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7, Race Course Road

7, Race Course Road

7, Lok Kalyan Marg (formerly 7, Race Course Road) is the official residence and principal workplace of the Prime Minister of India.[1][2] Situated on Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi, the official name of the PM's residence complex is Panchavati. It is spread over 12 acres of land, comprising five bungalows in Lutyens' Delhi, built in the 1980s, which are Prime Minister's office-cum-residence zone and security establishment, including one occupied by Special Protection Group (SPG) and another being a guest house, though all are collectively called 7, Lok Kalyan Marg. It does not have the Prime Minister’s Office but has a conference room for informal meetings.[3] The entire Lok Kalyan Marg, which lies right across the road, is closed to the public. Rajiv Gandhi was the first Prime Minister to reside at the erstwhile 7 Race Course Road, in 1984.

It does not house the Prime Minister's Office (PMO), which is located in the South Block of the Secretariat Building, on Raisina Hill nearby in New Delhi, where the Cabinet Secretariat functions. The nearest Delhi Metro station is Lok Kalyan Marg metro station.[4] When a new Prime Minister is nominated his/her original house is for the time being given a security detail and the new office holder is then advised to move in the 7, LKM at the earliest possible date.[5]

The current address of the residence came into being in September 2016, following the renaming of the 'Race Course Road' to 'Lok Kalyan Marg'. The house was earlier called 7, Race Course Road, which changed to 7, Lok Kalyan Marg, following the renaming of the road, on which the residence is situated.[6]

7, Lok Kalyan Marg
7, Lok Kalyan Marg is located in Delhi
7, Lok Kalyan Marg
Location of 7 Lok Kalyan Marg in Delhi
General information
LocationNew Delhi
Coordinates28°36′N 77°12′E [22]
Current tenantsNarendra Modi
(Prime Minister of India)
Construction started1980
Technical details
Size12 acres (4.9 ha)


Earlier, the Prime Ministers of India lived in their own house or house allotted to them through Parliament allotment by virtue of being an MP. Jawaharlal Nehru took up residence in Teen Murti Bhavan, which used to be the residence of the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army in British India; it was formerly called Flagstaff House. After Nehru's death in 1964, the building was converted to the Nehru Memorial Museum & Library.

The next Prime Minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri chose 10 Janpath, where he stayed 1964–1966. It was later allotted to the Congress (I) party, though a part of it became biographical museum, Lal Bhadur Shastri Memorial at 1, Moti Lal Nehru Place (formerly 10 Janpath), adjacent to the complex.[7][8] The current resident of 10 Janpath is former Congress President, Sonia Gandhi.[9]

After the assassination of Indira Gandhi at her 1, Safdarjung Road residence garden while going towards neighboring 1, Akbar Road office for an interview on 31 October 1984,[10] it was converted into the Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum. Former Chief Justice of India Sudhi Ranjan Das had previously lived at this address before Mrs. Gandhi.

Rajiv Gandhi her son and successor as PM, along with his family, became the first occupant of erstwhile 7, Race Course Road, in 1984. The subsequent Prime Minister V. P. Singh made it into a permanent residence of the Prime Minister. In the 1990s I.K. Gujral and some of his predecessors, used 7, Race Course Road as Prime Minister's Office (PMO).[11]

The 14th and current Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi chose 5, Race Course Road as his residence as the 7 RCR was being refurbished at that time, after his predecessor Singh had vacated it. 7, Race Course Road was chosen as Modi's office.[12]

When V P Singh became the Prime Minister, the Ministry of Urban Affairs designated 7 RCR premises occupied by Rajiv Gandhi as the permanent residence-cum-office of Prime Minister to ensure that all successive prime ministers were allotted the same house on assuming office. A government notification on 30 May 1990, officially designated these bungalows as the official residence of Indian Prime Minister.[13]


The bungalows of the 7 LKM were originally designed by Robert Tor Russell, who was part of British architect Edwin Lutyens’ team, when he was designing New Delhi in the 1920s and 1930s.[14]

The Bungalows

The 12 acres Prime Minister's residence was built in the 1980s. It does not have his office inside the house, but has a conference room for informal meetings. PM's residence-cum-office and security spread across five bungalows 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9, including 5, Lok Kalyan Marg, the Private Residential Zone for the Prime Minister, though he operates from 7, Lok Kalyan Marg.[5][15][16]

Bungalow 1, LKM is a helipad for the service of Prime Minister which is being used so since September 2003.[17] Earlier it was resided in by Dr. S. Venugopal Chary of TRS who vacated it on government’s requests with a purpose of beefing up the security. Its under the control of the SPG. After former Maharashtra chief minister Prithviraj Chavan vacated his 11-LKM bungalow, the last addition to the LKM complex was complete. The entire road with bungalows numbering 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11 came under PM’s residential complex.[18]

Bungalow 3 which was earlier the residence of Dr. Manmohan Singh has now been converted into a guesthouse for PM's guests.

