This is a list of cryptocurrencies. The number of cryptocurrencies available over the internet as of 10 April 2018 is over 1565 and growing. [44] ​ A new cryptocurrency can be created at any time. By market capitalization, Bitcoin is currently (April 10, 2018) the largest blockchain network, followed by Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, and EOS [43] ​.


Cryptocurrencies

Below are some notable cryptocurrencies:

ReleaseStatusCurrencySymbolFounder(s)Hash algorithmProgramming language of implementationCryptocurrency blockchain
(PoS, PoW, or other)
Notes
2009ActiveBitcoin [45] BTC, XBT, Satoshi Nakamoto [nt 1] SHA-256dC++PoWThe first decentralized ledger currency. Cryptocurrency with the most famous, popular, notable and highest market capitalization.
2011Active Litecoin LTC, ŁCharlie LeeScryptC++PoWThe first cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.
2011Active Namecoin NMCVincent Durham [ SHA-256dC++PoWAlso acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2011Active SwiftCoin STCDaniel BrunoSHA-256PoWFirst digital coin with theoretical value based on the work required to produce electricity. First block chain to support currency creation by interest paid on debt. Solidus Bond proto smart-contract. One of the first digital coins patented in the US. First block chain to support encrypted mail with attachments.
2012Active Bytecoin BCNCryptoNoteC++PoWFirst cryptocurrency based on the CryptoNote algorithm. Focused on user privacy through impassive and anonymous transactions
2012Active Peercoin PPCSunny King
(pseudonym)
SHA-256dC++PoW & PoSThe first cryptocurrency to use POW and POS functions.
2013Active Dogecoin DOGE, XDG, ÐJackson Palmer
& Billy Markus [18]
ScryptC++PoWBased on an internet meme.
2013 [21] Active Feathercoin (cryptocurrency) FTC, Peter Bushnell, Brasenose College of Oxford UniversityNeoScryptC++N/AApprox. 60 seconds block time
2013 [23] [24] Active GridCoin (cryptocurrency) GRCRob HälfordScryptC++Decentralized PoSThe first cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing [27] [28]
2013Active Primecoin XPMSunny King
(pseudonym) [15]
1CC/2CC/TWNTypeScript, C++PoWUses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.
2013Active Ripple XRPChris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb [34]
ECDSAC++"Consensus"Designed for peer to peer debt transfer. Not based on bitcoin.
2013Active Nxt NXTBCNext
(pseudonym)
SHA-256dJavaPoSSpecifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.
2014Active Auroracoin AURBaldur Odinsson
(pseudonym) [39]
ScryptC++ [40] PoWCreated as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.
2014Inactive Coinye KOI, COYEScryptPoWUsed American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.
2014ActiveD Dash DASHEvan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan
X11C++ [42] PoW & Proof of Service
A bitcoin-based currency featuring instant transactions, decentralized governance and budgeting, and private transactions.
2014Active NEO NEODa Hongfei & Erik ZhangSHA-256 & RIPEMD160C# [43] dBFTChinese based cryptocurrency (formerly ANT Shares which produce ANT Coins) name change August 2017 to NEO and GAs, these enable the development of digital assets and smart contracts.
2014Active MazaCoin MZCBTC Oyate InitiativeSHA-256dC++ [44] PoWThe underlying software is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
2014Active Monero XMRMonero Core TeamCryptoNightC++PoWPrivacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol with improvements for scalability and decentralization.
2014Active NEM XEMUtopianFuture (pseudonym)SHA3-512JavaPOIThe first hybrid public/private blockchain solution built from scratch, and first to use the Proof of Importance algorithm using EigenTrust++ reputation system.
2014ActivePotCoinPOTPotcoin core dev teamScryptC++PoSDeveloped to service the legalized cannabis industry
2014ActiveSynereo AMPAMPDor Konforty & Greg Meredith [49] PoSScala, JavaPoSTrying to create a world computer, Synereo’s 2.0 tech stack incorporates all faculties needed to support decentralized computation without central servers. [51]
2014ActiveTitcoinTITEdward Mansfield & Richard Allen [52] SHA-256dTypeScript, C++ [ PoWThe first cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.
2014ActiveVergeXVGSunerokScrypt, x17, groestl, blake2s, and lyra2rev2C, C++PoW
2014ActiveStellarXLMJed McCalebStellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [56] C, C++Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP) [56] Open-source, decentralized global financial network. The usage is for remittances, micropayments, services for the underbanked, mobile money/branches and professional setups.
2014ActiveVertcoinVTCBushidoLyra2REC++PoWNext-gen ASIC resistance and first to implement stealth addresses.
2015ActiveEther or "Ethereum"ETHVitalik Buterin ] EthashC++, GoPoWSupports Turing-complete smart contracts.
2015ActiveEthereum ClassicETCEthasPoWAn alternative version of Ethereum [63] whose blockchain does not include the DAO Hard-fork. [64] [65] Supports Turing-complete smart contracts.
2015ActiveTetherUSDTJan Ludovicus van der VeldeOmnicorePoWTether is backed by the USD so that one tether is exactly equal to $1USD. It is commonly used to convert other cryptocurrencies to USD.
2016ActiveDecredDCRBlake-256GoPoW/PoS HybridBuilt in governance and hybrid PoW/PoS.
2016ActiveWaves platformWAVESSasha IvanovPoSScala, JavaScriptPoSOpen blockchain platform, featuring token creation, distributed exchange and fast, high volume, transactions designed for ease of use and mass adoption.
2016ActiveZcashZECZooko WilcoxEquihashC++PoWThe first open, permissionless financial system employing zero-knowledge security.
2017ActiveBitConnectBCCBitConnect is an open source all in one bitcoin and crypto community platform designed to provide multiple investment opportunities with cryptocurrency education
2017ActiveBitcoin CashBCHSHA-256dPoWHard fork from Bitcoin, Increased Block size from 1mb to 8mb
2017ActiveEOS.IOEOSDan LarimerWebAssembly, Rust, C, C++delegated PoSFeeless Smart contract platform for decentralized applications and decentralized autonomous corporations with a block time of 500 ms.
2018ActiveCardanoADACharles Hoskinson & Jeremy WoodHaskellOuroboros PoS
2018InactiveKodakCoinKodak and WENN DigitalEthashKodakCoin is a "photographer-centric" blockchain cryptocurrency used for payments for licensing photographs.
2018ActivePetroVenezuela GovernmentonixCoinC++First cryptocurrency backed by Venezuela's reserves of oil.
2018ProposedPetro goldVenezuela GovernmentAnnounced by President Nicolás Maduro February 21, 2018
2018ActiveBitcoin PrivateBTCPEquihashC++PoWprivate, decentralized, fast, open source, community-driven coin implementing zkSNARK for privacy protection/anonymous payments. Hardfork (co-fork) of BTC and ZClassic

Altcoins

Ardor [39]
Civic [36]
MCAP [35]
Metal [22]
Nexus [29]