Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film and television , both domestic and foreign.

The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards . [4]

The 75th Golden Globe Awards , honoring the best in film and television in 2017, will broadcast live on January 7, 2018. Seth Myers will host the show.

History

In 1943, a group of writers banded together to form the Hollywood Foreign Press Association , and by creating a generously distributed award called the Golden Globe Award, they now play a significant role in film marketing. [5] The 1st Golden Globe Awards , honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking , was held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at various venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel , and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel . [4]

In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. Recognizing its subject as an international figure within the entertainment industry, the first award was presented to director and producer, Cecil B. DeMille . The official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award . [6]

In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced. In its inaugural year, two Miss Golden Globes were named, one for film and one for television. The two Miss Golden Globes named that year were Eva Six (of the films Operation Bikini and Beach Party ) and Donna Douglas (of television's The Beverly Hillbillies ), respectively. [7]

In 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned (but not for the first time in its history). The New York firm Society Awards collaborated for a year with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to produce a statuette that included a unique marble and enhanced the statuette’s quality and gold content. It was unveiled at a press conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. [8]

Revenues generated from the annual ceremony have enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals. The most prominent beneficiary being the Young Artist Awards , presented annually by the Young Artist Foundation , established in 1978 by late Hollywood Foreign Press member, Maureen Dragone to recognize and award excellence of young Hollywood performers under the age of 21, and to provide scholarships for young artists who may be physically and/or financially challenged. [9] [10] [3]

Ceremony

The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to 167 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars and the Grammy Awards . Until Ricky Gervais hosted in 2010, the award ceremony was one of two major Hollywood award ceremonies (the other being the Screen Actors Guild Awards ) that did not have a regular host; every year a different presenter introduced the ceremony at the beginning of the broadcast. Gervais returned to host the 68th and 69th Golden Globe Awards the next two years. [4] Tina Fey and Amy Poehler hosted the 70th, 71st and 72nd Golden Globe Awards in 2015. The Golden Globe Awards' theme song, which debuted in 2012, was written by Japanese musician and songwriter Yoshiki Hayashi .

Since 1993, Dick Clark Productions has produced the ceremony with NBC as broadcaster; its involvement came at a time of instability for the Golden Globes, including reduced credibility and having lost its contract with CBS . Enthusiastic over Clark's commitment, the HFPA granted DCP an unusual clause that allowed DCP to retain production rights in perpetuity as long as it continued to maintain broadcast rights with NBC. [27]

In 2010, Dick Clark Productions reached an extension with NBC through 2018; however, the deal was negotiated without the HFPA's knowledge. The HFPA sued DCP over the deal, as well as claims that the company was attempting to sell digital rights that it did not hold; the HFPA had wanted a new contract that would grant them a larger share of revenue from the telecast. In April 2012, judge Howard Matz upheld the NBC perpetuity clause and ruled in favor of DCP, noting that the HFPA had a history of "unbusiness-like display[s] of misplaced priorities" and "[succumbing] to bouts of pronounced turmoil and personal feuds", in contrast to DCP, which had been "represented by one experienced executive who was adept at dealing fairly and effectively with the often amateurish conduct of HFPA." Matz pointed out examples of the HFPA's enthusiasm over the relationship and their desire to "not get cancelled", such as having disregarded its own bylaws by approving an extension in 2001 without a formal vote. The case was taken to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. [27]

In 2014, Dick Clark Productions and the HFPA reached a settlement; details were not released, but DCP committed to continue its role as producer through at least the end of its current contract with NBC, and to work with the HFPA to "expand the brand with unique and exciting entertainment experiences". While NBC will hold a right of first refusal to renew its contract beyond 2018, the ceremony may be offered to other broadcasters. [28] [4]

2008 disruption

On January 7, 2008, it was announced that due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike , the 65th Golden Globe Awards would not be telecast live. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event and by actors threatening to boycott the ceremony rather than cross picket lines . The Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast.

