The name Hyland is of Irish origin Irish: from the Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAoileáin, a variant of Ó Faoláin (see Whelan) from the Irish word faol, meaning wolf. Other anglicisations include Phelan.

Hyland can additionally be an English topographic name meaning "high land". For someone who lived on high ground or by land where hay was grown, from Middle English hegh, hie ‘high’ or heye ‘hay’ + land ‘land’.

Can possibly be Swedish or Norwegian: from an ornamental name based on Greek hule ‘wood’ + land ‘land’.

Hyland can refer to any of the following: