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Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River

Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River

The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.

Pontoon bridges have been used by militaries for two thousand years on the Yangtze, but until the completion of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in 1957, there were no permanent bridges along the main stretch of the river known as Chang Jiang (the "Long River"), from Yibin to the river mouth in Shanghai, a distance of 2,884 km (1,792 mi). Since then, over 75 bridges and six tunnels have been built over this stretch, the overwhelming majority since 1990. They reflect a broad array of bridge designs and, in many cases, represent significant achievements in modern bridge engineering. Several rank among the world's longest suspension, cable-stayed, arch bridges, truss and box girder bridges as well as some of the highest and tallest bridges.

Upriver from Yibin, bridge spans are more common along the Jinsha and Tongtian sections where the Yangtze is much narrower, although numerous new bridges are being added. The oldest bridge still in use is the Jinlong, a simple suspension bridge over the Jinsha section of the river in Lijiang, Yunnan that was originally built in 1880 and rebuilt in the 1936.[14]

Section names of the Yangtze

Due to changes in the designation of the source of the Yangtze, various sections of the river have been thought of as distinct rivers with different names. The bridges and tunnels of the Yangtze have compound names consisting of the location name and the river section name. Today, the river has four sectional names in (in Chinese) : (1) Tuotuo, (2) Tongtian, (3) Jinsha and (4) Chang Jiang.

  1. The Tuotuo River, considered the official headstream of the Yangtze, flows 358 km (222 mi) from the glaciers of the Gelaindong massif in the Tanggula Mountains of southwestern Qinghai to the confluence with the Dangqu River to form the Tongtian River.

  2. The Tongtian continues for 813 km (505 mi) to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu in south central Qinghai.

  3. The Jinsha or Gold Sands River continues for 2,308 km (1,434 mi) along the border of western Sichuan with Qinghai, Tibet, and Yunnan, through northern Yunnan and southern Sichuan to the confluence with the Min River at Yibin in south central Sichuan.

  4. Chang Jiang or the "Long River" refers to the final 2,884 km (1,792 mi) of the Yangtze from Yibin through southeastern Sichuan, Chongqing, western Hubei, northern Hunan, eastern Hubei, northern Jiangxi, Anhui and Jiangsu to the river's mouth in Shanghai. Chang Jiang is generally substituted by "Yangtze" in English usage.

For example, the Nanjing Chang Jiang Bridge is translated as the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge. The Taku Jinsha River Bridge is a bridge along the Jinsha section of the Yangtze.


The Yangtze River forms a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China. For millennia, travelers crossed the Yangtze by ferry. In the first half of the 20th century, rail passengers from Beijing to Guangzhou and Shanghai had to disembark, respectively, at Hanyang and Pukou, and cross the river by steam ferry before resuming journeys by train.

Bridges in antiquity

Pontoon bridges

The earliest recorded pontoon bridge over the Yangtze was the Jiangguan Pontoon Bridge built in AD 35 by Gongsun Shu, the ruler of Sichuan, in the war with the Han Emperor Liu Xiu.[15][16] Gongsun Shu built the pontoon across a narrow part of the river between Jingmen and Yichang in (modern Hubei Province) to block the Han Emperor's navy from sailing upriver into Sichuan.[16] The pontoon was burned in battle and Liu Xiu went on to capture Sichuan.[16]

In 570, the Northern Zhou general Chen Teng built a crude suspension bridge across the Xiling Gorge using thick rope and reeds to carry food and provisions for his troops on the south bank. The bridge was cut apart by boats lined with sharp knives sent down river by the Chen general Zhang Shaoda.[17]

During the Tang Dynasty, a pontoon bridge was built in Sangouzhen in the Qutang Gorge in 619.[15][17]

In 974, during the Song Emperor Zhao Kuangyin's conquest of the Southern Tang, a pontoon over 1,000 meters long linked together by bamboo chains was erected in just three days at Caishiji (Ma'anshan, Anhui Province) and enabled the Song Army to advance swiftly across the river and capture Nanjing, the Southern Tang capital.[15][16]

The Taiping rebels made extensive use of pontoons on the Yangtze in their campaign against the Qing Dynasty in the Yangtze Basin.[16] In December 30, 1852, they built two pontoons nearly 3,000 meters long in a fortnight's time at Baishazhou and Yingwuzhou in Wuhan to move troops from Hanyang on the north bank to the Wuchang on the south bank.[16] The Taipings tied together small boats into twos and threes and steered these preassembled pieces simultaneously into the river, and used iron anchors to set the pontoons instead of chains. They added leather-covered walls to the bridges and added towers and firing positions.[16]

Pontoon bridges have not been a feasible long-term solution to cross river transport because they block boat traffic on the Yangtze, a major conduit for travelers and cargo between the coast and the Chinese interior.

Iron chain bridges

Dating back to 3rd century, militaries of antiquity have stretched iron chains across the Yangtze in the Three Gorges to block invading armies. Notable examples include the iron chain defense of the Wu Kingdom in the Xiling Gorge against the Jin Dynasty in 280, the Former Shu's chain across Kuimen in the Qutang Gorge against the Jingnan in 925, and Song general Xu Zongwu's seven-link chain at the same location against the Mongols in 1264.[17]

The first documented iron chain bridge across the river was built in the 7th century by the Tibetan Empire over the Jinsha. The Shenchuan Iron Bridge, a simple suspension bridge, stood at what is today Tacun of Weixi Lisu Autonomous County in the Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Yunnan Province, and was probably built to help the Tibetan military advance against the Kingdom of Nanzhao during its invasions between 682 and 704.[19] The Tibetans stationed a frontier command office in the town called the Shenchuan Iron Bridge jiedushi.[19] The bridge facilitated trade between the two countries until 794 when the Nanzhao realigned with the Tang Dynasty and destroyed the bridge in a war with the Tibetan Empire.[19][20]

The oldest bridge still in use on the Yangtze is the Jinlong Bridge in Lijiang, a simple iron chain suspension bridge first built during the Qing Dynasty from 1876 to 1880.[21] It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt the following year.[21] The bridge was named a National Historical Site in 2006.[21]

Iron chain bridges are more durable than pontoon bridges and allow for year-round use, although when the river level is high during the flood season, boards on the bridge deck must be removed.[22]

Modern bridges

Chang Jiang

The first permanent bridge to cross the Chang Jiang section of the river was the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, built from 1955 to 1957. The dual-use road-rail bridge was a major infrastructural project in the early years of the People's Republic and was completed with Soviet assistance. The second bridge was a single-track railway bridge built in Chongqing in 1959. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, also a road-rail bridge, was the first bridge to cross the lower reaches of the Yangtze. It was built from 1960 to 1968, after the Sino-Soviet split, and did not receive foreign assistance. The Zhicheng Road-Rail Bridge followed in 1971.

