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Professional wrestling holds

Professional wrestling holds

Professional wrestling holds include a number of set moves and pins used by performers to immobilize their opponents or lead to a submission. This article covers the various pins, stretches and transition holds used in the ring. Some wrestlers use these holds as their finishing maneuvers, often nicknaming them to reflect their character or persona. Moves are listed under general categories whenever possible.


An element borrowed from professional wrestling's catch wrestling origins, stretches (or submission holds) are techniques in which a wrestler holds another in a position that puts stress on the opponent's body. Stretches are usually employed to weaken an opponent or to force them to submit, either vocally or by tapping out: slapping the mat, floor, or opponent with a free hand three times. Many of these holds, when applied vigorously, stretch the opponent's muscles or twist their joints uncomfortably, hence the name. Chokes, although not in general stress positions like the other stretches, are usually grouped with stretches as they serve the same tactical purposes. In public performance, for safety's sake, stretches are usually not performed to the point where the opponent must submit or risk injury. Likewise, chokes are usually not applied to the point where they cut off the oxygen supply to the opponent's brain.

Head, face, chin, and shoulder stretches

Camel clutch

The wrestler begins the hold by standing over a face-down opponent.

He reaches down to pull the opposing wrestler up slightly, sits on his back, and places both of his opponents' arms across his thighs, usually locking at least one by placing the arm in the crook of his knee.[1] Once the wrestler has the opponent's arms where he wants them, he reaches forward, cups his hands in a manner so that his fingers are interlocking, then grabs the opponent's chin in his cupped hands and leans back, pulling on the opponent's chin and applying pressure to his back.[1] A camel clutch can also refer simply to a rear chinlock while seated on the back of an opponent, without placing the arms on the thighs.[2] Gory Guerrero]]in Mexico, where it was called Scott Steiner in the late 1990s as he used it as his finisher dubbed the ReclinerMaryse Ouellet dubbed

Leg-trap camel clutch

The attacking wrestler stands over a face down opponent, facing the same direction.

The wrestler first hooks each of the opponent's legs underneath his own armpits as if performing a reverse Boston crab, the wrestler then reaches down and underneath the opponent's chin with both hands applying a chinlock, finally leaning back to pull up the opponent's head and neck.

Another version of the move is similar to a wheelbarrow facebuster but instead illegally pulls the hair of the opponent while leaning back to pull up the opponent's head and neck.

Stepover armlock camel clutch

The attacking wrestler stands over a face down opponent, facing the same direction.

The wrestler then grabs one of the opponent's arms in a stepover armlock, turning 360° so the opponent's arm is bent around the leg of the attacking wrestler, the wrestler will then sandwich the arm between his own leg and the side of the opponent's body. The wrestler then reaches forwards and applies a chinlock as in a standard camel clutch, leaning backwards to apply pressure to the upper back and arm. The camel clutch is also used by Jinder Mahal and Rusev (as The Accolade).


Also known as a rear chinlock, the attacking wrestler crouches down behind a sitting opponent and places their knee into the opponent's upper back, they then reach forward and grasp the opponent's chin with both hands.

The attacker then either pulls straight back on the chin or wrenches it to the side.

Front chinlock

A maneuver similar to a neck wrench where the wrestler faces a bent over opponent. The attacking wrestler tucks the opponent's top/back of the head into his own chest as wraps an arm around the neck so that the forearm is pressed against the throat. The wrestler then places his own spare arm under the other hand and over the opponent's back to lock in the hold, compressing the opponent's neck. The attacking wrestler can then arch backwards, pulling the opponent's head downward.

Reverse chinlock

This move sees the attacker kneel behind a sitting opponent and wrap around one arm under the opponent's chin and lock their hands.

As with a sleeper hold, this move can also be performed from a standing position.

Another variation of this hold, referred to as a bridging reverse chinlock, sees the attacking wrestler crouch before a face down opponent and wrap around one arm under the opponent's chin and locking their hands before applying a bridge.


Also known as the "iron claw", the claw involves the attacker gripping the top of the head of the opponent with one hand and squeezing the tips of their fingers into the opponent's skull, thereby applying five different points of pressure. This can be transitioned into a clawhold STO or iron claw slam.

There is also double-handed version sometimes known as a head vise, the wrestler performing the hold approaches their opponent from behind and grip their head with both hands.

While in the vise, the wrestler can control their opponent by squeezing the temples and bring them down to a seated position where more pressure can be exerted.

It was invented and used by Baron von Raschke as well as many members of the Von Erich family, and Blackjack Mulligan. The double-handed version was a signature submission of The Great Khali dubbed the Vice Grip.

Mandible claw

A maneuver which, when applied correctly against an individual, is purported to cause intense, legitimate pain. The hold is applied when the aggressor places his middle and ring fingers into the opponent's mouth, sliding them under the tongue and jabbing into the soft tissue found at the bottom of the mouth. The thumb (and sometimes palm) of the same hand is placed under the jaw, and pressure is applied downward by the middle and ring fingers while the thumb/palm forces the jaw upwards, which is purported to compress the nerves in the jaw and thus render the opponent's jaw paralyzed; this, therefore, prevents the opponent from breaking the hold by biting the wrestler's fingers, as Mankind explained to Vince McMahon when questioned about it during his interviews prior to joining the WWF in 1996.[3] Sam Sheppard]], the former physician who was the inspiration for professional wrestling and was said to have derived the move from his knowledge of the human anatomy.[4]

Shoulder claw

Similar to a clawhold, the attacking wrestler applies a nerve lock onto the opponent's shoulder by using their hands and fingers to dig in and compress the top of the shoulder.

Usually performed with the attacking wrestler standing behind a seated opponent, it can also be executed to an opponent on their back enabling a pinfall.

Other variations include squeezing either the side of the neck or the muscle in the front of the armpit, with the four fingers dug into the armpit and the thumb pressing into the front of the shoulder.

Stomach claw

Just like the original clawhold, the attacker applies a painful nerve hold to the adversary's abdomen, forcing them to submit or pass out.[5]


This neck crank sees the wrestler wrap both hands around the opponent's face and pulls back, which applies pressure to the neck and shoulder area. The move is performed in several ways, usually involving the wrestler trapping one of the opponent's arms. Chris Benoit's Crippler Crossface was a variation that involved the arm trap; in the adjacent picture, he has pulled so far back that he finished the hold seated, which he did not always do. Bobby Roode used the same move in TNA, but not in the WWE since 2016. Daniel Bryan's Yes Lock is performed from the omoplata position, which also puts pressure on the trapped arm. Bryan's positioning requires him to be seated; Benoit, as noted above, performed his variation from both positions. Another variation is performed in a bridging position where the wrestler wraps both hands around the opponent's neck and pulls back, which applies pressure to the neck and bridges on the opponent's back for added leverage. This variation is used as a submission finisher by Sasha Banks as the Bank Statement, and by Taka Michinoku as the Just Facelock.

Chickenwing over-the-shoulder crossface

The wrestler goes to a fallen opponent and places the opponent's nearest arm over the wrestler's nearest shoulder before applying the crossface, where the attacking wrestler locks his hands around the opponent's chin (or lower face), then pulls back, stretching the opponent's neck and shoulder.

Current NXT wrestler Johnny Gargano uses this hold as a finishing submission move calling it the Garga-No-Escape. Drew McIntyre used this hold as a signature during his tenure in TNA calling it the Iron Maiden.

