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Compiègne (French pronunciation: ​[kɔ̃pjɛɲ]; Picard: Compiène) is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.[2] It is located on the Oise River.[2] Its inhabitants are called Compiégnois.

Subprefecture and commune
Coat of arms of Compiègne
Coat of arms
Location of Compiègne
Compiègne is located in France
Compiègne is located in Hauts-de-France
Coordinates:49°24′54″N 2°49′23″E [19]
CantonCompiègne-1 and 2
IntercommunalityRégion de Compiègne
53.1 km2(20.5 sq mi)
 • Density780/km2(2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
60159 [20] /60200
Elevation31–134 m (102–440 ft)
(avg. 41 m or 135 ft)
1French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2(0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.


Compiègne is the seat of two cantons:

  • Compiègne-1 (with 19 communes and part of Compiègne)

  • Compiègne-2 (with 16 communes and part of Compiègne)


665 - SaintWilfridwas consecrated Bishop ofYork. Wilfrid refused to be consecrated inNorthumbriaat the hands ofAnglo-Saxonbishops.Deusdedit, Archbishop of Canterbury, had died, and as there were no other bishops in Britain whom Wilfrid considered to have been validly consecrated, he travelled to Compiègne, to be consecrated byAgilbert, the Bishop of Paris.
833 -Louis the Pious(also known as King Louis I, the Debonair) was deposed in Compiègne.[2]
February 888 -Odo, Count of Parisand king of theFrankswas crowned in Compiègne.
23 May 1430 - During theHundred Years' War,Joan of Arcwas captured by theBurgundianswhile attempting tofree Compiègne. They then sold her to the English.
1624 - Compiègne gave its name to theTreaty of Compiègne, a treaty of alliance concluded byCardinal Richelieuwith the Dutch.[2]
1630 -Marie de' Medici's attempts to displaceRichelieuultimately led to her exile to Compiègne, from where she escaped toBrusselsin 1631.
17 July 1794 - TheMartyrs of Compiègneare executed inParisduring theReign of Terror.
1900 - Thegolfevents for the1900 Summer Olympicstook place.[3]
11 November 1918 - TheArmistice with Germany (Compiègne), agreed at Le Francport near Compiègne, ends fighting ofWorld War I
22 June 1940 - AnotherArmistice with France (Second Compiègne)was signed betweenNazi Germanyand the defeated France in Le Francport, near Compiègne, in the same place as in 1918, in the same railroad carriage, but with the seats swapped.
1941 - During the German occupation of France, theCompiègne internment campwas established in Compiègne. A memorial of the camp, and another along the railway tracks, commemorate the tragedy.
1968 - The starting location of theParis–Roubaixbicyclerace was changed fromParisto Compiègne.


  • 1882: 13,393

  • 1990: 41,663 (municipal), 44,703 (total)

  • 1999: 41,076 (municipal), 44,703 (total), 69,903 (agglomeration), urban (108,234)



  • Château de Compiègne - the castle itself, and museums of the Second French Empire and of motoring and tourism within its walls

  • Musée Antoine Vivenel

  • Museum of historic figurines

  • Memorial of internment and deportation

Compiègne Forest

The Glade of the Armistice in the Compiègne Forest was the site of the signing of two armistices; those of 11 November 1918 and 22 June 1940. Hitler specifically chose the location of the second, and had the original signing carriage moved from Paris to Compiègne, as an irony for the defeated French.

The site still houses several memorials to the 1918 armistice, including a copy of the original railway carriage. The original, Marshal Foch's Carriage was taken to Germany as a trophy of victory following the second armistice. Various rumors about what happened to this railway-carriage thereafter, have flourished ever since. Some believe it was destroyed by the SS in Thuringia in April 1945; others say this happened in Berlin, but most likely was it destroyed during an allied air-raid on Berlin. The latter version seems most plausible, since Ferdinand Foch's carriage actually was displayed at a Berlin museum.[4][5][6]

The University of Technology of Compiègne

Compiègne is home to the University of Technology of Compiègne (UTC), one of the top ranking engineering school in France, founded as a Technology University in 1972 to provide an alternative to the traditional "grandes écoles" for students interested in technologies and applied science.[7]


The Gare de Compiègne railway station offers connections with Paris, Amiens, Cambrai and several regional destinations. The nearest motorway is the A1 Paris-Lille.


Since 1968 Compiègne is the traditional start city of the famous Paris–Roubaix bicycle race. It was also the finish city of 3rd stage in the 2007 Tour de France.


Compiègne was the birthplace of:

  • Roscellinus (~1050 - ~1122), philosopher and theologian, often regarded as the founder of Nominalism

  • Pierre d'Ailly (1350–1420), theologian and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church

  • Albert Robida (1848–1926), illustrator, etcher, lithographer, caricaturist, and novelist

  • Eugène Albertini (1880–1941), teacher in Latin literature, historian of ancient Rome, and epigrapher of Latin texts

  • Marcel Tabuteau (1887–1966), Oboist, regarded as the founder of American oboe playing.

  • Suzanne Lenglen (1899–1938), tennis player, international female sport star

  • Lucas Debargue (1990–), pianist and composer who worked in both the classical and jazz fields.

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Compiègne is twinned with:

Compiègne is also partnered with:

See also

  • Communes of the Oise department

  • Dialogues of the Carmelites

  • Martyrs of Compiegne

  • Monument aux morts (Oise)

  • Siege of Compiègne

  • Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death camps


Citation Linkwww.insee.fr"Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linken.wikisource.orgChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Compiègne" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 811.
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.la84foundation.org1900 Summer Olympics official report. p. 15. Accessed 14 November 2010. (in French)
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgMoved to Berlin - Steven Budiansky, "The Complete story of Codebreaking during WW2",ISBN 0-684-85932-7, page 136
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkbooks.google.comMoved to Berlin, and there destroyed in an air-raid - Brian Hanley, "Planning for Conflict in the 21st Century", page 116" available here [1]
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgAlso William L Shirer in his "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich" (unknown ISBN) states it was destroyed during a bombing raid on Berlin
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.utc.frhttps://www.utc.fr/en/utc.html
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.info.elblag.pl"Elbląg - Podstrony / Miasta partnerskie". Elbląski Dziennik Internetowy (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.elblag.net"Elbląg - Miasta partnerskie". Elbląg.net (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-01.
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.insee.frINSEE commune file
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.mairie-compiegne.frCity council website
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.musee-chateau-compiegne.frLe musée du château/The Château museum
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.memorialmuseums.orgMemorial to Nazi/French Internment Camp and Deportations During WW2
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkstevenlehrer.comSteven Lehrer's Compiègne site
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.utc.frUniversite de Technologie de Compiegne
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkweb.archive.orgJoan of Arc Captured At Compiegne
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkweb.archive.orgcustomized transport in compiègne
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.lesnotesbleues.frConcerts in Compiègne
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linktools.wmflabs.org49°24′54″N 2°49′23″E
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM
Citation Linkwww.insee.fr60159
Sep 25, 2019, 5:00 AM