Only two bridges opened in the 1980s, the Chongqing's First Shibanpo Bridge in 1980 and the Luzhou Road Bridge in 1982. Both were in the upper reaches of Changjiang in Sichuan Province, to which Chongqing Municipality belonged at the time.

Bridge-building resumed in the 1990s and accelerated in the first decade of the 21st century due to the rapid growth of the Chinese economy. Jiangxi Province had its first bridge in 1993 with the opening of the Jiujiang Bridge. The first bridge in Anhui Province, the Tongling Bridge, opened in 1995. Six of the 11 bridges built in the 1990s and half of the 40 bridge crossings added in the 2000s were built in Chongqing Municipality, which became a directly-controlled municipality in 1997 to facilitate the construction of the Three Gorges and experienced a building boom.

By 2005, there were over 50 bridges across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. The rapid pace of bridge construction has continued. The first tunnel under the Yangtze opened in Wuhan in 2008.

As of December 2014, urban Chongqing has 18 bridges, Wuhan has nine[23] bridges and three tunnels, and Nanjing has five bridges and two tunnels. About a dozen other bridges are now under construction.

Upstream sections

In the upper reaches of the Yangtze above Yibin, the Jinsha (Gold Sands), Tongtian, and Tuotuo sections of the river are narrower and bridges are more numerous. As of December 2014, Yibin had 10 bridges across the Jinsha and Panzhihua had 16.

The Taku Jinsha River Bridge, under construction in Lijiang, is set to become the highest bridge in the world with a bridge deck that is 512 m (1,680 ft) above the surface of the river.[24]

Bridge strain

With the advent of economic growth around the country and widespread use of heavy freight trucks, bridges along the Yangtze have been bearing greater load, leading to greater strain on older bridge structures. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge was originally designed to carry trucks weighing up to 30 t (33 short tons).[25] In 2008, the tonnage limit was raised to 55 t (61 short tons).[25] In November 2011, a crack was discovered in the bridge's steel structure and forced the authorities to close the bridge to freight traffic.[26] In February 2012, the tonnage limit was lowered to 20 t (22 short tons).[25] Truck traffic had to be re-routed to neighboring provinces. In 2012, a crack was discovered in one girder of the Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge, leading to bridge closure and emergency repairs.[27]

Longest and tallest bridges

Bridges over the Yangtze including some of the longest and tallest bridges in the world.

  • The Runyang Bridge [2005] (1,490 m (4,890 ft)), Fourth Nanjing Bridge [2012] (1,418 m (4,652 ft)) and Jiangyin Bridge [1999] (1,385 m (4,544 ft)) are all among the ten longest suspension bridges in the world.

  • The Sutong Bridge [2008] (1,088 m (3,570 ft)), Edong Bridge [2010] (926 m (3,038 ft)), Jiujiang Expressway Bridge [2013] (818 m (2,684 ft)) and Jingyue Bridge [2010] (816 m (2,677 ft)) all have cable-stayed bridge spans that rank among the top ten in the world.

  • The Chaotianmen Bridge [2009] (552 m (1,811 ft)) is the longest arch bridge in the world. The Wushan Bridge [2005] (460 m (1,510 ft)) also ranks in the top ten.

  • The Dashengguan Bridge [2010] and Jiujiang Bridge [1992] rank among the longest continuous truss bridges by total truss length.

  • The Sutong, Jingyue, Zhongzhou [2009], and Jiujiang Expressway Bridges rank among the ten tallest in the world.

  • Chongqing's Second Shibanpo Bridge [2006] set a world record for box girder bridges with a longest span of 330 m (1,080 ft).[28]

Longest span timeline

YearBridgeCityProvinceLongest spanType
1957First Wuhan BridgeWuhanHubei128 m (420 ft)truss
1968First Nanjing BridgeNanjingJiangsu160 m (520 ft)truss
1971Zhicheng BridgeZhichengHubei160 m (520 ft)truss
1980First Shibanpo BridgeChongqingSichuan174 m (571 ft)beam
1993Jiujiang BridgeJiujiangJiangxi216 m (709 ft)truss & arch
1995Lijiatuo BridgeJiulongpo District
Nan'an District
Chongqing444 m (1,457 ft)cable-stayed
1996Xiling BridgeYichangHubei900 m (3,000 ft)suspension
1999Jiangyin BridgeJingjiang, JiangyinJiangsu1,385 m (4,544 ft)suspension
2005Runyang South BridgeShiye Island, ZhenjiangJiangsu1,490 m (4,890 ft)suspension

List of existing bridges and tunnels

Chang Jiang

NameImageLocationProvinceOpenedTotal lengthLongest SpanTypeCarriesCoordinates
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge.jpgChongming, ChangxingShanghai20099,997 m (32,799 ft)730 m (2,400 ft)cable-stayed
31°26′06″N 121°44′39″E [46]
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel south entrance.JPGChangxing, Pudong20098,950 m (29,360 ft) –tunnel31°19′33″N 121°41′40″E [47]
Chongqi Bridge
20117,150 m (23,460 ft)185 m (607 ft)box girder31°41′45″N 121°39′59″E [48]
Sutong BridgeSutong Yangtze River Bridge.JPGNantong, ChangshuJiangsu20088,206 m (26,923 ft)1,088 m (3,570 ft)cable-stayed
31°47′22″N 121°00′08″E [49]
Jiangyin BridgeJiangyin Yangtze River bridge-2.jpegJingjiang, Jiangyin19993,071 m (10,075 ft)1,385 m (4,544 ft)suspension
31°56′57″N 120°16′03″E [50]
Taizhou Bridge Complex
Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPGTaizhou, Yangzhong201212,665 m (41,552 ft)1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2suspensionJiangsu Expwy S35 sign with name.svg32°14′48″N 119°52′36″E [51]
Yangzhong, Zhenjiang125 m (410 ft)box girder
Runyang Bridge Complex
Runyang North Bridge.jpgYangzhou, Shiye Island
(Nouth Bridge)
2005~6,500 m (21,300 ft)406 m (1,332 ft)cable-stayed
32°12′26″N 119°21′49″E [52]
Runyan Bridge 1.jpgShiye Island, Zhenjiang
(South Bridge)
1,490 m (4,890 ft)suspension
Fourth Nanjing BridgeFourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPGNanjing20125,437 m (17,838 ft)1,418 m (4,652 ft)suspension32°10′41″N 118°56′24″E [53]
Second Nanjing BridgeSecond Nanjing Yangtze Bridge.JPG20012,938 m (9,639 ft)628 m (2,060 ft)cable-stayed
32°09′45″N 118°50′10″E [54]
Nanjing Metro Line 3 TunnelBSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svgNanjing Metro logo.svg20153,100 m (10,200 ft)tunnel
Nanjing Yangtze River BridgeNanjing Yangtze River Bridge02.jpg19684,588 m (15,052 ft)160 m (520 ft)truss
Jinghu Railway
32°06′55″N 118°44′20″E [55]
Nanjing Yangtze Tunnel (南京扬子江隧道)2016North: 7014m;South: 7363m –Tunnel(4+4)-lane X-shaped highwayUnknown
Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel(南京长江隧道)南京江心洲长江隧道.jpg20093,837 m (12,589 ft) –tunnel6-lane highway31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E [56]
Nanjing Metro Line 10 TunnelBSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svgNanjing Metro logo.svg20143,345 m (10,974 ft) –tunnel
Line 10
Third Nanjing BridgeNJ 3rd Bridge-edit.jpg20054,744 m (15,564 ft)648 m (2,126 ft)cable-stayed

