This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area.

Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO 3166-1 standard, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories. Largely unrecognised states not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order, but are not given a rank number. The areas of such largely unrecognised states are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory; see the notes in the "notes" column for each country for clarification.

Not included in the list are individual country claims to parts of the continent of Antarctica , entities such as the European Union that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories, and unrecognised micronations such as the Principality of Sealand .

This list includes three measurements of area:

  • Total area : the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines.
  • Land area : the aggregate of all land within international boundaries and coastlines, excluding water area.
  • Water area : the sum of the surface areas of all inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs , and rivers) within international boundaries and coastlines. Coastal internal waters (some small bays ) may be included. Territorial waters are not included unless otherwise noted. Contiguous zones and exclusive economic zones are not included.

Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division unless otherwise noted. [10]

Map

Countries and dependencies by area

Rank
Sovereign state/dependency Total in km 2 (mi 2 ) Land in km 2 (mi 2 ) Water in km 2 (mi 2 ) % water Notes
World 510,072,000
(196,940,000)
148,940,000
(57,510,000)
361,132,000
(139,434,000)
70.8
1 Russia 17,098,246
(6,601,670)
16,377,742
(6,323,482)
720,500
(278,200)
4.21 Largest country in the world (10.995% of the world's land mass); its Asian portion makes it the largest country in Asia , and its European portion of roughly 3,960,000 km 2 (1,530,000 sq mi) makes it the largest country in Europe .
Antarctica 14,000,000
(5,400,000)
14,000,000
(5,400,000)
0
(0)
0 13,720,000 km 2 (5,300,000 sq mi) (98%) of land area is covered by ice . Though not itself a country, areas are claimed by a number of countries . [4]
2 Canada 9,984,670
(3,855,100)
9,093,507
(3,511,023)
891,163
(344,080)
8.93 The largest English -speaking and French -speaking country, largest country in the Western Hemisphere by total area (second largest by land area, after United States ), with the largest surface area of water. Total area and water area figures include area covered by freshwater only, and do not include internal waters (non-freshwater) of about 1,600,000 km 2 , or territorial waters of 200,000 km 2 .
3 China 9,596,961
(3,705,407)
9,326,410
(3,600,950)
270,550
(104,460)
2.82 Second largest country in Asia (though the largest located wholly within the continent), and second largest country in the world by land area. Excludes Taiwan , disputed territories with India , and disputed islands in the South China Sea . Figures for total area and water area also exclude all coastal and territorial waters.
4 United States 9,525,067
(3,677,649) [11]
9,833,517
(3,796,742)
9,147,593
(3,531,905) –
9,147,643
(3,531,925) [11]
377,424
(145,724) [11]
685,924
(264,837)
3.96–6.97 Second largest English -speaking country, largest country in the Western Hemisphere by land area (second largest by total area, after Canada ). Secondary figures for total area and water area denote the inclusion of all coastal and territorial waters into the statistical area.
5 Brazil 8,515,767
(3,287,956)
8,460,415
(3,266,584)
55,352
(21,372)
0.65 The largest Portuguese -speaking country, the largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere , and the largest contiguous territory in the Americas . [15]
6 Australia 7,692,024
(2,969,907)
7,633,565
(2,947,336)
58,459
(22,571)
0.76 Third largest English -speaking country, largest country in Oceania , the largest country without land borders, and the largest country completely in the Southern Hemisphere .
7 India 3,287,263
(1,269,219)
2,973,190
(1,147,960)
314,073
(121,264)
9.55 Third largest country in Asia , largest country in South Asia , and the largest Hindi -speaking country.
8 Argentina 2,780,400
(1,073,500)
2,736,690
(1,056,640)
43,710
(16,880)
1.57 The largest Spanish -speaking country and second largest country in South America .
9 Kazakhstan 2,724,900
(1,052,100)
2,699,700
(1,042,400)
25,200
(9,700)
0.92 Largest landlocked country . [19] Second largest Russian -speaking country.
10 Algeria 2,381,741
(919,595)
2,381,741
(919,595)
0
(0)
0 The largest Arabic -speaking and Berber -speaking country, largest country in Africa and the Mediterranean Basin .
11 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858
(905,355)
2,267,048
(875,312)
77,810
(30,040)
3.32 The 2nd largest French -speaking country. Largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa . 2nd largest country in Africa, has the largest French -speaking city i.e. Kinshasa .
Denmark 2,220,093
(857,183)
2,220,072
(857,175)
21
(8.1)
0 UN figure does not includes entire Kingdom of Denmark area. Largest member state of European Union .
Greenland ( Kingdom of Denmark ) 2,166,086
(836,330)
2,166,086
(836,330)
0
(0)
0 Part of the Kingdom of Denmark . Largest non-continental island in world.
12 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690
(830,000)
2,149,690
(830,000)
0
(0)
0 Largest country in the Middle East .
13 Mexico 1,964,375
(758,449)
1,943,945
(750,561)
20,430
(7,890)
1.04 Second largest Spanish-speaking country and largest Amerindian-culture country. It also has the largest Spanish speaking city i.e. Mexico City .
14 Indonesia 1,910,931
(737,815)
1,811,569
(699,451)
93,000
(36,000)
4.87 The largest country in South-east Asia. The largest archipelagic state and island state in the world by area and population. [22]
15 Sudan 1,861,484
(718,723)
not determined not determined not determined
Formerly the largest country in Africa . It is now the 3rd largest country in Africa.
16 Libya 1,759,540
(679,360)
1,759,540
(679,360)
0
(0)
0
17 Iran 1,648,195
(636,372)
1,531,595
(591,352)
116,600
(45,000)
7.07
18 Mongolia 1,564,110
(603,910)
1,553,556
(599,831)
10,560
(4,080)
0.68 Largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea.
19 Peru 1,285,216
(496,225)
1,279,996
(494,209)
5,220
(2,020)
0.41 Third largest Spanish -speaking country and third largest country in South America .
20 Chad 1,284,000
(496,000)
1,259,200
(486,200)
24,800
(9,600)
1.93 Third largest landlocked country and largest outside of Asia.
21 Niger 1,267,000
(489,000)
1,266,700
(489,100)
300
(120)
0.02
22 Angola 1,246,700
(481,400)
1,246,700
(481,400)
0
(0)
0
23 Mali 1,240,192
(478,841)
1,220,190
(471,120)
20,002
(7,723)
1.61
24 South Africa 1,221,037
(471,445)
1,214,470
(468,910)
4,620
(1,780)
0.38
25 Colombia 1,141,748
(440,831)
1,038,700
(401,000)
100,210
(38,690)
8.8
26 Ethiopia 1,104,300
(426,400)
1,000,000
(390,000)
104,300
(40,300)
0.7
27 Bolivia 1,098,581
(424,164)
1,083,301
(418,265)
15,280
(5,900)
1.39
28 Mauritania 1,030,700
(398,000)
1,025,520
(395,960)
4,480
(1,730)
0.44
29 Egypt 1,002,450
(387,050)
995,450
(384,350)
6,000
(2,300)
0.6
30 Tanzania 945,087
(364,900)
885,800
(342,000)
61,500
(23,700)
6.49
31 Nigeria 923,768
(356,669)
910,768
(351,649)
13,000
(5,000)
1.41
32 Venezuela 916,445
(353,841)
882,050
(340,560)
30,000
(12,000)
3.29
33 Pakistan 881,912
(340,508)
881,912
(340,508)
25,220
(9,740)
2.86
34 Namibia 825,615
(318,772)
823,290
(317,870)
2,425
(936)
0.12
35 Mozambique 801,590
(309,500)
786,380
(303,620)
13,000
(5,000)
1.63
36 Turkey 783,562
(302,535)
769,632
(297,157)
13,930
(5,380)
1.78 Transcontinental country located between Asia and Europe .
37 Chile 756,102
(291,933)
743,812
(287,187)
12,290
(4,750)
1.63
38 Zambia 752,612
(290,585)
743,398
(287,028)
9,220
(3,560)
1.23
39 Myanmar 676,578
(261,228)
653,508
(252,321)
23,070
(8,910)
3.41
40 Afghanistan 652,230
(251,830)
652,230
(251,830)
0
(0)
0
41 South Sudan 644,329
(248,777)
not determined not determined not determined
42 France 640,679
(247,368)
640,427
(247,270)
3,374
(1,303)
0.52 Figures include metropolitan France (in Europe) as well as the five overseas regions . This does not include New Caledonia (an autonomous sui generis collectivity), the five autonomous overseas collectivities , and the two uninhabited territories (the French Southern and Antarctic Lands and Clipperton Island ) which are listed individually, although also part of the French Republic. Largest member state of European Union and third largest country in Europe .
43 Somalia 637,657
(246,201)
627,337
(242,216)
10,320
(3,980)
1.62
44 Central African Republic 622,984
(240,535)
622,984
(240,535)
0
(0)
0
45 Ukraine 603,500
(233,000)
579,300
(223,700)
24,200
(9,300)
4.01 Second largest country in Europe and largest country wholly in Europe .
46 Madagascar 587,041
(226,658)
581,540
(224,530)
5,501
(2,124)
0.94
47 Botswana 581,730
(224,610)
566,730
(218,820)
15,000
(5,800)
2.58
48 Kenya 580,367
(224,081)
569,140
(219,750)
11,227
(4,335)
1.93
49 Yemen 527,968
(203,850)
527,968
(203,850)
0
(0)
0
50 Thailand 513,120
(198,120)
510,890
(197,260)
2,230
(860)
0.43
51 Spain 505,992
(195,365)
498,980
(192,660)
6,390
(2,470)
1.26

