Maria Odete Brito de Miranda , known as Gretchen [2] [3] [4] ; born May 29, 1959 in Rio de Janeiro ) [2] [3] [5] is a Brazilian singer, reality television personality, actress, and businesswoman. She achieved popularity with the movie Aleluia, Gretchen , which tells the story of a German Brazilian immigrant family. [16] Gretchen is known for reinventing both her music and representation, and for maintaining her autonomy within the music industry. [17] She has a vast musical repertory, and has been a source of some controversy throughout her career. Referred to as the Rainha do Bumbum ("Queen of Butt"), [4] Gretchen is often cited as an influence by other artists. [18] [19] [20]

Career

After doing backing vocals for years, Gretchen appeared on a TV show in 1978 and soon recorded her debut single, "Dance With Me", disco song inspired in Charo 's Dance a Little Bit Closer. [21] In 1980, 1981 and 1982, she released her three most successful albums: My Name Is Gretchen , You and Me , and Lonely . These three albums featured songs that became hallmarks in her career, such as "Freak Le Boom Boom", [3] "Melô do Piripipi", "Conga Conga Conga". [3] She sold more than 15 million records worldwide. [8] Between 1980 and 1982, she grabbed the media's attention by making "sexy" music, while still enjoying popularity among children. After Lonely in 1982, she went on a downward spiral while trying to remain on the charts. Born as a Roman Catholic , Gretchen embraced the Protestant faith in the 1990s, and began singing gospel music .

By the end of the 1990s, her hits had returned to dance floors. With the emergence of Butt Music stars like Carla Perez, Gretchen was eventually recognized as a forerunner of the hip shakers. [4] The compilation 20 Super Sucessos came out in 1998 on Copacabana/ EMI .

Gretchen signed a contract to star in a porn movie for Brazilian porn producers Brasileirinhas in 2006, following the example of Rita Cadillac , with whom she appeared in the 1982 pornochanchada Aluga-se Moças . [3] The movie, La Conga Sex , [9] [10] was released by November, followed by another porn title, Carnaval 2007 , released in February 2007.

In 2008, she became candidate of Socialist People's Party to be mayor of the city of Itamaracá . [5] [11] [12]

Nowadays, Gretchen is considered an Internet meme , reaching millions of sharings all over the social medias in Brazil and in the world. She also has a YouTube channel named Gretchen & Você (Gretchen & You), where she shares her life and routine.

On July 3, 2017, she was featured on Katy Perry 's " Swish Swish " lyric video. [22] [23] She also appeared with Rita Cadillac in a Netflix Brasil commercial to promote the series GLOW . [24]

Personal life

Gretchen is the mother of Thammy Miranda. She is also the aunt (by marriage) of the singer, model and short-term adult actress Íris Caroline de Mello (known artistically as Carol Miranda ). [14] Her sisters Sula Miranda and Lara are also in the music business.

Gretchen was portrayed by Emanuelle Araújo in the 2017 biographical film Bingo: The King of the Mornings .

Discography

Albums

  • 1979 – My Name is Gretchen (Building Records/Copacabana Discos)(DIAMOND)
  • 1981 – You and Me (Building/Copacabana)(3X PLATINUM)
  • 1982 – Lonely (Building/Copacabana)(2X PLATINUM)
  • 1983 – Gretchen (Building/Copacabana)(PLATINUM)
  • 1987 – Latino Americana (Copacabana)(GOLD)
  • 1988 – Gypsy (3M)(GOLD)
  • 1991 – Cheiro & Chamego (Musicolor)
  • 1993 – Vem Me Ver (Line Records)
  • 1995 – Sexy Charme Dance (RGE)
  • 1996 – Jesus Dance (Koinonia)
  • 1997 – A Nova Gretchen (Koinonia)
  • 2000 – La Pasión (Zen Records)
  • 2001 – Me Deixa Louca (Polymusic/Sony Music Manaus)
  • 2009 – De Conga A Coração – Gretchen Canta Dorgival Dantas (Nova Produções/Independente)
  • 1978 – Dance With Me (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1979 – Fera (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1979 – Freak Le Boom Boom (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1979 – 1-2-3 (One-Two-Three) (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1980 – Conga Conga Conga (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1981 – Give Me Love (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1981 – Melô do Piripipi (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1982 – Gretchen e os Três Patinhos (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1982 – Allah La Ô, My Love (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1982 – Mambo Mambo Mambo (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1983 – Melô do Xique Xique (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1984 – Melô do Pata Pata (Building/Copacabana)
  • 1984 – Bate Bate Coração (Copacabana)
  • 1985 – Le Bal Masquê (Copacabana)
  • 1985 – Hula Hula Ba Ba Yê (Copacabana)
  • 1988 – Colombiar (3M)