31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E [57]
Dashengguan BridgeThe Dashengguan railway bridge1.jpg20101,615 m (5,299 ft)336 m (1,102 ft)archJinghu HSR
Huhanrong PDL
Line S3
31°57′35″N 118°37′52″E [58]
Ma'anshan Bridge Complex
MaanshanBridgeView.jpgMa'anshanAnhui201311,209 m (36,775 ft)1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2suspensionAnhui Expwy S24 sign no name.svg
31°36′36″N 118°23′32″E [59]
Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge East Channel.JPG260 m (850 ft)x2cable-stayed
Wuhu BridgeWuhu Yangtze River Bridge.JPGWuhu20002,193 m (7,195 ft)312 m (1,024 ft)cable-stayed
Huainan Railway
31°23′16″N 118°20′07″E [60]
Tongling Rail BridgeTongling Yangtze Rail-Road Bridge.jpgTongling20151,290 m (4,230 ft)630 m (2,070 ft)cable-stayedAnhui Expwy S32 sign no name.svgHefei–Fuzhou HSRLutong Railway31.082778°N 117.973889°E [61]
Tongling BridgeTongling Yangtze River Bridge.JPGTongling19951,152 m (3,780 ft)432 m (1,417 ft)cable-stayed
30°51′22″N 117°43′36″E [62]
Anqing Yangtze River Railway BridgeAnqing20152,997 m (9,833 ft)580 m (1,900 ft)cable-stayedNanjing–Anqing ICR30.4991°N 117.0714°E [63]
Anqing BridgeBridge on the Yangtze River in Anqing Anhui China-2.jpgAnqing20041,040 m (3,410 ft)510 m (1,670 ft)cable-stayed30°29′57″N 117°04′17″E [64]
Wangdong Bridge 望东长江公路大桥Anqing20161,622 m (5,322 ft)806 m (2,644 ft)cable-stayedAnhui Expwy S11 sign no name.svg30.4991°N 117.0714°E [65]
Jiujiang Bridge九江琵琶亭远眺长江大桥.JPGHuangmei, JiujiangHubei,
19931,806 m (5,925 ft)216 m (709 ft)combined truss and arch
Jingjiu Railway
29°45′01″N 116°00′49″E [66]
Jiujiang Expressway BridgeSecond Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20131,405 m (4,610 ft)818 m (2,684 ft)cable-stayed29°43′20″N 115°54′30″E [67]
Huangshi BridgeHuangshi Yangtze River Bridge.JPGHuangshiHubei
19951,060 m (3,480 ft)245 m (804 ft)beamShoudou 201(China).svg30°15′04″N 115°04′19″E [68]
Edong BridgeE’dong Yangtze River Bridge.JPGHuanggang20101,486 m (4,875 ft)926 m (3,038 ft)cable-stayed
30°15′39″N 115°04′28″E [69]
Ehuang BridgeEhuang Yangtze River Bridge.JPGHuanggang, Ezhou20021,290 m (4,230 ft)480 m (1,570 ft)cable-stayed30°24′44″N 114°55′09″E [70]
Huanggang BridgeHuanggang Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20141,215 m (3,986 ft)567 m (1,860 ft)cable-stayedHubei Expwy S38 sign no name.svg
Wuhuang ICR
30°29′53″N 114°50′03″E [71]
Yangluo BridgeWuhanYangluoYangtzeBridgePanorama.jpgWuhan20072,735 m (8,973 ft)1,280 m (4,200 ft)suspension

30°37′27″N 114°33′28″E [72]
Tianxingzhou BridgeTianxing-pontego super Wuhan Yangzi-Rivero-2.jpg20094,657 m (15,279 ft)504 m (1,654 ft)cable-stayedWuhan Third Ring Road
Wuguang HSR
Huhanrong Railway
30°39′25″N 114°24′18″E [73]
Erqi BridgeErqi Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20112,922 m (9,587 ft)616 m (2,021 ft)x2cable-stayedWuhan Second Ring Road
30°37′39″N 114°20′31″E [74]
Second Wuhan BridgeSecond Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge.jpg19951,080 m (3,540 ft)400 m (1,300 ft)cable-stayedWuhan Inner Ring Road30°36′18″N 114°19′12″E [75]
Wuhan Metro Line 8 TunnelBSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svgWuhan Metro Logo.svg2017tunnel
Line 8
Wuhan Yangtze River TunnelWuhan Changjiang Tunnel.jpeg20083,630 m (11,910 ft)N/AtunnelWuhan Inner Ring Road
30°34′45″N 114°18′26″E [76]
Wuhan Metro Line 2 TunnelBSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svgWuhan Metro Logo.svg20123,098 m (10,164 ft)N/Atunnel
Line 2
Wuhan Yangtze River BridgeWuhan Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg19571,670 m (5,480 ft)128 m (420 ft)truss
Jingguang R.R.
30°32′59″N 114°17′18″E [77]
Wuhan Metro Line 4 TunnelBSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svgWuhan Metro Logo.svg20142,994 m (9,823 ft) (left tube)
3,003 m (9,852 ft)(right tube)
Line 4
Yingwuzhou BridgeYingwuzhou Bridge.JPG20142,300 m (7,500 ft)850 m (2,790 ft)suspensionWuhan Second Ring Road30°31′51″N 114°16′46″E [78]
Baishazhou BridgeBaishazhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20003,589 m (11,775 ft)618 m (2,028 ft)cable-stayedWuhan Third Ring Road30°29′05″N 114°14′44″E [79]
Zhuankou Bridge2017Wuhan Fourth Ring Road
Junshan BridgeJunshan Bridge-2.jpg20012,847 m (9,341 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)cable-stayed