Largest country in Southern Europe and second largest member state of European Union .

52 Turkmenistan 488,100
(188,500)
469,930
(181,440)
18,170
(7,020)
3.72
53 Cameroon 475,442
(183,569)
472,710
(182,510)
2,730
(1,050)
0.57
54 Papua New Guinea 462,840
(178,700)
452,860
(174,850)
9,980
(3,850)
2.16
55 Sweden 450,295
(173,860)
410,335
(158,431)
39,960
(15,430)
8.87 Largest country in Northern Europe and the largest country completely in Western Europe . Third largest member state of European Union .
56 Uzbekistan 447,400
(172,700)
425,400
(164,200)
22,000
(8,500)
4.92
57 Morocco 446,550
(172,410)
446,300
(172,300)
250
(97)
0.06
58 Iraq 438,317
(169,235)
437,367
(168,868)
950
(370)
0.22
59 Paraguay 406,752
(157,048)
397,302
(153,399)
9,450
(3,650)
2.32
60 Zimbabwe 390,757
(150,872)
386,847
(149,362)
3,910
(1,510)
1
61 Japan 377,973
(145,936)
364,543
(140,751)
13,430
(5,190)
3.55 Largest island country in East Asia .
62 Germany 357,114
(137,882)
348,672
(134,623)
8,350
(3,220)
2.34 Largest country in Central Europe . Before the 1990 German reunification , West Germany was 248,577 (95,976) and East Germany was 108,333 (41,828).
63 Republic of the Congo 342,000
(132,000)
341,500
(131,900)
500
(190)
0.15
64 Finland 338,424
(130,666)
303,815
(117,304)
34,330
(13,250)
10.15
65 Vietnam 331,212
(127,882)
310,070
(119,720)
21,140
(8,160)
6.38
66 Malaysia 330,803
(127,724)
329,613
(127,264)
1,190
(460)
0.35
67 Norway 323,802
(125,021)
304,282
(117,484)
19,520
(7,540)
6.03
68 Ivory Coast 322,463
(124,504)
318,003
(122,782)
4,460
(1,720)
1.38
69 Poland 312,696
(120,733)
311,888
(120,421)
791
(305)
3.07
70 Oman 309,500
(119,500)
309,500
(119,500)
0
(0)
0
71 Italy 301,339
(116,348)
294,140
(113,570)
7,200
(2,800)
2.39
72 Philippines 300,000
(120,000)
298,170
(115,120)
1,830
(710)
0.61
73 Ecuador 276,841
(106,889)
256,369
(98,985)
6,720
(2,590)
2.37
74 Burkina Faso 274,222
(105,878)
273,602
(105,638)
620
(240)
0.23
75 New Zealand 270,467
(104,428)
262,443
(101,330)
4,395
(1,697)
1.65
76 Gabon 267,668
(103,347)
257,667
(99,486)
10,000
(3,900)
3.74
Western Sahara 266,000
(103,000)
266,000
(103,000)
0
(0)
0 Disputed territory.
77 Guinea 245,857
(94,926)
245,717
(94,872)
140
(54)
0.06
78 United Kingdom 242,495
(93,628)
241,930
(93,410)
1,680
(650)
0.69