Compilations

  • 1998 – 20 Super Sucessos (EMI)
  • 2002 – 25 Anos De Sucesso (EMI)
  • 2011 – Charme, Talento e Gostosura (Copacabana Discos/EMI)
  • 1982 – Gretchen e Os Três Patinhos, e o Yure Vale (EP)
  • 1982 – Quiero Ser Libre/My Name Is Gretchen
  • 1998 – Louca Tentação
  • 2004 – Relaxa Baby (Me Queira Want)
  • 2006 – Linda E Toda Sua
  • 2007 – Mito Dourado
  • 2008 – Tuta Kisses
  • 2010 – Forró: Maracutaia – Xana Rana
  • 2010 – Coletânea Gretchen Prata-Cor: Êxitos De Uma Rainha

Singles

  • 2016 – "Usurpadora"
  • 2015 – "Te Quiero Besar"
  • 2015 – "Lento"
  • 2015 – "Rainha do Bumbum"
  • 2012 – "So Let Your Body Rock"
  • 2012 – "Plastic Lover"
  • 2011 – "I'm Cool"
  • 2011 – "The Lazy Song"
  • 2010 – "Fio Dental"
  • 2010 – "Sonho Acordado"
  • 2010 – "Pintura Íntima"
  • 2010 – "Mordida De Amor (Love Bites)"
  • 2010 – "Bola Que Embola"
  • 2010 – "Maracutaia (I'm Yours)"
  • 2009 – "Eu Digo Stop!"
  • 2009 – "Final De Semana"
  • 2009 – "Quero Te Amar"
  • 2009 – "Você Não Vale Nada"
  • 2009 – "Mexe, Remexe"
  • 2009 – "Eu Só Quero Te Amar"
  • 2009 – "Por Que? (Eu Acho Que Estou Gostando De Você)"
  • 2009 – "Primeiro Passo"
  • 2008 – "Tutaminando"
  • 2008 – "Kisses Baby Hula-la"
  • 2008 – "Marinheira Pachará"
  • 2008 – "O Mito"
  • 2008 – "Piranga"
  • 2008 – "Vó Gina"
  • 2008 – "Tutatinamonga"
  • 2007 – "Mito Dourado"
  • 2007 – "Eu Quero É Você"
  • 2007 – "Muxada"
  • 2007 – "Põe Ae"
  • 2007 – "Disco Show"
  • 2007 – "Mito Mitado"
  • 2006 – "Sereia A-Bê-Mar"
  • 2006 – "Linda E Toda Sua"
  • 2006 – "Pra Você"
  • 2006 – "Sonhando Acordada"
  • 2006 – "Tá Afim De Hã (Mas Comigo Hã, Hã)"
  • 2004 – "Salgadinha"
  • 2004 – "Muribeca Assada"
  • 2004 – "Querendo Te Quiero Want (Those Days)"
  • 2004 – "Lábios"
  • 2004 – "Relaxa (Don't Stop The Game)"
  • 2002 – "É Pra Dançar"
  • 2002 – "Que Saudade"
  • 2001 – "Tá Bom Demais"
  • 2001 – "Requebra"
  • 2001 – "Vamos Fazer Tchi, Tchi"
  • 2001 – "Me Deixa Louca"
  • 2000 – "Voulez Vous, Voulez Vous"
  • 2000 – "Love to Love Baby"
  • 2000 – "Ok! DJ"
  • 2000 – "Dança do Umbigo"
  • 2000 – "Baby, Baby"
  • 2000 – "Mambo Venga"
  • 2000 – "Mira Que Mina Manera"
  • 2000 – "Could It Be Magic"
  • 2000 – "Cunhé, Cunhé"
  • 2000 – "La Pasión – "
  • 1999 – "Amor Canibal"
  • 1999 – "Peri Selvagem"
  • 1999 – "Me Tira Daqui"
  • 1999 – "Tentação Animal"
  • 1999 – "Louca E Selvagem"
  • 1999 – "Louca Tentação"
  • 1998 – "Anjos De Deus"
  • 1998 – "Meu Prazer"
  • 1997 – "Jesus Pode Entrar"
  • 1997 – "Dom De Deus"
  • 1997 – "Livre E Feliz"
  • 1996 – "Maravilhoso"
  • 1996 – "Reino De Deus"
  • 1996 – "Tribo De Judá"
  • 1996 – "Amo Jesus"
  • 1996 – "Com Alegria e Adoração"
  • 1996 – "Não Há Barreiras"
  • 1996 – "Jeová Jire"
  • 1996 – "Jesus É Rei"
  • 1995 – "Oh Carol!"
  • 1995 – "Não Vou Deixar de Amar (I Can't Stop Loving You)"
  • 1995 – "Coisas Do Meu Coração (For All We Know)"
  • 1995 – "Feelings"
  • 1995 – "The Summer Is Magic"
