List of countries and dependencies by population

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This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall. Some countries, notably Thailand, do not report total population, exclusively counting citizens; for total populations an international agency must issue an estimate.

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the population of the world, which the United Nations estimated at 7.6 billion in September 2017.

Method

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off. Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2017 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. [5]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total. A handful of nations have not conducted a census in over 30 years, providing high error margin estimates only.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union, [4] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by population

Note: All dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics.

Rank Country (or dependent territory) Population Date % of world population Source
1
Image
World population percentage by country
1,387,910,000December 6, 201718.3%2 India 1,324,850,000December 6, 201717.5%3 United States 326,230,000December 6, 20174.3%4 Indonesia 261,890,900July 1, 20173.45%5 Pakistan 209,816,000December 6, 20172.77%6 Brazil 208,355,000December 6, 20172.75%7 Nigeria 193,392,500March 21, 20162.55%8 Bangladesh 163,601,000December 6, 20172.16%9 Russia 146,854,419October 1, 20171.94%10 Japan 126,670,000September 1, 20171.67%11 Mexico 123,675,351October 1, 20171.63%12 Philippines 104,984,000December 6, 20171.38%13 Egypt 96,140,200December 6, 20171.27%14 Ethiopia 94,352,000July 1, 20171.24%15 Vietnam 93,700,000July 1, 20171.24%16 Germany 82,800,000December 31, 20161.09%17 Democratic Republic of the Congo 81,339,900July 1, 20171.07%18 Iran 81,017,600December 6, 20171.07%19 Turkey 79,814,871December 31, 20161.05%20 France 67,182,000November 1, 20170.89%21 Thailand 66,061,000July 1, 20170.87%22 United Kingdom 65,648,000July 1, 20160.87%23 Italy 60,504,233July 31, 20170.8%24 South Africa 56,717,000July 1, 20170.75%25 Myanmar 53,370,609July 1, 20170.7%26 Tanzania 51,557,365July 1, 20170.68%27 South Korea 51,446,201July 1, 20170.68%28 Kenya 49,699,862July 1, 20170.66%29 Colombia 49,526,300December 6, 20170.653%30 Spain 46,528,966January 1, 20170.61%31 Argentina 44,044,811July 1, 20170.58%32 Ukraine 42,434,767October 1, 20170.56%33 Algeria 41,697,498July 1, 20170.55%34 Sudan 40,782,742July 1, 20170.54%35 Poland 38,426,000July 1, 20170.51%36 Iraq 38,274,618July 1, 20170.5%37 Uganda 37,673,800July 1, 20170.5%38 Canada 36,738,900December 6, 20170.484%39 Morocco 34,513,200December 6, 20170.455%40 Saudi Arabia 32,612,641July 1, 20170.43%41 Uzbekistan 32,345,000July 1, 20170.43%42 Malaysia 32,317,000December 6, 20170.426%43 Peru 31,826,018July 1, 20170.42%44 Venezuela 31,431,164July 1, 20170.41%45 Afghanistan 29,724,323July 1, 20170.39%46 Ghana 28,956,587July 1, 20170.38%47 Nepal 28,825,709July 1, 20170.38%48 Angola 28,359,634January 1, 20170.37%49 Yemen 28,250,000July 1, 20170.37%50 Mozambique 27,128,530July 1, 20170.36%51 Madagascar 25,571,000July 1, 20170.34%52 North Korea 25,491,000July 1, 20170.34%53 Australia 24,738,400December 6, 20170.326%54 Ivory Coast 24,294,750July 1, 20170.32%55 Taiwan 23,562,318October 31, 20170.31%56 Cameroon 23,248,044January 1, 20170.31%57 Sri Lanka 21,444,000July 1, 20170.28%58 Niger 20,651,070July 1, 20170.27%59 Romania 19,638,000January 1, 20170.26%60 Burkina Faso 19,632,147July 1, 20170.26%61 Mali 18,542,000July 1, 20170.24%62 Syria 18,270,000July 1, 20170.24%63 Kazakhstan 18,117,600November 1, 20170.24%64 Chile 17,373,831August 31, 20170.23%65 Malawi 17,373,185July 1, 20170.23%66 Netherlands 17,177,400December 6, 20170.226%67 Ecuador 16,636,100December 6, 20170.219%68 