NBC originally had exclusive broadcast rights to the ceremonies, but on January 11, HFPA President Jorge Camara announced there would be no restrictions placed on media outlets covering the January 13 press conference, announcing the winners at 6:00pm PST. [4] As a result, E! , CNN , the TV Guide Network and KNBC-TV , the network's Los Angeles owned-and-operated affiliate, aired the 31-minute event, emanating from the Grand Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton Hotel live, leaving NBC to fill the hour from 9:00–10:00pm ET with announcements, made after-the-fact by Access Hollywood hosts Billy Bush and Nancy O'Dell . [14] The remaining hours of programming, set aside for the ceremonies by the network, were filled with a special two-hour edition of Dateline , hosted by Matt Lauer , that included film clips, interviews with some of the nominees and commentary from comedian Kathy Griffin and the panelists from Football Night in America .

Categories

Motion picture awards

Television awards

Awarded since 1956:

Retired awards

Superlatives

In acting categories, Meryl Streep holds the record for the most competitive Golden Globe wins with eight. However, including honorary awards, such as the Henrietta Award, World Film Favorite Actor/Actress Award, or Cecil B. DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand tied this record with nine. Additionally, Streisand won for composing the song Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born) , producing the Best Picture (Comedy/Musical) ( A Star Is Born in the ceremony held in 1977), and directing Yentl in 1984. Jack Nicholson , Angela Lansbury , Alan Alda and Shirley MacLaine have six awards each. Behind them are Ed Asner , Rosalind Russell and Jessica Lange with five wins. Meryl Streep also holds the record for most nominations with thirty (as of the 2016 nominations) and John Williams is second with twenty-five. At the 46th Golden Globe Awards an anomaly occurred: a three way-tie for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama ( Sigourney Weaver for Gorillas in the Mist , Jodie Foster for The Accused , and Shirley MacLaine for Madame Sousatzka ).

In the category Best Director , Elia Kazan leads with four wins, followed by Clint Eastwood , Oliver Stone , Miloš Forman , David Lean and Martin Scorsese with three wins each. Steven Spielberg holds the record for most nominations with eleven (as of the 2015 nominations). Francis Ford Coppola , Clint Eastwood and Steven Soderbergh are the only directors to receive two nominations in the same year.

Only four people have won two acting awards in the same year:

Other superlatives:

Records

Film

Actors with two or more acting awards

Actor/Actress Leading Role Supporting Role Total awards Total nominations
Streep, Meryl Meryl Streep The French Lieutenant's Woman (D, 1981)
Sophie's Choice (D, 1982)
The Devil Wears Prada (C/M, 2006)
Julie & Julia (C/M, 2009)
The Iron Lady (D, 2011)
Kramer vs. Kramer (1979)
Adaptation. (2002)
7 28
Nicholson, Jack Jack Nicholson Chinatown (D, 1974)
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (D, 1975)
Prizzi's Honor (C/M, 1985)
As Good as It Gets (C/M, 1997)
About Schmidt (D, 2002)
Terms of Endearment (1983) 6 17
Russell, Rosalind Rosalind Russell Sister Kenny (1946)
Mourning Becomes Electra (1947)
Auntie Mame (C/M, 1958)
A Majority of One (C/M, 1961)
Gypsy (C/M, 1962)
5 5
MacLaine, Shirley Shirley MacLaine The Apartment (C/M, 1960)
Irma la Douce (C/M, 1963)
Terms of Endearment (D, 1983)
Madame Sousatzka (D, 1988)
4 15
Hanks, Tom Tom Hanks Big (C/M, 1988)
Philadelphia (D, 1993)
Forrest Gump (D, 1994)
Cast Away (D, 2000)
4 8
Lemmon, Jack Jack Lemmon Some Like It Hot (C/M, 1959)
The Apartment (C/M, 1960)
Avanti! (C/M, 1972)
3 16
DiCaprio, Leonardo Leonardo DiCaprio The Aviator (D, 2004)
The Wolf of Wall Street (C/M, 2013)
The Revenant (D, 2015)
3 11
Hoffman, Dustin Dustin Hoffman Kramer vs. Kramer (D, 1979)
Tootsie (C/M, 1982)
Rain Man (D, 1988)
3 11
Fonda, Jane Jane Fonda Klute (D, 1971)
Julia (D, 1977)
Coming Home (D, 1978)
3 10
Kidman, Nicole Nicole Kidman To Die For (C/M, 1995)
Moulin Rouge! (C/M, 2001)
The Hours (D, 2002)
3 10
Winslet, Kate Kate Winslet Revolutionary Road (D, 2008) The Reader (2008)
Steve Jobs (2015)
3 10
Andrews, Julie Julie Andrews Mary Poppins (C/M, 1964)
The Sound of Music (C/M, 1965)
Victor/Victoria (C/M, 1982)
3 9
Blanchett, Cate Cate Blanchett Elizabeth (D, 1998)
Blue Jasmine (D, 2013)
I'm Not There (2007) 3 9
Hackman, Gene Gene Hackman The French Connection (D, 1971)
The Royal Tenenbaums (C/M, 2001)
Unforgiven (1992) 3 8
O'Toole, Peter Peter O'Toole Becket (D, 1964)
The Lion in Winter (D, 1968)
Goodbye, Mr. Chips (C/M, 1969)
3 8
Roberts, Julia Julia Roberts Pretty Woman (C/M, 1990)
Erin Brockovich (D, 2000)
Steel Magnolias (1989) 3 8
Williams, Robin Robin Williams Good Morning, Vietnam (C/M, 1987)
The Fisher King (C/M, 1991)
Mrs. Doubtfire (C/M, 1993)
3 8
Bergman, Ingrid Ingrid Bergman Gaslight (1944)
The Bells of St. Mary's (1945)
Anastasia (D, 1956)
3 7
Cruise, Tom Tom Cruise Born on the Fourth of July (D, 1989)
Jerry Maguire (C/M, 1996)
Magnolia (1999) 3 7
Spacek, Sissy Sissy Spacek Coal Miner's Daughter (C/M, 1980)
Crimes of the Heart (C/M, 1986)
In the Bedroom (D, 2001)
3 6
Zellweger, Renée Renée Zellweger Nurse Betty (C/M, 2000)
Chicago (C/M, 2002)
Cold Mountain (2003) 3 6
Clooney, George George Clooney O Brother, Where Art Thou? (C/M, 2000)
The Descendants (D, 2011)
Syriana (2005) 3 5
Lawrence, Jennifer Jennifer Lawrence Silver Linings Playbook (C/M, 2012)
Joy (C/M, 2015)
American Hustle (2013) 3 4
Pacino, Al Al Pacino Serpico (D, 1973)
Scent of a Woman (D, 1992)
2 14
Caine, Michael Michael Caine Educating Rita (C/M, 1983)
Little Voice (C/M, 1998)
2 9
Streisand, Barbra Barbra Streisand Funny Girl (C/M, 1968)
A Star Is Born (C/M, 1976)
2 9
Bancroft, Anne Anne Bancroft The Pumpkin Eater (D, 1964)
The Graduate (C/M, 1967)
2 8
Field, Sally Sally Field Norma Rae (D, 1979)
Places in the Heart (D, 1984)
2 8
Keaton, Diane Diane Keaton Annie Hall (C/M, 1977)
Something's Gotta Give (C/M, 2003)
2 8
Page, Geraldine Geraldine Page Summer and Smoke (D, 1961)
Sweet Bird of Youth (D, 1962)
2 8
