René Mouterde

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Marie Léon René Mouterde (born Tarare, Beirut, ) was a French Jesuit priest and archaeologist.[1]

Biography

Mouterde was awareded a Bachelor of Arts in 1892, he entered the Society of Jesus at Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence between 1898 and 1900. He went on to study literature and Philosophy in Laval and Jersey between 1900 and 1905 and then at the Eastern Faculty from Saint Joseph University in Beirut between 1905 and 1908 and theology in England between 1909 and 1914. Ordained priest in 1911, he became professor of Greco-Roman history and archeology.[2]

In 1905 he formed the first group of archaeologists who settled in the Middle East. With Sébastien Ronzevalle and Louis Jalabert, he copied and collected the epigraphic monuments of Syria. Its archaeological center is the link at the end of the First World War , between two periods of exploration in the Middle East, before and during the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon.

Founder of the Mélanges de la Faculté orientale, and afterwards Mélanges de la Faculté de l'Université Saint-Joseph (1922), he created with Louis Jalabert and the support of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, the Corpus of Greek and Latin inscriptions from Syria .

Chancellor of the School of Law of Saint Joseph University (1919-1942), he headed the Institute of Oriental Arts in Beirut from 1933 to 1955 and the Oriental Library from 1942 to 1949.

Works

  • Le Nahr el-Kelb, Fleuve du chien. Guide archéologique, 1932
  • Précis d'histoire de la Syrie et du Liban, 1939

Bibliographie

  • Paul Mouterde Mélanges offerts au P. René Mouterde pour son 80e anniversaire, 1962
  • C. Picard, R. P. René Mouterde (1880-1962) in Revue archéologique, 1962, p. 240-241
  • Georges Tessier, Éloge funèbre de M. René Mouterde, correspondant de l'Académie, Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, vol.106, 1962 p. 15-17
  • H. Seyrig, Le R. P. René Mouterde, Syria no 40, 1963, p. 226-227
  • H. Jalabert, P. Duclos, Mouterde, René, in Dictionnaire du monde religieux dans la France contemporaine, I, Les Jésuites, 1985, p. 201-202
  • Eve Gran-Aymerich, Les chercheurs de passé, Éditions du CNRS, 2007, p. 1008 Document utilisé pour la rédaction de l’article
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