Broward County, Florida

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Broward County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2016, the population was 1,909,632, making it the second-most populous county in Florida and the 17th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale. [2] Broward County is part of the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census.

History

Although the area has been settled since about 1400 B.C., Broward County was founded on April 30, 1915. [4] It was originally intended to be named Everglades County, but then- Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909. [5] Throughout his term as Governor, Broward championed Everglades drainage and was later remembered for his campaign to turn the Everglades into “useful land”. This opened up much of today's urban Broward County for development, first as agricultural land and later as residential. A year before Broward became Governor, Dania became the first incorporated community of what is now Broward County, followed by Pompano during his term in 1908, and Fort Lauderdale in 1911 shortly after his term had ended.

In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County. [4] Broward County began a huge development boom after its incorporation, with the first "tourist hotel", in Fort Lauderdale, opening in 1919. A year later, developers began dredging wetlands in the county in order to create island communities. [4] By 1925, the boom was considered to have reached its peak, but a 1926 hurricane caused economic depression in the county. [4] The County saw another population and development boom post - World War II where the transformation from agricultural to urbanized residential area began, and another boom between the 1950's and the late 1960's. The effects of a national recession hit the county in 1974 and the population growth finally slowed. The structure of county government was signed into law in 1975 with the passage of the Broward County charter. [4] In 1977 a Land Use Plan was passed and was a major step in limiting urban sprawl.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,323 square miles (3,430 km 2 ), of which 1,210 square miles (3,100 km 2) is land and 113 square miles (290 km 2) (8.5%) is water.

Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and located at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa. [10] Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km 2 ), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades Wildlife Management Area to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster. [34]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 5,135
1930 20,094 291.3%
1940 39,794 98.0%
1950 83,933 110.9%
1960 333,946 297.9%
1970 620,100 85.7%
1980 1,018,200 64.2%
1990 1,255,488 23.3%
2000 1,623,018 29.3%
2010 1,748,066 7.7%
Est. 2016 1,909,632 [48] 9.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [49] 1790-1960 1900-1990 1990-2000 2010-2015

2015 5-Year American Community Survey

HOUSEHOLDS & FAMILIES

As of the 2015 5-year ACS, Broward County had 1,843,152 people, 670,284 households, and 425,680 families. Of the 670,284 households in Broward County, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.43. [50]

AGE

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males. [51]

RACE, ANCESTRY & NATIONALITY

The racial makeup of the county was 62.3% White, 17.1% Hispanic, 12.2% Black or African American, 5.07% Asian, 2.20% from two or more races, 0.66% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, and 0.20% from some other race. The racial makeup of the total Hispanic population in Broward County was: 65.8% White, 2.06 % Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 26.23% were some other race and 4.57% were from two or more races. [52] In 2015, with relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 7.38% were Italian, 7.70% American, 6.44% German, 6.54% Irish, and 0.68% English ancestry. Also, among West Indians, 6.33% were Haitian and 5.96% were Jamaican. [53] In 2015, 32.2% of the county’s population was foreign born, with 18.14 % being naturalized American citizens [54]. Of foreign born residents, 78.9% were born in Latin America, 7.88% were born in Europe, 8.52% born in Asia, 3.11% in North America, 1.34% born in Africa and 0.15 were born in Oceania. [55]

INCOME

As of the 2015 5-year ACS, the median income for a household in the county was $51,968, and the median income for a family was $61,809 [56]. Of full-time workers, males had a median income of $46,372 versus $39,690 for females [57]. The per capita income for the county was $28,381. About 11.2 % of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under the age 18 and 12.6% of those aged 65 or over [58].

2010 Census

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics: [10] [17] [18]

In 2010, 4.7% of the population considered themselves to be of only " American " ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.) [10]

As of 2010, Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates. [19] The county also houses many British, French, German, and Spanish expatriates.

There were 810,388 households out of which 28.61% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 15.28% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.67% were non-families. 28.79% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.07% (3.31% male and 7.76% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.14. [10] [10]

The age distribution is 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males. [10]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,694, and the median income for a family was $62,619. Males had a median income of $44,935 versus $36,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,631. About 9.1% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those aged 65 or over. [15]

In 2010, 30.9% of the county's population was foreign born, with 49.2% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign born residents, 77.4% were born in Latin America, 9.0% were born in Europe, 8.4% born in Asia, 3.5% in North America, 1.6% born in Africa, and 0.1% were born in Oceania. [10]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Broward County is the 9th largest county with same sex households. As of the 2010 Census, there were 9,125 same sex households out of a total of 686,047 households (1.33%).

