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List of mayors of New York City

List of mayors of New York City

The Mayor of New York City is the chief executive of New York City's government, as stipulated by New York City's charter. The current mayor, the 109th in the sequence of regular mayors, is Bill de Blasio, a Democrat.

During the Dutch colonial period from 1624 to 1664, New Amsterdam was governed by the Director of New Netherland. Following the 1664 creation of the British Province of New York, newly renamed New York City was run by the British military governor, Richard Nicolls. The office of Mayor of New York was established in 1665. Holders were appointed by colonial governors, beginning with Thomas Willett. The position remained appointed until 1777.

In 1777, during the American Revolution, a Council of Appointment was formed by the State of New York. In 1821 the New York City Council – then known as the Common Council – began appointing mayors.

Since 1834, mayors have been elected by direct popular vote.[1]

Before 1898, the city included little beyond the island of Manhattan. The 1898 consolidation created the city as it is today with five boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.

The longest-serving mayors have been Fiorello H. La Guardia (1934–1945), Robert F. Wagner Jr. (1954–1965), Ed Koch (1978–1989), and Michael Bloomberg (2002–2013) each of whom was in office for twelve years (three successive 4-year terms). The shortest terms in office since 1834 have been those of acting mayors: Thomas Coman (five weeks from Monday, November 30, 1868, to Monday, January 4, 1869) and Samuel B. H. Vance (one month from November 30 to December 31, 1874), in addition to the purely nominal single day that William T. Collins served in 1925.

Every mayor was white until the election of David Dinkins (1990–1993), to date the city's only African American to hold the office.[2] New York has not had a Hispanic or Latino mayor, with the possible exception of John Purroy Mitchel (1914–1917), who was of Spanish descent and whose grandfather was born in Venezuela.[3] New York's mayors have been religiously diverse; the city has had Protestant, Jewish, and Catholic mayors.[4] No woman has ever served as mayor of New York City.[5]

Colonial mayors

Before 1680, mayors served one-year terms. As of 1680, they served two-year terms. Exceptions are noted thus (*). A dagger (†) indicates mayoralties cut short by death in office. [When the same man served more than one continuous term, his name is lightly shaded purely for clarity, but the tints have no other significance.]

No.[6]NameStarting year of officeEnding year of office
1Thomas Willett (1st term)16651666
2Thomas Delavall (1st term)16661667
3Thomas Willett (2nd term)16671668
4Cornelius Van Steenwyk (1st term)16681671
5Thomas Delavall (2nd term)16711672
6Matthias Nicoll16721673
7John Lawrence (1st term)16731675
8William Dervall16751676
9Nicholas De Mayer16761677
10Stephanus Van Cortlandt (1st term)16771678
11Thomas Delavall (3rd term)16781679
12Francis Rombouts16791680
13William Dyre16801682
14Cornelius Van Steenwyk (2nd term)16821684
15Gabriel Minvielle (*)16841685
16Nicholas Bayard (*)16851686
17Stephanus Van Cortlandt (2nd term)16861688
18Peter Delanoy116891691
19John Lawrence *(2nd term )16911691
20Abraham de Peyster16911694
21Charles Lodwik16941695
22William Merritt16951698
23Johannes de Peyster16981699
24David Provost16991700
25Isaac De Reimer17001701
26Thomas Noell17011702
27Phillip French17021703
28William Peartree17031707
29Ebenezer Wilson17071710
30Jacobus Van Cortlandt (1st term)17101711
31Caleb Heathcote17111714
32John Johnstone17141719
33Jacobus Van Cortlandt (2nd term)17191720
34Robert Walters17201725
35Johannes Jansen17251726
36Robert Lurting †17261735
37Paul Richard17351739
38John Cruger †17391744
39Stephen Bayard17441747
40Edward Holland †17471757
41John Cruger Jr.17571766
42Whitehead Hicks17661776
43David Mathews17761783


  1. Peter Delanoy was the first and only directly-elected mayor of New York[7] until 1834. Appointed mayors resumed in the wake of Leisler's Rebellion.

died in office

Pre-consolidation mayors

After 1820, the mayor was appointed by the city's Common Council. Under the Charter of 1834, mayors were elected annually. After 1849, they served two-year terms.

