A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations , constituent states , independent organizations (such as trade unions ), or groups. [2]

The term was chosen for the Continental Congress to emphasize the status of each colony represented there as a self-governing unit. Subsequent to the use of congress by the U.S. legislature, the term has been adopted by many states within unions, and by unitary nation-states in the Americas , to refer to their legislatures .

Political congress

Congresses of nations

The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:

Congresses within nations

Countries with Congresses and presidential systems :

Association congresses

Historic congresses

Other countries with Congresses

Political parties and organizations

Congress is included in the name of several political parties , especially those in former British colonies:

Party congresses

Many political parties also have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies. This is sometimes called a political convention .

Miscellaneous political congresses

Labor congresses

Non-political congresses

Scientific congress

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference .

For instance, the World Congress on Men's Health is an annual meeting on men's medical issues.

Athletic sports congress

Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling , have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling Congress , formed in 1995, were the male-only American Bowling Congress founded in 1895, and the female-only Women's International Bowling Congress founded in 1927, which combined in 1995 to form the USBC.

Chess congress

A Chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week.