Largest island country in Europe and Western Hemisphere .

79 Uganda 241,550
(93,260)
197,100
(76,100)
43,938
(16,965)
18.23
80 Ghana 238,533
(92,098)
227,533
(87,851)
11,000
(4,200)
4.61
81 Romania 238,397
(92,046)
231,291
(89,302)
7,100
(2,700)
2.97
82 Laos 236,800
(91,400)
230,800
(89,100)
6,000
(2,300)
2.53
83 Guyana 214,969
(83,000)
196,849
(76,004)
18,120
(7,000)
8.43
84 Belarus 207,600
(80,200)
202,900
(78,300)
4,700
(1,800)
2.26 Largest landlocked country in Europe .
85 Kyrgyzstan 199,951
(77,202)
191,801
(74,055)
8,150
(3,150)
4.08
86 Senegal 196,722
(75,955)
192,530
(74,340)
4,192
(1,619)
2.13
87 Syria 185,180
(71,500)
183,630
(70,900)
1,550
(600)
0.84
88 Cambodia 181,035
(69,898)
176,515
(68,153)
4,520
(1,750)
2.5
89 Uruguay 176,215
(68,037)
175,015
(67,574)
1,200
(460)
0.68
Somaliland 176,120
(68,000)
90 Suriname 163,820
(63,250)
156,000
(60,000)
7,820
(3,020)
4.77 Smallest country in South America .
91 Tunisia 163,610
(63,170)
155,360
(59,980)
8,250
(3,190)
5.04
92 Bangladesh 147,570
(56,980)
130,168
(50,258)
13,830
(5,340)
9.6
93 Nepal 147,181
(56,827)
143,351
(55,348)
3,830
(1,480)
2.6 Largest country in the Himalayan range
94 Tajikistan 143,100
(55,300)
141,510
(54,640)
2,590
(1,000)
1.81
95 Greece 131,990
(50,960)
130,647
(50,443)
1,310
(510)
0.99
96 Nicaragua 130,373
(50,337)
119,990
(46,330)
10,380
(4,010)
7.96 Largest country in Central America .
97 North Korea 120,540
(46,540)
120,538
(46,540)
2
(0.77)
0.11
98 Malawi 118,484
(45,747)
94,080
(36,320)
24,404
(9,422)
20.6
99 Eritrea 117,600
(45,400)
101,000
(39,000)
16,600
(6,400)
14.12
100 Benin 114,763
(44,310)
114,305
(44,133)
457.569
(176.668)
0.40 [4]
101 Honduras 112,492
(43,433)
111,890
(43,200)
200
(77)
0.18
102 Liberia 111,369
(43,000)
96,320
(37,190)
15,049
(5,810)
13.51
103 Bulgaria 110,879
(42,811)
108,489
(41,888)
2,390
(920)
2.16
104 Cuba 109,884
(42,426)
109,820
(42,400)
1,040
(400)
0.94 Largest country in Caribbean
105 Guatemala 108,889
(42,042)
107,159
(41,374)
1,730
(670)
1.59
106 Iceland 103,000
(40,000)
100,250
(38,710)
2,750
(1,060)
2.67
107 South Korea 100,210
(38,690)
99,909
(38,575)
301
(116)
0.3
108 Hungary 93,028
(35,918)
89,608
(34,598)
3,420
(1,320)
3.68
109 Portugal 92,090
(35,560)
91,470
(35,320)
620
(240)
0.67
110 Jordan 89,342
(34,495)
88,802
(34,287)
540
(210)
0.6
111 Serbia 88,361
(34,116)
88,246
(34,072)
115
(44)
0.13 The largest Serbo-Croatian -speaking country. [4]
112 Azerbaijan 86,600
(33,400)
86,100
(33,200)
500
(190)
0.13 Largest country in Caucasus . [4]
113 Austria 83,871
(32,383)
82,445
(31,832)
1,426
(551)
1.7
114 United Arab Emirates 83,600
(32,300)
83,600
(32,300)
0
(0)
0
115 Czech Republic 78,865
(30,450)
77,247
(29,825)
1,620
(630)
2.05
116 Panama 75,417
(29,119)
74,340
(28,700)
1,080
(420)
1.43
117 Sierra Leone 71,740
(27,700)
71,620
(27,650)
120
(46)
0.17
118 Ireland 70,273
(27,133)
68,883
(26,596)
1,390
(540)
1.98 The figure shown is for the Republic of Ireland , the island of Ireland is 84,421 km 2 or 32,595 sq mi [4]
119 Georgia 69,700
(26,900)
69,700
(26,900)
0
(0)
0 [4]
120 Sri Lanka 65,610
(25,330)
62,732
(24,221)
2,878
(1,111)
4.4
121 Lithuania 65,300
(25,200)
62,680
(24,200)
2,620
(1,010)
4.01
122 Latvia 64,559
(24,926)
62,249
(24,034)
2,340
(900)
3.62
Svalbard ( Norway ) 62,045
(23,956)
62,045
(23,956)
0
(0)
0 [4]
123 Togo 56,785
(21,925)
54,385
(20,998)
2,400
(930)
4.23
124 Croatia 56,594
(21,851)
55,974
(21,612)
620
(240)
1.1
125 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,209
(19,772)
51,187
(19,763)
10
(3.9)
0.02
126 Costa Rica 51,100
(19,700)
51,060
(19,710)
40
(15)
0.08
127 Slovakia 49,037
(18,933)
48,105
(18,573)
930
(360)
1.9
128 Dominican Republic 48,671
(18,792)
48,320
(18,660)
350
(140)
0.72
129 Estonia 45,227
(17,462)
42,388
(16,366)
2,840
(1,100)
6.28
130 Denmark 43,094
(16,639)
42,434
(16,384)
660
(250)
1.53 Metropolitan Denmark only, without Greenland and the Faroe Islands .
131 Netherlands 41,850
(16,160)
33,893
(13,086)
7,650
(2,950)
18.41 Includes the special municipalities , but excludes other countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands , shown separately.
132 Switzerland 41,284
(15,940)
39,997
(15,443)
1,280
(490)
3.1