Double underhook crossface

This is a crossface combined with a scissored armbar. The attacking wrestler traps one of the prone opponent's arms in their legs, wraps the opponents other arm under the attackers shoulder and then applies the crossface. Batista used this as the Batista Bite, Perry Saturn and Neville used this as the Rings of Saturn and Yuji Nagata uses this as the Nagata Lock III.

Straight jacket crossface

Similar to a crossface this move sees a wrestler standing above a facedown opponent.

The wrestler then crosses their opponent's arms, keeping them in place with the legs before applying the crossface.

Front chancery

Also known as "Neck Wrench", the wrestler faces his opponent who is bent over.

The attacking wrestler tucks their opponent's head underneath his armpit and wraps his arm around the neck so that the forearm is pressed against the throat.

The wrestler then grabs his own wrist with his free hand, crossing it underneath the opponent's armpit and chest to lock the hold in, compressing the opponent's neck.

The attacking wrestler can then arch backwards, pulling the opponent's head forward and thus applying extra pressure on the neck.[6]

Front facelock

The wrestler faces his opponent who is bent over.

The attacking wrestler tucks the opponent's head underneath his armpit and wraps his arm around the head so that the forearm is pressed against the face.

From this point on the wrestler can either grab the opponent's wrist with the free hand and tucks his/her own head beneath the opponent's armpit and stand upright, locking in the hold, or simply throw the oppoent's arm over his/her own shoulder and grab the opponent's thighs with the free hand.

Similar in execution and function to a front chancery, this lock is often used as a setup for a suplex.

Inverted facelock

The wrestler stands behind his opponent and bends him backwards.

The wrestler tucks the opponent's head face-up under his armpit, and wraps his arm around the head so that his forearm is pressed against the back of the opponent's neck.

The wrestler then pulls the opponent's head backwards and up, wrenching the opponent's neck.

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This move sees the attacking wrestler behind a standing opponent, pulling them backwards into an inverted facelock and wrapping their legs around the opponent's body with a body scissors. The attacker then arches backwards, putting pressure on the opponents neck and spine. This move is often used on an opponent trapped within the ring ropes, but this makes the move illegal under most match rules.

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The wrestler applies an inverted facelock to a seated opponent and places his far leg between the opponent's legs and pushes his near leg's knee against the opponent's back.

The wrestler then pulls the opponent's head backwards with their arms and the opponent's far leg outwards with their leg.

Side headlock

In this hold a wrestler who is facing away from an opponent wraps their arm around the neck of an opponent.

This is also called a "reverse chancery".

Though this is an often used rest hold, it is also sometimes the beginning of a standard bulldog move.

Three-quarter facelock

The wrestler stands in front of the opponent while both people are facing the same direction, with some space in between the two.

Then, the wrestler moves slightly to the left while still positioned in front of the opponent.

The wrestler then uses the near hand to reach back and grab the opponent from behind the head, thus pulling the opponent's head above the wrestler's shoulder.

Sometimes the free arm is placed at the top of the opponent's head.

The move is also referred to as a "European headlock", due to its prominence in European wrestling.

The two-handed version sees the wrestler use both hands, and is sometimes referred to as a "¾ chancery", "side head chancery" and, most often, a "cravate".

This hold is a staple of European style wrestling and technical wrestling influenced by European wrestling.

An inverted version of the cravate is used by Chris Hero as part of his "Hangman's Clutch" submissions in which the hand positioning is the same as a normal cravate but the facelock is connected around the face of the opponent, not from behind the opponent's head, thus pulling the opponent's head backwards rather than forwards putting significant pressure on the neck by stretching it backwards and in other directions toward which the neck would not normally bend.


Also referred to as a neckscissors, this hold sees a wrestler approach a supine opponent and sit next to them before turning onto their side towards the opponent and wrapping their legs around either side of the opponent's head, crossing the top leg after it has gone around the opponent's chin.

The wrestler then tightens their grip to choke an opponent by compressing their throat.

WWE wrestler Naomi has a crucifix variation calling it Feel the Glow.

Standing headscissors

The wrestler tucks a bent over opponent's head in between their legs or thighs.

In professional wrestling this move is used to set up powerbombs or piledrivers.

Nelson hold

The nelson hold in professional wrestling usually takes the form of the full nelson, half nelson, or three-quarter nelson.

In all three variations, from behind his opponent, the wrestler slips either one or both arms underneath the opponent's armpits and locks his hands behind his neck, pushing the opponent's head forward against his chest.

The half and three-quarter nelsons are usually transition holds, as they are in amateur wrestling.

The full nelson, which is illegal in amateur wrestling, is often used as a submission maneuver by certain wrestlers, such as Chris Masters as shown in the accompanying picture. Ken Patera performed a variation he called the "Swinging Neckbreaker" (not to be confused with the neckbreaker variation), where he would lock the hold on and lift the opponent off the ground, then swing him in the air. There is also an inverted version where instead of performing the move from behind the opponent, the wrestler stands in front of the opponent and uses the move in the same way as the normal full nelson.

Sugar hold

A variant of a nelson hold in which the wrestler applying the hold forces the opponent prone on the mat and drives their knees into the opponent's upper back.

The wrestler most wide recognized as popularizing this hold is Stu Hart.[7]


STF is short for "Stepover Toehold Facelock".

This hold is performed on an opponent who is lying face down on the mat.

A wrestler grabs one of the opponent's legs, and places the opponent's ankle between their thighs.

The wrestler then lies on top of the opponent's back and locks his arms around the opponent's head.

The wrestler then pulls back stretching the opponent's back, neck, and knee.

The move was invented by Lou Thesz[8] and popularized by Masahiro Chono and John Cena. Samoa Joe and Nikki Bella have also used this move.

Cross-legged STF

Starting in the same position as a regular STF, the attacker takes both the opponent's legs, bends them at the knees, and crosses them, placing one ankle in the other leg's knee-pit.

The wrestler then grabs the free ankle and places that ankle between his thighs.

He then lies on top of the opponent's back and locks his arms around the opponent's face.

The wrestler then pulls back stretching the opponent's back, neck, and knees.

An arm-trap variation of this move was invented by WWE wrestler William Regal and is currently known as a "Regal stretch".

Muta lock

The inverted Indian deathlock facelock, or a "Muta lock".

The wrestler first takes the opponent's legs then, bends them at the knees, and crosses them, placing one ankle in the other leg's knee-pit before then turning around so that they are facing away from the opponent and places one of their feet into the triangle created by the opponent's crossed legs.

The wrestler then places the opponent's free ankle under their knee-pit and bridges backwards to reach over their head and locks their arms around the opponent's head.

Invented by The Great Muta,[9][10] this move has been adapted and performed by various wrestlers such as Melina Perez (California Dream) and Emma (Emma Lock) as finishing moves, signature moves, and setups to finishers.


Short for "stepover toehold sleeper", this hold is a modified version of an STF in which the wrestler wraps his arm around the neck of the opponent in a sleeper hold instead of pulling back on the head of the opponent. Invented by Masahiro Chono.


Figure-four armlock

Also known as a keylock. This armlock sees the wrestler grappling the opponent's wrist with his similar hand (for example, if he uses the right arm, he would grab the opponent's right wrist), and with the opponent's wrist still clutched, the wrestler bend the opponent's arm (of the grappled wrist) it towards or behind the opponent's head (both variations are possible). Then, the wrestler passes his other free arm through the "hole" formed by the opponent's bent arm under the biceps, and then catches the opponent's grappled wrist. This would result in the opponent's arm to be shaped into a 4. As the opponent's wrist is grabbed by both opponent's hands, along with the bent arm, this applies effective pressure into the opponent. The maneuver can be executed on a standing or a downed (facing upwards) opponent. This move has been used by many wrestlers for many years.