2000 Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km²). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic), [21] 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, with relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry. Also, among West Indians, 5.99% were Haitian and were 5.91% Jamaican. [22] Broward was the only county in the nation outside the Northeast in which Italian-Americans formed the largest ethnic group in 2000. They are concentrated mainly in the Pompano Beach area. [22]

There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV. [23] Without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

Languages

As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole,) 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language. [49] Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Broward County Schools has the sixth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after Dade.

Regionally accredited Colleges and universities

Other Adult Education Providers

Public libraries

The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 41 branch locations. There are also five municipal public libraries in the county that are not part of the Broward County Library: Ethel M. Gordon Oakland Park Library, Lighthouse Point Library, Helen B. Hoffman Plantation Library, and Parkland Public Library.

Government

Broward County Mayors
Name Start of Term End of Term
Barbara Sharief Nov. 17, 2016 Nov. 17, 2017
Marty Kiar Nov. 17, 2015 Nov. 17, 2016
Tim Ryan Nov. 18, 2014 Nov. 17, 2015
Barbara Sharief Nov. 19, 2013 Nov. 18, 2014

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government. The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:30 p.m. the following Friday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Economy

Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area. [60] [70] [61] Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.

When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area. When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area. [5]

Politics

Previous Presidential Elections Results [5]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 31.16% 260,951 66.08% 553,320 2.76% 23,117
2012 32.23% 244,101 67.12% 508,312 0.65% 4,941
2008 32.34% 237,729 67.02% 492,640 0.64% 4,722
2004 34.61% 244,674 64.21% 453,873 1.18% 8,325
2000 30.93% 177,939 67.41% 387,760 1.66% 9,540
1996 28.29% 142,870 63.51% 320,779 8.20% 41,449
1992 30.92% 164,832 51.85% 276,361 17.23% 91,857
1988 50.00% 220,316 49.54% 218,274 0.46% 2,015
1984 56.68% 254,608 43.32% 194,584 0.01% 34
1980 55.95% 229,693 35.64% 146,323 8.42% 34,545
1976 47.15% 161,411 51.55% 176,491 1.30% 4,441
1972 72.41% 196,528 27.31% 74,127 0.28% 754
1968 54.50% 106,122 29.07% 56,613 16.43% 31,992
1964 55.49% 85,264 44.51% 68,406
1960 58.82% 68,294 41.18% 47,811
1956 72.45% 43,552 27.55% 16,561
1952 69.10% 26,506 30.90% 11,854
1948 50.88% 9,933 36.35% 7,096 12.76% 2,492
1944 47.45% 5,583 52.55% 6,183
1940 38.31% 3,988 61.69% 6,422
1936 30.30% 1,906 69.70% 4,385
1932 34.27% 1,717 65.73% 3,293
1928 63.63% 2,889 34.45% 1,564 1.92% 87
1924 41.45% 407 42.87% 421 15.68% 154
1920 44.24% 442 41.54% 415 14.21% 142
1916 22.57% 158 54.57% 382 22.86% 160

Voter Registration

According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats maintain a majority among registered voters in Broward County. The county is also one of the few counties in the state where Independents outnumber Republicans among registrants.

Broward County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of August 31, 2017 [5]
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Republican 254,773 21.58%
Independent 327,004 27.70%
Democratic 595,323 50.44%
Third Parties 3,269 0.28%
Total 1,180,369 100%

Statewide Elections

Over the past 50 years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In the 1964 presidential election for example, the county supported Barry Goldwater by a 56-44 margin, even as he lost in a landslide nationwide, and in the 1972 presidential election, Broward County voters strongly backed Richard Nixon over George McGovern. From the 1976 presidential election onward, however, voters of Broward County have supported the Democratic presidential nominee over the Republican nominee by increasing majorities, except in the three Republican landslide elections of the 80s. Broward County is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state, [33] [5] with the exception of the much less populous and majority African American Gadsden County in North Florida. This change in voting tendencies can be attributed to the large migrations of middle and upper-class snowbirds and transplants from more liberal states, a growing LGBT community, liberal positions on social issues such as abortion and gun control, and naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.