30°22′27″N 114°08′25″E [80]
Jingyue BridgeChina Yangtze Bridge.jpgJianli, YueyangHubei,
20105,400 m (17,700 ft)816 m (2,677 ft)cable-stayedHubei Expwy S49 sign no name.svg
29°32′40″N 113°13′21″E [81]
Jingzhou BridgeJingzhou-Changjiang daqio.JPGJingzhouHubei
20024,177 m (13,704 ft)500 m (1,600 ft)cable-stayed
30°18′32″N 112°12′59″E [82]
Zhicheng BridgeZhicheng Yangtze River Bridge.JPGZhicheng19711,742.3 m (5,716 ft)160 m (520 ft)trussShoudou 225(China).svg
Jiaoliu R.R.
30°17′10″N 111°31′35″E [83]
Yichang BridgeYichang Yangtze Highway Bridge.JPGYichang20011,187 m (3,894 ft)960 m (3,150 ft)suspension
30°34′11″N 111°23′30″E [84]
Yichang Railway BridgeYiwan Railway Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg20082,446 m (8,025 ft)275 m (902 ft) (x2)truss and archYiwan Railway
30°39′21″N 111°19′32″E [85]
Yiling BridgeYiling Bridge-2.JPG2001936 m (3,071 ft)348 m (1,142 ft) (x2)cable-stayed4-lane highway30°41′03″N 111°17′22″E [86]
Zhixi River Bridge Complex[5] 至喜长江大桥Yangtze Main Bridge20163,230 m (10,600 ft)838 m (2,749 ft)suspension6-lane highway30°25′31″N 111°09′44″E [87]
Sanjiang Bridge210 m (690 ft)cable-stayed6-lane highway
Xiling BridgeXiling Yangtze River Bridge.JPG19961,119 m (3,671 ft)900 m (3,000 ft)suspension4-lane highway30°49′43″N 111°02′47″E [88]
Badong BridgeBadong Yangtze River Bridge.JPGBadong2004728 m (2,388 ft)388 m (1,273 ft)cable-stayed31°02′55″N 110°19′42″E [89]
Wushan BridgeYangtzeRiverBridge.jpgWushan CountyChongqing2005612 m (2,008 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)archRoad31°03′47″N 109°54′08″E [90]
Fengjie BridgeFengjie Yangtze River Bridge.JPGFengjie2005893 m (2,930 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)cable-stayedRoad
S201 Provincial Road
31°01′13″N 109°28′51″E [91]
Yunyang BridgeYunyang Yangtze River Bridge.JPGYunyang2005637 m (2,090 ft)318 m (1,043 ft)cable-stayedRoad30°54′56″N 108°42′42″E [92]
Second Wanzhou BridgeSecond Wanzhou Yangtze Bridge.JPGWanzhou20041,153.86 m (3,786 ft)580 m (1,900 ft)suspension4-lane highway30°49′33″N 108°24′17″E [93]
Wanzhou Railway BridgeWanzhou Yangtze River Railway Bridge1.JPG20051,106 m (3,629 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)archYiwan Railway
30°46′11″N 108°25′00″E [94]
Wanxian BridgeWanxian Yangtze River Bridge.JPG1997864 m (2,835 ft)420 m (1,380 ft)arch30°45′35″N 108°25′09″E [95]
Zhongxian BridgeZhongxian Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpgZhong County20011,200 m (3,900 ft)560 m (1,840 ft)suspension4-lane S30230°18′07″N 108°02′57″E [96]
Zhongzhou BridgeZhongxian Changjiang Bridge.JPG20092,145 m (7,037 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)cable-stayed30°13′55″N 108°00′21″E [97]
Fengdu Second Bridge 豐都長江二橋Fengdu20171,466 m (4,810 ft)680 m (2,230 ft)cable-stayed4-lane highway29°51′58″N 107°42′43″E [98]
Fengdu BridgeFengdu Bridge-1.jpg1997620 m (2,030 ft)450 m (1,480 ft)suspensionS10329°51′20″N 107°40′11″E [99]
Hanjiatuo BridgeTan Yujiatuo Bridge-1.jpgFuling20121,137 m (3,730 ft)432 m (1,417 ft)cable-stayedYuli Railway29°46′04″N 107°25′02″E [100]
Shiban'gou Bridge02 ChangJiang 07 GhostTownToChongQing 2011 06 18 005.jpg2009975 m (3,199 ft)450 m (1,480 ft)cable-stayed4-lane Fuling Ring Rd29°43′50″N 107°24′21″E [101]
Fuling BridgeFuling Yangtze River Bridge-1.jpg1997631 m (2,070 ft)330 m (1,080 ft)cable-stayed
29°44′11″N 107°20′49″E [102]
Lidu BridgeLidu Yangtze River Bridge.JPG2007822 m (2,697 ft)398 m (1,306 ft)cable-stayedRoad29°43′37″N 107°17′36″E [103]
Qingcaobei Bridge
Qingcaobei Yangtze River Bridge.jpg20131,146 m (3,760 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)suspensionFuling Ring Rd.
Changshou BridgeChangshou Yangtze River Bridge.JPGChangshou District20091,160 m (3,810 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)cable-stayed4-lane highway29°48′59″N 107°03′25″E [104]
Changshou Railway BridgeChangshou Yangtze River Railroad Bridge.JPG2005898.3 m (2,947 ft)192 m (630 ft)trussYuhuai Railway
29°46′22″N 106°59′30″E [105]
Yuzui BridgeYuzui Yangtze River Bridge.JPGNan'an District20091,440 m (4,720 ft)616 m (2,021 ft)suspensionChina Expwy G5001-CQRE sign with name.png
29°36′41″N 106°46′21″E [106]
Cuntan Yangtze Bridge 寸滩长江大桥2017[29]1,600 m (5,200 ft)880 m (2,890 ft)suspensionChongqing Second Airport Expressway29°37′14.2″N106°36′21.8″E [107]
Dafosi BridgeChongqing bridge, Dafosi Yangtze River Bridge.jpg20011,176 m (3,858 ft)450 m (1,480 ft)cable-stayed
29°36′24″N 106°34′58″E [108]
Chaotianmen BridgeChaotianmen Yangtze River Bridge.JPGYubei District, Nan'an District20094,880 m (16,010 ft)552 m (1,811 ft)arch6-lane highway
Loop line
29°35′20″N 106°34′38″E [109]
Dongshuimen BridgeChongqing Dongshuimen Changjiang Daqiao 2014.04.21 14-03-33.jpgYuzhong District, Nan'an District20141,124 m (3,688 ft)445 m (1,460 ft)cable-stayed4-lane highway
Line 6
29°33′39″N 106°35′13″E [110]
Twin Shibanpo BridgesShibanpo Bridge2.jpg19801,103 m (3,619 ft)330 m (1,080 ft)box girder8-lane highway29°32′44″N 106°33′36″E [111]
Caiyuanba BridgeCaiyuanba Bridge, Chongqing-1.jpg20071,866 m (6,122 ft)420 m (1,380 ft)arch6-lane highway
Line 3
style="cell-padding:1; font-size:80%"|29°32′36″N 106°32′53″E [112]
E'gongyan BridgeE'gongyan Bridge-1.jpgJiulongpo District, Nan'an District20001,022 m (3,353 ft)600 m (2,000 ft)suspension6 lane highway29°31′24″N 106°31′41″E [113]
Lijiatuo BridgeLijiatuo Yangtze River Bridge.JPG19951,288 m (4,226 ft)444 m (1,457 ft)cable-stayedHighway29°28′46″N 106°31′42″E [114]
Masangxi BridgeMasangxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPGDadukou District, Ba'nan District20011,104 m (3,622 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)cable-stayed
29°27′28″N 106°29′39″E [115]
Yudong BridgeYudong Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20081,541 m (5,056 ft)260 m (850 ft)beamKokudou 210(China).svg
Line 2
29°24′09″N 106°29′48″E [116]
Baishatuo Railway BridgeBaishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPGDadukou District, Jiangjin District1960825 m (2,707 ft)80 m (260 ft)trussChuanqian Railway
29°21′13″N 106°25′31″E [117]
Diwei BridgeDiwei Yangtze River Bridge.JPG2004734 m (2,408 ft)345 m (1,132 ft)cable-stayed2-lane road29°20′41″N 106°24′17″E [118]
Guanyinyan BridgeGuanyinyan Yangtze River Bridge.JPGJiulongpo District, Jiangjin District20091,199 m (3,934 ft)436 m (1,430 ft)cable-stayed