Smith, Maggie Maggie Smith California Suite (C/M, 1978) A Room with a View (1985) 2 8
Washington, Denzel Denzel Washington The Hurricane (D, 1999) Glory (1989) 2 8
Adams, Amy Amy Adams American Hustle (C/M, 2013)
Big Eyes (C/M, 2014)
2 7
Bening, Annette Annette Bening Being Julia (C/M, 2004)
The Kids Are All Right (C/M, 2010)
2 7
Day-Lewis, Daniel Daniel Day-Lewis There Will Be Blood (D, 2007)
Lincoln (D, 2012)
2 7
Foster, Jodie Jodie Foster The Accused (D, 1988)
The Silence of the Lambs (D, 1991)
2 7
Voight, Jon Jon Voight Coming Home (D, 1978)
Runaway Train (D, 1985)
2 7
Brando, Marlon Marlon Brando On the Waterfront (D, 1954)
The Godfather (D, 1972)
2 6
Carrey, Jim Jim Carrey The Truman Show (D, 1998)
Man on the Moon (C/M, 1999)
2 6
Lange, Jessica Jessica Lange Blue Sky (D, 1994) Tootsie (1982) 2 6
Woodward, Joanne Joanne Woodward The Three Faces of Eve (D, 1957)
Rachel, Rachel (D, 1968)
2 6
Astaire, Fred Fred Astaire Three Little Words (C/M, 1950) The Towering Inferno (1974) 2 5
Midler, Bette Bette Midler The Rose (C/M, 1979)
For the Boys (C/M, 1991)
2 5
Olivier, Laurence Laurence Olivier Hamlet (1948) Marathon Man (1976) 2 5
Peck, Gregory Gregory Peck The Yearling (1946)
To Kill a Mockingbird (D, 1962)
2 5
Weaver, Sigourney Sigourney Weaver Gorillas in the Mist (D, 1988) Working Girl (1988) 2 5
, Ann-Margret Ann-Margret Tommy (C/M, 1975) Carnal Knowledge (1971) 2 4
, Cher Cher Moonstruck (C/M, 1987) Silkwood (1983) 2 4
Duvall, Robert Robert Duvall Tender Mercies (D, 1983) Apocalypse Now (1979) 2 4
Kaye, Danny Danny Kaye On the Riviera (C/M, 1951)
Me and the Colonel (C/M, 1958)
2 4
Lansbury, Angela Angela Lansbury The Picture of Dorian Gray (1945)
The Manchurian Candidate (1962)
2 4
Mason, Marsha Marsha Mason Cinderella Liberty (D, 1973)
The Goodbye Girl (C/M, 1977)
2 4
Moore, Dudley Dudley Moore Arthur (C/M, 1981)
Micki & Maude (C/M, 1984)
2 4
Portman, Natalie Natalie Portman Black Swan (D, 2010) Closer (2004) 2 4
Turner, Kathleen Kathleen Turner Romancing the Stone (C/M, 1984)
Prizzi's Honor (C/M, 1985)
2 4
Black, Karen Karen Black Five Easy Pieces (1970)
The Great Gatsby (1974)
2 3
Goldberg, Whoopi Whoopi Goldberg The Color Purple (D, 1985) Ghost (1990) 2 3
Gordon, Ruth Ruth Gordon Inside Daisy Clover (1965)
Rosemary's Baby (1968)
2 3
Niven, David David Niven The Moon Is Blue (C/M, 1953)
Separate Tables (D, 1958)
2 3
Robbins, Tim Tim Robbins The Player (C/M, 1992) Mystic River (2003) 2 3
Sinatra, Frank Frank Sinatra Pal Joey (C/M, 1957) From Here to Eternity (1953) 2 3
Waltz, Christoph Christoph Waltz Inglourious Basterds (2009)
Django Unchained (2012)
2 3
Attenborough, Richard Richard Attenborough The Sand Pebbles (1966)
Doctor Dolittle (1967)
2 2
Gwenn, Edmund Edmund Gwenn Miracle on 34th Street (1947)
Mister 880 (1950)
2 2
Hayward, Susan Susan Hayward With a Song in My Heart (C/M, 1952)
I Want to Live! (D, 1958)
2 2
Kelly, Grace Grace Kelly The Country Girl (D, 1954) Mogambo (1953) 2 2
Landau, Martin Martin Landau Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988)
Ed Wood (1994)
2 2
Moorehead, Agnes Agnes Moorehead Mrs. Parkington (1944)
Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964)
2 2
O'Brien, Edmond Edmond O'Brien The Barefoot Contessa (1954)
Seven Days in May (1964)
2 2
Redgrave, Lynn Lynn Redgrave Georgy Girl (C/M, 1966) Gods and Monsters (1998) 2 2
Sharif, Omar Omar Sharif Doctor Zhivago (D, 1965) Lawrence of Arabia (1962) 2 2
Swank, Hilary Hilary Swank Boys Don't Cry (D, 1999)
Million Dollar Baby (D, 2004)
2 2
Wyman, Jane Jane Wyman Johnny Belinda (1948)
The Blue Veil (D, 1951)
2 2

