, 2004). "TV Guide Editors' Blogs – Daniel's Dish". TV Guide. Archived from the original on October 15, 2007.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.cbs.com"CBS.com".
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgMatelski, Marilyn (1988). The Soap Opera Evolution:America's Enduring Romance with Daytime Drama. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. Publishers. p. 164. ISBN 0-89950-324-1.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.theyoungandtherestless.com"Timeline". [Sony]. Archived from the original on February 25, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkarchive.orgCassata, Mary; Irwin, Barbara (1996). Hoffman, Peter (ed.). The Young and the Restless Most Memorable Moments. Los Angeles, California: General Publishing Group. p. 9. ISBN 1-881649-87-3.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgDorothy Catherine Anger (1999). Other Worlds: Society Seen Through Soap Opera. University of Toronto Press. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-1-55111-103-2.
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM
Citation Linkwww.variety.comOei, Lily (December 5, 2001). "Exec replaces Scott". Variety. Retrieved July 7, 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
Sep 28, 2019, 7:42 PM