Pazz & Jop is an annual poll of musical releases compiled by American newspaper The Village Voice since 1971. The poll is tabulated from the submitted year-end top ten lists of hundreds of music critics. [3] [4] It was named in acknowledgement of the defunct magazine Jazz & Pop , and adopted the ratings system used in that publication's annual critics poll. [77]

Pazz & Jop was introduced by The Village Voice in 1974 as an album -only poll, but was expanded to include votes for singles in 1979. [2] [2] Throughout the years, other minor lists have been elicited from poll respondents for releases such as extended plays, [7] music videos, [8] album re-issues, [9] and compilation albums —all of which have since been discontinued. [2] The Pazz & Jop albums poll utilizes a points system in formulating list rankings. [11] Participating critics assign a number value, ranging from five to thirty, to each of the albums on their top ten list, with all ten albums totaling one-hundred points. [11] Singles lists, however, have always been unweighted. [11]

History

In 1971, English rock band The Who topped the first Pazz & Jop albums poll with Who's Next , [2] while English singer Ian Dury and his band the Blockheads topped the first singles poll with " Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick " (1979). [2] Bob Dylan and Kanye West have topped the albums poll the most number of times, with four number-one albums each. West, in addition, won the singles poll of 2005. Music critic Robert Christgau oversaw the Pazz & Jop poll for more than thirty years; he also wrote an accompanying essay that discussed the poll's contents. [2] [2] Christgau's tenure as Pazz & Jop overseer came to an abrupt end when he was controversially fired from The Village Voice after a company buy-out in August 2006. [2] In response to his dismissal, several prominent critics publicly announced that they would no longer be turning in their lists for the poll; Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker described Christgau's firing as "a slap in the face to so many of us [critics] in so many ways." [16] Regardless, The Village Voice has continued to run the feature, with Rob Harvilla succeeding Christgau as music editor and overseer of the poll. Christgau's annual Pazz & Jop overview essay was discontinued and substituted with multiple retrospective articles of the year's music written by a selection of critics. [2]

In 2016, the poll's name was changed from Pazz & Jop to the Village Voice Music Critics Poll by the new owners of the newspaper. [78] Christgau, who has continued to vote in the poll since his departure from the newspaper, expressed dismay at the name change. [78] When the 2016 results were announced in January 2017, the poll had reverted to its Pazz & Jop name. [79]

Number one releases

Albums

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American musician Bob Dylan has topped the Pazz & Jop albums poll four times.
Year Artist Album Mentions Points Ref.
1971 Who, The The Who Who's Next N/A 540 [2]
1974 Mitchell, Joni Joni Mitchell Court and Spark 14 186 [2]
1975 Dylan, Bob Bob Dylan and Band, The The Band The Basement Tapes 23 285 [2]
1976 Wonder, Stevie Stevie Wonder Songs in the Key of Life 25 292 [2]
1977 The Sex Pistols Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols 32 412 [2]
1978 Costello, Elvis Elvis Costello and Attractions, the the Attractions This Year's Model 58 783 [2]
1979 Parker, Graham Graham Parker Squeezing Out Sparks 63 767 [2]
1980 Clash, The The Clash London Calling 89 1,347 [2]
1981 Clash, The The Clash Sandinista! 67 862 [2]
1982 Costello, Elvis Elvis Costello and Attractions, the the Attractions Imperial Bedroom 87 1,061 [2]
1983 Jackson, Michael Michael Jackson Thriller 100 1,305 [2]
1984 Springsteen, Bruce Bruce Springsteen Born in the U.S.A. 136 1,757 [2]
1985 Talking Heads Little Creatures 99 1,078 [2]
1986 Simon, Paul Paul Simon Graceland 96 1,131 [2]
1987 Prince Sign o' the Times 118 1,491 [2]
1988 Public Enemy It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back 79 1,011 [2]
1989 De La Soul 3 Feet High and Rising 89 1,050 [2]
1990 Young, Neil Neil Young and Crazy Horse Ragged Glory 104 1,282 [2]
1991 Nirvana Nevermind 134 1,699 [2]
1992 Arrested Development 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of... 97 1,050 [2]
1993 Phair, Liz Liz Phair Exile in Guyville 108 1,383 [2]
1994 Hole Live Through This 121 1,552 [2]
1995 Harvey, PJ PJ Harvey To Bring You My Love 120 1,492 [2]
1996 Beck Odelay 110 1,134 [2]
1997 Dylan, Bob Bob Dylan Time Out of Mind 135 1,655 [2]
1998 Williams, Lucinda Lucinda Williams Car Wheels on a Gravel Road 167 2,129 [2]
1999 Moby Play 134 1,548 [2]
2000 Outkast Stankonia 220 2,660 [3]
2001 Dylan, Bob Bob Dylan Love and Theft 235 3,010 [3]
2002 Wilco Yankee Hotel Foxtrot 201 2,328 [3]
2003 Outkast Speakerboxxx/The Love Below 305 3,554 [3]
2004 West, Kanye Kanye West The College Dropout 245 2,826 [3]
2005 West, Kanye Kanye West Late Registration 227 2,525 [3]
2006 Dylan, Bob Bob Dylan Modern Times 95 1,123 [3]
2007 LCD Soundsystem Sound of Silver 141 1,662 [3]
2008 TV on the Radio Dear Science 154 1,744 [3]
2009 Animal Collective Merriweather Post Pavilion 154 1,794 [3]
2010 West, Kanye Kanye West My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy 266 3,250 [3]
2011 Tune-Yards Whokill 135 1,645 [3]
2012 Ocean, Frank Frank Ocean Channel Orange 170 1,952 [3]
2013 West, Kanye Kanye West Yeezus 160 1,991 [3]
2014 D'Angelo and the Vanguard Black Messiah 163 2,008 [3]
2015 Lamar, Kendrick Kendrick Lamar To Pimp a Butterfly 210 2,639 [3]
2016 Bowie, David David Bowie Blackstar 209 2,367 [3]

