Temperare (to mix correctly) is the Latin origin of words like "temperature" and "tempering"; it and "tempo" come, in turn, from tempus (time or season). Thus, the word "temper" can refer (at least informally) to any time- and temperature-sensitive process (as for chocolate tempering or tempered glass), a material's thermo-mechanical history, or even its composition.




  • Temperament, in psychology, the general nature of an individual's personality
  • Musical temperament, a tuning system which allows fixed-pitch instruments, such as the piano, greater flexibility in changing keys
  • The Well-Tempered Clavier, a composition by Bach