Zanzibar City (or Zanzibar Town, often simply referred to as Zanzibar; Swahili: Jiji la Zanzibar; Arabic: مدينة زنجبار‎) is the capital and largest city of Zanzibar, in Tanzania. It is located on the west coast of Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar Archipelago, roughly due north of Dar es Salaam across the Zanzibar Channel. It also serves as the capital of the Zanzibar Urban/West Region, and qualifies as a district, formally known as Zanzibar Urban District. In 2002 its population was 205,870.[3]

Zanzibar City comprises two main parts, Stone Town and Ng'ambo (literally: "The Other Side"); the two areas are historically divided by a creek, now marked by a large street called Creek Road.[3] Stone Town is the historical core of the city, former capital of the Zanzibar Sultanate; because of its unique architecture and culture, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.[4] Ng'ambo is a much larger, modern area that developed around Stone Town after the Zanzibar Revolution, with office buildings and large apartment blocks such as those of the Michenzani neighbourhood.[3]

Climate

Zanzibar City has a tropical climate, very similar to whole Unguja island, and slightly warmer than what is found in Pemba. This climate is classified as "Am" by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average temperature in Zanzibar City is 26.9°C (78°F). The average annual rainfall is 1,512 mm. The monthly average temperatures are usually between 25.1 - 28.8°C (77°F - 84°F). There are two rain seasons, with most rainfall coming between March and May and smaller rain season coming between November and December. Drier months are January - February, and a longer drier season between June to October.

Climate data for
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)33.4
(92.1)
34.1
(93.4)
34.2
(93.6)
31.7
(89.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86)
29.3
(84.7)
29.8
(85.6)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.1)
32.4
(90.3)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)28.5
(83.3)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
27.5
(81.5)
26.6
(79.9)
25.9
(78.6)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79)
27.1
(80.8)
28
(82)
26.9
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F)23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.5
(68.9)
20.2
(68.4)
20.6
(69.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
22.2
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches)69
(2.72)
65
(2.56)
152
(5.98)
357
(14.06)
262
(10.31)
59
(2.32)
45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
51
(2.01)
88
(3.46)
177
(6.97)
143
(5.63)
1,512
(59.53)
Source: Climate-Data.ORG[9]

History

Wards

Image
Apartment blocks in Michenzani

The Zanzibar Urban District is administratively divided into 40 wards:[10]

Nr.Ward (Shehia)population
2002
1Shangani2062
2Mkunazini1829
3Kiponda971
4Malindi1525
5Mchangani1205
6Mlandege1225
7Muembe Ladu1752
8Gulioni1283
9Makadara2837
10Shaurimoyo4296
11Muembe Makumbi4384
12Chumbuni5360
13Kwamtipura4696
14Kilimahewa4095
15Amaani2859
16Nyerere6810
17Sebleni2458
18Magomeni5697
19Mpendae6258
20Urusi6291
21Kilimani1524
22Miembeni2601
23Kikwajuni Juu1323
24Kikwajuni Bondeni1283
25Kisima Majongoo2235
26Vikokotoni946
27Mwembetanga1488
28Mwembeshauri1118
29Rahaleo1038
30Kwaalamsha1848
31Mikunguni1669
32Mkele3180
33Muungano2638
34Sogea2359
35Jang'ombe3011
36Kidongo Chekundu1165
37Matarumbeta1394
38Kwahani2211
39Kwaalinato2647
40Karakana3213
 Zanzibar Urban206292

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
187070,000—    
191035,262−49.6%
194847,284+34.1%
195849,502+4.7%
196868,490+38.4%
YearPop.±%
1978110,669+61.6%
1988167,318+51.2%
2002206,292+23.3%
2005223,033+8.1%

See also