Pazz & Jop is an annual poll of musical releases compiled by American newspaper The Village Voice since 1971. The poll is tabulated from the submitted year-end top ten lists of hundreds of music critics.[3][4] It was named in acknowledgement of the defunct magazine Jazz & Pop, and adopted the ratings system used in that publication's annual critics poll.[77]

Pazz & Jop was introduced by The Village Voice in 1974 as an album-only poll, but was expanded to include votes for singles in 1979.[2][2] Throughout the years, other minor lists have been elicited from poll respondents for releases such as extended plays,[7] music videos,[8] album re-issues,[9] and compilation albums—all of which have since been discontinued.[2] The Pazz & Jop albums poll utilizes a points system in formulating list rankings.[11] Participating critics assign a number value, ranging from five to thirty, to each of the albums on their top ten list, with all ten albums totaling one-hundred points.[11] Singles lists, however, have always been unweighted.[11]

History

In 1971, English rock band The Who topped the first Pazz & Jop albums poll with Who's Next,[2] while English singer Ian Dury and his band the Blockheads topped the first singles poll with "Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick" (1979).[2] Bob Dylan and Kanye West have topped the albums poll the most number of times, with four number-one albums each. West, in addition, won the singles poll of 2005. Music critic Robert Christgau oversaw the Pazz & Jop poll for more than thirty years; he also wrote an accompanying essay that discussed the poll's contents.[2][2] Christgau's tenure as Pazz & Jop overseer came to an abrupt end when he was controversially fired from The Village Voice after a company buy-out in August 2006.[2] In response to his dismissal, several prominent critics publicly announced that they would no longer be turning in their lists for the poll; Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker described Christgau's firing as "a slap in the face to so many of us [critics] in so many ways."[16] Regardless, The Village Voice has continued to run the feature, with Rob Harvilla succeeding Christgau as music editor and overseer of the poll. Christgau's annual Pazz & Jop overview essay was discontinued and substituted with multiple retrospective articles of the year's music written by a selection of critics.[2]

In 2016, the poll's name was changed from Pazz & Jop to the Village Voice Music Critics Poll by the new owners of the newspaper.[78] Christgau, who has continued to vote in the poll since his departure from the newspaper, expressed dismay at the name change.[78] When the 2016 results were announced in January 2017, the poll had reverted to its Pazz & Jop name.[79]

Number one releases

Albums

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American musician Bob Dylan has topped the Pazz & Jop albums poll four times.
YearArtistAlbumMentionsPointsRef.
1971Who, TheThe WhoWho's NextN/A540[2]
1974Mitchell, JoniJoni MitchellCourt and Spark14186[2]
1975Dylan, BobBob Dylan and Band, TheThe BandThe Basement Tapes23285[2]
1976Wonder, StevieStevie WonderSongs in the Key of Life25292[2]
1977The Sex PistolsNever Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols32412[2]
1978Costello, ElvisElvis Costello and Attractions, thethe AttractionsThis Year's Model58783[2]
1979Parker, GrahamGraham ParkerSqueezing Out Sparks63767[2]
1980Clash, TheThe ClashLondon Calling891,347[2]
1981Clash, TheThe ClashSandinista!67862[2]
1982Costello, ElvisElvis Costello and Attractions, thethe AttractionsImperial Bedroom871,061[2]
1983Jackson, MichaelMichael JacksonThriller1001,305[2]
1984Springsteen, BruceBruce SpringsteenBorn in the U.S.A.1361,757[2]
1985Talking HeadsLittle Creatures991,078[2]
1986Simon, PaulPaul SimonGraceland961,131[2]
1987PrinceSign o' the Times1181,491[2]
1988Public EnemyIt Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back791,011[2]
1989De La Soul3 Feet High and Rising891,050[2]
1990Young, NeilNeil Young and Crazy HorseRagged Glory1041,282[2]
1991NirvanaNevermind1341,699[2]
1992Arrested Development3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of...971,050[2]
1993Phair, LizLiz PhairExile in Guyville1081,383[2]
1994HoleLive Through This1211,552[2]
1995Harvey, PJPJ HarveyTo Bring You My Love1201,492[2]
1996BeckOdelay1101,134[2]
1997Dylan, BobBob DylanTime Out of Mind1351,655[2]
1998Williams, LucindaLucinda WilliamsCar Wheels on a Gravel Road1672,129[2]
1999MobyPlay1341,548[2]
2000OutkastStankonia2202,660[3]
2001Dylan, BobBob DylanLove and Theft2353,010[3]
2002WilcoYankee Hotel Foxtrot2012,328[3]
2003OutkastSpeakerboxxx/The Love Below3053,554[3]
2004West, KanyeKanye WestThe College Dropout2452,826[3]
2005West, KanyeKanye WestLate Registration2272,525[3]
2006Dylan, BobBob DylanModern Times951,123[3]
2007LCD SoundsystemSound of Silver1411,662[3]
2008TV on the RadioDear Science1541,744[3]
2009Animal CollectiveMerriweather Post Pavilion1541,794[3]
2010West, KanyeKanye WestMy Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy2663,250[3]
2011Tune-YardsWhokill1351,645[3]
2012Ocean, FrankFrank OceanChannel Orange1701,952[3]
2013West, KanyeKanye WestYeezus1601,991[3]
2014D'Angelo and the VanguardBlack Messiah1632,008[3]
2015Lamar, KendrickKendrick LamarTo Pimp a Butterfly2102,639[3]
2016Bowie, DavidDavid BowieBlackstar2092,367[3]

