Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. 111 sites, located in Austria (5 sites), France (11), Germany (18), Italy (19), Slovenia (2), and Switzerland (56), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011.[2] In Slovenia, this is the first cultural world heritage site.[3]

Excavations, only conducted in some of the sites, have yielded evidence that provides insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Alpine Europe, and the way communities interacted with their environment. As the nomination stated, the settlements are a unique group of exceptionally well-preserved and culturally rich archaeological sites, which constitute one of the most important sources for the study of early agrarian societies in the region.[2]

Contrary to popular belief, the houses were not erected over water, but on nearby marshy land. They were set on piles to protect against occasional flooding. Because the lakes have grown in size over time, many of the original piles are now under water, giving modern observers the false impression that they have always been this way. [4]

Sites

Country[5]Serial ID Number[5]Name[5]Location[5]Coordinates[6]Location size (Ha)Buffer zone (Ha)Approx. Date occupied (BC) [7]
Switzerland1363-001ÄgelmoosBeinwil am See0.9610.52000–1000
Switzerland1363-002RiesiSeengen3.816.51500–500
Switzerland1363-003Vingelz / HafenBiel/Bienne0.618.43000–2500
Switzerland1363-004DorfstationLüscherz3.475.14000–3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-005LobsigenseeSeedorf1.127.63500–3000
Switzerland1363-006RütteSutz-Lattrigen2.849.63000–2500
Switzerland1363-007BahnhofTwann2.518.54000–3000
Switzerland1363-008StrandbodenVinelz2.328.74000–2500
Switzerland1363-009Les GrèvesGletterens2.622.43500–3000
Switzerland1363-010SpitzGreng7.697.34000–3500, 3000–2500, 1500–500
Switzerland1363-011Môtier IHaut-Vully1.421.3Neolithic
Switzerland1363-012SegelboothafenMurten2.834.73000–2500
Switzerland1363-013En Praz des GueuxNoréaz0.082.024000–3500
Switzerland1363-014Bellerive ICollonge-Bellerive2.48.871000–500
Switzerland1363-015PortCorsier1.9410.94000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-016BourgVersoix3.0315.931500–500
Switzerland1363-017Egolzwil 3Egolzwil0.6556.825000–4000
Switzerland1363-018SeematteHitzkirch2.8124.554000–2500
Switzerland1363-019HalbinselSursee3.5567.784000–3500, 2500–500
Switzerland1363-020Port-ContySaint-Aubin-Sauges1.047.034000–2000
Switzerland1363-021Les ArgilliezGorgier1.321.24000–3500
Switzerland1363-022L’Abbaye 2Bevaix1.045.011040–986
Switzerland1363-023La SaunerieMilvignes1.511.634000–3500, 3000–2000
Switzerland1363-024Les GraviersMilvignes0.572.133500–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-025KehrsitenStansstad1.265.144000–3000
Switzerland1363-026Weier I - IIIThayngen0.483.444000–3500
Switzerland1363-027Freienbach–Hurden RosshornHurden4.3220.13500–3000, 2000–500
Switzerland1363-028Freienbach–Hurden SeefeldHurden2.416.123500–2500
Switzerland1363-029Burgäschisee OstAeschi0.390.694000–3500, 3000–2500
Switzerland1363-030Inkwilersee InselBolken/Inkwil0.145.714000-3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-031Feldbach (Seegubel)Kempraten/Feldbach, Switzerland7.515.54000–1000
Switzerland1363-032Rapperswil-Jona–TechnikumRapperswil0.9249.12000–1500
Switzerland1363-033Bleiche 2-3Arbon2.375.843500–3000, 2000–1500
Switzerland1363-034Insel WerdEschenz2.844.084000–2500, 1500–500
Switzerland1363-035EgelseeGachnang-Niederwil2.975.944000–3500
Switzerland1363-036NussbaumerseeHüttwilen3.6616.865000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-037Pointe de Montbec IChabrey1.788.041500–500
Switzerland1363-038La BessimeChevroux1.0722.14000–3500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-039VillageChevroux1.5438.43500–2000
Switzerland1363-040Stations de ConciseCorcelles-près-Concise6.511.54000–2500
Switzerland1363-041Corcelettes Les ViolesGrandson2.5917.41500–500
Switzerland1363-042Les RoseauxMorges0.868.12000–1000
Switzerland1363-043Stations de MorgesMorges2.127.912000–1000
Switzerland1363-044Chenevières de Guévaux IMur, now Vully-les-Lacs1.049.732000–1500
Switzerland1363-045Baie de ClendyYverdon-les-Bains1.8738.74000–1500
Switzerland1363-046Le MaraisYvonand1.9516.83500–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-047Oterswil / Insel EielenZug0.4510.823000–2000