Rope-hung figure-four armlock

The wrestler approaches an opponent lying groggy against any set of ropes, grabs one of the opponent's wrists with his similar arm.

The wrestler then pins the arm with the grappled wrist against the second or top rope to the outside of the ring, and passes his other arm from under the opponent's biceps, and grapples the opponent's wrist.

The whole maneuver would force the opponent's arm to be bent in the number "4" shape, applying more pressure as the arm is trapped between the second or top rope.

The rope-hung figure-four armlock can be also grappled through the bottom rope, if the opponent is lying against it.

Stepover armlock

Also known as a spinning armlock.

The standing attacking wrestler grabs the wrist of a face down opponent, pulling it towards themselves, the attacker then steps over the opponents outstretched arm placing one leg either side.

From this point, the wrestler would turn 360 degrees, simultaneously bending the arm of the opponent around the attacker's own leg.

The wrestler can over-rotate or turn again to apply more pressure on the arm.

The stepover armlock is similar in execution to the spinning toe hold, except that the wrist is held instead of the foot.


The wrestler takes hold of the opponent's arm and twists it, putting pressure on the shoulder and elbow.

This may sometimes be preceded by an arm wrench. Chris Jericho popularized this move

Cross armbar

Also known as a cross armbreaker or straight armbar.

The wrestler sits on either side of an opponent who is lying either prone or supine on the mat, with the wrestler's legs scissoring one of the opponent's arms.

The wrestler then grabs hold of the wrist of that arm and pulls it upwards, causing hyper extension of the shoulder and elbow.

Wrestlers Alberto Del Rio (often the flying variant, see below) and Ronda Rousey perform this move a finisher. Bryan Danielson popularized and invented a variation, dubbed the Danielson Special, where he would flip his opponent with a double underhook suplex before locking in the cross armbar.

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This variation begins with the wrestler standing on either side of the bent-over opponent.

The wrestler then steps over one of the opponent's arms while holding that arm's wrist and then rolls or twists his body in mid-air while holding the wrist, forcing the opponent down to his back and ending in a cross armbar. This variant has been used by Alberto Del Rio, A.J. Styles and Asuka.

Crucifix armbar

The wrestler holds an opponent's arm with his arms, pulling the arm across his chest.

He is situated perpendicular to and behind the opponent.

The wrestler then holds the other arm with his legs, stretching the shoulders back in a crucifying position and hyperextending the arm.

Fujiwara armbar

Invented by Yoshiaki Fujiwara it is also known as a short "armbar". With the opponent lying on his belly, the wrestler lies on the opponent's back, at a 90° angle to him, putting some or all of his weight on the opponent to prevent him from moving. The opponent's arm is then hooked and pulled back into his body, stretching the forearms, biceps and pectoral muscles. Variations of this can include clasping the opponent's hand instead of hooking the upper arm, for extra leverage and bridging out, while performing the move to increase leverage and immobilize the opponent. A seated variation also exists as Becky Lynch uses it as the Dis-arm-her, where the attacking wrestler takes a face-down opponent's arm in a kneeling position adding pressure by pulling back on the arm.


The wrestler grabs the wrist of the opponent so that the arm is held bent against their back, and their hand forced upwards towards the neck, thereby applying pressure to the shoulder joint.

It is used by many Wrestlers in the beginning of the match

Headscissors armbar

Also known as an "iron octopus".

The wrestler wraps his legs around the opponent's head in a headscissors, facing towards the opponent. He then grabs one of the opponent's arms and wrenches in backwards, causing pressure on the shoulder and elbow of the opponent. This can often be performed on a standing wrestler when preceded by a tilt-a-whirl, which was popularized by Gail Kim, dubbed it the Flying Dragon.

Scissored armbar

Known in Mexico as "La Cerrajera" (Spanish for "The Locksmith"), sees the wrestler approaching a prone, face down opponent from the side. The wrestler then "scissors" (clasps) the near arm of the opponent with one or both legs from a standing position and takes hold of the far arm of the opponent with both hands, forcing the opponent onto their side and placing stress on both shoulder joints, as well as making it harder for the opponent to breathe. It can cause serious injury to the opponent if held for long. Often confused for an octopus hold.

Short arm scissors

The opponent is on their back with the attacker sitting besides him and grabbing the nearest arm.

The attacker bends his opponent's arm and reaches through with one of his own.

The attacker places one of their legs across the wrist of his opponent, grabbing his own ankle to lock the hold.

The attacker pulls up with their arm while forcing the victim's wrist down with their leg, and applying pressure to the victim's elbow.

Known in combat sport as the "bicep slicer".[11][12]

Tiger feint crucifix armbar

The opponent begins supine, lying with their back on the bottom or second rope and facing into the ring.

The wrestler runs towards the opponent and jumps through the second and top rope while holding on to the ropes, then swings around and grapevines the opponent's arms, applying a crucifix armbar.

From behind a seated opponent, the wrestler grabs one of the opponent's elbows and pulls it up and backward toward himself.

He then bends the wrist and forces the open palm of the opponent's hand into his chest, putting pressure on the wrist.

The maneuver's invention is credited to Barry Darsow, who was the person who gave it its name.


The wrestler grabs their opponent's arm, pulling it around behind the opponent's back.

This stretches the pectorals and shoulder joint, and immobilizes the arm. This is a legitimate controlling or debilitating hold, and is commonly used by police officers in the United States to subdue uncooperative persons for arrest.

Bridging chickenwing

Also known as a bridging wrist lock.

The wrestler approaches a prone opponent facing down, lying down on his stomach.

The wrestler grabs any of the opponent's arms, and pulls it to his back (this would result the arm to be bent behind the opponent's back).

The wrestler then rolls or flips forward into a bridge, applying pressure on the wrist and elbow.

Crossface chickenwing

In this variation, the wrestler first performs the chickenwing to one of the opponent's arms.

He then takes his other arm, wraps it around the opponent's neck, and then either pulls the wrestler's head to the side which puts pressure on the neck and shoulders or leaves the arm tucked under the chin as in a one-armed sleeper hold.

Depending on the wrestler's preference, he may clasp his hands together to secure the hold as Triple H shows in the adjacent picture. In many cases, the wrestler will drop to the mat and lock the opponent in a bodyscissor lock to make escape even more difficult. The crossface chickenwing is mostly identified with Bob Backlund, who used the hold as a finishing maneuver following his comeback to the WWF in the mid-1990s and won his second world championship using the hold. Backlund's version of the hold incorporates the bodyscissors portion. WWE wrestler Asuka also uses this variation as a submission finisher calling it the Asuka Lock. Backlund's protégé, Darren Young adopts this as his finisher, while other wrestlers, like Sean Waltman and Marty Scurll, use it as their finishers.

Double chickenwing

This hold sees the wrestler standing behind the opponent facing the same direction, and then hooking both the opponent's arms under his armpits.

The move is known for being used for the tiger suplex.

Bridging double chickenwing

Also referred to as a "bridging grounded double chickenwing" or a "cattle mutilation".

The wrestler approaches a prone opponent facing down, lying on his stomach.

The wrestler then stands over his back, tucks the opponent's arms under his armpits.