29°15′48″N 106°19′16″E [119]
Dingshan BridgeYingbin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG2013897 m (2,943 ft)464 m (1,522 ft)cable-stayed6-lane road29°16′29″N 106°17′14″E [120]
Jijiang Yangtze River Bridge 几江长江大桥Jiangjin District2016[30]1,897 m (6,224 ft)600 m (2,000 ft)[31]suspension6-lane road
Line 5
Jiangjin Bridge
Jiangjin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG19971,360 m (4,460 ft)240 m (790 ft)beamShoudou 107(China).svg29°15′50″N 106°15′09″E [121]
Chongqing Yongchuan Bridge重庆永川长江大桥Jiangjin District,
Yongchuan District
2014[32]1,685 m (5,528 ft)608 m (1,995 ft)cable-stayedChongqing Third Ring Rd.29°02′30″N 105°53′18″E [122]
Bosideng BridgeBosideng Yangtze River Bridge.JPGHejiang CountySichuan2012841 m (2,759 ft)530 m (1,740 ft)arch28°53′32″N 105°52′47″E [123]
Second Hejiang BridgeHejiang Bridge.JPG20121,695 m (5,561 ft)420 m (1,380 ft)cable-stayed28°50′42″N 105°47′57″E [124]
Huangyi Bridge
Huangyi Yangtze River Bridge.JPGLuzhou20121,223 m (4,012 ft)520 m (1,710 ft)cable-stayedSichuan Expwy S4 sign no name.svg28°53′43″N 105°32′53″E [125]
Taian Bridge
Taian Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20081,573 m (5,161 ft)270 m (890 ft)cable-stayedRoad28°52′42″N 105°31′34″E [126]
Qiancao Bridge
Qiancao Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20121,189 m (3,901 ft)248 m (814 ft)extradosedRoad28°53′17″N 105°27′20″E [127]
Luzhou Bridge
Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG19821,252 m (4,108 ft)170 m (560 ft)beam28°52′07″N 105°26′27″E [128]
Luzhou Railway Bridge
Luzhou Yangtze River Railway Bridge.JPG2002602 m (1,975 ft)144 m (472 ft)beamLongchang-Huangtong R.R.
28°46′22″N 105°21′17″E [129]
Second Luzhou Bridge
Second Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge.JPG20031,408 m (4,619 ft)253 m (830 ft)beam
28°45′54″N 105°20′12″E [130]
Jiang'an Bridge
Jiang'an County20081,093 m (3,586 ft)252 m (827 ft)beamRoad28°43′46″N 105°04′58″E [131]
Nanxi BridgeNanxi Yangtze River Bridge.JPGYibin20121,295 m (4,249 ft)820 m (2,690 ft)suspension28°47′N 104°57′E [132]
Yibin Yangtze Bridge
宜宾长江大桥 [33]
Yibin Yangtze River Bridge.JPG2008928.73 m (3,047.0 ft)460 m (1,510 ft)cable-stayed4-lane highway28°46′04″N 104°39′14″E [133]