133 Bhutan 38,394
(14,824)
38,394
(14,824)
0
(0)
0
134 Taiwan 36,193
(13,974)
32,260
(12,460)
3,720
(1,440)
10.34 Between 1945 and 1949, the Republic of China included Mainland China , Mongolia , Taiwan and other areas, totaling 11,418,174 km 2 (4,408,582 sq mi).
135 Guinea-Bissau 36,125
(13,948)
28,120
(10,860)
8,005
(3,091)
22.16
136 Moldova 33,846
(13,068)
32,891
(12,699)
960
(370)
2.84
137 Belgium 30,528
(11,787)
30,278
(11,690)
250
(97)
0.82
138 Lesotho 30,355
(11,720)
30,355
(11,720)
0
(0)
0
139 Armenia 29,743
(11,484)
28,342
(10,943)
1,401
(541)
4.71
140 Solomon Islands 28,896
(11,157)
27,986
(10,805)
910
(350)
3.15 Largest independent country on the Pacific Islands .
141 Albania 28,748
(11,100)
27,398
(10,578)
1,350
(520)
4.7
142 Equatorial Guinea 28,051
(10,831)
28,051
(10,831)
0
(0)
0
143 Burundi 27,834
(10,747)
25,680
(9,920)
2,150
(830)
7.73
144 Haiti 27,750
(10,710)
27,560
(10,640)
190
(73)
0.68
145 Rwanda 26,338
(10,169)
24,668
(9,524)
1,670
(640)
6.34
146 Macedonia 25,713
(9,928)
25,433
(9,820)
280
(110)
1.09
147 Djibouti 23,200
(9,000)
23,180
(8,950)
20
(7.7)
0.09
148 Belize 22,966
(8,867)
22,806
(8,805)
160
(62)
0.7
149 El Salvador 21,041
(8,124)
20,721
(8,000)
320
(120)
1.52 Smallest country in continental North America .
150 Israel 20,770
(8,020)
20,330
(7,850)
440
(170)
2.12
151 Slovenia 20,273
(7,827)
20,151
(7,780)
122
(47)
0.6
New Caledonia ( France ) 18,575
(7,172)
18,275
(7,056)
300
(120)
1.62
152 Fiji 18,272
(7,055)
18,274
(7,056)
0
(0)
0
153 Kuwait 17,818
(6,880)
17,818
(6,880)
0
(0)
0
154 Eswatini 17,364
(6,704)
17,204
(6,643)
160
(62)
0.92
155 East Timor 14,919
(5,760)
14,919
(5,760)
0
(0)
0
156 Bahamas 13,943
(5,383)
10,010
(3,860)
3,870
(1,490)
27.88
157 Montenegro 13,812
(5,333)
13,452
(5,194)
360
(140)
2.61
158 Vanuatu 12,189
(4,706)
12,189
(4,706)
0
(0)
0
Falkland Islands ( United Kingdom ) 12,173
(4,700)
12,173
(4,700)
0
(0)
0
159 Qatar 11,586
(4,473)
11,586
(4,473)
0
(0)
0
Artsakh 11,458
(4,424)
11,458
(4,424)
1,200
(460)
1 5.000 km 2 . Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh by regions 11,5 km 2 .
160 The Gambia 11,295
(4,361)
10,000
(3,900)
1,295
(500)
11.47 Smallest country in continental Africa .
161 Jamaica 10,991
(4,244)
10,831
(4,182)
160
(62)
1.46
Kosovo 10,887
(4,203)
162 Lebanon 10,452
(4,036)
10,230
(3,950)
170
(66)
1.63 Second smallest country in continental Asia .
163 Cyprus 9,251
(3,572)
9,241
(3,568)
10
(3.9)
0.11
Puerto Rico (United States) 9,104
(3,515)
9,104
(3,515)
3,054
(1,179)
35.2 An American territory, it is the third largest island of the United States after the Big Island of Hawaii and Kodiak Island of Alaska . Also the smallest part of Hispanic America .
Abkhazia 8,660
(3,340)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands ( France ) 7,747
(2,991)
7,668
(2,961)
79.8
(30.8)
1.03 Excludes claim on Adélie Land in Antarctica.
United States Minor Outlying Islands 6,959.41
(2,687.04)
34.2
(13.2)
6,937
(2,678)
99.68
164 State of Palestine 6,020
(2,320)
5,640
(2,180)
220
(85)
3.9 [6]
165 Brunei 5,765
(2,226)
5,265
(2,033)
500
(190)
8.67
166 Trinidad and Tobago 5,130
(1,980)
5,128
(1,980)
0
(0)
0
French Polynesia ( France ) 4,167
(1,609)
3,827
(1,478)
340
(130)
8.16
Transnistria 4,163
(1,607)
167 Cape Verde 4,033
(1,557)
4,033
(1,557)
0
(0)
0
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands ( United Kingdom ) 3,903
(1,507)
3,903
(1,507)
0
(0)
0
South Ossetia 3,900
(1,500)
Northern Cyprus 3,355
(1,295)
168 Samoa 2,842
(1,097)
2,821
(1,089)
10
(3.9)
0.35
Hong Kong ( China ) 2,755
(1,064)
1,106
(427)
1,649
(637) [44]
59.8
169 Luxembourg 2,586
(998)
2,586
(998)
0
(0)
0
Bir Tawil ( Terra nullius ) 2,060
(800)
2,060
(800)
0
(0)
0
170 Mauritius 2,040
(790)
2,030
(780)
10
(3.9)
0.49
171 Comoros 1,862
(719)
1,862
(719)
0
(0)
0
Åland Islands ( Finland ) 1,580
(610)
Faroe Islands ( Denmark ) 1,393
(538)
1,393
(538)
Negligible Negligible
172 São Tomé and Príncipe 964
(372)
964
(372)
0
(0)
0
Turks and Caicos Islands ( United Kingdom ) 948
(366)
430
(170)
0
(0)
0
173 Kiribati 811
(313)
811
(313)
0
(0)
0
174 Bahrain 767
(296)
767
(296)
0
(0)
0
175 Dominica 751
(290)
751
(290)
0
(0)
0
176 Tonga 747
(288)
717
(277)
30
(12)
4.02
177 Singapore 716