From this point, the wrestler then rolls or flips into a bridge, pulling the opponent's arms and applying pressure on them.

This move was invented by Atsuo Sawada and was made famous by Bryan Danielson before he went on to greater fame as Daniel Bryan.

Elevated double chickenwing

This variation of the double chickenwing sees the wrestler wrenching the wrestler up while still holding the opponent in the double chickenwing.

The hold is usually transitioned into a chickenwing facebuster. Elevated double chickenwing facebuster was made popular by Beth Phoenix, being referred the move as Glam Slam.

Kimura lock

This technique is also known as a single chickenwing hammerlock or a double wrist lock.

A judo submission named the reverse ude-garami, and popularly named after Masahiko Kimura who broke Hélio Gracie's arm with it. It is a commonly used submission in judo, BJJ and MMA. The move is performed when a wrestler grasps the opponent's left wrist with their right hand. The wrestler then places their left arm over and around the opponent's arm while grasping their own wrist. This move is ambidextrous and can be performed either from a standing position, or a grounded position where the attacker applies a variation of body scissors. This move was popularized in WWE by Brock Lesnar, where he would use it often to (kayfabe) break his opponent's arm.

Wrist lock

Sometimes preceded by an arm wrench, the wrestler grasps the opponent's hand and twists backwards, placing pressure on the wrist. While this can inflict pain on its own, it is most often used as a transition hold, leading into either a hammer lock, an elbow to the held arm, or kicks to the opponent's abdominal area. Another form of wrist lock sometimes known as a figure four wristlock involves the wrestler (after applying the initial wrist lock with the left hand) threading their right arm through the gap the two arms provide, forming a 4, and providing leverage on the wristlock.

Body locks

Bear hug

A wrestler stands in front of an opponent and locks his hands around the opponent, squeezing him.

Often he will shake his body from side to side, in order to generate more pain around the ribs and spine.

Frequently used by powerhouse style wrestlers, this rather simple to apply hold was used by heels and faces alike.

An inverted variation is also possible, which was commonly used by Big John Studd.

Waist lock

A wrestler stands behind the opponent and then wraps both of their arms around them in a reverse bear hug, sometimes clutching their hands together by the wrist for added pressure.

This usually sets up a German suplex or a front mat slam.

Body scissors

A wrestler approaches a sitting opponent from in front, behind, or either sides.

The attacking wrestler then sits next to the opponent and wraps her legs around the opponent, crossing her ankles and then tightening her grip by squeezing together her thighs or straightening her legs to choke the wrestler by compressing his torso.

This hold is often used in conjunction with a hold applied to the head or the arms in order to restrain the opponent.

Back and torso stretches

Abdominal stretch

Also known as a "cobra twist", this hold begins with a wrestler facing his opponent's side.

The wrestler first straddles one of the opponent's legs, then reaches over the opponent's near arm with the arm close to the opponent's back and locks it.

Squatting and twisting to the side, flexes the opponent's back and stretches their abdomen, which also means leaving their abs exposed and open to further holds such as a claw to the victim’s abs, or simply punching them.

This move can also be applied to a seated opponent.

The amateur wrestling analogue is the guillotine also known as a "twister".

Boston crab

This typically starts with the opponent on his back, and the wrestler standing and facing him.

The wrestler hooks each of the opponent's legs in one of his arms, and then turns the opponent face-down, stepping over him in the process.

The final position has the wrestler in a semi-sitting position and facing away from his opponent, with the opponent's back and legs bent back toward his face.

Chris Jericho uses this move in a high angle version, calling it the "Walls of Jericho". Lance Storm also performs this move with both versions including the regular boston crab and single-leg boston crab. He sets it up usually from a single-leg takedown or a roll-thru called the "Calgary crab". Samoa Joe also uses an inverted powerbomb as a setup into the Boston Crab.

Bow and arrow hold

The wrestler kneels on his opponent's back with both knees, hooking the head with one arm and the legs with the other.

He then rolls back so that his opponent is suspended on his knees above him, facing up.

The wrestler pulls down with both arms while pushing up with the knees to bend the opponent's back.

Gory special

The Gory special is a back-to-back backbreaker submission hold.[1] It was invented by Gory Guerrero in Mexico.[1] The wrestler, while behind the opponent, facing away from him in the opposing direction, hooks his arms under the opponent's. From this position, the wrestler lifts the opponent up, usually by bending. This move can be used as a submission hold or can be used for a neckbreaker slam, or a facebuster takedown.

Lotus lock

The wrestler grabs the opponent's arms and wraps their legs on the outside of them, so the wrestler's feet meet at the back of the neck of the opponent and exert a downward pressure, akin to applying a full nelson but by using the legs.

Octopus hold

Also known as an "Octopus stretch", the wrestler stands behind the opponent and hooks a leg over the opponent's opposite leg.

The wrestler then forces the opponent to one side, traps one of the opponent's arms with their own arm, and drapes their free leg over the neck of the opponent, forcing it downward.

This elevates the wrestler and places all the weight of the wrestler on the opponent.

The wrestler has one arm free, which can be used for balance.

AJ Lee used this move as her finisher during her time in WWE, calling it the "Black Widow".[7]

Rocking chair

Known as "La mecedora" (Spanish for Rocking chair) or "La campana" (The bell) in Mexico. The opponent is face down on the mat, with the attacker bending both of their legs up and tucking their ankles against his armpits. He then reaches down and grabs both of the opponent's arms before sitting down, "rocking" back and forth and stretching the back.


Also known as a "Romero special". The surfboard hold first sees a wrestler stand behind a fallen opponent, who is lying stomach down on the floor. The wrestler places one foot down just above each of the opponent's knees and bends their legs up, hooking them around their own knees; at this point the wrestler grasps both of their opponent's wrists (usually slapping the opponent's back in an attempt to bring the arms in reach), and falls backwards while compressing the opponent's shoulder blades and lifting them off the ground. This can see the wrestler fall to a seated position or go onto their back, lifting the opponent skyward, which will increase pressure on the opponent but put the wrestler in risk of pinning their own shoulders to the mat. It is mostly performed by Jyushin Thunder Liger and Daniel Bryan as a signature and by Rito Romero as a finisher.

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This version of a surfboard sees a standing or kneeling wrestler take hold of both of a kneeling or seated opponent's wrists and cross their arms over, applying pressure to both the opponent's arms and shoulders.

Sometimes the wrestler may place his foot or knee on the opponent's upper back in order to exert even more pressure.

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Another version of a surfboard which is known as a "seated surfboard stretch" but referred to as a "modified surfboard stretch", most often applied by a standing wrestler against a prone opponent—but may also be applied by a seated wrestler or against a seated or kneeling opponent—sees the wrestler grasp both of his opponent's wrists, while placing their foot or knee on the opponent's upper back, pulling back on the arms to compress the opponent's shoulder blades.


Ankle lock

In this toe hold maneuver, a wrestler will grab the opponent's foot and lift their leg off the ground.

With one hand the wrestler will grab either the toes or the outside of the foot, then with the other wrap the ankle to create a "hole" for the joint.

A grapevine variation sees the wrestler applying the ankle lock hold and then falling to the mat and scissoring the leg of the opponent.

This stops the opponent from rolling out of the move and makes it harder for them to crawl to the ropes but lessens the pressure that can be applied.

The move can be executed from a kneeling position or a standing position, depending on the wrestler's preference.

Ken Shamrock was the first to popularize the use of this move in professional wrestling, doing his from a kneeling position. Years later, Kurt Angle adopted the ankle lock as his finisher, but would often do it from a standing position.


