Abyan ( Arabic : أبين ʾAbyan ) is a governorate of Yemen . The Abyan region was historically part of the Fadhli Sultanate . [3] It was a base to the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army militant group. [3] Its capital is the city of Zinjibar . This governorate is noted for its agriculture, in particular the cultivation of date palms and animal husbandry.

On 31 March 2011, Al Bawaba reported that Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) had declared Abyan an "Al-Qaeda Emirate in Yemen" after seizing control of the region. [10] The New York Times reported that those in control, while Islamic militants, are not in fact Al-Qaeda . This takeover was confirmed on May 28. [6] Yemeni government forces launched an effort to re-establish control of the region, resulting in the Battle of Zinjibar .

In addition to Zinjibar, the towns of Jaʿār and Shuqrah were firmly under the control of the Islamists. [7] In early May 2012 the Yemeni Army began a major offensive to wrest control of the province from militants. Government forces captured Zinjibar and Jaar on 12 June after a month of heavy fighting. Militants reportedly retreated towards the town of Shuqrah .

Districts

Settlements

Abu `amir Ad dirjaj Ad diyyu Ahl fashshash Ahl fulays Ahmad ash shaykh Al `alam Al bahitah Al habil Al hamam Al hisn Al jawl Al kawd Al kawr Al khamilah Al khawr Al ma`ar Al ma`jalah Al mahal Al mahlaj Al makhzan al fawqi Al makhzan al qa`i Al masani` Al qarn Al qashabah Al qurna`ah An nashsh Ar rawdah Ar rawwa As samn As sarriyah As suda' Ash sha`bah Ash sharaf Ash sharqiyah At tariyah Ath thalib `Ali hadi `Amudiyah `Arabah `Arqub umm kubayr `Aryab `Aslan `Awrumah Ba tays Ba zulayfah Barkan Bathan Bayt samnah Far`an Faris Ja`ar Jahrah Jawf umm maqbabah Jiblat al faraj Jiblat al waznah Jiblat badr Jirshab Kabaran Kadamat al faysh Kawd al `abadil Kawkab Kawrat halimah Khabt al aslum Khanfar Khuban Kuwashi Lawdar Maghadih Makrarah Mansab Maqasir Maqdah Marta`ah Masadi`ah Mishal Mudiyah Mukayras Munab Musaymir Na`ab Na`b Namir Naq`al Qarn al wadi` Qaryat ahl hidran Qaryat husayn umm muhammad Sakin ahl hidran Sakin ahl mahathith Sakin ahl sadah Sakin ahl wuhaysh Sakin hazm Sakin wu`ays Sayhan Shams ad din Shaykh `abdallah Shaykh salim Shubram Shuqrah Shurjan Thirah Wadibah Zinjibar Zughaynah abyan abyan