(276)
687
(265)
10
(3.9)
1.43
178 Federated States of Micronesia 702
(271)
702
(271)
Negligible Negligible
179 Saint Lucia 616
(238)
606
(234)
10
(3.9)
1.62
Isle of Man ( United Kingdom ) 572
(221)
572
(221)
0
(0)
0
Guam ( United States ) 549
(212)
544
(210)
0
(0)
0
180 Andorra 468
(181)
468
(181)
0
(0)
0
Northern Mariana Islands ( United States ) 464
(179)
464
(179)
0
(0)
0
181 Palau 459
(177)
459
(177)
0
(0)
0
182 Seychelles 452
(175)
455
(176)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in Africa .
Curaçao ( Netherlands ) 444
(171)
444
(171)
0
(0)
0
183 Antigua and Barbuda 442
(171)
442.6
(170.9)
0
(0)
0
184 Barbados 430
(170)
431
(166)
0
(0)
0
Heard Island and McDonald Islands ( Australia ) 412
(159)
412
(159)
0
(0)
0
185 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389
(150)
389
(150)
0
(0)
0
Jan Mayen ( Norway ) 377
(146)
377
(146)
0
(0)
0
U.S. Virgin Islands ( United States ) 347
(134)
346
(134)
1,564
(604)
81.88
186 Grenada 344
(133)
344
(133)
0
(0)
0
187 Malta 316
(122)
316
(122)
0
(0)
0
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha ( United Kingdom ) 308
(119)
308
(119)
0
(0)
0
188 Maldives 300
(120)
298
(115)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in Asia .
Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire ( Netherlands ) 294
(114)
294
(114)
0
(0)
0
Cayman Islands ( United Kingdom ) 264
(102)
264
(102)
0
(0)
0
189 Saint Kitts and Nevis 261
(101)
261
(101)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in the Americas and the Western Hemisphere .
Niue ( New Zealand ) 260
(100)
260
(100)
0
(0)
0
Akrotiri and Dhekelia ( United Kingdom ) 253.8
(98.0)
not determined not determined not determined There is a salt lake and some wetlands of unknown area.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon ( France ) 242
(93)
242
(93)
0
(0)
0
Cook Islands ( New Zealand ) 236
(91)
236
(91)
0
(0)
0
American Samoa ( United States ) 199
(77)
199
(77)
0
(0)
0
190 Marshall Islands 181
(70)
181
(70)
11,673
(4,507)
98.47
Aruba ( Netherlands ) 180
(69)
180
(69)
0
(0)
0
191 Liechtenstein 160
(62)
160
(62)
0
(0)
0
British Virgin Islands ( United Kingdom ) 151
(58)
151
(58)
0
(0)
0
Wallis and Futuna ( France ) 142
(55)
142
(55)
0
(0)
0
Christmas Island ( Australia ) 135
(52)
135
(52)
0
(0)
0
Jersey ( United Kingdom ) 116
(45)
116
(45)
0
(0)
0
Montserrat ( United Kingdom ) 102
(39)
102
(39)
0
(0)
0
Anguilla ( United Kingdom ) 91
(35)
91
(35)
0
(0)
0
Guernsey ( United Kingdom ) 78
(30)
78
(30)
0
(0)
0
192 San Marino 61
(24)
61
(24)
0
(0)
0
British Indian Ocean Territory ( United Kingdom ) 60
(23)
60
(23)
54,340
(20,980)
99.89
Saint Martin ( France ) 54
(21)
54.4
(21.0)
Negligible Negligible
Bermuda ( United Kingdom ) 54
(21)
54
(21)
0
(0)
0
Bouvet Island ( Norway ) 49
(19)
49
(19)
0
(0)
0
Pitcairn Islands ( United Kingdom ) 47
(18)
47
(18)
0
(0)
0
Norfolk Island ( Australia ) 36
(14)
36
(14)
0
(0)
0
Sint Maarten ( Netherlands ) 34
(13)
34
(13)
0
(0)
0
Macau ( China ) 31.3
(12.1)
28.2
(10.9)
0
(0)
0 [7]
193 Tuvalu 26
(10)
26
(10)
0
(0)
0 Smallest Commonwealth realm .
194 Nauru 21
(8.1)
21
(8.1)
0
(0)
0 Smallest island country , smallest republic and smallest country that is not a city-state
Saint Barthélemy ( France ) 21
(8.1)
not determined not determined not determined
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius ( Netherlands ) 21
(8.1)
not determined not determined not determined
Cocos (Keeling) Islands ( Australia ) 14
(5.4)
14
(5.4)
0
(0)
0
Flag of Saba.svg Saba ( Netherlands ) 13
(5.0)
not determined not determined not determined
Tokelau ( New Zealand ) 12
(4.6)
12
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
Gibraltar ( United Kingdom ) 6
(2.3)
6.5
(2.5)
0
(0)
0 British Overseas territory
Clipperton Island ( France ) 6
(2.3)
2
(0.77)
4
(1.5)
66.67
Ashmore and Cartier Islands ( Australia ) 5
(1.9)
5
(1.9)
0
(0)
0
Spratly Islands ( disputed ) <5
(<1.9)
<5
(<1.9)
0
(0)
0
Coral Sea Islands ( Australia ) <3
(<1.2)
<3
(<1.2)
0
(0)
0
195 Monaco 2.02
(0.78)
2.02
(0.78)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country with a coastline.
196 Vatican City 0.44
(0.17)
0.44
(0.17)
0
(0)
0 Smallest country in Europe and the world.

