The ZF 8HP is an eight-speed automatic transmission, designed and built by ZF Friedrichshafen's subsidiary in Saarbrücken. It had its debut in the new BMW 7 Series (F01) 760Li saloon fitted with the V12 engine, and since then each new BMW model in all Series down to the 1 Series in rear-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive versions have been equipped with it.
One of its main aims is to improve vehicle fuel economy, and it can achieve an 11% saving compared to the ZF 6-speed transmission and 14% versus modern 5-speed transmissions. Due to changes in internal design, the shift times have reduced to 200 milliseconds; additionally, the unit brings the ability to shift in a non-sequential manner - going from gear 8 to gear 2 in extreme situations. In the 8HP70 version, it has a torque handling limit of 700 newton metres (516 lbf·ft), and weighs 90 kilograms (198 lb).
Future development will see two four-wheel drive versions available, with a version destined for Volkswagen Group applications using a Torsen centre differential. It will be able to encompass a torque range from 300 newton metres (221 lbf·ft) to 1,000 newton metres (738 lbf·ft), and will be available for use in middle-class cars through to large luxury sport utility vehicles.
Chrysler Group LLC initially received the 8HP 8-speed automatic transmissions from the ZF Getriebe GmbH plant in Saarbrücken, Germany. By 2013, in parallel with Chrysler Group, ZF had set up a new transmission production plant in Gray Court, SC where the 8-speed transmissions are to be produced. ZF Friedrichshafen and Chrysler Group have reached a supply and license agreement for ZF's 8HP 8-speed automatic transmission. Chrysler Group is licensed to produce the 8HP at the company’s Kokomo Transmission Plant and the Kokomo Casting plant, production began in 2013.
2nd generation 8HP products were released starting in 2014. Efficiency improvements over the original design include a wider ratio spread of 7.8:1, reduced drag torque from the shift elements, reduction in required oil pump pressure, and broadened use of the coasting and start-stop systems. ZF estimated fuel economy improvement over 1st generation 8HP kits to be 3%. Refinements were also made with respect to vibration.
Below is a table of reference gear ratios as provided with the ZF 8HP transmission, though actual implementations may differ depending on the tuning and specifications of individual vehicle manufacturers such as Mercedes Benz, BMW and Audi. Differences in gear ratios have a measurable, direct impact on vehicle dynamics, performance, waste emissions as well as gas mileage.
List of ZF 8HP variants
|Name||Max. gasoline torque (N·m)||Max. diesel torque (N·m)||Application examples|
|8HP45 (a separate 845RE is by Chrysler)||450||500||BMW 1 Series (F20), BMW 3 Series (F30), BMW 5 Series (F10), BMW X4 (F26), Chrysler 300 V6, Dodge Charger V6, RAM 1500 V6 (2013- )|
|8HP50 (2nd Generation)||500||500||Alfa Romeo Giulia, BMW 1 Series (F20 LCI), BMW 3 Series (F30 LCI), BMW 5 Series (F10)|
|8HP55||550||550||Audi Q5, Audi Q7, Audi A8 and A8L (D4)|
|8HP70||700||700||BMW 7 Series (F01), BMW X5 (E70), Dodge Durango V8, Iveco Daily, Jeep Grand Cherokee V8 & diesel, Ram 1500 V6, V8, & diesel, Range Rover Sport (2012), Rolls-Royce Phantom, Maserati Quattroporte (2013–), Dodge Charger V8 (2015-), Dodge Challenger V8 (2015-), Aston Martin Vanquish (2015), Aston Martin Rapide (2015)|
|8HP75 (2nd Generation)||750||750||BMW 7 Series (G11/12), BMW X5 (F15)|
|8HP90||900||1000||Rolls-Royce Ghost, Rolls-Royce Wraith (2013), Bentley Mulsanne, Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat, Dodge Charger SRT Hellcat, Bentley Bentayga, Audi RS 6, Audi SQ7|
- Audi A4 North American version
- Audi A5 North American version
- Audi A6
- Audi A7
- Audi A8
- Audi Q5 8AT version
- Audi Q7
- BMW 1 Series
- BMW 2 Series
- BMW 3 Series
- BMW 4 Series
- BMW 5 Series
- BMW 5 GT
- BMW 6 Series
- BMW 7 series
- BMW X1
- BMW X3
- BMW X4
- BMW X5
- BMW X6
- BMW Z4
- Dodge Challenger (2015+ MY)
- 3.6 (845RE)
- 5.7, 6.4 (8HP70)
- 6.2 (8HP90)
- Dodge Charger
- 3.6, 2012+ MY, 845RE
- V8 (2015+ MY; 5.7, 6.4 8HP70; 6.2 8HP90)
- Dodge Durango (2014 MY+)
- 3.6 (845RE)
- 5.7 (8HP70)
- Jeep Grand Cherokee (WK2) (2014 MY+)
- 3.6 (845RE)
- 3.0, 5.7, 6.4 (8HP70)
- Thema V6