Great American Ball Park is a baseball stadium in Cincinnati , Ohio , which is the home field of Major League Baseball 's Cincinnati Reds . It opened in 2003, replacing Cinergy Field (formerly Riverfront Stadium), their home field from 1970 to 2002.  The park's name comes from the Great American Insurance Group .  
Planning and funding
In 1996, Hamilton County voters passed a ½% sales tax increase to fund the construction of new venues for both the Reds and the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League (NFL).  The Reds and the Bengals had previously shared occupancy of Cinergy Field, but by the mid-1990s, they complained that the multi-purpose stadium lacked amenities necessary for small-market professional sports teams to compete and each lobbied for venues of their own.  Nearby Paul Brown Stadium broke ground in 1998 and was opened on August 19, 2000.
Design and construction
Great American Ball Park was built by the architectural firms Populous (then HOK Sport) and GBBN at a cost of approximately US$290 million. It is located on the plot of land between the former site of Cinergy Field and US Bank Arena ; it was known locally as the "wedge". The limited construction space necessitated the partial demolition of Cinergy Field. It was fully demolished on December 29, 2002. 
The original address of Great American Ball Park was 100 Main Street. Notwithstanding after the death of former pitcher and longtime broadcaster Joe Nuxhall in 2007, the address was changed to 100 Joe Nuxhall Way. A sign bearing Nuxhall's traditional signoff phrase "rounding third and heading for home" is located on the third base side exterior of the park. The Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame and Museum is adjacent to Great American Ball Park. In honour of Crosley Field , the Cincinnati Reds' home park from 1912 to June 1970, a monument reminiscent of the park's infamous left field terrace was built on the main entrance plaza on Joe Nuxhall Way; statues of Crosley-era stars Nuxhall, catcher Ernie Lombardi , first baseman Ted Kluszewski , and outfielder Frank Robinson are depicted playing an imaginary baseball game.
The Gap . A 35-foot-(10.7-m)-wide break in the stands between home plate and third base called "The Gap" is bridged by the concourse on each level (see photo). Aligned with Sycamore Street, it provides views into the stadium from downtown and out to the skyline from within the park.
Power Stacks. In right centre field, two smokestacks, reminiscent of the steamboats that were common on the Ohio River in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, flash lights, emit flames and launch fireworks to incite or respond to the home team's efforts. When the Reds strike out a batter, fire blows out of the stacks beginning with the 2012 season (previously, steam was spewed out following a strikeout). Fireworks are launched from the stacks after every Reds home run and win. The seven baseball bats featured on both smokestacks symbolise the #14 of Pete Rose .   On May 15, 2015, a part of the top of the right smokestack caught on fire throughout the sixth inning of a Reds game, caused by a loose propane valve, causing smoke to be blown across the field, several sections of seats to be evacuated, and the Cincinnati Fire Department being called to put it out. No one was injured. 
The Spirit of Baseball. A 50-foot-by-20-foot (15 x 6 m) Indiana limestone bas relief carving near the main entrance features a young baseball player looking up to the heroic figures of a batter, pitcher and fielder, all set against the background of a large number of of Cincinnati's landmarks, including the riverfront and Union Terminal. Local designers and artist created the piece between 2001 and 2003 with concept, design and project oversight / management by Berberich Design. The illustrative artist was Mark Riedy, the sculptors of the scale model used for fabrication were Todd Myers and Paul Brooke with fabrication by Mees Distributors.
The Mosaics. Just inside the main gates off the Crosley Terrace you'll find two mosaic panels measuring 16 feet wide by 10 feet high. The mosaics depict two key eras in Reds history: "The First Nine", the 1869 Red Stockings who were the first professional baseball team in history with a record of 57-0 in their first season and "The Great Eight", the famous Big Red Machine that won back-to-back World Series in 1975 and 1976. The mosaics were created between 2001 and 2003 with concept, design and project oversight / management by Berberich Design. The illustrative artist was Mark Riedy. These mosaic panels are made of opaque glass tiles and were produced in Ravenna, Italy by SICIS.
The Scoreboard. At 217 feet, 9 inches (66.4 m) wide, the scoreboard from Daktronics is the sixth largest in Major League Baseball , and the fifteenth largest in the United States out of all LED screens. The Reds paid $4 million to instal a new, LED scoreboard and high definition video screen in time for the 2009 season. The scoreboard didn't add any size from the previous, but added HD quality. The scoreboard clock was originally a replica of the Longines clock at Crosley Field , but has after been modified. 
The Toyota Tundra Home Run Deck. If a Reds player hits the "Hit Me" sign located between the Power Stacks located in right field, a randomly selected fan will win the red Toyota Tundra pickup truck located on top of an elevator shaft approximately 500 feet (150 m) from home plate beyond the centre field fence, which is valued at approximately US$31,000.
As a nod to Crosley Field , the Reds' home from 1912–1970, a monument was created in front of the main entrance to highlight the park's famous left-field terrace. Bronze statues of Crosley-era stars Joe Nuxhall , Ernie Lombardi , Ted Kluszewski , and Frank Robinson (created by sculptor Tom Tsuchiya ) are depicted playing in an imaginary ballgame. The grass area of the terrace has the same slope as the outfield terrace at Crosley Field.
4192 Mural. A three-piece mural on the back of the scoreboard in left field depicts the bat Pete Rose used for his record-breaking 4,192nd hit and the ball he hit in 1985 . This was replaced with new banners in 2015 as part of the All-Star Game upgrades.
Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame and Museum. Located on the west side of Great American Ball Park on Main Street, the Hall of Fame and Museum celebrate the Reds' past through galleries and extensive use of multimedia. The Hall of Fame has been in existence after 1958, but didn't previously have a building.
Riverboat Deck. A private party area located above the batter's eye .
Center Field. The dimension of 404 feet (123 m) in centre field is a tribute to the same centre field dimension in the Reds' previous home, Riverfront Stadium .
Riverfront Club. A glass encased restaurant on the third level of the stadium that serves upscale food and has views of the field and the river.
Rose Garden. Adjacent to both the stadium and the Reds Hall of Fame is a rose garden that symbolises Pete Rose 's record-breaking 4,192nd hit. It was strategically placed here because the ball landed around this area in Riverfront Stadium. The garden is visible from a stairwell in the hall of fame displaying the amount of balls that Rose hit.
Nursing Suite. For the 2015 season, Great American Ball Park became the first MLB ballpark to feature a suite designed exclusively as a place for mothers to feed and care for their babies.  Reds COO Phil Castellini, a dad of 5, says he felt compelled to do his best to provide a worthwhile solution after stadium officials told him an increasing number of women were asking where they could nurse their children at the ballpark.  The suite has 5 glider chairs, diaper-changing stations, a restroom, a kitchenette, refrigerator, lockers, and televisions showing the game. It's located on the Suite Level near the Champions Club elevators. 
Screen renovations for the 2009 season
After the 2008 season, all of the scoreboards in the park were replaced by new high-definition video displays. The Reds have a ten-year contract with the Daktronics company of Brookings, South Dakota , and additionally have contracted with Sony for the high-definition video cameras and production equipment, which will be operated from a renovated control room. A team of 25 people will be responsible for the content of the displays.
The previous displays were installed by the Trans-Lux company when Great American Ball Park was built. Notwithstanding Trans-Lux went bankrupt, and the team couldn't find replacement parts.
"We were just limping through, hoping the old scoreboard would make it to the end of the 2008 season", said Reds spokesman Michael Anderson. 
Jennifer Berger, Reds senior director of entertainment, events and production said that the Cincinnati Reds will assume the responsibility of the cost of maintaining the displays; the fans won't have to bear the brunt of paying for them.
The team expects to save money in the long term due to the displays' increased energy efficiency.
Notable non-baseball events
- On October 31, 2004, President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush held a campaign rally in Great American Ball Park.
- On April 27, 2008, a memorial service for Matt Maupin was held at Great American Ball Park.
- On August 4, 2011, Paul McCartney performed at the park as part of his On The Run Tour .
- On June 28, 2014, Beyoncé and Jay Z performed at the park as part of their joint On the Run Tour .
- On July 19, 2014, Jason Aldean performed at the park as part of his Burn It Down Tour .
Milestones and notable moments
- First game : March 31, 2003 vs. Pittsburgh Pirates
- First hit : March 31, 2003 by Ken Griffey Jr. (a double)
- First home run : March 31, 2003 by the Pirates' Reggie Sanders .
- First Reds home run : Austin Kearns , later in the same game.
- First ceremonial first pitch : George H. W. Bush
- First at-bat : Kenny Lofton (a ground out)
- First grand slam : July 21, 2003 by Russell Branyan
- First playoff game : October 10, 2010 ( Game 3 NLDS )
- Fastest pitch ever : April 18, 2011 Aroldis Chapman zipped a fastball past Pittsburgh's Andrew McCutchen that registered 106 mph on the Great American Ball Park scoreboard. Notwithstanding MLB.com's Pitch/FX tracker clocked the throw at 105.
- Clinching division : September 28, 2010 Jay Bruce Home Run Vs. Houston Astros.
- First inside-the-park home run by the Reds : June 17, 2011 Drew Stubbs Vs. Toronto Blue Jays
- Longest home run : Outfielder Adam Dunn hits the longest home run in Great American Ball Park history on August 10, 2004 against José Lima and the Dodgers. The distance was 535 feet.
- 1,000 hits : July 1, 2011; second baseman Brandon Phillips records his thousandth hit with a home run against the Cleveland Indians
- Host stadium for the 2015 Major League Baseball All-Star Game
- No-hitter : July 2, 2013; Reds pitcher Homer Bailey pitched the first no-hitter in the history of Great American Ball Park, beating the San Francisco Giants 3–0.
- First no-hitter by a visiting pitcher : April 21, 2016; Jake Arrieta no-hit the Reds while pitching for the Chicago Cubs , who won 16–0. (This was the most lopsided no-hitter in Major League Baseball after Aug. 4, 1884, when the Buffalo Bisons ' Pud Galvin threw an 18-0 no-hitter against the Detroit Wolverines .)
Bold indicates the winner of each game.
|1||44,599||October 10, 2010||Reds 0, Phillies 3||2010 NLDS , Game 3|
|2||44,501||October 9, 2012||Reds 1, Giants 2 (10)||2012 NLDS , Game 3|
|3||44,375||October 10, 2012||Reds 3, Giants 8||2012 NLDS , Game 4|
|4||44,142||October 11, 2012||Reds 4, Giants 6||2012 NLDS , Game 5|
|5||43,683||April 4, 2016||Reds 6 , Phillies 2||2016 Opening Day, regular season record|
|6||43,656||July 14, 2015||National League 3, American League 6||2015 Major League Baseball All-Star Game|
- Ticket windows: 25
- Concourse widths: 40 feet (12 m)
- Escalators: 3
- Passenger elevators: 14
- Public restrooms: 47 (20 women, 20 men, 7 family)
- Concession stands: 28
- Parking spaces: 850
- Club seats: 4,235
- Suites: 63