NameImageLocationProvinceOpenedTotal lengthLongest SpanTypeCarriesCoordinates
Yibin Rongzhou Bridge
Jingsaojiang Rongzhou bridge in Yibin.jpgYibinSichuan
2004505 m (1,657 ft)260 m (850 ft)archroad28°46′00″N 104°38′19″E [134]
Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge
Jinshajiang Xiao-Nan-Men Bridge.jpg1990387 m (1,270 ft)260 m (850 ft)archroad28°45′50″N 104°37′30″E [135]
Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge宜宾金沙江铁路大桥1968400 m (1,300 ft)176 m (577 ft)beamYigong R.R.28°45′33″N 104°37′02″E [136]
Yibin Zhongba Bridge
Zhongba Bridge over the Jingsha River in Yibin.jpg2003427 m (1,401 ft)252 m (827 ft)cable-stayedroad28°45′21″N 104°36′39″E [137]
Yibin Tianchi Bridge宜宾天池大桥2011653 m (2,142 ft)220 m (720 ft)rigid frameroad28°42′25″N 104°34′36″E [138]
Yibin Mamingxi Bridge马鸣溪大桥1979245 m (804 ft)150 m (490 ft)deck archShoudou 206(China).svg28°42′04″N 104°33′24″E [139]
Yishui Expressway Bridge
Jinsha River Super Large Bridge-1.jpg20051,712 m (5,617 ft)249 m (817 ft)rigid frame28°41′20″N 104°31′24″E [140]
Shuifu Bridge水富大桥Yibin,
1958trussNeikun Railway28°41′51″N 104°25′16″E [141]
Xiangjiaba Bridge向家坝金沙江大桥2007443 m (1,453 ft)170 m (560 ft)rigid frameroad28°38′25″N 104°24′34″E [142]
Suijiang Yunchuan Bridge绥江云川金沙江特大桥2015[34]718 m (2,356 ft)228 m (748 ft)box girderroad28°36′50″N 103°59′25″E [143]
G213 Jinsha River Bridge213国道金沙江大桥2001310 m (1,020 ft)150 m (490 ft)archroad28°39′45″N 103°52′12″E [144]
Xiluodu Bridge溪洛渡大桥Liangshan,
2005rigid frameroad28°14′30″N 103°40′31″E [145]
Tongyang Bridge通阳大桥2008500 m (1,600 ft)180 m (590 ft)archShoudou 208(China).svg27°31′54″N 103°11′59″E [146]
Hulukou Bridge
金沙江大桥.jpg1998160 m (520 ft)arch26°57′52″N 102°53′24″E [147]
Jiaopingdu Bridge皎平渡大桥Liangshan,
1991144 m (472 ft)cable-stayedShoudou 213(China).svg26°17′34″N 102°22′59″E [148]
Yuzha Bridge
Yuzha Bridge 1.jpgLiangshan,
2014398 m (1,306 ft)180 m (590 ft)rigid frameKokudou 108(China).svg26°22′06″N 101°55′36″E [149]
G5 Expressway Bridge
Xipan Bridge Jinshajiang.jpgPanzhihua2008637 m (2,090 ft)324 m (1,063 ft)cable-stayedChina Expwy G5 sign with name.svg26°34′22″N 101°51′07″E [150]
Chengkun Railway Bridge
Jinshajiang Bridge of Chengkun Railway - noon.jpg1970390 m (1,280 ft)192 m (630 ft)beamChengkun Railway26°34′53″N 101°50′11″E [151]
Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge
Qinglongshan Bridge of Chengdu-Lijiang Expressway.jpg2014862 m (2,828 ft)230 m (750 ft)rigid frameChina Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg26°36′15″N 101°47′42″E [152]
Luoguo Bridge
Luoguo Bridge.jpg1995208 m (682 ft)160 m (520 ft)archShoudou 214(China).svg26°36′04″N 101°47′39″E [153]
New Midi Bridge
Midi Bridge - new bridge side.jpg2011
296 m (971 ft)182 m (597 ft)archroad26°34′33″N 101°44′59″E [154]
Midi Bridge
Midi Bridge - old bridge side.jpg
284 m (932 ft)181 m (594 ft)archroad26°34′33″N 101°44′57″E [155]
Bingcaogang Bridge
Bingcaogang Bridge - view from Yuanheng Market of Building Materials.jpg
2001516.3 m (1,694 ft)200 m (660 ft)cable-stayedroad26°34′32″N 101°42′14″E [156]
New Dukou Bridge
New Dukou Bridge 3.jpg
2005385.88 m (1,266.0 ft)170 m (560 ft)archShoudou 310(China).svg26°33′25″N 101°41′49″E [157]
Hehuachi Bridge
Hehuachi Bridge.jpg
1976252.2 m (827 ft)110 m (360 ft)archroad26°34′07″N 101°39′46″E [158]
Hehuachi Railway Bridge
Hehuachi Railway Bridge.jpg
1995rigid framerailway26°35′08″N 101°39′16″E [159]
Xinzhuang Bridge
Xinzhuang Bridge - view from 503.jpg
1972323.7 m (1,062 ft)146 m (479 ft)archShoudou 310(China).svg26°35′08″N 101°39′17″E [160]
Dashuijing Bridge
Dashuijing Bridge of Chengdu-Lijiang Expressway.jpg2014475 m (1,558 ft)230 m (750 ft)rigid frameChina Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg26°35′25″N 101°37′12″E [161]
Fala Bridge
Fala Bridge 4.jpg2005233.74 m (766.9 ft)190 m (620 ft)box girderroad26°35′15″N 101°36′01″E [162]
Baoding Bridge
Baoding Bridge.jpg1982392 m (1,286 ft)170 m (560 ft)box girderroad26°35′48″N 101°34′16″E [163]
Zhuangshang Bridge
Zhuangshang Bridge.jpg2014370 m (1,210 ft)180 m (590 ft)rigid frameChina Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg26°35′33″N 101°29′53″E [164]
Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge
Guanyinyan Bridge over Jinsha River 2.jpg2005114 m (374 ft)archroad26°31′53″N 101°26′49″E [165]
New Jinjiang Bridge
New Jinjiang Bridge over Jinsha Jiang.jpgLijiangYunnan
2012325 m (1,066 ft)rigid frameShoudou 220(China).svg26°11′03″N 100°35′37″E [166]
Maguaidan Bridge麻拐旦大桥Dali250 m (820 ft)170 m (560 ft)suspensionroad26°28′59″N 100°25′09″E [167]
Zhongjiang Bridge中江大桥2005225 m (738 ft)138 m (453 ft)suspensionroad26°29′45″N 100°24′45″E [168]
Longkaikou Bridge龙开口大桥rigid frameroad26°43′06″N 100°23′29″E [169]
Jinlong Bridge金龙桥Lijiang1936
116 m (381 ft)90 m (300 ft)simple suspensionfoot traffic26°46′58″N 100°23′09″E [170]
Jin'an Bridge arch bridge金安桥1982186 m (610 ft)[35]110 m (360 ft)[35]archShoudou 308(China).svg26°47′47″N 100°25′47″E [171]
Ping'an Bridge平安大桥archroad26°47′55″N 100°26′24″E [172]
New Shudi Bridge新树底大桥2003
179.6 m (589 ft)[35]120 m (390 ft)[35]rigid frameShoudou 991(China).svg27°00′23″N 100°26′16″E [173]
Ahai Bridge阿海大桥270 m (890 ft)archroad27°20′06″N 100°30′24″E [174]
Fengke Bridge奉科大桥216 m (709 ft)150 m (490 ft)rigid frameroad27°36′15″N 100°26′37″E [175]
Liyuan Bridge梨园大桥Dêqên,
archroad27°41′13″N 100°17′23″E [176]
Jihong Bridge
Yunnan China Jinsha-Jang-Bridge-at-Tiger-Leaping-Gorge-01.jpg
1971150 m (490 ft)75 m (246 ft)archroad27°07′53″N 100°03′19″E [177]
350 m (1,150 ft)200 m (660 ft)suspensionroad,very narrow27°03′04″N 100°04′38″E [178]
Songyuan Bridge松园大桥1996170 m (560 ft)archKokudou 214(China).svg27°00′18″N 100°04′17″E [179]
suspensionroad27°09′10″N 99°49′28″E [180]
Qizong Bridge其宗大桥Dêqên1989cable-stayedShoudou 226(China).svg27°34′34″N 99°31′43″E [181]
New Helong Bridge
archKokudou 214(China).svg28°10′16″N 99°23′22″E [182]
Quzong Bridge曲宗大桥archroad28°21′10″N 99°13′47″E [183]
suspensionroad28°29′06″N 99°11′14″E [184]
Yinduba Bridge因都坝大桥200990 m (300 ft)archroad28°36′22″N 99°09′59″E [185]
simple suspensionfootpath28°44′47″N 99°07′37″E [186]
simple suspensionfootpath28°53′23″N 99°07′03″E [187]
suspensionroad29°13′44″N 99°06′55″E [188]
suspensionroad29°18′14″N 99°03′56″E [189]
suspensionroad29°21′01″N 99°03′59″E [190]
suspensionfootpath29°29′02″N 99°03′29″E [191]
New Zhubalong Bridge
Upper Yangtze River divides Tibet and Sichuan.jpg
beamKokudou 318(China).svg29°46′11″N 99°00′35″E [192]
Old Zhubalong Bridge老竹巴龙金沙江大桥1964beamfootpath
29°46′29″N 99°00′39″E [193]
suspensionfootpath29°56′10″N 99°03′38″E [194]
suspensionfootpath30°05′05″N 99°02′35″E [195]
simple suspensionfootpath30°44′39″N 98°57′39″E [196]
simple suspensionfootpath31°12′51″N 98°37′25″E [197]
simple suspensionfootpath31°19′11″N 98°49′07″E [198]
simple suspensionfootpath31°26′08″N 98°50′23″E [199]
New Gangtuo Bridge新岗托大桥beamKokudou 317(China).svg31°37′26″N 98°35′35″E [200]
Gangtuo Bridge岗托大桥1974140 m (460 ft)70 m (230 ft)archroad31°37′32″N 98°35′26″E [201]
suspensionfootpath31°41′32″N 98°33′26″E [202]
Dengmanusangba Bridge邓玛奴桑巴桥1988150 m (490 ft)suspensionroad32°27′37″N 97°59′47″E [203]
suspensionroad32°38′02″N 97°32′24″E [204]