MayorTerm startTerm endTermsParty
44James DuaneJanuary 1, 178417895None
45Richard Varick178918012Federalist
46Edward Livingston180118032Democratic-Republican
47DeWitt Clinton (1st term)180318074Democratic-Republican
48Marinus Willett180718081Democratic-Republican[8]
49DeWitt Clinton (2nd term)180818102Democratic-Republican
50Jacob Radcliff (1st term)181018111Federalist
51DeWitt Clinton (3rd term)181118154Democratic-Republican
52John Ferguson1815181512Democratic-Republican
53Jacob Radcliff (2nd term)February 13, 181518183Federalist
54Cadwallader D. Colden181818213Federalist
55Stephen Allen182118243Federalist
56William Paulding Jr. (1st term)182518261Democratic-Republican
57Philip Hone182618271National Republican
58William Paulding Jr. (2nd term)182718292Democratic-Republican
59Walter Bowne182918323Democratic
60Gideon Lee183318341Democratic
61Cornelius Lawrence183418373Democratic
62Aaron Clark183718392Whig
63Isaac L. Varian183918412Democratic
64Robert H. Morris184118443Democratic
65James Harper184418451American Republican
66William F. Havemeyer (1st term)184518461Democratic
67Andrew H. Mickle184618471Democratic
68William V. Brady184718481Whig
69William F. Havemeyer (2nd term)184818491Democratic
70Caleb S. Woodhull184918511Whig
71Ambrose Kingsland185118531Whig
72Jacob A. Westervelt185318551Democratic
73Fernando Wood (1st term)185518582Democratic
74Daniel F. Tiemann185818601Independent Party[9][10][11]
75Fernando Wood (2nd term)186018621Democratic
76George Opdyke186218641Republican
77Charles G. Gunther186418661Democratic
78John T. Hoffman11866November 30, 1868less than 1Democratic
ActingThomas Coman1November 30, 1868January 4, 18695 weeksDemocratic
79Abraham Oakey Hall2January 4, 1869December 31, 18721Democratic
80William F. Havemeyer3(3rd term)January 1, 1873November 30, 1874less than 1Republican
ActingSamuel B. H. Vance3November 30, 1874December 31, 18741 monthRepublican
81William H. WickhamJanuary 1, 1875December 31, 18761Democratic (Reform)
82Smith Ely Jr.187718781Democratic
83Edward Cooper187918801Democratic (Reform)
84William R. Grace (1st term)188118821Democratic (Reform)
85Franklin Edson188318841Democratic
86William R. Grace (2nd term)188518862None
87Abram Hewitt188718881Democratic
88Hugh J. Grant188918922Democratic
89Thomas F. Gilroy189318941Democratic
90William L. Strong4January 1, 1895December 31, 18971
(3 years)


  1. John T. Hoffman resigned after his election as Governor of New York state but before the end of his mayoral term.[12] Thomas Coman, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Hoffman's term as acting mayor until his elected successor, A. Oakey Hall, took office.[13]

  2. When Hall temporarily retired during the Tweed investigation, the Acting Mayor of New York City was John Cochrane, the President of the New York City Council.

  3. William F. Havemeyer died during his last term of office. Samuel B. H. Vance, President of the Board of Aldermen, completed Havemeyer's term as acting mayor until his elected successor, William H. Wickham, took office.

  4. William L. Strong served an additional year in office because New York City mayoral elections were changed to be held in odd-numbered years due to the impending consolidation of New York City.

died in office

Post-consolidation mayors

The 1898–1901 term was for four years. The City Charter was changed to make the mayor's term a two-year one beginning in 1902, but after two such terms was changed back to resume four-year terms in 1906. George B. McClellan Jr. thus served one two-year term from 1904 to 1905, during which he was elected to a four-year term from 1906 to 1909. See New York City mayoral elections#Terms and term limits (since 1834).

The party of the mayor reflects party registration, as opposed to the party lines run under during the general election.

#[6]PortraitNameTerm in officeLength of serviceParty affiliationPrevious office
91Robert Anderson Van Wyck.gifRobert A. Van Wyck1
(1849–1918; aged 69)
January 1, 1898

December 31, 1901
4 yearsDemocraticChief Justice of the City Court of New York[14]
92Seth Low.jpgSeth Low2
(1850–1916; aged 66)
January 1, 1902

December 31, 1903
2 yearsRepublican11th President of Columbia University
93Picture of George B. McClellan, Jr..jpgGeorge B. McClellan Jr.
(1865–1940; aged 75)
January 1, 1904

December 31, 1909
6 yearsDemocraticU.S. Representative for New York
94Portrait of William Jay Gaynor.jpgWilliam Jay Gaynor3
(1849–1913; aged 64)
January 1, 1910

September 10, 1913
3 years, 253 daysDemocraticJudge of the New York Supreme Court
Acting3Ardolph Kline close-up.pngArdolph L. KlineSeptember 10, 1913

December 31, 1913
113 daysRepublicanPresident of the Board of Aldermen
95Portrait of John Purroy Mitchel.jpgJohn P. Mitchel
(1879–1918; aged 38)
January 1, 1914

December 31, 1917
4 yearsRepublicanU.S. Customs Collector of the Port of New York;
President of the Board of Aldermen
96Hylan.gifJohn F. Hylan4,[15]
(1868–1936; aged 67)
January 1, 1918

