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# 20 (number)

20 (twenty) is the natural number following 19 and preceding 21. A group of twenty units may also be referred to as a score.[1][2]

 ← 19 20 21 →
← 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 →
List of numbers — Integers
← 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 →
Cardinaltwenty
Ordinal20th
(twentieth)
Numeral systemvigesimal
Factorization22× 5
Divisors1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20
Greek numeralΚ´
Roman numeralXX
Binary101002
Ternary2023
Quaternary1104
Quinary405
Senary326
Octal248
Duodecimal1812
Vigesimal1020
Base 36K36

## In mathematics

• 20 is a tetrahedral number as 1, 4, 10, 20.[3]

• 20 is the basis for vigesimal number systems.

• 20 is the third composite number to be the product of a squared prime and a prime, and also the second member of the (22)q family in this form.

• 20 is the smallest primitive abundant number.[4]

• An icosahedron has 20 faces. A dodecahedron has 20 vertices.

• 20 can be written as the sum of three Fibonacci numbers uniquely, i.e. 20 = 13 + 5 + 2.

• The product of the number of divisors and the number of proper divisors of 20 is exactly 20.

• 20 is the number of moves (quarter or half turns) required to optimally solve a Rubik's Cube in the worst case.[5][6]

## In science

• The atomic number of calcium.

• The third magic number in physics.

• The International Astronomical Union shower number for Coma Berenicids.

### Biology

• The number of proteinogenic amino acids that are encoded by the standard genetic code.

• In some countries, the number 20 is used as an index in measuring visual acuity. 20/20 indicates normal vision at 20 feet, although it is commonly used to mean "perfect vision". (Note that this applies only to countries using the Imperial system. The metric equivalent is 6/6.) When someone is able to see only after an event how things turned out, that person is often said to have had "20/20 hindsight".

## As an indefinite number

• A 'score' is a group of 20 (often used in combination with a cardinal number, i.e. fourscore to mean 80), but also often used as an indefinite number[7] (e.g. the newspaper headline "Scores of Typhoon Survivors Flown to Manila")[8]

## In sports

• Twenty20 is a form of limited overs cricket where each team plays only 20 overs.

• A standard dartboard is laid out as 20 sectors.

• The Kentucky Derby currently has a maximum field of 20 horses.

• In rugby union, 20 national teams currently qualify for each edition of the Rugby World Cup.

• In chess, 20 is the number of legal moves for each player in the starting position.

## Age 20

• Formerly the age of majority in Japan and in Japanese tradition.[9]

• Age 20 is the age at which Levites in the time of King David were allowed "to do the work for the service of the house of the Lord", the Temple in Jerusalem (see First Chronicles Chapter 23, verses 24 and 27). In the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, following the Babylonian captivity, it was Levites from the age of 20 upwards who were assigned "to oversee the work of the house of the LORD" (Ezra Chapter 3, verse 8).

## In other fields

• +20 is the code for international direct dial phone calls to Egypt.

• CB slang for a place, being short for the ten-code "10–20" meaning "What is your location?"

• 20/20 is a late-night newsmagazine program on ABC, which in turn is taken from the expression for perfect eyesight (20/20 vision).

• 020 is the ISO 3166-1 numeric 3 digit country code for Andorra.

• The UIC Country Code for Russia identifying member countries of the International Union of Railways (UIC).

• 20 is the value of the letter J when computing the check digit in the serial number of an intermodal (shipping) container, as defined by ISO 6346.

• In Hebrew numerals, the letter Kaph (כ) represents twenty; see also gematria, the Hebrew system of numerology. Similarly the Arabic letter kāf (ك) represents twenty in the Abjad numerals.

• The number of questions in the game Twenty Questions.

• List of highways numbered 20

## References

[1]
Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgJohn H. Conway and Richard K. Guy, The Book of Numbers. New York: Copernicus (1996): 11. ""Score" is related to "share" and comes from the Old Norse "skor" meaning a "notch" or "tally" on a stick used for counting. ... Often people counted in 20s; every 20th notch was larger, and so "score" also came to mean 20."
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[2]
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[3]
Citation Linkoeis.org"Sloane's A000292 : Tetrahedral numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[4]
Citation Linkoeis.org"Sloane's A071395 : Primitive abundant numbers". The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[5]
Citation Linkwww.cube20.org"God's Number is 20". Cube20.org
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[6]
Citation Linkwww.bbc.co.ukJonathan Fildes (August 11, 2010). "Rubik's Cube quest for speedy solution comes to an end". BBC News.
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[7]
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[8]
Citation Linkwww.abs-cbnnews.com"CBS News", Scores of Typhoon Survivors Flown to Manila (November 2013) [2]
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[9]
Citation Linkwww.japan-experience.com"Japan's Age of Majority Changed to 18 - Living the Japon.com". www.japan-experience.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[10]
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[11]
Citation Linkoeis.org"Sloane's A000292 : Tetrahedral numbers"
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[12]
Citation Linkoeis.org"Sloane's A071395 : Primitive abundant numbers"
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[13]
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[14]
Citation Linkwww.bbc.co.uk"Rubik's Cube quest for speedy solution comes to an end"
Sep 27, 2019, 3:38 PM
[15]