United States women's national soccer team

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The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football). The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning three Women's World Cup titles (including the first ever Women's World Cup in 1991), four Olympic women's gold medals, seven CONCACAF Gold Cup wins, and ten Algarve Cups. [31] It medaled in every single World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinals of the 2016 Olympics, after a penalty shoot-out.

After being ranked No. 2 on average from 2003 to 2008 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings, the team was ranked No. 1 continuously from March 2008 to November 2014, falling back behind Germany, the only other team to occupy the No. 1 position in the rankings' history. The team dropped to 2nd on March 24, 2017, due to its last-place finish in the 2017 SheBelieves Cup, then returned to 1st on June 23, 2017, after victories in friendlies against Russia, Sweden, and Norway. [93] The team was selected as the U.S. Olympic Committee's Team of the Year in 1997 and 1999, [5] and Sports Illustrated chose the entire team as 1999 Sportswomen of the Year for its usual Sportsman of the Year honor. [6] On April 5, 2017, U.S. Women's Soccer and U.S. Soccer reached a deal on a new collective bargaining agreement that among other things, would lead to a pay increase. [95]

History

The team played its first match at the Mundialito tournament on August 18, 1985, coached by Mike Ryan, in which they lost 1–0 to Italy. [96]

1990s

The U.S. team's first major victory came at the 1991 World Championship (retroactively named the 1991 Women's World Cup). The U.S. cruised to lopsided victories in the quarterfinals and semifinals, before defeating Norway 2–1 in the final. Michelle Akers was the team's leading scorer with 10 goals, including both of the team's goals in the final; and Carin Jennings won the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player.

Julie Foudy, Kristine Lilly, and the 1999 team started a revolution towards women's team sports in America. Arguably their most influential and memorable victory came in the 1999 World Cup when they defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw after extended time. With this win they emerged onto the world stage and brought significant media attention to women's soccer and athletics. On July 10, 1999, over 90,000 people (the largest ever for a women's sporting event and one of the largest attendances in the world for a tournament game final) filled the Rose Bowl to watch the United States play China in the Final. After a back and forth game, the score was tied 0–0 at full-time, and remained so after extra time, leading to a penalty kick shootout. With Briana Scurry's save of China's third kick, the score was 4–4 with only Brandi Chastain left to shoot. She scored and won the game for the United States. Chastain famously dropped to her knees and whipped off her shirt, celebrating in her sports bra, which later made the cover of Sports Illustrated and the front pages of newspapers around the country and world. [12] This win influenced girls to want to play soccer on a team.

2000s

In the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated Norway 1–0 in the quarterfinals, but lost 0–3 to Germany in the semifinals. The team then defeated Canada 3–1 to claim third place. [97] Abby Wambach was the team's top scorer with three goals; Joy Fawcett and Shannon Boxx made the tournament's all-star team.

At the 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, the U.S. defeated England 3–0 in the quarterfinals, but then suffered its most lopsided loss in team history when it lost to Brazil 0–4 in the semifinals. [98] The U.S. recovered to defeat Norway to take third place. Abby Wambach was the team's leading scorer with 6 goals, and Kristine Lilly was the only American named to the tournament's all-star team.

2010s

In the quarterfinal of the 2011 Women's World Cup in Germany, the U.S. defeated Brazil 5–3 on penalty kicks. Abby Wambach's goal in the 122nd minute to tie the game 2–2 has been voted the greatest goal in U.S. soccer history and the greatest goal in Women's World Cup history. [13] [13] " The U.S. then beat France 3–1 in the semifinal, but lost to Japan on penalty kicks in the 2011 Final. Hope Solo was named the tournament's best goalkeeper, and Abby Wambach won the silver ball as the tournament's second best player.

In the 2012 Summer Olympics, the U.S. won the gold medal for the fourth time in five Olympics by defeating Japan 2–1 in front of 80,203 fans at Wembley Stadium, a record for a women's soccer game at the Olympics. [15] The United States advanced to face Japan for the gold medal by winning the semifinal against Canada, a 4–3 victory at the end of extra time. [28] The 2012 London Olympics marked the first time the USWNT won every game en route to the gold medal and set an Olympic women's team record of 16 goals scored. [28]

The National Women's Soccer League started in 2013, and provided competitive games, as well as opportunities to players on the fringes of the squad. [17] The U.S. had a 43-game unbeaten streak that spanned two years—the streak began with a 4–0 win over Sweden in the 2012 Algarve Cup, and came to an end after a 1–0 loss against Sweden in the 2014 Algarve Cup. [19] [20]