Zambia 16,405,229July 1, 20170.22%69 Guatemala 16,176,133July 1, 20150.21%70 Cambodia 15,848,495July 1, 20170.21%71 Senegal 15,256,346January 1, 20170.2%72 Chad 14,900,000July 1, 20170.2%73 Somalia 14,742,523July 1, 20170.19%74 Zimbabwe 14,542,235July 1, 20170.19%75 South Sudan 11,868,209July 1, 20170.16%76 Rwanda 11,809,300July 1, 20170.16%77 Guinea 11,702,692July 1, 20170.15%78 Belgium 11,377,902September 1, 20170.15%79 Tunisia 11,304,482July 1, 20160.15%80 Cuba 11,239,224December 31, 20160.15%81 Bolivia 11,145,770July 1, 20170.15%82 Benin 11,002,578July 1, 20170.15%83 Haiti 10,911,819March 31, 20150.14%84 Greece 10,783,748January 1, 20160.14%85 Czech Republic 10,588,063June 30, 20170.14%86 Burundi 10,400,938July 1, 20170.14%87 Portugal 10,309,573December 31, 20160.14%88 Dominican Republic 10,169,172July 1, 20170.13%89 Sweden 10,103,843October 31, 20170.13%90 Jordan 10,026,320December 6, 20170.132%91 Azerbaijan 9,867,250September 1, 20170.13%92 Hungary 9,799,000January 1, 20170.13%93 Belarus 9,495,800October 1, 20170.13%94 United Arab Emirates 9,400,000July 1, 20170.12%95 Honduras 8,866,351July 1, 20170.12%96 Tajikistan 8,829,300July 1, 20170.12%97 Austria 8,817,514October 1, 20170.12%98 Israel 8,782,260December 6, 20170.116%99 Switzerland 8,448,585June 30, 20170.11%100 Papua New Guinea 8,151,300July 1, 20160.11%– Hong Kong ( China) 7,389,500July 1, 20170.097%101 Togo 7,178,000July 1, 20170.095%102 Bulgaria 7,101,859December 31, 20160.094%103 Sierra Leone 7,092,113December 4, 20150.093%104 Serbia 7,058,322June 30, 20160.093%105 Paraguay 6,953,646January 1, 20170.092%106 El Salvador 6,581,940July 1, 20170.087%107 Laos 6,492,400March 1, 20150.086%108 Libya 6,374,616July 1, 20170.084%109 Nicaragua 6,305,956July 1, 20170.083%110 Kyrgyzstan 6,140,200January 1, 20170.081%111 Lebanon 6,082,000July 1, 20170.08%112 Denmark 5,778,570October 1, 20170.076%113 Turkmenistan 5,758,000July 1, 20170.076%114 Singapore 5,612,300July 1, 20170.074%115 Finland 5,509,984September 30, 20170.073%116 Slovakia 5,437,752June 30, 20170.072%117 Norway 5,290,288October 1, 20170.07%118 Republic of the Congo 5,260,750July 1, 20170.069%119 Eritrea 5,068,831July 1, 20170.067%120 Costa Rica 4,947,490June 30, 20170.065%121 New Zealand 4,836,520December 6, 20170.0638%122 Palestine 4,816,503July 1, 20160.063%123 Ireland 4,792,500April 1, 20170.063%124 Central African Republic 4,659,080July 1, 20170.061%125 Oman 4,573,075February 1, 20170.06%126 Liberia 4,289,520July 1, 20170.057%127 Croatia 4,154,213December 31, 20160.055%128 Kuwait 4,132,415July 1, 20160.054%129 Panama 4,098,135July 1, 20170.054%130 Mauritania 3,806,719July 1, 20170.05%131 Georgia 3,718,200January 1, 20170.049%132 Moldova 3,550,900January 1, 20170.047%133 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,518,000July 1, 20150.046%134 Uruguay 3,493,205June 30, 20170.046%– Puerto Rico ( U.S.) 3,411,307July 1, 20160.045%135 Mongolia 3,183,225December 6, 20170.042%136 Armenia 2,979,600September 30, 20170.039%137 Albania 2,876,591January 1, 20170.038%138 Lithuania 2,812,713November 1, 20170.037%139 Jamaica 2,730,894December 31, 20160.036%140 Qatar 2,634,234September 31, 20170.035%141 Namibia 2,368,747July 1, 20170.031%142 Lesotho 2,233,339July 1, 20170.029%143 Botswana 2,230,905July 1, 20160.029%144 The Gambia 2,101,000July 1, 20170.028%145 Macedonia 2,073,702December 31, 20160.027%146 Slovenia 2,065,895January 1, 20170.027%147 Gabon 2,025,137July 1, 20170.027%148 Latvia 1,932,200November 1, 20170.025%– Kosovo 1,836,978January 1, 20160.024%149 Guinea-Bissau 1,553,822July 1, 20170.02%150 Bahrain 1,451,200July 1, 20170.019%151 Trinidad and Tobago 1,356,633July 1, 20170.018%152 Estonia 1,352,320January 1, 20170.018%153 Mauritius 1,263,820December 31, 20160.017%154 Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442July 4, 20150.016%155 East Timor 1,167,242July 11, 20150.015%156 