NameImageLocationProvinceOpenedTotal lengthLongest SpanTypeCarriesCoordinates
G214 Tongtian River Bridge214国道通天河大桥Chindu County,
Yushu County
2003beamKokudou 214(China).svg33°00′24″N 97°14′52″E [205]
Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge青康公路通天河大桥1963150 m (490 ft)50 m (160 ft)archroad33°00′28″N 97°14′47″E [206]
Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge仲达通天河索桥simple suspensionfootpath33°14′59″N 97°00′43″E [207]
Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge仲达通天河大桥2012beamroad33°15′54″N 97°00′59″E [208]
beamroad33°20′20″N 96°58′41″E [209]
simple suspensionroad33°19′45″N 96°52′23″E [210]
suspensionroad33°19′14″N 96°49′25″E [211]
suspensionroad33°33′14″N 96°37′18″E [212]
suspensionfootpath33°35′48″N 96°35′28″E [213]
Qumarlêb County,
Zhidoi County
suspensionroad33°44′18″N 96°14′17″E [214]
Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge曲麻莱通天河大桥2012
600 m (2,000 ft)100 m (330 ft)rigid frame bridgeShoudou 308(China).svg34°02′10″N 95°49′32″E [215]


NameImageLocationProvinceOpenedTotal lengthLongest SpanTypeCarriesCoordinates
G109 Tuotuo River Bridge109国道沱沱河大桥Tanggula Town
beamKokudou 109(China).svg34°13′09″N 92°26′37″E [216]
Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge青藏铁路长江源特大桥2006
1,389.6 m (4,559 ft)beamQinghai–Tibet Railway34°13′19″N 92°26′09″E [217]

Bridges and tunnels under construction

Chang Jiang

NameLocationExpected openingTotal lengthLongest spanTypeCarriesCoord.
Shanghai-Nantong Bridge
Nantong & Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu2019~7,000 m (23,000 ft)1,092 m (3,583 ft)cable-stayedJiangsu Expwy S19 sign no name.svg
Hutong Railway
32°00′33″N 120°44′34″E [218]
Heyan Road River Tunnel[36] 和燕路过江通道Nanjing, Jiangsu20227,368 m (24,173 ft)
Yijishan Bridge
Wuhu, Anhui20181,232 m (4,042 ft)588 m (1,929 ft)cable-stayedShangqiu-Hangzhou HSR
31°21′07″N 118°20′47″E [219]
Second Wuhu Bridge
Wuhu, Anhui20171,622 m (5,322 ft)806 m (2,644 ft)cable-stayedAnhui Expwy S11 sign no name.svg31°14′09″N 118°08′14″E [220]
Chizhou Bridge
Chizhou, Anhui2019[37]5,818 m (19,088 ft)828 m (2,717 ft)cable-stayed
Yangsigang Bridge
Wuhan, Hubei20194,318 m (14,167 ft)1,700 m (5,600 ft)suspensionRoad[38]30°30′24″N 114°15′24″E [221]
Sanyang Road Yangtze River Tunnel 三阳路长江隧道Wuhan, Hubei20182,590 m (8,500 ft)
tunnel6-lane road
Line 7
Dunkou Bridge
Wuhan, Hubei20173,287 m (10,784 ft)760 m (2,490 ft)cable-stayedWuhan 4th Ring Rd.[38]30°26′11″N 114°11′40″E [222]
Gongan Bridge
Jingzhou, Hubei20182,015.9 m (6,614 ft)518 m (1,699 ft)cable-stayedShashi-Gongan Hwy
Jingzhou-Yueyang Railroad
30°04′06″N 112°19′59″E [223],
Fuma Bridge
Wanzhou, Chongqing2017[39]2,003 m (6,572 ft)1,050 m (3,440 ft)suspensionChina Expwy G5012 sign no name.svg
Third Wanzhou Bridge
Wanzhou, Chongqing20182,120 m (6,960 ft)730 m (2,400 ft)cable-stayedroad30°47′14″N 108°24′11″E [224]
Guojiatuo Bridge 郭家沱長江大橋Jiangbei & Banan, Chongqing20211,363 m (4,472 ft)720 m (2,360 ft)suspension8-lane Expressway
Line 8
Nanjimen Bridge 南纪门长江大桥Nan'an District, Chongqing20201,224 m (4,016 ft)480 m (1,570 ft)cable-stayed
Line 10
Egongyan Rail Transit Bridge 鵝公岩軌道專用長江大橋Jiulongpo District, Chongqing20191,650 m (5,410 ft)600 m (2,000 ft)suspension
Loop line
Baijusi Bridge 白居寺长江大桥Dadukou & Banan, Chongqing20191,384 m (4,541 ft)660 m (2,170 ft)cable-stayed8-lane Expressway
Line 5
New Baishatuo Bridge
Dadukou & Jiangjin, Chongqing2017[40]920 m (3,020 ft)432 m (1,417 ft)cable-stayedChongqing–Guizhou HSR29°21′05″N 106°25′46″E [225]
Hejiang Yangtze River Bridge
Hejiang, Sichuan2020[41]1,560 m (5,120 ft)507 m (1,663 ft)archroad