Previous Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2014 29.52% 138,394 (Scott/Incumbent) 68.02% 318,950 (Crist) 2.46% 11,549
2010 33.40% 140,445 (Scott) 64.59% 271,606 (Sink) 2.01% 8,480
2006 35.09% 143,043 (Crist) 62.81% 256,072 (Davis) 2.10% 8,558
2002 40.02% 175,756 (Bush/Incumbent) 59.05% 259,370 (McBride) 0.93% 4,076
1998 37.93% 137,494 (Bush) 62.07% 225,010 (McKay) 0.00% 8
1994 34.61% 138,333 (Bush) 65.39% 261,368 (Chiles/Incumbent) 0.00% 11

Transportation

Street grid

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania and Hallandale.

Major expressways

Railroads

Airports

Public transportation

Greenways System

Construction is underway on a network of recreational trails to connect cities and points of interest in the county. [5] [5] [38]

Communities

Municipality populations are based on the 2015 5-year American Community Survey. [5] [5]

# Incorporated Community Designation Date incorporated Population
2 Coconut Creek City 000000001967-02-20-0000 February 20, 1967 56,816
26 Cooper City City 000000001959-06-20-0000 June 20, 1959 33,382
4 Coral Springs City 000000001963-07-10-0000 July 10, 1963 126,673
23 Dania Beach City 000000001904-11-30-0000 November 30, 1904 30,878
22 Davie Town 000000001925-11-16-0000 November 16, 1925 97,372
3 Deerfield Beach City 000000001925-06-11-0000 June 11, 1925 78,227
16 Fort Lauderdale City 000000001911-03-27-0000 March 27, 1911 173,570
31 Hallandale Beach City 000000001927-05-11-0000 May 11, 1927 38,725
8 Hillsboro Beach Town 000000001939-06-12-0000 June 12, 1939 1,568
24 Hollywood City 000000001925-11-28-0000 November 28, 1925 146,791
11 Lauderdale-by-the-Sea Town 000000001927-11-30-0000 November 30, 1927 6,313
17 Lauderdale Lakes City 000000001961-06-22-0000 June 22, 1961 34,103
18 Lauderhill City 000000001959-06-20-0000 June 20, 1959 69,979
15 Lazy Lake Village 000000001953-06-03-0000 June 3, 1953 33
7 Lighthouse Point City 000000001956-06-13-0000 June 13, 1956 10,842
5 Margate City 000000001955-05-30-0000 May 30, 1955 55,678
28 Miramar City 000000001955-05-26-0000 May 26, 1955 131,384
10 North Lauderdale City 000000001963-07-10-0000 July 10, 1963 42,853
13 Oakland Park City 000000001929-06-10-0000 June 10, 1929 43,347
1 Parkland City 000000001963-07-10-0000 July 10, 1963 27,114
30 Pembroke Park Town 000000001957-10-10-0000 October 10, 1957 6,244
27 Pembroke Pines City 000000001959-03-02-0000 March 2, 1959 162,243
20 Plantation City 000000001953-04-30-0000 April 30, 1953 89,904
6 Pompano Beach City 000000001908-06-06-0000 June 6, 1908 104,741
12 Sea Ranch Lakes Village 000000001959-10-06-0000 October 6, 1959 701
25 Southwest Ranches Town 000000002000-06-06-0000 June 6, 2000 7,676
19 Sunrise City 000000001961-06-22-0000 June 22, 1961 89,942
9 Tamarac City 000000001963-08-15-0000 August 15, 1963 63,227
29 West Park City 000000002005-03-01-0000 March 1, 2005 14,779
21 Weston City 000000001996-09-03-0000 September 3, 1996 68,423
14 Wilton Manors City 000000001947-05-13-0000 May 13, 1947 12,133

Formerly unincorporated neighborhoods

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated areas

Points of interest

Image
Bonnet House Museum & Gardens, Fort Lauderdale

Museums & Historical Collections

Nature & Wildlife Areas

  • , Hollywood
  • Butterfly World, a botanical sanctuary in Coconut Creek
  • Fern Forest Nature Center, Coconut Creek
  • Flamingo Gardens, a botanical garden and wildlife sanctuary
  • Secret Woods Nature Center, Dania Beach
  • Sawgrass Recreation Park
  • The Everglades parks, which have multiple entrances in Broward County

Other Areas & Attractions

Image
Stranahan House, Fort Lauderdale

Additionally, with 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving, snorkeling, and droves of young Spring break tourists from around the world. [41] [42]

See also

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