Swaziland 1,145,970July 1, 20170.015%157 Djibouti 956,985July 1, 20170.013%158 Fiji 869,458July 1, 20150.011%159 Cyprus 848,300December 31, 20150.011%160 Comoros 806,153July 1, 20160.011%161 Bhutan 794,160December 6, 20170.01%162 Guyana 777,859July 1, 20170.0103%163 Solomon Islands 651,700July 1, 20160.0086%– Macau ( China) 648,500September 30, 20170.0085%164 Montenegro 622,387January 1, 20170.0082%165 Luxembourg 590,667January 1, 20170.0078%– Western Sahara 552,628July 1, 20170.0073%166 Suriname 541,638August 13, 20120.0071%167 Cape Verde 531,239July 1, 20160.007%– Transnistria 475,665October 15, 20150.0063%168 Malta 429,344December 31, 20140.0057%169 Brunei 417,200July 1, 20150.0055%170 Belize 380,010October 1, 20160.005%171 Bahamas 378,040July 1, 20160.005%172 Iceland 346,750September 30, 20170.0046%173 Maldives 344,023September 20, 20140.0045%– Northern Cyprus 313,626June 30, 20140.0041%174 Vanuatu 289,700July 1, 20160.0038%175 Barbados 285,719July 1, 20170.0038%– New Caledonia ( France) 277,000July 1, 20160.0037%– French Polynesia ( France) 275,918August 17, 20170.0036%– Abkhazia 240,705February 28, 20110.0032%176 Samoa 196,315January 1, 20170.0026%177 São Tomé and Príncipe 187,356May 13, 20120.0025%178 Saint Lucia 178,844July 1, 20170.0024%– Guam ( U.S.) 184,200July 1, 20150.0024%– Curaçao ( Netherlands) 160,337January 1, 20170.0021%– Artsakh 150,932December 1, 20150.002%179 Kiribati 115,300July 1, 20160.0015%– Aruba ( Netherlands) 110,882June 30, 20170.0015%180 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,557July 1, 20150.0014%– United States Virgin Islands ( U.S.) 104,901July 1, 20170.0014%181 Federated States of Micronesia 104,600July 1, 20160.0014%– Jersey ( UK) 104,200December 31, 20160.0014%182 Grenada 103,328May 12, 20110.0014%183 Tonga 100,600July 1, 20160.0013%184 Seychelles 94,205December 31, 20160.0012%185 Antigua and Barbuda 86,295May 27, 20110.0011%– Isle of Man ( UK) 83,314April 24, 20160.0011%186 Andorra 78,264December 31, 20160.001%187 Dominica 71,293May 14, 20110.00094%– Guernsey ( UK) 62,723March 31, 20160.00083%– Bermuda ( UK) 61,954July 1, 20130.00082%– Cayman Islands ( UK) 60,413December 31, 20150.0008%– American Samoa ( U.S.) 56,400July 1, 20160.00074%– Greenland ( Denmark) 56,171July 1, 20170.00074%– Northern Mariana Islands ( U.S.) 55,700July 1, 20160.00073%188 Marshall Islands 55,000July 1, 20160.00072%– South Ossetia 53,532October 15, 20150.00071%– Faroe Islands ( Denmark) 50,322October 1, 20170.00066%189 Saint Kitts and Nevis 46,204May 15, 20110.00061%– Sint Maarten ( Netherlands) 39,410January 1, 20160.00052%– Turks and Caicos Islands ( UK) 37,910July 1, 20160.0005%190 Liechtenstein 37,815December 31, 20160.0005%191 Monaco 37,550December 31, 20160.00049%– Saint-Martin ( France) 36,457January 1, 20150.00048%192 San Marino 33,265September 30, 20170.00044%– Gibraltar ( UK) 33,140December 31, 20140.00044%– British Virgin Islands ( UK) 28,514July 1, 20130.00038%– Cook Islands (NZ) 18,100March 1, 20160.00024%193 Palau 17,800July 1, 20160.00023%– Anguilla ( UK) 13,452May 11, 20110.00018%– Wallis and Futuna ( France) 11,800July 1, 20160.00016%194 Nauru 10,800July 1, 20160.00014%195 Tuvalu 10,100July 1, 20160.00013%– Saint Barthélemy ( France) 9,417January 1, 20150.00012%– Saint Pierre and Miquelon ( France) 6,286January 1, 20150.000083%– Saint Helena, Ascensionand Tristan da Cunha ( UK) 5,633February 7, 20160.000074%– Montserrat ( UK) 4,922May 12, 20110.000065%– Falkland Islands ( UK) 2,563April 15, 20120.000034%– Norfolk Island ( Australia) 2,302August 9, 20110.000030%– Christmas Island ( Australia) 2,072August 9, 20110.000027%– Niue (NZ) 1,470July 1, 20150.00002%– Tokelau ( NZ) 1,411October 18, 20110.000019%196 Vatican City 800January 1, 20140.000011%– Cocos (Keeling) Islands ( Australia) 550August 9, 20110.0000072%– Pitcairn Islands ( UK) 57July 1, 20140.00000075% Official estimate