Singles

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Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (2003) by American hip hop duo Outkast garnered the most total points of any number-one album in the history of the poll.
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American hip-hop artist Kanye West has topped the Pazz & Jop albums poll four times out of seven albums.
YearArtistSingleMentionsRef.
1979Dury, IanIan Dury and Blockheads, thethe Blockheads"Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick"/"Reasons to be Cheerful, Part 3"29[2]
1980Blow, KurtisKurtis Blow"The Breaks"40[2]
1981Anderson, LaurieLaurie Anderson"O Superman"/"Walk the Dog"56[2]
Rolling Stones, TheThe Rolling Stones"Start Me Up"
1982Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five"The Message"156[2]
1983Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson"Billie Jean"75[2]
1984Prince"When Doves Cry"/"17 Days"111[2]
1985Artists United Against Apartheid"Sun City"101[2]
1986Run–D.M.C."Walk This Way"78[2]
1987Prince"Sign o' the Times"54[2]
1988Chapman, TracyTracy Chapman"Fast Car"55[2]
1989Public Enemy"Fight the Power"75[2]
1990Deee-Lite"Groove Is in the Heart"/"What Is Love?"74[2]
1991Nirvana"Smells Like Teen Spirit"116[2]
1992Arrested Development"Tennessee"100[2]
1993Breeders, TheThe Breeders"Cannonball"78[2]
1994Beck"Loser"89[2]
1995Coolio featuring L.V."Gangsta's Paradise"81[2]
1996Quad City DJ's"C'mon N' Ride It (The Train)"34[2]
1997Hanson"MMMBop"96[2]
1998Fatboy Slim"The Rockafeller Skank"110[2]
1999TLC"No Scrubs"109[2]
2000Outkast"Ms. Jackson"124[3]
2001Elliott, MissyMissy Elliott"Get Ur Freak On"176[3]
2002Elliott, MissyMissy Elliott"Work It"212[3]
2003Outkast"Hey Ya!"322[3]
2004Franz Ferdinand"Take Me Out"145[3]
2005West, KanyeKanye West featuring Foxx, JamieJamie Foxx"Gold Digger"145[3]
2006Gnarls Barkley"Crazy"151[3]
2007Winehouse, AmyAmy Winehouse"Rehab"97[3]
2008M.I.A."Paper Planes"107[3]
2009Jay-Z featuring Keys, AliciaAlicia Keys"Empire State of Mind"89[3]
2010Green, Cee LoCee Lo Green"Fuck You"187[3]
2011Adele"Rolling in the Deep"116[3]
2012Jepsen, Carly RaeCarly Rae Jepsen"Call Me Maybe"94[3]
2013Daft Punk featuring Williams, PharrellPharrell Williams"Get Lucky"117[3]
2014Future Islands"Seasons (Waiting on You)"75[3]
2015Drake"Hotline Bling"76[3]
2016Beyoncé"Formation"99[3]

