The editor-in-chief head all departments of the organization and is held accountable for delegating tasks to staff members and managing them. The term is often used at newspapers, magazines, yearbooks, and television news programs. The editor-in-chief is commonly the link between the publisher or proprietor and the editorial staff.
The term is also applied to academic journals, where the editor-in-chief gives the ultimate decision whether a submitted manuscript will be published. This decision is made by the editor-in-chief after seeking input from reviewers selected on a basis of relevant expertise.
Typical responsibilities of editors in chief include: 
- Ensuring that content is journalistically objective 
- Fact checking, spelling, grammar, writing style, page design and photos
- Rejecting writing that appears to be plagiarized, ghostwritten, published elsewhere, or of little interest to readers
- Evaluating and editing content  
- Contributing editorial pieces
- Motivating and developing editorial staff 
- Ensuring the final draft is complete
- Handling reader complaints and taking responsibility for issues after publication
- For books and journals, cross-checking citations and examining references
- Working to advance the commercial success of the publication 
- Position may involve recruiting, hiring and firing staff.