Bungalow No. 9 LKM, is occupied by the Special Protection Group (SPG) that guards the PM. A 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) long underground tunnel connects the Indian prime minister's residence to Safdarjung Airport, where VVIP helicopters land. Constructed beyond Kemal Atatürk Marg, Golf Course and Safdarjung Tomb and then an overground drive to surface at the helicopter hangar at the airport, work on the tunnel began in 2010 and was completed by July 2014 and Modi was the first PM to use it.[19]

Current prime minister Narendra Modi uses 5, LKM as his residence which has also been used as so by Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Rajiv Gandhi.[20]


In 2001, during the tenure of Vajpayee, a state-of-the-art auditorium was constructed at the cost of ₹2.658 crore (US$380,000) and was named as Panchvati, it has been named after the spot where Ram and Sita had built their hut during their exile. It is equipped for video conferencing and simultaneous translations[17] This can be modelled into 2–3 conference rooms and can also act as a banquet for a gather of 200–340 people. This can be used as a cabinet meeting room and can also be arranged to form a theatre.[21]


While the government-run Special Protection Group (SPG) is the primary agency in charge of the security, it is aided by the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Delhi Police to provide three-rung security for the estate. There is only one entrance to 7 Lok Kalyan Marg, which is guarded by the SPG. Only those visitors whose names have been given to SPG by the prime minister's personal secretaries are allowed in. The rule applies to everybody – including the national security adviser, top bureaucrats, relatives and guests (barring close family). Visitors are expected to carry an identity card. No outside vehicle is allowed to go beyond this checkpoint and even high-profile visitors including cabinet ministers have to park their official vehicles by the checkpoint. Special SPG vehicles are used to carry the guests from the checkpoint to the residential office of the PM. The only exception to this rule allowed by SPG is for the SPG protectors themselves who are allowed to take the vehicle carrying them into the complex.[20][21]

The whole area is a no-fly zone and airspace usage around the area is highly restricted and monitored.[20] Over the years, its security has gradually been beefed up. A bulletproof glass-tube passage was built in 2003, connecting 3 LKM, at the Prime Minister’s residence to Panchvati or 7 LKM, where the PM meets people and delegations and holds official meetings.[5] A concrete wall was added on the periphery, separating the house from the main road, to render any truck bomb or a car bomb attack ineffective. However the residence is surrounded by various high rise building and public structures, including Samrat Hotel, Ashoka Hotel, and state guesthouses on one side to the Delhi Gymkhana Club (DCG) and Delhi Race Course which lies across the road. Accordingly, plans for a helipad within the complex were mooted for several years. By 2004, the Intelligence Bureau (IB) took over most of the rooms of Samrat Hotel overlooking the residence and watchtowers were erected inside Delhi Gymkhana. The Delhi Gymkhana can be accessed only via Safdarjung Road.[5] The residence has a power substation, and doctors and nurses from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences are on duty round the clock. There are several ambulances on standby, one of which always accompanies the prime minister's motorcade.[20] The civic officials ensure that there are no traffic bottlenecks on Kemal Atatürk Marg that runs outside the bungalows.[17]

In 2004, the road was refurbished at a cost of ₹7 crore (US$1.0 million) to make it the permanent residence of the Indian Prime Minister.[15][20]

7 LKM also has massive, manicured lawns and has abundant gulmohar, semal and arjuna trees which homes several birds, including peacocks.[20]


Besides the secretarial staff, it has a support staff of about 200 gardeners, servants, and electricians. They are employed after a thorough background check.[20]


The workplace at 7 LKM has two small rooms on either side from the entrance for each of the two personal secretaries. Then there is a small corridor with a visitor's room to the right. Further ahead is a chamber to meet guests. Adjacent to that is the living space for larger meetings, behind which is the dining room where breakfast and lunch meetings are hosted. A corridor from 7 LKM leads to Panchvati which can be segmented into two or three conference rooms or a large banquet hall.[20]

On the walls are artworks loaned by the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) which are often changed in consultation with the prime minister's office. The gifts received by the PM are either displayed at 7 LKM or are sent to the toshakhana (treasure house).[20]

See also

  • Prime Minister's Office, India


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