Upstream sections

NameLocationExpected openingTotal lengthMain spanTypeCarriesCoord.
Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge
Yibin, Sichuan20171,874.9 m (6,151 ft)336 m (1,102 ft)archroad
Chengdu-Guiyang HSR
28°43′43″N 104°35′06″E [226]
Puhe Bridge
Yibin, Sichuan2016268 m (879 ft)180 m (590 ft)rigid frameroad28°41′45″N 104°32′55″E [227]
New Hulukou Bridge
Liangshan, Sichuan
Zhaotong, Yunnan
2016[42]959 m (3,146 ft)656 m (2,152 ft)suspensionroad26°58′17″N 102°53′30″E [228]
Jindong Bridge
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2016[43]941 m (3,087 ft)730 m (2,400 ft)suspensionroad26°30′36″N 103°02′26″E [229]
Wudongde Bridge
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
?~400 m (1,300 ft)90 m (300 ft)rigid frameroad26°21′07″N 102°35′50″E [230]
Hemenkou Bridge
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2017522 m (1,713 ft)240 m (790 ft)rigid frameroad26°18′27″N 102°38′04″E [231]
Jinshajiang Bridge of New Chengkun Railway - under construction.jpg
Second Chengkun Railway Bridge
Panzhihua, Sichuan2020cable-stayedSecond Chengkun Railway26°36′13″N 101°48′50″E [232]
Jin'an BridgeLijiang, Yunnan20211,681 m (5,515 ft)1,386 m (4,547 ft)suspensionChina Expwy G4216 sign no name.svg26°49′N 100°26′E [233]
G214 New Tongtian River Bridge
Yushu, Qinghai?~800 m (2,600 ft)rigid frameroad33°00′20″N 97°14′56″E [234]

Planned bridges

NameLocationExpected openingTotal lengthMain spanTypeCarries
Wuxue BridgeWuxue, Hubei & Yangxin, Jiangxi20184,331 m (14,209 ft)1,328 m (4,357 ft)[44]cable-stayedMacheng-Yangxin Hwy29°50′25″N 115°30′22″E [235]
Chibi BridgeHonghu & Chibi, Hubei20184,557 m (14,951 ft)720 m (2,360 ft)cable-stayedS21429°51′09″N 113°34′42″E [236]

See also

  • Yangtze River power line crossings

  • List of bridges in China

  • List of longest suspension bridge spans

  • List of longest cable-stayed bridge spans

  • List of longest arch bridge spans

  • List of longest continuous truss bridge spans

  • List of highest bridges in the world

  • List of tallest bridges in the world


Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgShanghai Yangtze River Tunnel, connecting Pudong on the south bank of the river and Changxing Island, the Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge between Changxing and Chongming Island, and the Chongming–Qidong Yangtze River Bridge linking Chongming with Qidong on the north bank of the river, collectively form one crossing near the river's mouth.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Taizhou Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Yangzhong island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a pair of box-girder bridges configured as 85+125x3+85 = 545 m (1,788 ft) and 85+125x2+85=420 m (1,380 ft)
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgRunyang Bridge complex crosses the Yangtze via Shiye Island and consists of two main bridges. The Runyang North Bridge is a suspension bridge over the north branch stream between the island and Yangzhou. The Runyang South Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the south branch stream between the island and Zhenjiang.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Ma'anshan Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Xiaohuangzhou island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a cable-stayed bridge with three towers and two spans.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Miaozui Yangtze River Bridge, which spans across the right and left streams of the river and an island in the river, is composed of several bridge sections including a longer suspension bridge with a main span of 838 m (2,749 ft) and a shorter cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 210 m (690 ft).
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe second track on the Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge was added in 1978.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe upstream span of the New Midi Bridge opened in 2011 and the downstream span opened in 2013
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Midi Bridge closed in 2014.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Jinlong Bridge was first built in 1880. It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt in 1936.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Old Zhubalong Bridge has been closed to vehicular traffic.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge, a rigid frame bridge that built in 2012, replaced a beam bridge built in 1989.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe G109 Tuotuo River Bridge, first built in 1958, was rebuilt in 1987 and 2002.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgThe Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge was completed in 2002 and opened to rail traffic in 2006.
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Citation Linkshzylt.yunnan.cn(in Chinese) 大理蒋公祠 2014-03-12
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Citation Linknews.xinhuanet.com(in Chinese) 长江上的大桥 Xinhua 2009-07-22
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Citation Linkgz.eywedu.com(in Chinese) "浮桥" 《古代经济专题史话》
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Citation Linkcq.sina.com.cn(in Chinese) 古代的索桥浮桥 《重庆晚报评论》 2013-02-18
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Citation Linkylnxsg.yulong.gov.cn(in Chinese) 石鼓铁虹桥 2014-12-11
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Citation Linkweb.archive.org(in Chinese) 冯智, 吐蕃南诏神州铁桥, 西藏研究 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine 1992-06-14
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Citation Linkarchive.is(in Chinese) 茶马古道:征服世界屋脊的文化之脉 2014-12-01
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