Switzerland1363-048RiedmattZug0.282.613500–2500, 1500–1000
Switzerland1363-049SumpfZug1.557.51500–500
Switzerland1363-050Erlenbach–WinkelErlenbach3.016.64000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-051Greifensee–Storen/WildsbergGreifensee9.5911.74000–2500
Switzerland1363-052Meilen–RorenhaabMeilen0.74.84000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-053Wädenswil–Vorder AuAu, Switzerland1.4922.53500–1500
Switzerland1363-054Wetzikon-RobenhausenWetzikon0.921554000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland1363-055Zürich–Enge AlpenquaiZürich2.9317.41500–500
Switzerland1363-056Grosser Hafner and Kleiner HafnerZürich0.6416.565000–1500, 1000–500
Austria1363-057Keutschacher SeeKeutschach0.21132.54000–3500, 1000–500
Austria1363-058Abtsdorf IAttersee1.191.431500–1000
Austria1363-059Abtsdorf IIIAttersee0.2291.434000–3000
Austria1363-060Litzlberg SüdSeewalchen am Attersee0.7665.264000–3000
Austria1363-061SeeMondsee1.220.973500–3000
France1363-062Le Grand Lac de ClairvauxClairvaux-les-Lacs15.2103.054000–500
France1363-063Lac de Chalain, rive occidentaleMarigny, Doucier, Fontenu50.6596.835300–600
France1363-064Lac d’Aiguebelette, zone sudAiguebelette-le-Lac, Saint-Alban-de-Montbel0.6442.873000–2500
France1363-065Baie de GrésineBrison-Saint-Innocent4.0931.51000–500
France1363-066Baie de ChâtillonChindrieux0.917.61000–500
France1363-067HautecombeSaint-Pierre-de-Curtille2.035.73500–3000
France1363-068Littoral de TresserveTresserve2.1272.41000–500
France1363-069Littoral de Chens-sur-LémanChens-sur-Léman0.9392.61500–500
France1363-070Les Marais de Saint-JoriozSaint-Jorioz0.494.34000–3500
France1363-071Le Crêt de ChatillonSévrier1.078.21500–500
France1363-072Secteur des MongetsSévrier, Saint-Jorioz0.1363.22000–1500
Germany1363-073Wangen-HinterhornÖhningen2.563.24000–2500, 1500–500
Germany1363-074Hornstaad-HörnleGaienhofen13.1172.44000–2500
Germany1363-075Allensbach-StrandbadAllensbach2.656.64000–2500
Germany1363-076Wollmatingen-LangenrainKonstanz1.5583.71000–500
Germany1363-077Konstanz-HinterhausenKonstanz4.154.124000–3500, 3000–2500
Germany1363-078Litzelstetten-Krähenhorn 32Konstanz7.5147.923960–3805
Germany1363-079Bodman-Schachen / LöchleBodman-Ludwigshafen5.3414.14000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1000
Germany1363-080Sipplingen-OsthafenSipplingen4.616.233919–2417, 934–933
Germany1363-081Unteruhldingen-StollenwiesenUhldingen-Mühlhofen4.224.524000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–500
Germany1363-082ÖdenahlenAlleshausen0.9758.024000–3500
Germany1363-083GrundwiesenAlleshausen0.543.423020–2700
Germany1363-084Siedlung ForschnerBad Buchau3.54285.141767–1480
Germany1363-085Olzreute-EnzisholzBad Schussenried1.8220.623000–2500
Germany1363-086SchreckenseeWolpertswende1.067.053651–3263
Germany1363-087EhrensteinBlaustein1.332.424000–3500
Germany1363-088PestenackerWeil0.573.663495–3481
Germany1363-089UnfriedshausenGeltendorf0.797.693813–3535
Germany1363-090Rose IslandFeldafing15.1634.35000–2500, 2000–500
Italy1363-091Palù di Livenza – SantissimaPolcenigo13.4886.724766–4375, 3768–3538
Italy1363-092LavagnoneDesenzano del Garda6.0414.452500–1000
Italy1363-093San Sivino, GabbianoManerba del Garda1.853.462500–1500
Italy1363-094Lugana VecchiaSirmione2.5911.162500–1000
Italy1363-095LuconePolpenazze del Garda7.6668.25000–3500, 2500–1500
Italy1363-096Lagazzi del VhoPiadena2.7718.462000–1500
Italy1363-097Bande - Corte CarpaniCavriana7.3336.42005–1959
Italy1363-098Castellaro Lagusello - Fondo TacoliMonzambano1.2359.042000–1000
Italy1363-099Isolino Virginia-Camilla-Isola di San BiagioBiandronno3.7925.075000–1000
Italy1363-100Bodio centrale o delle MoneteBodio Lomnago1.6728.552000–1000
Italy1363-101Il Sabbione o settentrionaleCadrezzate1.189.612000–1000
Italy1363-102VI.1-EmissarioViverone, Azeglio5.86852.772000–1000
Italy1363-103MercuragoArona5.16270.062000–1000
Italy1363-104Molina di LedroLedro0.782.311900–1300
Italy1363-105Fiavé-Lago CareraFiavè10.773.924000–3500, 2000–1000
Italy1363-106BelvederePeschiera del Garda2.5212.462500–1500
Italy1363-107FrassinoPeschiera del Garda1.4831.192000–1000
Italy1363-108TombolaCerea1.51123.761500–1000
Italy1363-109Laghetto della CostaArquà Petrarca1.566.522500–1500
Slovenia1363-110Kolišča na Igu, severna skupinaIg19.2516.653000–1500
Slovenia1363-111Kolišča na Igu, južna skupinaIg26.1516.555000–2500