Temnin el-Foka, Temnin el-Faouqa or Temnin al-Fawqa (Arabic: تمنين الفوقا‎) is a village in Baalbek District in Lebanon. The village is located at the lower eastern part of Mount Sannin​.[6][6]


Temnin el-Foka has a nymphaeum. It is close to the spring of Ain el-Jobb.[1]

The nymphaeum is an arched watercourse built of large stones that has been constructed 4 metres (13 ft) deep into a hill. It leads to a cistern underground. A gulley has formed at the outflow, where a boundary pillar is carved with the image of a goddess. It resembles a similar cippus at Kafr Zabad.[1]

The numerous springs of the region explain human settlement there and the development of the flowing water goddess cult. Hadad​ and Atargatis​ were water cult's God and Goddess, they were particularly worshipped during the Roman period. The nymphaeum is built over a spouting spring.[6]

See also