Graphical charts

The charts below are based on the CIA World Factbook [47] as of February 15, 2005.

Sovereign states with areas greater than 100,000 km 2 are shown in green. In addition, non-sovereign territories are included for purposes of comparison, and are shown in gray. Areas include inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Claims to parts of Antarctica by various countries are not included.

Countries greater than 1.5 million km 2

Mongolia Iran Libya Sudan Indonesia Mexico Saudi Arabia Greenland Democratic Republic of the Congo Algeria Kazakhstan Argentina India European Union Australia Brazil United States Geography of China#Boundary disputes People's Republic of China Canada Europe Antarctica Russia

Countries less than 1.5 million km 2

Iceland Guatemala Cuba Bulgaria Liberia Honduras Benin Malawi North Korea Eritrea Nicaragua Greece Nepal Tajikistan Bangladesh Suriname Tunisia Uruguay Cambodia Syria Senegal Kyrgyzstan Belarus Oman Guyana Uganda Laos Romania Ghana United Kingdom Guinea Western Sahara Gabon New Zealand Burkina Faso Ecuador Philippines Italy Poland Côte d'Ivoire Norway Vietnam Malaysia Finland Republic of the Congo Germany Japan Zimbabwe Paraguay Iraq Morocco Uzbekistan Sweden Papua New Guinea Cameroon Turkmenistan Spain Thailand Yemen France Kenya Madagascar Botswana Ukraine South Sudan Central African Republic Somalia Afghanistan Burma Zambia Chile Turkey Mozambique Pakistan Namibia Venezuela Nigeria Tanzania Egypt Mauritania Bolivia Ethiopia Colombia South Africa Mali Angola Niger Chad Peru

See also

Notes

  1. The European Union is a unique supranational union . It covers a total area of 4,479,968 km 2 (1,729,725 sq mi), [47] and would be ranked 7th if it were included (3.0% of world's total land area).
  2. The figure shown does not include the area of Crimea (27,000 km 2 or 10,000 sq mi), de facto controlled by Russia, claimed by Ukraine .
  3. The following countries have territorial claims in Antarctica : Argentina (969,000 km 2 or 374,000 sq mi), Australia (5,896,500 km 2 or 2,276,700 sq mi), Chile (1,250,000 km 2 or 480,000 sq mi), France (432,000 km 2 or 167,000 sq mi), New Zealand (450,000 km 2 or 170,000 sq mi), Norway (including Peter I Island ) (2,500,000 km 2 or 970,000 sq mi) and United Kingdom (1,395,000 km 2 or 539,000 sq mi), which to some extent overlap. The area from to (2,100,000 km 2 or 810,000 sq mi) is currently unclaimed territory. These areas usually have no human inhabitants, excluding scientists.
  4. The following two primary sources (non-mirrored) represent the range (min./max.) of total area for China and the United States.Both sources (1) exclude Taiwan from the area of China; (2) exclude China's coastal and territorial waters.However, the CIA World Factbook includes the United States coastal and territorial waters, while Encyclopædia Britannica excludes the United States coastal and territorial waters.
    1. The Encyclopædia Britannica lists China as world's third-largest country (after Russia and Canada ) with a total area of 9,572,900 sq km, and the United States as fourth-largest at 9,525,067 sq km. [11]
    2. The CIA World Factbook lists China as fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada and the United States) with a total area of 9,596,960 sq km, [5] and the United States as the third-largest at 9,833,517 sq km. [135]

    Notably, Encyclopædia Britannica specifies the United States' area (excluding coastal and territorial waters) as 9,525,067 sq km, which is less than either source's figure given for China's area. [11] Therefore, while it can be determined that China has a larger area excluding coastal and territorial waters, it is unclear which country has a larger area including coastal and territorial waters.