Singles

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Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (2003) by American hip hop duo Outkast garnered the most total points of any number-one album in the history of the poll.
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American hip-hop artist Kanye West has topped the Pazz & Jop albums poll four times out of seven albums.
Year Artist Single Mentions Ref.
1979 Dury, Ian Ian Dury and Blockheads, the the Blockheads " Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick "/" Reasons to be Cheerful, Part 3 " 29 [2]
1980 Blow, Kurtis Kurtis Blow " The Breaks " 40 [2]
1981 Anderson, Laurie Laurie Anderson " O Superman "/"Walk the Dog" 56 [2]
Rolling Stones, The The Rolling Stones " Start Me Up "
1982 Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five " The Message " 156 [2]
1983 Jackson, Michael Michael Jackson " Billie Jean " 75 [2]
1984 Prince " When Doves Cry "/" 17 Days " 111 [2]
1985 Artists United Against Apartheid " Sun City " 101 [2]
1986 Run–D.M.C. " Walk This Way " 78 [2]
1987 Prince " Sign o' the Times " 54 [2]
1988 Chapman, Tracy Tracy Chapman " Fast Car " 55 [2]
1989 Public Enemy " Fight the Power " 75 [2]
1990 Deee-Lite " Groove Is in the Heart "/"What Is Love?" 74 [2]
1991 Nirvana " Smells Like Teen Spirit " 116 [2]
1992 Arrested Development " Tennessee " 100 [2]
1993 Breeders, The The Breeders " Cannonball " 78 [2]
1994 Beck " Loser " 89 [2]
1995 Coolio featuring L.V. " Gangsta's Paradise " 81 [2]
1996 Quad City DJ's " C'mon N' Ride It (The Train) " 34 [2]
1997 Hanson " MMMBop " 96 [2]
1998 Fatboy Slim " The Rockafeller Skank " 110 [2]
1999 TLC " No Scrubs " 109 [2]
2000 Outkast " Ms. Jackson " 124 [3]
2001 Elliott, Missy Missy Elliott " Get Ur Freak On " 176 [3]
2002 Elliott, Missy Missy Elliott " Work It " 212 [3]
2003 Outkast " Hey Ya! " 322 [3]
2004 Franz Ferdinand " Take Me Out " 145 [3]
2005 West, Kanye Kanye West featuring Foxx, Jamie Jamie Foxx " Gold Digger " 145 [3]
2006 Gnarls Barkley " Crazy " 151 [3]
2007 Winehouse, Amy Amy Winehouse " Rehab " 97 [3]
2008 M.I.A. " Paper Planes " 107 [3]
2009 Jay-Z featuring Keys, Alicia Alicia Keys " Empire State of Mind " 89 [3]
2010 Green, Cee Lo Cee Lo Green " Fuck You " 187 [3]
2011 Adele " Rolling in the Deep " 116 [3]
2012 Jepsen, Carly Rae Carly Rae Jepsen " Call Me Maybe " 94 [3]
2013 Daft Punk featuring Williams, Pharrell Pharrell Williams " Get Lucky " 117 [3]
2014 Future Islands " Seasons (Waiting on You) " 75 [3]
2015 Drake " Hotline Bling " 76 [3]
2016 Beyoncé " Formation " 99 [3]

