The One Hundred Thirteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2013, to January 3, 2015, during the fifth and sixth years of Barack Obama's presidency . It was composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives based on the results of the 2012 Senate elections and the 2012 House elections . The seats in the House were apportioned based on the 2010 United States Census . It first met in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2013, and it ended on January 3, 2015. Senators elected to regular terms in 2008 were in the last two years of those terms during this Congress.

The Senate had a Democratic majority, while the House had a Republican majority. Widespread public dissatisfaction with the institution increased over its second year, [2] [4] [5] and some commentators have ranked it among the worst in United States congressional history. According to a Gallup Poll released in August 2014, the 113th Congress had the highest disapproval rating of any Congress since 1974, when data first started being collected: 83% of Americans surveyed said that they disapproved of the job Congress was doing, while only 13% said that they approved. [6] [7] In October 2013, during the government shutdown , this decreased to 10% approval according to several polls.

Major events

Major legislation

Enacted

Proposed

Appropriations bills

Fiscal year 2014

Fiscal year 2014 runs from October 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014. [20]

Fiscal year 2015

Fiscal year 2015 runs from October 1, 2014, to September 20, 2015. [20]

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the , below.

Senate

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 51 2 47 100 0
Begin 53 2 45 100 0
June 3, 2013 52 99 1
June 6, 2013 46 100 0
October 31, 2013 53 45
February 6, 2014 52 99 1
February 9, 2014 53 100 0
Final voting share 55% 45%
Beginning of the next Congress 44 2 54 100 0

House of Representatives

Image
Senate party standings (at the end of the Congress)
2 Independents , both caucusing with Democrats
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Republican
End of previous Congress 191 240 431 4
Begin 200 233 433 2
January 22, 2013 232 432 3
April 9, 2013 201 433 2
May 7, 2013 233 434 1
June 4, 2013 234 435 0
July 15, 2013 200 434 1
August 2, 2013 233 433 2
September 26, 2013 232 432 3
October 18, 2013 231 431 4
November 16, 2013 232 432 3
December 10, 2013 201 433 2
December 17, 2013 233 434 1
January 6, 2014 200 433 2
January 27, 2014 232 432 3
February 18, 2014 199 431 4
March 11, 2014 233 432 3
June 24, 2014 234 433 2
August 18, 2014 233 432 3
November 4, 2014 201 234 435 0
Final voting share 46.2% 53.8%
Non-voting members 6 0 6 0
Beginning of the next Congress 188 247 435 0

Leadership

[ Section contents: : , • : , ]

Senate

Image
House party standings (at the end of the Congress)

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Image
Senate President
Joe Biden (D)

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators are listed by state, and the numbers refer to their Senate classes , In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2014; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2016; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 2018.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Massachusetts
(2)
John Kerry
(D)
Resigned February 1, 2013, to become U.S. Secretary of State . [33]
Successor was appointed February 1, 2013, to continue the term.
Mo Cowan
(D)
February 1, 2013
New Jersey
(2)
Frank Lautenberg
(D)
Died June 3, 2013.
Successor was appointed June 6, 2013, to continue the term.
Jeffrey Chiesa (R) June 10, 2013
Massachusetts
(2)
Mo Cowan
(D)
Appointment expired July 16, 2013, following a special election .
Successor was elected June 25, 2013, to finish the term ending with this Congress.
Ed Markey (D) July 16, 2013
New Jersey
(2)
Jeffrey Chiesa
(R)
Appointment expired October 31, 2013, following a special election . [36]
Successor was elected October 16, 2013, to finish the term ending with this Congress.
Cory Booker (D) October 31, 2013
Montana
(2)
Max Baucus
(D)
Resigned February 6, 2014, to become U.S. Ambassador to China .
Successor was appointed February 9, 2014, to finish the term ending with this Congress.
John Walsh (D) February 11, 2014

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Illinois 2nd Vacant Jesse Jackson Jr. (D) resigned November 21, 2012, near the end of the previous Congress for health reasons.
A special election was held April 9, 2013.
Robin Kelly (D) April 11, 2013 [39]
South Carolina 1st Vacant Tim Scott (R) resigned January 2, 2013, near the end of the previous Congress, when appointed to the Senate. [75]
A special election was held May 7, 2013.
Mark Sanford (R) May 15, 2013
Missouri 8th Jo Ann Emerson
(R)
Resigned January 22, 2013, to become president and CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association . [42]
A special election was held June 4, 2013.
Jason Smith (R) [43] June 5, 2013 [76]
Massachusetts 5th Ed Markey
(D)
Resigned July 16, 2013, having been elected to the United States Senate in a special election .
A special election was held December 10, 2013.
Katherine Clark (D) [44] December 12, 2013
Alabama 1st Jo Bonner
(R)
Resigned August 2, 2013, to become a vice chancellor in the University of Alabama System .
A special election was held December 17, 2013.
Bradley Byrne
(R)
January 7, 2014
Louisiana 5th Rodney Alexander
(R)
Resigned September 26, 2013, to become the secretary of the Louisiana Department of Veterans Affairs .
A special election was held November 16, 2013. [77]
Vance McAllister (R) November 21, 2013 [78]
Florida 13th Bill Young
(R)
Died October 18, 2013.
A special election was held March 11, 2014.
David Jolly (R) March 13, 2014 [79]
North Carolina 12th Mel Watt (D) Resigned January 6, 2014, to become head of the Federal Housing Finance Agency .
A special election was held November 4, 2014.
Alma Adams (D) November 12, 2014
Florida 19th Trey Radel (R) Resigned January 27, 2014 following a conviction for cocaine possession.
A special election was held June 24, 2014.
Curt Clawson (R) June 25, 2014
New Jersey 1st Rob Andrews
(D)
Resigned February 18, 2014, to take a position at a Philadelphia law firm. [46]
A special election was held November 4, 2014.
Donald Norcross
(D)
November 12, 2014
Virginia 7th Eric Cantor
(R)
Resigned August 18, 2014 following his primary defeat.
A special election was held November 4, 2014.
Dave Brat
(R)
November 12, 2014

Committees

[ Section contents: , , ] Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chairperson and Ranking Member.

Senate

House of Representatives

Sources: ,

Joint committees

Caucuses

Employees

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also