Actors with five or more acting nominations

Actor/Actress Total nominations Total awards
Streep, Meryl Meryl Streep 28 7
Nicholson, Jack Jack Nicholson 17 6
Lemmon, Jack Jack Lemmon 16 3
MacLaine, Shirley Shirley MacLaine 15 4
Pacino, Al Al Pacino 14 2
DiCaprio, Leonardo Leonardo DiCaprio 11 3
Hoffman, Dustin Dustin Hoffman 11 3
Fonda, Jane Jane Fonda 10 3
Kidman, Nicole Nicole Kidman 10 3
Winslet, Kate Kate Winslet 10 3
Depp, Johnny Johnny Depp 10 1
Andrews, Julie Julie Andrews 9 3
Blanchett, Cate Cate Blanchett 9 3
Caine, Michael Michael Caine 9 2
Streisand, Barbra Barbra Streisand 9 2
Hepburn, Audrey Audrey Hepburn 9 1
Newman, Paul Paul Newman 9 0
Hanks, Tom Tom Hanks 8 4
Hackman, Gene Gene Hackman 8 3
O'Toole, Peter Peter O'Toole 8 3
Roberts, Julia Julia Roberts 8 3
Williams, Robin Robin Williams 8 3
Bancroft, Anne Anne Bancroft 8 2
Field, Sally Sally Field 8 2
Keaton, Diane Diane Keaton 8 2
Page, Geraldine Geraldine Page 8 2
Smith, Maggie Maggie Smith 8 2
Washington, Denzel Denzel Washington 8 2
De Niro, Robert Robert De Niro 8 1
Dench, Judi Judi Dench 8 1
Hawn, Goldie Goldie Hawn 8 1
Matthau, Walter Walter Matthau 8 1
Moore, Julianne Julianne Moore 8 1
Redgrave, Vanessa Vanessa Redgrave 8 1
Bergman, Ingrid Ingrid Bergman 7 3
Cruise, Tom Tom Cruise 7 3
Adams, Amy Amy Adams 7 2
Bening, Annette Annette Bening 7 2
Day-Lewis, Daniel Daniel Day-Lewis 7 2
Foster, Jodie Jodie Foster 7 2
Voight, Jon Jon Voight 7 2
Beatty, Warren Warren Beatty 7 1
Finney, Albert Albert Finney 7 1
Mirren, Helen Helen Mirren 7 1
Thompson, Emma Emma Thompson 7 1
Hepburn, Katharine Katharine Hepburn 7 0
Sarandon, Susan Susan Sarandon 7 0
Spacek, Sissy Sissy Spacek 6 3
Zellweger, Renée Renée Zellweger 6 3
Brando, Marlon Marlon Brando 6 2
Carrey, Jim Jim Carrey 6 2
Lange, Jessica Jessica Lange 6 2
Woodward, Joanne Joanne Woodward 6 2
Burstyn, Ellen Ellen Burstyn 6 1
Burton, Richard Richard Burton 6 1
Dunaway, Faye Faye Dunaway 6 1
Jackson, Glenda Glenda Jackson 6 1
Pfeiffer, Michelle Michelle Pfeiffer 6 1
Poitier, Sidney Sidney Poitier 6 1
Travolta, John John Travolta 6 1
Winters, Shelley Shelley Winters 6 1
Russell, Rosalind Rosalind Russell 5 5
Clooney, George George Clooney 5 3
Astaire, Fred Fred Astaire 5 2
Midler, Bette Bette Midler 5 2
Olivier, Laurence Laurence Olivier 5 2
Peck, Gregory Gregory Peck 5 2
Weaver, Sigourney Sigourney Weaver 5 2
Bridges, Jeff Jeff Bridges 5 1
Bullock, Sandra Sandra Bullock 5 1
Crowe, Russell Russell Crowe 5 1
Damon, Matt Matt Damon 5 1
Douglas, Michael Michael Douglas 5 1
Freeman, Morgan Morgan Freeman 5 1
Gosling, Ryan Ryan Gosling 5 1
Hoffman, Philip Seymour Philip Seymour Hoffman 5 1
Holliday, Judy Judy Holliday 5 1
Minnelli, Liza Liza Minnelli 5 1
Murray, Bill Bill Murray 5 1
Penn, Sean Sean Penn 5 1
Phoenix, Joaquin Joaquin Phoenix 5 1
Pitt, Brad Brad Pitt 5 1
Sellers, Peter Peter Sellers 5 1
Simmons, Jean Jean Simmons 5 1
Stapleton, Maureen Maureen Stapleton 5 1
Ullmann, Liv Liv Ullmann 5 1
Day, Doris Doris Day 5 0
Farrow, Mia Mia Farrow 5 0
Grant, Cary Cary Grant 5 0
Grant, Lee Lee Grant 5 0
Hopkins, Anthony Anthony Hopkins 5 0
Huston, Anjelica Anjelica Huston 5 0
Martin, Steve Steve Martin 5 0
Spacey, Kevin Kevin Spacey 5 0
Wood, Natalie Natalie Wood 5 0