December 30, 1925
8 yearsDemocraticCounty Judge in Brooklyn[16]
Acting4William T. CollinsDecember 31, 1925[15]1 dayDemocraticPresident of the Board of Aldermen[15]
97James Walker NYWTS.jpgJimmy Walker5
(1881–1946; aged 65)
January 1, 1926

September 1, 1932
6 years, 244 days
(6 years, 8 months)
DemocraticNew York State Senator
Acting5Mayor Joseph V McKee.jpgJoseph V. McKeeSeptember 1, 1932

December 31, 1932
121 days
(4 months)
DemocraticPresident of the City Council
98John P. O'Brien (1932).gifJohn P. O'Brien
(1873–1951; aged 78)
January 1, 1933

December 31, 1933
1 yearDemocraticSurrogate of New York County[17]
99Fiorello LaGuardia 140x190.jpgFiorello H. La Guardia
(1882–1947; aged 64)
January 1, 1934

December 31, 1945
12 yearsRepublican[18]U.S. Representative for New York
100William O'Dwyer.jpgWilliam O'Dwyer6
(1890–1964; aged 74)
January 1, 1946

August 31, 1950
4 years, 243 days
(4 years, 8 months)
DemocraticBrooklyn District Attorney
Acting7Impelliteri and BG crop.jpgVincent R. Impellitteri6
(1900–1987; aged 86)
August 31, 1950

November 14, 1950
75 daysDemocratic
(as acting mayor)
President of the City Council
101November 14, 1950

December 31, 1953
3 years, 48 daysExperience Party
(as elected mayor)
Acting Mayor
102RobertFWagner.pngRobert F. Wagner Jr.
(1910–1991; aged 80)
January 1, 1954

December 31, 1965
12 yearsDemocratic17th Borough President of Manhattan
103John Lindsay NYWTS 1 (cropped).jpgJohn Lindsay
(1921–2000; aged 79)
January 1, 1966

December 31, 1973
8 yearsRepublicanU.S. Representative for New York
104Abraham D. Beame.jpgAbraham Beame
(1906–2001; aged 94)
January 1, 1974

December 31, 1977
4 yearsDemocratic38th New York City Comptroller
105Ed Koch 1978.jpgEd Koch
(1924–2013; aged 88)
January 1, 1978

December 31, 1989
12 yearsDemocraticU.S. Representative for New York
106David dinkins.jpgDavid Dinkins
(born in 1927; age
January 1, 1990

December 31, 1993
4 yearsDemocratic23rd Borough President of Manhattan
107Rudygiuliani1.JPGRudy Giuliani
(born in 1944; age
January 1, 1994

December 31, 2001
8 yearsRepublicanUnited States Attorney for the Southern District of New York
108Mayor Michael Bloomberg (cropped).jpgMichael Bloomberg
(born in 1942; age
January 1, 2002

December 31, 2013
12 yearsRepublican8CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
109Bill de Blasio NYC.jpgBill de Blasio
(born in 1961; age
January 1, 2014

5 yearsDemocratic3rd New York City Public Advocate


  1. Randolph Gugghenheimer I (born 1846) served as acting mayor in 1900 while Robert A. Van Wyck was away.[19][20]

  2. Seth Low previously served as Mayor of the City of Brooklyn from 1882 to 1885.

  3. William Jay Gaynor died September 10, 1913. Ardolph L. Kline, the unelected President of the Board of Aldermen, succeeded as acting mayor upon Gaynor's death, but then sought re-election as an alderman (successfully) rather than election as mayor. Kline has thus been the only mayor since 1834 never to win a citywide election (having been appointed Vice President of the Board of Aldermen by his colleagues and then succeeding to the presidency mid-term, rather than winning it by popular election at large).

  4. John Hylan and Police Commissioner Richard Enright resigned December 30, 1925 to ensure that they received their city pensions, which they may not have been entitled to keep had they stayed in office for one more day. William T. Collins became acting Mayor for one day, prior to the inauguration of Jimmy Walker[15]

  5. Jimmy Walker resigned September 1, 1932 and went to Europe, amid allegations of corruption in his administration. Joseph V. McKee, as President of the Board of Aldermen, became acting mayor in Walker's place, but was then defeated in a special election by John P. O'Brien.

  6. William O'Dwyer resigned August 31, 1950, during a police corruption scandal, after which he was appointed Ambassador to Mexico by President Harry S. Truman.

  7. Vincent R. Impellitteri, President of the New York City Council, became acting mayor when O'Dwyer resigned on August 31, 1950, and was then elected to the office in a special election held on November 7, 1950. He was inaugurated on November 14.

