Zanzibar City (or Zanzibar Town , often simply referred to as Zanzibar ; Swahili: Jiji la Zanzibar ; Arabic: مدينة زنجبار ‎) is the capital and largest city of Zanzibar, in Tanzania. It is located on the west coast of Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar Archipelago, roughly due north of Dar es Salaam across the Zanzibar Channel. It also serves as the capital of the Zanzibar Urban/West Region, and qualifies as a district, formally known as Zanzibar Urban District . In 2002 its population was 205,870. [3]

Zanzibar City comprises two main parts, Stone Town and Ng'ambo (literally: "The Other Side"); the two areas are historically divided by a creek, now marked by a large street called Creek Road. [3] Stone Town is the historical core of the city, former capital of the Zanzibar Sultanate ; because of its unique architecture and culture, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. [4] Ng'ambo is a much larger, modern area that developed around Stone Town after the Zanzibar Revolution, with office buildings and large apartment blocks such as those of the Michenzani neighbourhood. [3]

Climate

Zanzibar City has a tropical climate, very similar to whole Unguja island, and slightly warmer than what is found in Pemba. This climate is classified as "Am" by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average temperature in Zanzibar City is 26.9°C (78°F). The average annual rainfall is 1,512 mm. The monthly average temperatures are usually between 25.1 - 28.8°C (77°F - 84°F). There are two rain seasons, with most rainfall coming between March and May and smaller rain season coming between November and December. Drier months are January - February, and a longer drier season between June to October.

Climate data for
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
34.1
(93.4)
34.2
(93.6)
31.7
(89.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86)
29.3
(84.7)
29.8
(85.6)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.1)
32.4
(90.3)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
27.5
(81.5)
26.6
(79.9)
25.9
(78.6)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79)
27.1
(80.8)
28
(82)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.5
(68.9)
20.2
(68.4)
20.6
(69.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
22.2
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.72)
65
(2.56)
152
(5.98)
357
(14.06)
262
(10.31)
59
(2.32)
45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
51
(2.01)
88
(3.46)
177
(6.97)
143
(5.63)
1,512
(59.53)
Source: Climate-Data.ORG [9]

History

Wards

Image
Apartment blocks in Michenzani

The Zanzibar Urban District is administratively divided into 40 wards: [10]

Nr. Ward ( Shehia ) population
2002
1 Shangani 2062
2 Mkunazini 1829
3 Kiponda 971
4 Malindi 1525
5 Mchangani 1205
6 Mlandege 1225
7 Muembe Ladu 1752
8 Gulioni 1283
9 Makadara 2837
10 Shaurimoyo 4296
11 Muembe Makumbi 4384
12 Chumbuni 5360
13 Kwamtipura 4696
14 Kilimahewa 4095
15 Amaani 2859
16 Nyerere 6810
17 Sebleni 2458
18 Magomeni 5697
19 Mpendae 6258
20 Urusi 6291
21 Kilimani 1524
22 Miembeni 2601
23 Kikwajuni Juu 1323
24 Kikwajuni Bondeni 1283
25 Kisima Majongoo 2235
26 Vikokotoni 946
27 Mwembetanga 1488
28 Mwembeshauri 1118
29 Rahaleo 1038
30 Kwaalamsha 1848
31 Mikunguni 1669
32 Mkele 3180
33 Muungano 2638
34 Sogea 2359
35 Jang'ombe 3011
36 Kidongo Chekundu 1165
37 Matarumbeta 1394
38 Kwahani 2211
39 Kwaalinato 2647
40 Karakana 3213
Zanzibar Urban 206292

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 70,000
1910 35,262 −49.6%
1948 47,284 +34.1%
1958 49,502 +4.7%
1968 68,490 +38.4%
Year Pop. ±%
1978 110,669 +61.6%
1988 167,318 +51.2%
2002 206,292 +23.3%
2005 223,033 +8.1%

See also