The USA defeated Japan 5–2 in the final of the 2015 World Cup, becoming the first team in history to have won three Women's World Cup titles. Carli Lloyd achieved the fastest hat-trick from kick-off in World Cup history, and Abby Wambach was greeted with a standing ovation for her last World Cup match. [22] Following their 2015 World Cup win, the team was honored with a ticker tape parade in New York City, the first for a women's sports team. Sports Illustrated celebrated them with 25 covers of the magazine. [8] President Barack Obama welcomed them to the White House, stating, "This team taught all of America's children that 'playing like a girl' means you're a badass," before going on to say, "'playing like a girl' means being the best." [9] [10]

On December 16, 2015, however, a 0–1 loss to China meant the team's first home loss since 2004, ending their 104-game home unbeaten streak. [99]

In the 2016 Olympics, the U.S. drew against Sweden in the quarter-finals; in following the penalty kick phase, Sweden won the game 4–3. The loss marked the first time that the USWNT did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics, and the first time that the USWNT failed to advance to the semifinal round of a major tournament. [100]

Team image

Media coverage

U.S. TV coverage for the five Women's World Cups from 1995 to 2011 was provided by ESPN /ABC and Univision, [37] [27] while coverage rights for the three Women's World Cups from 2015 to 2023 were awarded to Fox Sports and Telemundo. In May 2014 a deal was signed to split TV coverage of other USWNT games between ESPN, Fox Sports, and Univision through the end of 2022. The USWNT games in the 2014 CONCACAF Women's Championship and the 2015 Algarve Cup were broadcast by Fox Sports.

The 1999 World Cup final set the original record for largest US television audience for a women's soccer match with 18 million viewers on average and was the most viewed English-language US broadcast of any soccer match until the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final between the United States and Japan.

The 2015 Women's World Cup Final between the USA and Japan was the most watched soccer match – men's or women's – in American broadcast history. [37] It averaged 23 million viewers and higher ratings than the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals. [37] The final was also the most watched US-Spanish language broadcast of a FIFA Women's World Cup match in history.

Overall, there were over 750 million viewers for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, making it the most watched Women's World Cup in history. The FIFA Women's World Cup is now the second most watched FIFA tournament, with only the men's FIFA World Cup attracting more viewership. [93]

Attendance

The 1999 World Cup final, in which the USA defeated China, set a world attendance record for a women's sporting event of 90,185 in a sellout at the Rose Bowl in California. [93] The record for Olympic women's soccer attendance was set by the 2012 Olympic final between the USWNT and Japan, with 80,023 spectators at Wembley Stadium. [93]

Coaching staff

Role Name Start date
Head coach Jill Ellis May 2014
Assistant coach Tony Gustavsson Jun 2012
Assistant coach Michelle French Feb 2017
Goalkeeper coach Graeme Abel Mar 2015
Fitness coach Dawn Scott Feb 2011
Talent identification B.J. Snow Feb 2017

[31] [93]

Team

Current squad

The following 18 players were named to the roster for friendlies against Canada on November 9 and 12, 2017. [93] [93]

Caps and goals are current as of November 12, 2017 after match against Canada.

0 # 0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1 GK Alyssa Naeher (1988-04-20) April 20, 1988 23 0 Chicago Red Stars
24 1 GK Ashlyn Harris (1985-10-19) October 19, 1985 14 0 Orlando Pride

4 2 DF Becky Sauerbrunn ( co-captain) (1985-06-06) June 6, 1985 135 0 Real Salt Lake NWSL team
5 2 DF Kelley O'Hara (1988-08-04) August 4, 1988 104 2 Sky Blue FC
7 2 DF Abby Dahlkemper (1993-05-13) May 13, 1993 13 0 North Carolina Courage
14 2 DF Casey Short (1990-08-23) August 23, 1990 19 0 Chicago Red Stars
16 2 DF Emily Sonnett (1993-11-25) November 25, 1993 12 0 Sydney FC
22 2 DF Taylor Smith (1993-12-01) December 1, 1993 7 0 North Carolina Courage

3 3 MF Sam Mewis (1992-10-09) October 9, 1992 34 7 North Carolina Courage
6 3 MF Andi Sullivan (1995-12-20) December 20, 1995 7 0 Stanford Cardinal
8 3 MF Julie Ertz (1992-04-06) April 6, 1992 57 14 Chicago Red Stars
9 3 MF Lindsey Horan (1994-05-26) May 26, 1994 43 4 Portland Thorns FC
10 3 MF Carli Lloyd ( co-captain) (1982-07-16) July 16, 1982 246 98 Houston Dash
20 3 MF Allie Long (1987-08-13) August 13, 1987 33 6 Portland Thorns FC