Defunct categories

Compilation albums

Year Artist Album Mentions Ref.
1995 Various artists Macro Dub Infection: Volume One 28 [2]
1996 Bukem, LTJ LTJ Bukem Logical Progression 11 [2]

Album re-issues

Year Artist Album Mentions Ref.
1986 Neville Brothers, The The Neville Brothers Treacherous: A History of the Neville Brothers (1955–1985) 43 [2]
1987 Carr, James James Carr At the Dark End of the Street 35 [2]
1988 Berry, Chuck Chuck Berry The Chess Box 35 [2]
1989 Waters, Muddy Muddy Waters The Chess Box 65 [2]
1990 Johnson, Robert Robert Johnson The Complete Recordings 108 [2]
1991 Brown, James James Brown Star Time 84 [2]
1992 Marley, Bob Bob Marley Songs of Freedom 51 [2]
1993 Beach Boys, The The Beach Boys Good Vibrations: Thirty Years of The Beach Boys 42 [2]
1994 Armstrong, Louis Louis Armstrong Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1923–1934) 34 [2]
1995 Velvet Underground, The The Velvet Underground Peel Slowly and See 57 [2]
1996 Ra, Sun Sun Ra The Singles 25 [2]
1997 Various artists Anthology of American Folk Music 100 [2]
1998 Various artists Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968 111 [2]
1999 Os Mutantes Everything Is Possible: The Best of Os Mutantes 31 [2]
Various artists Loud, Fast and Out of Control: The Wild Sounds of '50s Rock

Extended plays

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English musician Ian Dury performed " Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick ", which topped the first singles poll in 1979.
Year Artist Album Mentions Ref.
1981 Specials, The The Specials Ghost Town 44 [2]
1982 Burnett, T-Bone T-Bone Burnett Trap Door 75 [2]
1983 Los Lobos ...And a Time to Dance 54 [2]
1984 Keene, Tommy Tommy Keene Places That Are Gone 32 [2]
1985 Chilton, Alex Alex Chilton Feudalist Tarts 32 [2]
1986 Chilton, Alex Alex Chilton No Sex 27 [2]
1988 Springsteen, Bruce Bruce Springsteen Chimes of Freedom 13 [2]
1989 Williams, Lucinda Lucinda Williams Passionate Kisses 17 [2]
1990 Mekons, The The Mekons F.U.N. '90 27 [2]
1991 Pavement Perfect Sound Forever 26 [2]
1992 Pavement Watery, Domestic 23 [2]
1993 Luscious Jackson In Search of Manny 31 [2]
1994 Pizzicato Five Five by Five 15 [2]

Music videos

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American rapper Missy Elliott is the only artist with two consecutive Pazz & Jop number-one singles: " Get Ur Freak On " and " Work It ".
Year Artist Music video Director(s) Mentions Ref.
1983 Jackson, Michael Michael Jackson " Beat It " Giraldi, Bob Bob Giraldi 63 [2]
1984 Art of Noise " Close (To the Edit) " Rybczyński, Zbigniew Zbigniew Rybczyński 35 [2]
1985 Artists United Against Apartheid " Sun City " Demme, Jonathan Jonathan Demme , Godley & Creme 68 [2]
1986 Gabriel, Peter Peter Gabriel " Sledgehammer " Johnson, Stephen R. Stephen R. Johnson 87 [2]
1987 Squeeze " Hourglass " Edmondson, Ade Ade Edmondson 12 [2]
1990 Deee-Lite " Groove Is in the Heart " Nakano, Hiroyuki Hiroyuki Nakano 35 [2]
Madonna " Justify My Love " Mondino, Jean-Baptiste Jean-Baptiste Mondino
1991 Nirvana " Smells Like Teen Spirit " Bayer, Samuel Samuel Bayer 59 [2]
1992 Nirvana " In Bloom " Kerslake, Kevin Kevin Kerslake 23 [2]
1993 Nirvana " Heart-Shaped Box " Corbijn, Anton Anton Corbijn 34 [2]
1994 Beastie Boys " Sabotage " Jonze, Spike Spike Jonze 66 [2]
1995 Björk " It's Oh So Quiet " Jonze, Spike Spike Jonze 33 [2]