Defunct categories

Compilation albums

YearArtistAlbumMentionsRef.
1995Various artistsMacro Dub Infection: Volume One28[2]
1996Bukem, LTJLTJ BukemLogical Progression11[2]

Album re-issues

YearArtistAlbumMentionsRef.
1986Neville Brothers, TheThe Neville BrothersTreacherous: A History of the Neville Brothers (1955–1985)43[2]
1987Carr, JamesJames CarrAt the Dark End of the Street35[2]
1988Berry, ChuckChuck BerryThe Chess Box35[2]
1989Waters, MuddyMuddy WatersThe Chess Box65[2]
1990Johnson, RobertRobert JohnsonThe Complete Recordings108[2]
1991Brown, JamesJames BrownStar Time84[2]
1992Marley, BobBob MarleySongs of Freedom51[2]
1993Beach Boys, TheThe Beach BoysGood Vibrations: Thirty Years of The Beach Boys42[2]
1994Armstrong, LouisLouis ArmstrongPortrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1923–1934)34[2]
1995Velvet Underground, TheThe Velvet UndergroundPeel Slowly and See57[2]
1996Ra, SunSun RaThe Singles25[2]
1997Various artistsAnthology of American Folk Music100[2]
1998Various artistsNuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968111[2]
1999Os MutantesEverything Is Possible: The Best of Os Mutantes31[2]
Various artistsLoud, Fast and Out of Control: The Wild Sounds of '50s Rock

Extended plays

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English musician Ian Dury performed "Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick", which topped the first singles poll in 1979.
YearArtistAlbumMentionsRef.
1981Specials, TheThe SpecialsGhost Town44[2]
1982Burnett, T-BoneT-Bone BurnettTrap Door75[2]
1983Los Lobos...And a Time to Dance54[2]
1984Keene, TommyTommy KeenePlaces That Are Gone32[2]
1985Chilton, AlexAlex ChiltonFeudalist Tarts32[2]
1986Chilton, AlexAlex ChiltonNo Sex27[2]
1988Springsteen, BruceBruce SpringsteenChimes of Freedom13[2]
1989Williams, LucindaLucinda WilliamsPassionate Kisses17[2]
1990Mekons, TheThe MekonsF.U.N. '9027[2]
1991PavementPerfect Sound Forever26[2]
1992PavementWatery, Domestic23[2]
1993Luscious JacksonIn Search of Manny31[2]
1994Pizzicato FiveFive by Five15[2]

Music videos

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American rapper Missy Elliott is the only artist with two consecutive Pazz & Jop number-one singles: "Get Ur Freak On" and "Work It".
YearArtistMusic videoDirector(s)MentionsRef.
1983Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson"Beat It"Giraldi, BobBob Giraldi63[2]
1984Art of Noise"Close (To the Edit)"Rybczyński, ZbigniewZbigniew Rybczyński35[2]
1985Artists United Against Apartheid"Sun City"Demme, JonathanJonathan Demme, Godley & Creme68[2]
1986Gabriel, PeterPeter Gabriel"Sledgehammer"Johnson, Stephen R.Stephen R. Johnson87[2]
1987Squeeze"Hourglass"Edmondson, AdeAde Edmondson12[2]
1990Deee-Lite"Groove Is in the Heart"Nakano, HiroyukiHiroyuki Nakano35[2]
Madonna"Justify My Love"Mondino, Jean-BaptisteJean-Baptiste Mondino
1991Nirvana"Smells Like Teen Spirit"Bayer, SamuelSamuel Bayer59[2]
1992Nirvana"In Bloom"Kerslake, KevinKevin Kerslake23[2]
1993Nirvana"Heart-Shaped Box"Corbijn, AntonAnton Corbijn34[2]
1994Beastie Boys"Sabotage"Jonze, SpikeSpike Jonze66[2]
1995Björk"It's Oh So Quiet"Jonze, SpikeSpike Jonze33[2]