Also popularly known as a "Texas cloverleaf", the wrestler stands at the feet of his supine opponent, grabs the opponent's legs and lifts them up.

The wrestler then bends one leg so that the shin is behind the knee of the straight leg and places the ankle of the straight leg in their armpit.

With the same arm, they reach around the ankle and through the opening formed by the legs, and lock their hands together.

The wrestler then steps over his opponent, turning the opponent over as in a sharpshooter and Boston crab and proceeds to squat and lean back. The hold compresses the legs, flexes the spine, and stretches the abdomen. The move was invented by Dory Funk, Jr.[14] and popularized by Dean Malenko.[15] A variation of the cloverleaf performed by Eddie Guerrero saw the wrestler perform the maneuver from a standing position, which enabled him to pull the opponent's legs up high enough to where he could add pressure to the hold by sticking one of his knees into the other wrestler's back. Guerrero referred to the move as the "Lasso from El Paso", making reference to his hometown.

Cloverleaf with armlock

An armlock variation of the cloverleaf that is similar to a single leg Boston crab with armlock. This hold begins with a supine opponent lying face up on the mat. The attacking wrestler then seizes one of the arms and proceeds to walk over the opponent while continuing to hold the arm, forcing them to turn over onto their stomach. The wrestler then kneels down on the opponents back, locking the opponent's arm behind his knee in the process. The wrestler then reaches over and bends one leg so that the shin is behind the knee of the straight leg and places the ankle of the straight leg in their armpit. With the same arm, the wrestler reaches around the ankle and through the opening formed by the legs, and locks his hands together as in a cloverleaf. The wrestler then pulls back so as to stretch the legs, back and neck of the opponent while keeping the arm trapped.

Inverted cloverleaf

In this variation of a cloverleaf instead of turning around when turning the opponent over, the wrestler faces the same direction as the opponent to squat and lean forward to apply more pressure to the legs, spine, and abdomen. Also known as the Gorilla Clutch, a body scissors version exists as well.

Leglock cloverleaf

This variation of the cloverleaf sees the wrestler, after crossing one of the opponents legs over the other in a figure four shape, lock the over leg behind their near knee before placing the straight leg under their armpit and turning over. The wrestler proceeds to lean back pulling on the leg under the armpit. This keeps the over leg, now under, locked while putting pressure on the leg and stretching the legs and back. This variation is also used by Tyler Breeze as the Figure Four Sharpshooter.

Rivera cloverleaf

Invented by Chris Hero, this variation of the cloverleaf sees the wrestler hook the legs like a cloverleaf but weaves his hands through to clasp his other hand and also hooks the ankle sticking out with his leg (left or right) into his kneepit.

Cross kneelock

Also called a straight legbar or kneebar, it is performed similarly to an armbar by holding the opponent's leg in between the legs and arms so the opponent's kneecap points towards the body.

The wrestler pushing the hips forward, the opponent's leg is straightened, and further leveraging hyper-extends the knee.

Commonly used as a counter to an attack from behind.

The wrestler flips forward down on to his back, placing his legs around one of the legs of the opponent on the way down, and thus using his momentum to drop the opponent forward down to the mat.

The move can be also applied by running towards the opponent and then performing the flip when next to him.

Damascus head and leglock

The wrestler forces the opponent to the ground and opens up the legs of the opponent, stepping in with both legs.

The wrestler then wraps his legs around the head of the opponent and crosses the opponent's legs, applying pressure on them with his hands.

The wrestler next turns 180 degrees and leans back, compressing the spine.

This hold applies pressure on the temples, the calves, and compresses the spine.

Figure-four leglock

The wrestler stands over the opponent who is lying on the mat face up and grasps a leg of the opponent.

The wrestler then does a spinning toe hold and grasps the other leg, crossing them into a 4 (hence the name) as he does so and falls to the mat, applying pressure to the opponent's crossed legs with his own. While the hold applies pressure to the knee, it actually can be very painful to the shin of the victim. While the move is primarily a submission move, if the opponent has his shoulders on the mat, the referee can make a three count for a pinfall. If the referee is distracted, heel wrestlers may grab onto the ropes while executing the move to gain leverage and inflict more pain. This variation is the most famous version, invented by Buddy Rogers and popularized by Ric Flair, and is also the finisher of choice for several wrestlers like Greg "The Hammer" Valentine, "The American Dream" Dusty Rhodes, The Miz, AJ Styles, Jeff Jarrett, and Tito Santana. A modified variation exists more recently used by Shawn Michaels where the wrestler takes one of the opponent's legs, turns 90 degrees, then grabs the opponent's other leg and crosses it with the other, puts one foot in between and the other on the other leg, and then bridges over. With enough strength and willpower, the wrestler on defense can flip himself (and also their opponent) over onto their belly, which is said to reverse the pressure to the one who initially had the hold locked in. This counter to the figure four is often called a "modified Indian deathlock" or sometimes referred to as a "sharpshooter variant". Ric Flair's daughter, Charlotte, uses a bridging variation of the move referred to as a Figure Eight.

On the Steve Austin Show Unleashed Podcast, George Scott was credited by Ric Flair as the person who came up with the idea that to reverse the figure-four leglock, the opponent would simply turn over onto their stomach. For a figure eight, the wrestler will then push up into a bridge.

Haas of Pain

This modified inverted reverse figure-four leglock variation sees the wrestler cross one leg of an opponent over them and stand on the crossed leg, then take hold of the free leg and lay down on his back, raising the opponent's legs up into the air and causing pain to their legs and lower back.

The name is derived from Charlie and Russ, the Haas Brothers, who invented this move. This move is the finisher of Charlie Haas.

Kneeling figure-four leglock

The opponent is down on their back with the wrestler standing over one of their legs.

The wrestler applies a spinning toehold, crosses the opponent's legs and kneels on them.

Reverse figure-four leglock

This version is a variant which sees the opponent face up with the wrestler grabbing the opponent's legs, puts his own leg through it and twists them as if doing a sharpshooter, but instead puts his other leg on the foot of the opponent nearest to him, drops down to the mat and applies pressure. Shawn Michaels popularized this move during his wrestling career.

Ringpost figure-four leglock

Sometimes called a "flying figure-four", the opponent is either downed or standing next to one of the ring corner posts.

The wrestler exits the ring to the outside and drags the opponent by the legs towards the ring post, so that the post is between the opponent's legs (similar to when somebody 'crotches' their opponent with the ringpost).

The executor then stands next to the ring apron, on the outside of the turnbuckle or ropes and applies the figure four leglock with the ring post between the opponent's legs.

The performer of the hold then falls back while grabbing the opponent's legs or feet, hanging upside down from the ring apron.

The ring post assists the move, creating more damage and leverage to the opponent's knee.[7] This is an illegal hold as it both involves the attacker performing the move whilst outside the ring as well as using part of the ring (the ringpost) to execute the move.

The move was invented by Bret Hart and was used by Gail Kim, before retiring.

Standing figure-four leglock

The opponent is down on their back with the wrestler standing over one of their legs with one foot placed on either side of the leg.

The wrestler plants his foot in the knee of the opponents other leg and then bends that leg at the knee over the top of the first leg forming the figure four.

The wrestler then bridges back.

Indian deathlock

The wrestler lifts up a leg of a face-up opponent and wraps one of their legs around the other leg before dropping to a kneeling position, thus locking the opponent's leg behind the wrestler's knee.