  • 1995 – "Baby Não Dá (Lady Don't Cry)"
  • 1995 – "Tempos de Prazer (Sweet Dreams)"
  • 1994 – "Arte Final"
  • 1994 – "La Salsa"
  • 1994 – "Sha, Na, Na"
  • 1993 – "Não Há Sede Que Resista"
  • 1993 – "Voulez Fouche [Frisson]"
  • 1993 – "Vem Me Ver"
  • 1993 – "Porompompero"
  • 1992 – "Soy La Mujer"
  • 1991 – "Luar de Amor"
  • 1991 – "Tô Que Tô"
  • 1991 – "Siboney (Siboney)"
  • 1991 – "Bailarina (The Boxer)"
  • 1990 – "Xamegando"
  • 1990 – "Cheiro & Chamego"
  • 1989 – "Shaking My Body"
  • 1989 – "Diamante Mujer"
  • 1989 – "Give It Up In Vain"
  • 1989 – "Pillow Talk"
  • 1988 – "Colombiar"
  • 1988 – "Monster Party"
  • 1988 – "Those Were The Days"
  • 1988 – "Gypsy (Czardas)"
  • 1987 – "Comment Ça Va"
  • 1987 – "I Was Born To Love You"
  • 1987 – "Do You Like Boom Boom?"
  • 1987 – "Love is Love"
  • 1987 – "Do Bidu Dam Dam"
  • 1987 – "Sueño Tropical"
  • 1987 – "Je T'aime Moi Non Plus"
  • 1987 – "Latino Americana (Soy Fuego)"
  • 1985 – "Wild Tiger"
  • 1985 – "Body Baby"
  • 1985 – "Teach Me A Tiger"
  • 1985 – "Le Bal Masque"
  • 1985 – "Hula Hula Ba Ba Yê"
  • 1983 – "Melô do Xique Xique"
  • 1984 – "Bate Bate Coração"
  • 1983 – "Veneno"
  • 1983 – "Coochie-Coochie"
  • 1983 – "Aerobic (Ginástica)"
  • 1983 – "Ela Tem Raça, Charme, Talento e Gostosura"
  • 1983 – "Chá Chá Chá Boom Boom"
  • 1983 – "Baby"
  • 1983 – "Give Me Your Love"
  • 1983 – "Melô do Pata Pata (Aie So Mama Ie Pata Pata)"
  • 1982 – "Allah-la-ô My Love"
  • 1982 – "Bumbum No Chão"
  • 1982 – "Gretchen E Os Três Patinhos" (EP)
  • 1982 – "Disco Show Medley"
  • 1982 – "It's All Right"
  • 1982 – "Y Te Amare"
  • 1982 – "My Man of Love"
  • 1982 – "Mambo Mambo Mambo"
  • 1982 – "Melô do Piripipi (Je Suis La Femme)"
  • 1981 – "Climax In The Space"
  • 1981 – "Carmem Miranda"
  • 1981 – "Do You Wanna Love?"
  • 1981 – "Quiero Ser Libre"
  • 1981 – "You And Me"
  • 1981 – "Give Me Love"
  • 1981 – "Conga Conga Conga"
  • 1979 – "Outra Vez Mulher"
  • 1979 – "My Name is Gretchen (Sex Star)"
  • 1979 – "Lock'n Roller"
  • 1979 – "I Love You Je T'aime"
  • 1979 – "Boggie Boggie"
  • 1979 – "1, 2, 3 (One Two Three)"
  • 1979 – "Me Gusta El Cha-Cha-Cha"
  • 1979 – "Freak Le Boom Boom"
  • 1978 – "Dance With Me"

Soundtrack

  • Bar Esperança 1983, track "Conga Conga Conga"
  • Elas Por Elas 1982, track "Melô do Piripipi"

Guest appearances

  • As Melindrosas Disco Baby 1978, Choir, Chorus
  • Pirlimpimpim II 1984, track "Milongueira da Sierra Pelada"
  • No Mundo da Crianca 1986, track "Bumbum No Chão"
  • A Discoteca do Chacrinha 1999, Medley of "Freak Le Boom Boom", "Me Gusta El Cha Cha Cha", "Conga Conga Conga"
  • " Swish Swish " (2017) by Katy Perry featuring Nicki Minaj

Filmography

  • Vamos Cantar Disco Baby (1979) [2]
  • Aluga-se Moças (1982) [2]
  • Pirlimpimpim 2 (TV movie) (1984) [2]
  • A Rota do Brilho (1990) [2]
  • La Conga Sex (2006) [2]
  • Carnaval 2007 (2006) [2]
  • Gretchen: A Rainha do Bumbum (2008) [2]