    United Nations Statistics Division 's figure for the United States is 9,833,517 sq km and China is 9,596,961 sq km. These closely match the CIA World Factbook figures and similarly include coastal and territorial waters for the United States, but exclude coastal and territorial waters for China.


    Further explanation of disputed ranking: The dispute for world's third-largest country arose from the inclusion of coastal and territorial waters for the United States. This discrepancy was deduced from comparing the CIA World Factbook and its previous iterations [14] against the information for United States on Encyclopædia Britannica , particularly its footnote section. [11] In sum, according to older versions of the CIA World Factbook (from 1982 to 1996), the US was listed as the world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and China) with a total area of 9,372,610 sq km. However, in the 1997 edition, the US added coastal waters to its total area (increasing it to 9,629,091 sq km). And then again in 2007, US added territorial water to its total area (increasing it to 9,833,517 sq km). During this time, China's total area remained unchanged. In other words, no coastal or territorial water area was added to China's total area figure. The United States has a coastal water area of 109,362 sq km, and a territorial water area of 195,213 sq km, for a total of 304,575 sq km of additional water space. This is larger than entire countries like Italy , New Zealand , and the United Kingdom . Adding this figure to the US will boost it over China in ranking since China's coastal and territorial water figures are currently unknown (no official publication) and thus cannot be added into China's total area figure.