The wrestler then reaches over and grabs the opponent's far leg and places it on top of the trapped foot of the opponent.

The wrestler then performs a forward roll while maintaining the hold.

This forces the opponent onto their chest while the wrestler ends in a sitting position facing the same direction as their opponent.

From here the wrestler can reach forward and perform many upper body submissions as well.[7]

A standing version can also be applied which sees a standing wrestler place one of his legs between the legs of a face-down opponent and then bends one leg behind the leg of the wrestler, placing it on top of the knee pit of the opponents other leg.

The wrestler then picks up the straight leg of the opponent, bends it backwards to lock the other leg in the knee pit and places the foot in front of the shin of the standing leg in the knee pit, thus locking the leg.

Inverted Indian deathlock

With the opponent on his back, the wrestler standing beside him, sits with his leg over and between the opponent's legs (often using a legdrop to the knee).

Then places the opponents far leg in the knee-pit of the near leg, finishing the submission by putting the opponents ankle on top of his own ankle and rolling both onto their bellies and pushing back with the wrestler's knees.

This moves has been famously used by Triple H in the WWE.


Also (and originally) known as a "scorpion hold".

This move is usually executed on a wrestler lying flat on their back.

The wrestler executing the move will step between his opponent's legs, grab both of them, and twist them into a knot around their leg.

Holding the opponent's legs in place, the wrestler then steps over the opponent and turns them over, applying pressure the whole way to cause pain to the knee and legs.

While applying the pressure to the legs, the wrestler executing the move has a variety of positions he can be in; however, the two most common involve a wrestler standing and leaning back while applying the move or sitting on their opponents' back.

The move was invented by Riki Choshu but was made famous in the United States by Bret "Hitman" Hart, who gave it the name Sharpshooter to suit his stage name. The move was also popularized in the States by Sting, who called the hold the Scorpion Death Lock and applied the hold from a seated position. The Rock also used this move as his signature submission move by the name Sharpshooter. The only difference between Sting's "Scorpion Death Lock" and the current "Sharpshooter" is which leg the pressure is on as Sting's targets the right leg and the "Sharpshooter" targets the left leg.

Inverted Sharpshooter

For this variation, the wrestler steps between the opponent's legs with one of his own and crosses the opponent's legs so that their near leg's ankle is in the far leg's knee pit.

The wrestler then does not mount the opponent, but instead remains to the side of the opponent and pushes to cause pain.

The Rated R Superstar, Edge used this variation calling it the Edgecator

Spinning toe hold

The wrestler using this move stands over the opponent who is lying on the mat, face up and grasps a leg of the opponent.

The wrestler then turns 360 degrees over the leg twisting it inward.

A wrestler can repeatedly step over the leg and round again to twist the knee, and ankle joint even more.[7]


Anaconda vise

The anaconda vise is a compression choke.

The wrestler wraps his arms around the head and one arm of the opponent and squeezes, choking the opponent.

It is considered legal in professional wrestling, although it is a chokehold. This submission hold was invented by Hiroyoshi Tenzan.

Also known as an arm-trap triangle choke.

The vise is done from a position in which the wrestler and the opponent are seated on the mat facing each other.

The wrestler sits on one side of the opponent and using his near arm encircles the opponent in a headlock position and grabs the opponent's near wrist, bending the arm upwards.

Then, the wrestler maneuvers their other arm through the "hole" created by the opponent's bent wrist, locks their hand upon their own wrist, and then pulls the opponent forward, causing pressure on the opponent's arm and neck.

This move was popularized by CM Punk.

There are also variations of the anaconda vise that are combined with a straight jacket choke and a cobra clutch. These variations are also invented by Tenzan himself.

Arm triangle choke

Also called an arm triangle, this choke sees the wrestler wrapping their arm from under the opponent's nearest arm(pit) and across the chest.

The maneuver can be used as an uncommon submission maneuver, such as used by Braun Strowman, or a transitioning hold, usually to fall backwards into an arm triangle reverse STO.

Corner foot choke

The wrestler pushes their standing or seated opponent into the turnbuckle and extends their leg, choking their opponent while using the top two ropes for support.

This attack is illegal and results in a wrestler's disqualification, should the move not be broken by a count of five.

For some flexible wrestlers, a variation of this move can be performed while standing in the performance of a standing split. Another variant performed by Dana Brooke is done in a handstand position while she chokes the opponent with one foot.

Double choke

The wrestler grabs his opponent's throat with both hands and throttles him.

Figure-four necklock/headlock

This neck lock sees a wrestler sit above a fallen opponent and wrap their legs around the opponent in the form of the figure-four, with one leg crossing under the opponent's chin and under the wrestler's other leg the wrestler squeezes and chokes the opponent. In an illegal version of the hold, best described as a hanging figure-four necklock, the wrestler stands on top of the turnbuckle, wraps their legs around the head of the opponent (who has their back turned against the turnbuckle) in the figure-four and falls backwards, choking the opponent. In most matches the hold would have to be released before a five count. This move was popularized by former WWE Wrestler Candice Michelle. WWE wrestler Carmella uses an inverted variant of this hold as her finisher where she uses her shin to choke the opponent instead, making it resemble a gogoplata. This variant is called the Code of Silence.


Usually executed from a "rubber guard," where the legs are held very high, against the opponent's upper back. The fighter then slips one foot in front of the opponent's head and under his chin, locks his hands behind the opponent's head, and chokes the opponent by pressing his shin or instep against the opponent's trachea. Wrestlers use a modified version, where they only push the shin into the throat in exactly the same manner (instead of grabbing their toes and pulling towards themselves). The Undertaker used this as his submission finisher calling it "Hell's Gate". It is also called as triangle choke hold which is used mostly by Shane McMahon and CM Punk

Guillotine choke

The wrestler faces his opponent who is bent over.

The attacking wrestler tucks the opponent's head underneath his armpit and wraps his arm around the neck so that the forearm is pressed against the throat as in a front chancery. The attacking wrestler then wraps his legs around the opponents midsection with a body scissors and then arches backwards, pulling the opponent's head forward, stretching the torso and the neck. It can be performed from either standing, sitting or prone positions. Kyle O'Reilly uses this move as a signature.

Half nelson choke

Also known as a kata ha jime, a term borrowed from judo, this choke sees the wrestler put the opponent in a half nelson with one arm and grab the opponent's neck the other, sometimes while adding body scissors. This move was popularized by Tazz, who dubbed it the "Tazmission" in Extreme Championship Wrestling and the "Tazzmission" in the WWE.

Three-quarter nelson choke

The wrestler stands behind the opponent, facing the same direction, and reaches under their armpit with one arm and around the opponent's neck with the other arm before locking hands, completing the hold.

The wrestler then pulls upwards, forcing their forearm into the opponent's throat and choking them.

Koji clutch

The opponent lies face down on the mat.

The wrestler lies face up and slightly to the side of the opponent.

The wrestler then hooks their far leg across the neck of the opponent.

The wrestler then hooks his hands behind the opponent's head, having one arm pass over their own leg and the other under.

The wrestler then pulls backwards with his arms and pushes forward with his leg, causing pressure.

The name comes from its inventor's name, Koji Kanemoto. This move is commonly transitioned from a reverse STO. another variation sees the attacker performing a reverse STO then locking the regular koji clutch in but crosses their legs in a modified figure four headscissors. Sami Zayn uses this move.

