Henry Edward Brown, Jr. (born December 20, 1935) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for South Carolina's 1st congressional district from 2001 to 2011. He is a member of the Republican Party . He did not stand for re-election in 2010.
Brown was born in Bishopville, South Carolina .  After graduating from Berkeley High School of Moncks Corner, South Carolina in 1953, Brown attended college at Charleston Southern University but did not graduate. He instead entered the IBM Management and Technical School. He then worked for the Piggly Wiggly grocery chain, becoming a vice president. Brown also spent 10 years as a member of the United States National Guard .
Brown was elected to the Hanahan city council in 1981 and was later elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1985 as a Republican from Berkeley County . Incumbent Francis Archibald resigned the seat and Brown won handily over opponent Ed Sessions in a June 1985 special election. When the Republicans gained control of the state house in 1994, Brown became chairman of the Ways and Means committee and helped deliver the largest tax cut in state history.  He also served as chairman of the state's Joint Tax study Committee and was one of the vocal leaders of a massive 1998 tax proposal.
When 1st District Congressman Mark Sanford decided to honor a pledge to serve no more than six years in the House, Brown ran for the seat, passing out " Oh Henry " candy bars during the primary election as a way to increase his name recognition. He won the runoff with 55% over state Transportation Commissioner Harry "Buck" Limehouse and easily won the general election. The Democrats didn't even field a challenger in 2002 or 2004. In 2006, he won re-election by over 20 points, but surprisingly did not pass the 60% margin in a race against Democratic Randy Maatta and Green candidate Brian Merrill.
In the 2008 election, Brown faced Democratic nominee Linda Ketner. Brown has been endorsed by the Humane Society of the United States, National Rifle Association, Nations Right to Life Campaign PAC, Veterans of Foreign Wars PAC, Focus on the Family, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, The National Federation of Independent Business and South Carolina Seafood Alliance. The district had been considered unwinnable for a Democrat since the 1990s round of redistricting shifted most of Charleston's black voters to the majority-black 6th District. However, polls from the summer of 2008 onward showed a closer-than-expected race; indeed, many polls showed the race in single digits. Ultimately, Brown barely held onto his seat, winning only 52 percent of the vote to Ketner's 48 percent—the closest race in the district in 22 years. Brown lost badly in Charleston County largely due to Barack Obama winning it with 54 percent of the vote—only the second time a Democratic presidential candidate has carried the county since 1956. However, Brown crushed Ketner in Berkeley and Dorchester counties, enabling him to secure a fifth term. He was also likely helped by John McCain carrying the district with 56 percent of the vote; aside from Jimmy Carter in 1976, the district has supported a Republican for president in every election since 1956. He announced on January 4, 2010, that he would retire from the House and not seek re-election. 
Forest fire controversy
In 2004, Henry Brown set a controlled burn on his own property, but the fire spread to the neighboring Francis Marion National Forest , burning 20 acres (81,000 m 2 ). Although he eventually paid a reduced fine of $4,747 in April 2008, the case cost the government an estimated $100,000 to resolve, and forced the Forest Service to rewrite a criminal code, making it much more difficult to prosecute those who negligently set fire to federal property. Brown commented regarding the affair that, "I was so taken aback that I’d be treated so impersonal — like I was some kind of crook...Those were criminal charges that were filed against me. I felt like I was the victim." 
- Committee on Natural Resources
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Subcommittee on Health (Ranking Member)
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|2000||Andy Brack||82,622||36%||Henry Brown||139,597||60%||Bill Woolsey||Libertarian||6,010||3%||Bob Batchelder||Reform||2,067||1%||Joe Innella||Natural Law||1,110||<1%|
|2002||(no candidate)||Henry Brown||127,562||90%||James E. Dunn||United Citizens||9,841||7%||Joe Innella||Natural Law||4,965||3%|
|2004||(no candidate)||Henry Brown||186,448||88%||James E. Dunn||Green||25,674||12%|
|2006||Randy Maatta *||73,218||38%||Henry Brown||115,766||60%||James E. Dunn||Green||4,287||2%|
|2008||Linda Ketner||163,724||48%||Henry Brown||177,540||52%|
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2000, write-ins received 40 votes. In 2002, write-ins received 57 votes. In 2004, write-ins received 186 votes. In 2006, write-ins received 104 votes. In 2006, Randy Maatta also ran under the Working Families party. In 2008, write-ins received 615 votes.