12 4 FW Lynn Williams (1993-05-21) May 21, 1993 15 4 North Carolina Courage
13 4 FW Alex Morgan (1989-07-02) July 2, 1989 134 80 Orlando Pride
15 4 FW Megan Rapinoe (1985-07-05) July 5, 1985 129 34 Seattle Reign FC
23 4 FW Christen Press (1988-12-29) December 29, 1988 96 44 Chicago Red Stars

Recent call-ups

The following players were named to a squad in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Jane Campbell (1995-02-17) February 17, 1995 2 0 Houston Dash v. Canada; November 12, 2017
GK Adrianna Franch (1990-11-12) November 12, 1990 0 0 Portland Thorns FC v. Canada; November 12, 2017
GK Abby Smith (1993-10-04) October 4, 1993 0 0 Boston Breakers 2017 Tournament of Nations
GK Casey Murphy (1996-04-25) April 25, 1996 0 0 Rutgers Scarlet Knights Training camp, January 2017

DF Sofia Huerta (1992-12-14) December 14, 1992 3 0 Chicago Red Stars v. Canada; November 12, 2017
DF Chioma Ubogagu (1992-09-10) September 10, 1992 0 0 Orlando Pride v. Canada; November 12, 2017
DF Tierna Davidson (1998-09-19) September 19, 1998 0 0 Stanford Cardinal v. New Zealand; September 15, 2017 PRE
DF Ali Krieger (1984-07-28) July 28, 1984 98 1 Orlando Pride 2017 Tournament of Nations
DF Meghan Klingenberg (1988-08-02) August 2, 1988 74 3 Portland Thorns FC v. Norway; June 11, 2017
DF Jaelene Hinkle (1993-05-28) May 28, 1993 8 0 North Carolina Courage v. Sweden; June 8, 2017 PRE
DF Megan Oyster (1992-09-03) September 3, 1992 2 0 Boston Breakers v. Russia; April 9, 2017
DF Mandy Freeman (1995-03-23) March 23, 1995 0 0 Sky Blue FC Training camp, January 2017 INV

MF McCall Zerboni (1986-12-13) December 13, 1986 1 0 North Carolina Courage v. South Korea; October 22, 2017
MF Morgan Brian (1993-02-26) February 26, 1993 69 6 Chicago Red Stars v. New Zealand; September 19, 2017
MF Rose Lavelle (1995-05-14) May 14, 1995 7 2 Boston Breakers v. New Zealand; September 19, 2017
MF Margaret Purce (1995-09-18) September 18, 1995 0 0 Boston Breakers 2017 Tournament of Nations
MF Jaelin Howell (1999-11-21) November 21, 1999 0 0 Real Colorado Cougars v. Russia; April 9, 2017
MF Brianna Pinto (2000-05-24) May 24, 2000 0 0 CASL Elite 2017 SheBelieves Cup
MF Sarah Killion (1992-07-27) July 27, 1992 0 0 Sky Blue FC 2017 SheBelieves Cup PRE
MF Kristen Edmonds (1987-05-22) May 22, 1987 0 0 Orlando Pride Training camp, January 2017
MF Christina Gibbons (1994-12-30) December 30, 1994 0 0 Melbourne Victory Training camp, January 2017

FW Tobin Heath (1988-05-29) May 29, 1988 132 18 Portland Thorns FC v. Canada; November 9, 2017 PRE
FW Crystal Dunn (1992-07-03) July 3, 1992 57 22 Chelsea v. South Korea; October 22, 2017
FW Mallory Pugh (1998-04-29) April 29, 1998 29 6 Washington Spirit v. South Korea; October 19, 2017
FW Sydney Leroux (1990-05-07) May 7, 1990 77 35 Real Salt Lake NWSL team 2017 Tournament of Nations
FW Kealia Ohai (1992-01-31) January 31, 1992 3 1 Houston Dash v. Russia; April 9, 2017
FW Amy Rodriguez (1987-02-17) February 17, 1987 130 30 Real Salt Lake NWSL team v. Russia; April 9, 2017
FW Sophia Smith (2000-08-10) August 10, 2000 0 0 Real Colorado Cougars v. Russia; April 9, 2017
FW Jessica McDonald (1988-02-28) February 28, 1988 1 0 North Carolina Courage 2017 SheBelieves Cup
FW Savannah McCaskill (1996-07-31) July 31, 1996 0 0 South Carolina Gamecocks Training camp, January 2017 INV

Notes:

  • INV = Invited to train with the USWNT
  • PRE = Preliminary squad

Recent schedule and results

The following is a list of match results from the previous 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

2017

2018

Competitive record

For results in minor tournaments, see the History of the United States women's national soccer team

The two highest-profile tournaments that the USWNT participates in are the quadrenniel FIFA Women's World Cup and the Summer Olympics.