See also

Lists of countries by population

Continental

Intercontinental

Notes

  1. The European Union is asui generissupranational union whose sovereign members delegate to it by treaty certain powers that are often exercised by sovereign states. Its combined population has been estimated at 510,284,430 on January 1, 2016, and it would be ranked 3rd if it were included in the list. It has 6.73% of the world's population — see. European Commission.
  2. The census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, the former of which returned to Chinese sovereignty on 1 July 1997 and the latter on 20 December 1999.
  3. Does not include the figures of Lakshwadeep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  4. Population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  5. Including the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, Russia's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are internationally recognized as Ukrainian territories under Russian occupation.
  6. Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Land, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  7. Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories, which are shown separately.
  8. Including Zanzibar.
  9. Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with andde factoadministered by Russia. However includes all territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  10. Itexcludesthe population of the disputed territory of the Western Sahara (the so-called Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic).
  11. Taiwan (Republic of China) also includes the minor islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, etc.
  12. Includes Puntland and Somaliland.
  13. Excludes Kosovo.
  14. Medium Variant
  15. Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  16. Excludes Transnistria.
  17. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 110 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  18. Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  19. De factoindependent,de jurepart of Moldova.
  20. De factoindependent,de jurepart of Cyprus.
  21. Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhaziade jurea part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  22. De factoindependent,de jurepart of Azerbaijan.
  23. South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetiade jurea part of Georgia's territory.
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