Leg choke

With the opponent hung over the second rope, facing the outside of the ring, the attacking wrestler hooks their left or right leg over the back of the opponent's neck.

The attacking wrestler then pulls the second rope upwards, compressing the opponent's throat between the rope and attacking wrestler's leg, choking them.

This move is illegal due to usage of the ring ropes, and results in a disqualification for the wrestler should they not release the hold before a count of five.

Pentagram choke

In this variation of the triangle choke, the wrestler sits behind a seated opponent. The wrestler places one of their legs under the chin of the opponent and pushes up. The wrestler then takes hold of their ankle with their opposite arm and pulls their leg up. The wrestler then places their free leg on the instep of the leg which is already being used to choke the opponent. The wrestler finally takes their free arm, hooks the opponent's arm which is in the vise, and holds their opposite leg from the knee. The pressure is applied once the wrestler compresses their knees together. The pentagram choke creates a complete vise around the opponent's neck, and its name comes from using five sides, whereas the triangle choke only uses three.

Single arm choke

The wrestler grabs his opponent's throat with one hand and squeezes tightly.

A "goozle" is a single arm choke held briefly before performing a chokeslam.

Sleeper hold

Innovated by Ed Lewis, the wrestler applying the hold positions himself behind his opponent. The wrestler then wraps their arm around the opponent's neck, pressing the biceps against one side of the neck and the inner bone of the forearm against the other side. The neck is squeezed inside the arm very tightly. Additional pressure can be applied by grabbing the left shoulder with the right hand, or grabbing the biceps of the left arm near the elbow, then using the left hand to push the opponent's head towards the crook of the right elbow. Popularized by Brutus Beefcake, Triple H, Dolph Ziggler and most recognized with Roddy Piper.

Arm-hook sleeper

Also known as a "buffalo sleeper", this choke sees the wrestler kneeling behind a seated opponent before grabbing hold of one of the opponent's arms, bending it backwards overhead, and locking the opponent's wrist into the attacker's armpit.

The wrestler then wraps his free arm under the opponent's chin, like in a sleeper hold, puts his other arm through the arch created by the opponent's trapped arm, and locks his hands.

He then squeezes the opponent's neck, causing pressure.

The move was invented by Hiroyoshi Tenzan.

Cobra clutch

Also known as an "arm-trap half nelson sleeper", the wrestler stands behind the opponent and uses one arm to place the opponent in a half nelson. The wrestler then uses his free arm to pull the opponent's arm (the same arm to which the wrestler is applying the half nelson) across the face of the opponent. The wrestler then locks his hand to his wrist behind the opponent's neck to make the opponent submit or lose consciousness as the carotid artery is cut off. This submission was used as a "finishing" maneuver by a number of wrestlers over the years, including Sgt. Slaughter and Jim "The Anvil" Neidhart, who called it the Anvilizer, as well as Ted DiBiase Sr. and Jr., who called it the Million Dollar Dream.

Bridging cobra clutch

With the opponent lying face down, the wrestler sits beside the opponent, facing the same way, locks on the cobra clutch, and then arches his legs and back, bending the opponent's torso and neck upwards.

Dragon sleeper

The attacking wrestler stands behind the opponent who is either sitting or lying face down, they pull the opponent into an inverted facelock, often hooking the opponent's near arm with their free arm. The attacker then pulls backwards and up, wrenching the opponent's neck and spine. If the opponent is sitting, the wrestler can press their knee into the opponent's back, adding pressure. Invented by Tatsumi Fujinami and popularized in the United States by Último Dragón.[7] A standing variation of this move was used by The Undertaker calling it "Takin' Care of Business". Low Ki once used a version from a back-mount position called the "Dragon Clutch".

Hangman's choke

The wrestler wraps their arm around the opponents neck performing a sleeper hold, then climbs to the second rope and hangs the opponent by the neck.

This move is illegal due to usage of the ring ropes, and results in a disqualification for the wrestler should they not release the hold before a count of five.

Rear naked choke

A grounded version of a sleeper hold with an added body scissors that is derived from martial arts and more recently mixed martial arts. Former TNA and current WWE wrestler Samoa Joe uses this as his signature submission hold calling it the Coquina Clutch, and current WWE NXT wrestler Shayna Baszler uses it as her finisher, calling it the Kirifuda Clutch.[16]

Straight jacket

Also known as a "Japanese stranglehold" (goku-raku gatame), "criss-cross stranglehold", "cut-throat", and "cross-armed choke". The wrestler sits on the back of an opponent who is lying face down on the mat. The wrestler then grabs hold of the opponent's wrists and crosses their arms under their chin. The wrestler then pulls back on the arms, causing pressure.

Thumb choke hold

The attacking wrestler stands behind an opponent and reaches around the opponent's neck with one arm.

The wrestler then extends a thumb and thrusts it into the windpipe or carotid artery of the opponent, cutting off their air or blood supply. The former would not be acceptable in traditional professional wrestling, as all chokeholds that cut off the windpipe are not allowed in the sport.[5]

Tongan death grip

The wrestler darts his hand under an opponent's chin and grabs a hold of a pressure point above the throat, squeezing the nerve.

This cuts off the air supply and the opponent fades out, yet this is not considered an air choke as it is not squeezing the windpipe.

This hold is unique in that it can be used as a sleeper like submission or, should the "unconscious" opponent end up lying on his back, a pinfall. Used as a finisher by Haku.

Triangle choke

The wrestler grabs hold of one of his opponent's arms, wraps his legs around the opponent's throat and arm in a figure four and squeezes. Different promotions have different rules regarding the legality of this maneuver. The justification for its legality is that, like a head scissors, it uses the legs rather than the hands to perform the "choke"; also, it does not crush the windpipe (strangulation), rather, it compresses the carotid arteries (jugulation).

Two-handed chokelift

Also known as a "neck-hanging tree" a wrestler grasps an opponent's neck with both hands then lifts them up and then slams them.

This is a transition hold for moves such as a two-handed chokeslam and a chokebomb.

Transition holds

Some holds are meant neither to pin an opponent, nor weaken him nor force him to submit, but are intended to set up the opponent for another attack.

Arm wrench

The wrestler takes hold of the opponent's arm or wrist and turns around completely while twisting the arm over the wrestler's head, resulting in the opponent's arm being wrenched.

This may lead to an armbar, a wrist lock, the wrestler pulling the opponent onto his shoulders in a fireman's carry, an Irish whip, or a short-arm maneuver, such as a clothesline.


Also referred to as a double underhook. The wrestler and the opponent begin facing one another, with the opponent bent over. The wrestler approaches the opponent and reaches under the opponent's shoulders, then threads their arms up and around the opponent's torso, with their hands meeting in the middle of the opponent's back or neck (essentially an inverted full nelson hold), and tucking the opponents head in their armpit. The hold itself can be and sometimes is used as a submission move, but it is more commonly used as a transition hold to set up another move such as a suplex, a DDT, a facebuster, or a powerbomb. One wrestler who does use the move as a submission is Matt Hardy; his "Ice Pick" maneuver sees him lock the double underhook on an opponent while simultaneously trapping the opponent in a bodyscissors lock.


The wrestler stands in front of and facing a bent over opponent and places them in a gutwrench waistlock or a standing headscissors.

The wrestler then flips the opponent up and over so the opponent is lying face up on the back of the wrestler.

The wrestler then moves his hands to the upper arm or wrists of the opponent, holding them in position, and spreading the arms of the opponent (as though they were being crucified), hence the name. This is mainly often a set-up for a crucifix powerbomb or a spinning crucifix toss.