World Cup

The team has participated in every World Cup through 2015 and won a medal in each.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1991 Champion 6 6 0 0 25 5 Anson Dorrance
1995 Third Place 6 4 1 1 15 5 Tony DiCicco
1999 Champion 6 5 1 0 18 3 Tony DiCicco
2003 Third Place 6 5 0 1 15 5 April Heinrichs
2007 Third Place 6 4 1 1 12 7 Greg Ryan
2011 Runner-up 6 3 2 1 13 7 Pia Sundhage
2015 Champion 7 6 1 0 14 3 Jill Ellis
2019 TBD-not yet qualified
Total 3/7 43 33 6 4 112 35

Olympic Games

The team has participated in every Olympics tournament through 2016 and won a medal in each until 2016, when they were eliminated in the quarter-finals on a penalty shootout loss against Sweden.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1996 Champion 5 4 1 0 9 3 Tony DiCicco [93]
2000 Runner-up 5 3 1 1 9 5 April Heinrichs
2004 Champion 6 5 1 0 12 4 April Heinrichs
2008 Champion 6 5 0 1 12 5 Pia Sundhage [93]
2012 Champion 6 6 0 0 16 6 Pia Sundhage
2016 Quarterfinals 4 2 2 0 6 3 Jill Ellis
2020 Future Events
Total 4/6 33 26 5 2 63 25

Player records

As of November 12, 2017. Active players are shown in Bold.

The women's national team boasts the first six players in the history of the game to have earned 200 caps. These players have since been joined in the 200-cap club by several players from other national teams. as well as by five more Americans: Kate Markgraf, Abby Wambach, Heather O'Reilly, Carli Lloyd and Hope Solo. Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone are the only players to earn more than 300 caps.

In March 2004, two stars, Mia Hamm and Michelle Akers were the only two women and the only two Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living soccer players chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances.

The USWNT All-Time Best XI was chosen In December 2013 by the United States Soccer Federation:

  • Goalie: Briana Scurry;
  • Defenders: Brandi Chastain, Carla Overbeck, Christie Rampone, Joy Fawcett;
  • Midfielders: Kristine Lilly, Michelle Akers, Julie Foudy;
  • Forwards: Mia Hamm, Abby Wambach, Alex Morgan [93]

Most goals in a match

The record for most goals scored in a match by a member of the USWNT is five, which has been accomplished by seven players.

Player Date Opponent Location Competition Line-up
Brandi Chastain April 18, 1991 [14] Mexico [14] Port-au-Prince, Haiti World Cup Qualifying Tournament Substitute
Michelle Akers November 24, 1991 [14] Chinese Taipei [14] Foshan, China 1991 FIFA World Cup Starting
Tiffeny Milbrett November 2, 2002 [14] Panama [14] Seattle, United States 2002 CONCACAF Gold Cup Starting
Abby Wambach October 23, 2004 [14] Republic of Ireland [14] Houston, United States International Friendly Starting
Amy Rodriguez January 20, 2012 [14] Dominican Republic [14] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Sydney Leroux January 22, 2012 [14] Guatemala [14] Vancouver, Canada 2012 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute (46')
Crystal Dunn February 15, 2016 [14] Puerto Rico [14] Frisco, United States 2016 Olympic Qualifying Tournament Starting

Head coaching history

Name Years Matches Won Tied Lost Win % Pts÷M World Cup Olympics
Ryan, Mike Mike Ryan 1985 4 0 1 3 .125 0.25 0 0
Dorrance, Anson Anson Dorrance 1986–1994 93 66 5 22 .737 2.18 3. 0.
DiCicco, Tony Tony DiCicco 1994–1999 119 103 8 8 .899 2.66 4. 3.
Gregg, Lauren Lauren Gregg 1997, 2000 3 2 1 0 .833 2.33
Heinrichs, April April Heinrichs 2000–2004 124 87 20 17 .782 2.27 1. 5.
Ryan, Greg Greg Ryan 2005–2007 55 45 9 1 .900 2.62 1. 0
Sundhage, Pia Pia Sundhage 2007–2012 107 91 10 6 .897 2.64 2. 6.
Sermanni, Tom Tom Sermanni 2013–2014 23 17 4 2 .826 2.39 0 0
Ellis, Jill Jill Ellis 2014. 2012, 2014–present 76 59 13 5 .883 2.5 3. 0.1. 5th
Totals 601 469 70 62 .838 2.45
Statistics as of November 13, 2016

Honors

See also

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