Jalairid Sultanate

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The Jalairids were a Mongol Jalayir dynasty which ruled over Iraq and western Persia after the breakup of the Mongol khanate of Persia in the 1330s. The Jalairid sultanate lasted about fifty years, until disrupted by Timur's conquests and the revolts of the Kara Koyunlu ("Black Sheep") Turkmen. [9] After Timur's death in 1405, there was a brief attempt to re-establish the sultanate in southern Iraq and Khuzistan. The Jalairids were finally eliminated by the Kara Koyunlu in 1432.


The Jalairid administration and chancellery was modeled after Ilkhanate protocols, with documents in Persian and Mongolian. Their diplomatic correspondence also copied the Ilkhanate's, using a red ink square seal with Islamic phrases in Arabic.

Rulers of Jalayirid Sultanate

Title/Name Personal Name Reign
Taj-ud-Din تاج الدین ‎ Hasan Buzurg 1336–1356
Mu'izz-ud-duniya wa al-Din معزالدنیا والدین ‎ Bahadur Khan بهادرخان ‎ Shaikh Awais Jalayir 1356–1374
Jalal-ud-Din جلال الدین ‎ Shaikh Hasan Jalayir 1374
Ghiyas-ud-Din غیاث الدین ‎ Shaikh Hussain Jalayir 1374–1382
Shaikh Bayazid Jalayir Ruler of Iraq-i 'Ajam at Soltaniyeh and contender for the throne 1382-1384
Sultan سلطان ‎ Sultan Ahmed Jalayir Ruler of Iraq-i 'Arab at Baghdad and contender for the throne 1382–1410
Shah Walad Jalayir son of Shaikh Ali Jalayir 1410–1411
Sultan سلطان ‎ Mahmud bin Shah Walad Jalayir under tutelage of Tandu Khatun 1411 (1st reign)
Sultan سلطان ‎ Awais bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1411-1421
Sultan سلطان ‎ Muhammad bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1421
Sultan سلطان ‎ Mahmud bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1421-1425 (2nd reign)
Hussain bin Ala-ud-Daulah bin Sultan Ahmed Jalayir 1425-1432

Family tree

Husein Gurkan
daughter of Arghun
Hasan Buzurg 1336–1356
Dilshad Khatun
Uvais I 1356–1374
Husain I 1374–1382
Ahmad 1383–1410
Hasan 1374
Shah Valad 1410–1411
Tandura Khatun
Al'a od-Dowleh
Mahmud 1411–1415
Uvais II 1415–1421
Mohammed 1421–1422
Husain II 1424–1432

See also

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