Reverse crucifix

The wrestler stands in front of and with their back to a standing opponent.

The wrestler then leans backwards and seizes the opponent around the waist, pulling them forward and upwards so they are lying across the shoulder of the opponent, facing downwards.

The wrestler then takes hold of the upper arms or wrists of the opponent and spreads them, holding the opponent in place.

Electric chair

A transitional hold in which an attacking wrestler hoists an opponent up onto his shoulders so that they are both facing in the same direction.

It is often used to set up various drops and slams in singles competition. However it is more often used in a double team maneuver, known as a "doomsday device", another wrestler uses flying attacks to knock opponents off the shoulders of the wrestler. Like many transition holds, the defensive wrestler often uses the position to perform a variety of counter moves, most notably the victory roll. Another counter of the electric chair position is the wrestler twisting over the opponent's shoulders so now they are facing the opposite direction, and from that position, the wrestler would backflip to hit a hurricanrana.

In Mexico's Lucha Libre this hold is known as La Torre, Spanish for "The Tower". Lucha's "Electric chair" (Silla Eléctrica in Spanish) is the term used for two different, unrelated attacks. The atomic drop is the "common" version of the move, and the "Inverted Electric chair" (Silla Eléctrica invertida in Spanish) sets the attacking wrestler running towards a seated opponent both facing forward, then leaping and falling into a seated senton on the opponent's nape and shoulders.

Fireman's carry

The wrestler bends over with the opponent standing to the side of the wrestler.

The wrestler then pulls the opponent's arm over their far shoulder and distributes the wrestler's body over their shoulders while having the other hand between and holding onto one of the opponent's legs and stands up.

The opponent is draped face-down across the wrestler's shoulders, with the wrestler's arms wrapped around from behind.

It is a key component of several throws, drops and slams.

Float over

The wrestler stands in front of his opponent facing at him, ducks, hooks one of his arms over the opponent's shoulder (if it is the opponent's left shoulder that the attacker chooses to seize, he hooks with his right, or opposite if sides are reversed), swings himself under the opponent's armpit then around and over the opponent's back so that he faces the same way as the opponent.

Gorilla press

Also known as Military press is a transition lift to perform many throws, drops and slams. It became a popular technique for larger and stronger wrestlers as the lift is seen to emphasize their height and power. It is mostly used by Mark Henry, Goldberg, Beth Phoenix, Ric Flair, Sting, Kurt Angle and Jason Jordan.


A set-up for many throws and slams, this sees the attacking wrestler put a bent at the waist opponent to one side of him, reach the near hand around and lock his hands around the waist.

A common move out of this transition can be a powerbomb or a suplex.

Lady of the lake

The move used to trick an unsuspecting opponent.

The wrestler sits down, crosses their legs, tucks their head into their chest and wraps one arm around their ankle (so they are effectively rolled into a ball).

The wrestler then extends their remaining arm between their legs and then waits.

The opponent, ostensibly confused, normally takes the offered hand, at which point the wrestler rolls forward and into an arm lock.


The wrestler sits on top of the opponent's torso, facing their head, with his legs on either side.

When the opponent's head is facing the ground the position is referred to as back mount.

Various strikes such as closed-fist punches, elbows, open-hand slaps, open-hand palm strikes and hammer-fists to the opponent's head are often performed from this position.

Closed fist punches are legal in WWE, but other promotions, referees will tell wrestlers to watch the hand due to closed-fist punches being illegal, palm strikes, slaps, and elbow strikes can be used in place of punches.


The wrestler stands behind his opponent and bends him forward.

One of the opponent's arms is pulled back between his legs and held, while the other arm is hooked, then the wrestler lifts the opponent up over his shoulder.

From here many throws, drops and slams can be performed. A double pumphandle exists, where the second arm isn't hooked, it is also pulled under and between the opponent's legs.


A rope-hung move sees the opponent trapped either over the top rope or between the top and second rope.

From that position, the wrestler could execute many moves while the opponent is hung over/between the rope(s), like for example a DDT or a neckbreaker.


Facing his opponent, the wrestler reaches between his opponent's legs with one arm and reaches around their back from the same side with his other arm.

The wrestler lifts his opponent up so they are horizontal across the wrestlers body.

From here many throws, drops and slams can be performed.he scoop is also called as the scoop powerslam where the wrestler attacks on a running wrestler they put there hand in middle if the legs of the wrestler and turn them. Goldust, Randy Orton and Samoa Joe mainly use it and use it in a fraction of second.

Stepover toehold

The wrestler approaches the opponent who is lying stomach-first, facing down.

The wrestler traps one of the opponent's ankles between their thighs (as seen primarily before applying an STF).

From that point, the wrestler can apply other holds to the opponent, for example a fujiwara armbar or a three-quarter facelock.


The wrestler stands facing the opponent.

The wrestler bends the opponent down so they are bent facing in front on the wrestler's body.

The wrestler reaches around the opponent's body with their arms and lifts them up, spinning the opponent in front of the wrestler's body, often to deliver a slam or most commonly a "tilt-a-whirl backbreaker" or a "pendulum backbreaker". Usually performed on a charging opponent, this can also be a transition hold for counterattacks that sees the wrestler hit many throws and drops like a DDT or headscissors takedown.


This move is achieved when a wrestler wraps a forward-facing opponent's legs around his waist (either by standing behind an opponent who is lying face-first on the mat or by catching a charging opponent), then the wrestler would apply a gutwrench hold and lift the opponent up off the ground into the air, then either continue lifting and fall backwards to wheelbarrow suplex, or forcing the opponent back down to the mat to hit a wheelbarrow facebuster. This can also can be a transition hold for counterattacks that see the wrestler (who is being wheelbarrowed) hit many throws and drops like a DDT or a bulldog and rolling pin combinations.


Collar-and-elbow tie-up

The collar-and-elbow tie-up is one of the mainstays of professional wrestling, and many matches are begun with this move.

It is a neutral move, but it easily transitions for either wrestler to a position of dominance.

It is performed by approaching the opponent and putting one hand on the back of the opponent's neck while holding the elbow of the opponent's arm that is holding his own neck.

It can also be used to immobilize an opponent by pushing them to the ground.

Giant swing

The wrestler takes hold of a supine opponent's legs and pivots rapidly, elevating the opponent and swinging the opponent in a circle.

The wrestler may release the hold in mid-air or simply slow until the back of the opponent returns to the ground.

Sunset flip

This move commonly sees an attacking wrestler dive over an opponent who is facing them, usually bent over forwards, catching the opponent in a waistlock from behind and landing back-first behind the opponent.

From that position the wrestler rolls forward into a sitting position, pulling the opponent over backwards and down to the mat so that he lands on his back into a sitout pin position. While being held on the shoulders of an attacking wrestler in a position where this second wrestler is straddling the head of the attacking wrestler while facing in the other direction. This move can be used as a counter from various powerbombs and other moves such as a Gory bomb.

Tree of woe

This involves a wrestler suspending an opponent upside down on a turnbuckle, with the opponent's back being up against it.

To do this the opponent's legs are then hooked under the top ropes, leaving the opponent facing the attacking wrestler, upside down.

Often an attacking wrestler will choke, kick, or stomp the opponent until the referee uses up his five count. The technique is also used to trap an opponent while the attacking wrestler runs at them and delivers some form of offensive maneuver, such as a running knee attack or a baseball slide.

See also

  • Professional wrestling moves


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