  8. Michael R. Bloomberg was a Democrat before registering as a Republican in 2001 and running for mayor. He then registered as an Independent in 2007, and re-registered as a Democrat in 2018 after saying he would consider a run for the presidency in 2020. [21]

died in office

See also

  • Election results for Mayor of New York

  • History of New York City

  • Mayors of the City of Brooklyn (1834–98)


Citation Linkbooks.google.comLincoln, Charles Z. (1906). The Constitutional History of New York: From the Beginning of the Colonial Period to the Year 1905, Showing the Origin, Development, and Judicial Construction of the Constitution – Volume 2. Rochester, N.Y.: The Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company. p. 6. Retrieved December 26, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linkbooks.google.comMollenkopf, John (2014) "The Rise of Immigrant Influence in New York City Politics" in New York and Amsterdam: Immigration and the New Urban Landscape (Foner, Nancy et al. eds.) New York:New York University Press, p.210
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linkcityroom.blogs.nytimes.comRoberts, Sam (May 7, 2013) Candidate Hoping to Be First Hispanic Mayor May Be 100 Years Too Late, The New York Times
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linkwww.nytimes.comRoberts, Sam (May 10, 2005) Today's Loneliest Political Minority? It's Probably the White Protestant, The New York Times: "New York's early mayors were mostly Protestant, but in the last 100 years the city has elected few Protestant mayors." Binder, Frederick and Reimers, David (1995) All the Nations Under Heaven: An Ethnic and Racial History of New York City New York: Columbia University Press. p.243: "In 1963 Abe Beame became the first Jew to be elected mayor of New York City. In 1977 Ed Koch became the second Jewish mayor when he won election to the first of three terms." Collins, Glen (May 15, 2008) Persecuted to Powerful: Exhibiting a History of New York's Catholics, The New York Times: "William R. Grace, who was elected in 1880 as the first Catholic mayor of New York City..."
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Citation Linkbooks.google.comWeatherford, Doris (2012) Women in American Politics: History and Milestones, Vol. 1. CQ Press p.262
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Citation Linkwww.nyc.gov"The Green Book: Mayors of the City of New York" on the official NYC website. When a former mayor serves again after a break in office, a new number is assigned to his resumed service. However, the six acting mayoralties are unnumbered.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgBurrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-195-11634-8 pp.99–100
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgCaldwell, John; Rogue, Oswaldo Rodriguez; Johnson, Dale T. (March 1, 1994). American Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 1. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 256.
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgMooney, James E. "Tiemann, Daniel F(awcett)" in Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 1314–15, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgBurrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 850–51, ISBN 0-195-11634-8
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Citation Linkopenlibrary.orgTrager, James (2003), The New York Chronology, New York: HarperCollins, p. 113, ISBN 0-06-074062-0
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Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (November 17, 1868). "Local Intelligence — Board of Aldermen — Resignation of the Mayor". The New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (January 5, 1869). "Municipal Affairs — Organization of the Common Council — The Mayor's Message — The City Budget for 1869 — Comparison of Taxation in 1868 and 1869". The New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (November 7, 1897). "Robert A. Van Wyck". The New York Times Magazine. p. 2. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (December 31, 1925). "Hylan And Enright Out With Pensions; Last-Hour Shifts In Police Department; Walker Fills Important City Posts — Collins Mayor for a Day — Leach is the Active Head of the Police Force for the Last Day of 1925 — Hylan to Get $4,205 A Year — Retirement Voted by Board of Estimate, He Quits to Assure Pension — Enright to Draw $5,000 — Approval of His Retirement as Commissioner One of Hylan's Last Official Acts". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (November 7, 1917). "How Hylan Reached The Mayor's Chair — Came Here from the Farm and First Worked as a Tracklayer — To School After Marriage — Long Active in Civic Affairs in Brooklyn — Mayoralty Said to Have Been His Ambition". The New York Times. p. 5. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (November 10, 1932). "O'Brien Will Stay on Bench Till Jan. 1 — Mayor-Elect Says, However, He Will Devote Spare Time to Study of City's Problems — Renews Economy Pledge — Silent on Protest Vote — McKee Among Thousands Who Send Congratulatory Messages". The New York Times. p. 5. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linktimesmachine.nytimes.comStaff (November 5, 1933). "List of Candidates Who Will Be on Ballots in Municipal Election Nov. 7". The New York Times. p. N2. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linkwww.nytimes.com"Acting Mayor Boomed Long Branch Property by Buying Drexel Cottage". The New York Times. August 20, 1900. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM
Citation Linkwww.jewishencyclopedia.com"Randolph Gugghenheimer". Jewish Encyclopedia. Guggenheimer acted as mayor of New York city during the absence of the incumbent.
Sep 29, 2019, 9:57 PM