  5. Figures exclude the external territories of Norfolk Island , Ashmore and Cartier Islands , Christmas Island , Cocos (Keeling) Islands , Coral Sea Islands Territory , and Heard Island and McDonald Islands , [16] each shown separately. Excludes the claim of the Australian Antarctic Territory (5,896,500 km 2 or 2,276,700 sq mi). The UN's previous data, [17] as well as the current data shown by the World Bank and the CIA, [47] [18] give the figure as 7,741,220 km 2 (2,988,900 sq mi).
  6. The total area given is from Encyclopædia Britannica and includes disputed territories not under Indian control but claimed by India. The total area claimed by India, according to the figure given by the United Nations and the Indian government, totals 3,287,263 km 2 (1,269,219 sq mi).
  7. Excludes claims on Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km 2 or 374,000 sq mi), on Malvinas/Falkland Islands (12,173 km 2 or 4,700 sq mi) and on South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (3,903 km 2 or 1,507 sq mi).
  8. The area of internal waters is officially reported as 0 [20] even though several seasonal lakes and permanent reservoirs exist in the country. Prior to 2011, Sudan was the largest country in Africa but the secession of South Sudan led to Algeria becoming the largest country in Africa.
  9. A total of 1,755,636 km 2 (677,855 sq mi) of land area is covered by ice ; the ice-free area amounts to 410,450 km 2 (158,480 sq mi). [18]
  10. The water area percentage of Sudan prior to the secession of South Sudan was 5.18.
  11. Prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan's total area as reported by the UN source was 2,505,813 km 2 (967,500 sq mi). Updated figure shown is from the CIA. [47]
  12. The area given is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook. [47] [17] The UN Demographic Yearbook lists a figure of 1,628,750 km 2 (628,860 sq mi), which refers to land area only.
  13. Excluding the Ilemi Triangle (14,000 km 2 or 5,400 sq mi).
  14. Includes data for Pakistani-claimed territories of Kashmir , Azad Kashmir (13,297 km 2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km 2 or 28,000 sq mi). [24] Excluding these territories would produce an area figure of 796,095 km 2 (307,374 sq mi).
  15. Excludes claims in Antarctica .
  16. Figures shown in this entry are taken from the CIA. [47]
  17. Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km 2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km 2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic . The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km 2 (248,573 sq mi). [47] Another source, the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies , gives an area figure of 632,759 km 2 (244,310 sq mi). [25] (The CIA gives a water area of metropolitan France as 1,530 km 2 (590 sq mi).)
  18. The figure shown includes the area of Somaliland (137,600 km 2 or 53,100 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Somalia.
  19. The figure shown includes the area of Crimea (27,000 km 2 or 10,000 sq mi), de facto controlled by Russia, but claimed by Ukraine and internationally recognised as part of it.
  20. All figures are those cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization . [26]
  21. Does not include Western Sahara , shown separately.
  22. Figure shown is from the 2007 data and the CIA World Factbook. [47] [17] The UN figure of 435,244 km 2 (168,049 sq mi) excludes the three autonomous provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan .
  23. Figure shown is from the 2018 (Heisei 29) Geospatial Information Authority of Japan . [28]
  24. Includes the Åland Islands (1,552 km 2 or 599 sq mi).
  25. Figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook; the UN data refers to mainland area only. All figures exclude Svalbard , Jan Mayen and Bouvet Island , shown separately, and the Antarctic territorial claims of Queen Maud Land and Peter I Island (243 km 2 or 94 sq mi).
  26. May or may not include the Galápagos Islands (7,880 km 2 or 3,040 sq mi). The 2007 data, [17] as well as the current data given by the CIA, explicitly includes the Galápagos and gives the figure as 283,561 km 2 (109,484 sq mi). [47]
  27. The total area figure is that reported by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography of Burkina Faso (INSD). [29] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization [30] and the land area is taken to be the difference between these two figures.
  28. The government gives the total figure as 266,838 square kilometres (103,027 sq mi). [31] CIA World Factbook has total/land area of 267,710 km 2 (103,360 sq mi). All figures exclude Niue , the Cook Islands and Tokelau , shown separately, as well as the Antarctic claim of Ross Dependency .
  29. Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic , both of which claim the entire territory .
  30. Does not include the three Crown dependencies (768 km 2 or 297 sq mi) and the 14 overseas territories (1,742,857 km 2 or 672,921 sq mi), shown separately.
  31. Includes the parts of the Golan Heights (1,295 km 2 or 500 sq mi) occupied by Israel .
  32. Somaliland is claimed in whole by Somalia , and has no international recognition
  33. Area according to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics is 147,570 km 2 or 56,980 sq mi. [33]
  34. Benin's official total area increased from 112,622 km 2 (43,484 sq mi) to 114,763 km 2 (44,310 sq mi) following the resolution of the Lete Island dispute in 2005. [4] The water area is that reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization [4] and the land area is the difference between these two figures, rounded to the nearest square kilometre.
  35. The figure shown includes the area of Kosovo and Metohija , which is de facto independent from Serbia as the Republic of Kosovo (10,887 km 2 or 4,203 sq mi). The area of Serbia without Kosovo is 77,474 km 2 (29,913 sq mi). [47]
  36. The figure shown includes the area of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (11,458 km 2 or 4,424 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Azerbaijan.
  37. The figure shown includes the areas of Abkhazia (8,660 km 2 or 3,340 sq mi) [4] and South Ossetia (3,900 km 2 or 1,500 sq mi), [4] both de facto independent from Georgia.
  38. The UN gives a combined area for Svalbard and Jan Mayen as 62,422 km 2 (24,101 sq mi). The separate figures shown are from the CIA World Factbook. [47]
  39. The UN figure includes only the constituent country Denmark; the entire Kingdom of Denmark , including Greenland and the Faroe Islands covers 2,220,093 km 2 (857,183 sq mi) and would be 12th.
  40. Data for the Netherlands is from the Central Bureau of Statistics. [40] Source gives area of European Netherlands as 41,528 km 2 (16,034 sq mi) and lists the three special municipalities separately, whose areas sum to 322 km 2 (124 sq mi). Adding these gives the total shown here for the entire country of the Netherlands. Adding the constituent countries of Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , the total area of the Kingdom of the Netherlands covers 42,508 km 2 (16,412 sq mi).
  41. The figure from the UN demographic yearbook (41,277 km 2 or 15,937 sq mi) excludes the areas of state forests and communanzas, which amount to 7.15 km 2 (2.76 sq mi). The figure here is from the 2007 data. [17]
  42. The UN source does not include data for the Republic of China on Taiwan. The figure shown is from the 2012 Statistical Data from the Ministry of the Interior , Republic of China. The CIA gives a total area of 35,980 km 2 (13,890 sq mi). The total constitutional land area of the Republic of China is 11,420,000 km 2 (4,410,000 sq mi), which includes modern-day Taiwan, Mongolia, and Mainland China . [42]
  43. The figure shown includes the area of Transnistria (4,163 km 2 or 1,607 sq mi), which is de facto independent from Moldova.
  44. Figures shown are from the CIA. [47] The UN/ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics figure of 22,072 km 2 (8,522 sq mi) includes the Golan Heights (1,200 km 2 or 460 sq mi) and East Jerusalem (70 km 2 or 27 sq mi), which are not internationally recognised as part of Israel.
  45. Nagorno-Karabakh is claimed in whole by Azerbaijan , and has no international recognition
  46. Kosovo is claimed in whole by Serbia , and has limited international recognition
  47. Includes the largely unrecognized but de facto independent Northern Cyprus (3,355 km 2 or 1,295 sq mi), the UN buffer zone (346 km 2 or 134 sq mi) and Akrotiri and Dhekelia (254 km 2 or 98 sq mi). [47]
  48. Abkhazia is claimed in whole by Georgia , and has limited international recognition
  49. The UN source has no data for the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The figure given here is the total of all areas listed separately in the CIA World Factbook. [43]
  50. The CIA gives the areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip separately as 5,860 km 2 (2,260 sq mi) and 360 km 2 (140 sq mi) respectively (; ). The figure for the West Bank includes East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land , but excludes Mount Scopus . [47]
  51. Transnistria is claimed in whole by Moldova , and has limited international recognition
  52. South Ossetia is claimed in whole by Georgia , and has limited international recognition
  53. Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a self-declared state recognised only by Turkey .
  54. Figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook. [47] The UN figure of 1,969 km 2 (760 sq mi) excludes the Agaléga Islands and Cargados Carajos . [17]
  55. The CIA World Factbook [47] and the UN give an area of 2,235 km 2 (863 sq mi), which includes Mayotte (374 km 2 (144 sq mi)), an overseas department of France .
  56. Åland Islands are an Autonomous region of Finland . As an Autonomous region of Finland, they are inside the European Union .
  57. There are some lakes and streams of unknown area.
  58. The figure shown is from the CIA World Factbook, [47] and refers to land area only. The UN figure excludes 84 km 2 (32 sq mi) of uninhabited islands.
  59. The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook. [47] The UN value of 539 km 2 (208 sq mi) refers to habitable area only and excludes the country's central forest reserve.
  60. The total area of Saint Helena is 122 square kilometres (47 sq mi), Ascension Island is 88 square kilometres (34 sq mi), and Tristan da Cunha is 98 square kilometres (38 sq mi).
  61. Niue, in free association with New Zealand , has limited international recognition
  62. The Cook Islands, in free association with New Zealand , has limited international recognition
  63. Data is from the 2007 statistics. [17]
  64. The UN gives no information for the British Indian Ocean Territory. The figure given here was taken from the CIA Factbook, and refers to land area only. [47]
  65. The figure shown is from the CIA Factbook, and includes Henderson , Ducie , and Oeno Island . [47] The UN figure is 5 km 2 or 1.9 sq mi, and only includes area for Pitcairn island itself, the only inhabited island in the group.
  66. Including University of Macau 's New Hengqin Campus