Criticism

1968–1974 NBC broadcast ban

The HFPA has had a lucrative contract with NBC for decades, [4] which began broadcasting the award ceremony locally in Los Angeles in 1958, then nationally in 1964. However, in 1968, the Federal Communications Commission claimed the show “misled the public as to how the winners were determined” (allegations included that winners were determined by lobby; to motivate winners to show up to the awards ceremony winners were informed if they did not attend another winner would be named). The FCC admonished NBC for participating in the scandal. Subsequently, NBC refused to broadcast the ceremony from 1968 until after 1974. [4] [5]

Pia Zadora awarded “New Star of the Year in a Motion Picture” in 1982

In 1982, Pia Zadora won a Golden Globe in the category " New Star of the Year in a Motion Picture – Female " for her performance in Butterfly , over such competition as Elizabeth McGovern ( Ragtime ) and Kathleen Turner ( Body Heat ). [5] Accusations were made that the Foreign Press Association members had been bought off. [5] Zadora's husband, multimillionaire Meshulam Riklis , flew voting members to his casino, the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegas , which gave the appearance that they voted for Zadora to repay this. Riklis also invited voting members to his house for a lavish lunch and a showing of the film. He also spent a great deal on advertising. [5] Furthermore, Zadora had made her film debut some 17 years earlier as a child performer in Santa Claus Conquers the Martians . [5]

The Tourist for Best Musical/Comedy nominations in 2011

The nominations for the 2011 Globes drew initial skepticism, as the Hollywood Foreign Press Association nominated The Tourist in its Best Musical/Comedy category, although it was originally advertised as a spy thriller, and also one of the most panned films of the season with host Ricky Gervais even joking to main star of the film Johnny Depp if he had seen the movie. Rumors then surfaced that Sony, the distributor of The Tourist , had influenced Globes voters with an all-expenses-paid trip to Las Vegas, culminating in a concert by Cher . [5]

Other

Actor and filmmaker Gary Oldman is a longtime detractor of the Golden Globes . [5] [5] [5] As of 2017, Oldman has never been nominated for a Golden Globe Award in his thirty-plus years of acclaimed film work.

See also