Pagani Automobili S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of Supercars and carbon fibre. The company was founded in 1992 by the Argentinian Horacio Pagani, and is based in San Cesario sul Panaro, near Modena, Italy.
Horacio Pagani, who formerly managed Lamborghini's composites, founded Pagani Composite Research in 1988. This new company worked with Lamborghini on numerous projects, including the restyling of the 25th Anniversary Countach, the Lamborghini LM002, the P140 design concept, and the Diablo. In the late 1980s, Pagani began designing his own car, then referred to as the "C8 Project". Pagani planned to rename the C8 the "Fangio F1" to honour his friend, the five-time Argentinian Formula One champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
In 1991 Pagani established Modena Design to meet the increasing demand for his design, engineering, and prototyping services. In 1992, he began construction of a Fangio F1 prototype, and by 1993, the car was being tested at the Dallara wind tunnel with positive results. In 1994, Mercedes-Benz agreed to supply Pagani with V12 engines. The cost of these cars are at a total of 2.3 million dollars.
In 2005, Pagani announced that it planned to triple its production output within the next three years, and to enter the US market in 2007.
Relationship with Daimler
While it is an independent company, Pagani has a working relationship with Daimler AG, most notably, with Mercedes' AMG arm. This is partly due to the fact that Fangio had suggested that Pagani approach Mercedes. The Zonda has used increasingly advanced versions of the M120 V12; the initial version displaced 6.0L, but later Zondas used a 7.3L engine, while the series ending Zonda R and its two other variants (R Evolution and R Revolución) rounded off the Zonda series using a race tuned version of the same 6.0L M120 engine used in the first versions of the Zonda. Pagani has also assisted in the development of the Chrysler ME Four-Twelve. The M158 engine for the Pagani Huayra is a bespoke engine produced just for Pagani. Mercedes-Benz revised this engine in order to reduce turbo lag and improve response. This resulted in new exhaust headers, new pistons, a new intake manifold, as well as new turbochargers.
Pagani's first model, the Zonda, is propelled by mid-mounted V-12 DOHC engines manufactured by Mercedes-Benz's AMG division. The car's design was inspired by jet fighters and the famous Sauber-Mercedes Silver Arrow Group C cars, and features several unique design elements, including its circular four pipe exhaust.
The Zonda production run will end with 15 track-only Zonda R models of which 5 will be Revolucion models.
- C12 6.0 L (5987 cc)
- C12 S 7.0 L (7010 cc)
- C12 S 7.3 L (7291 cc)
- C12 S Roadster
- C12 S Monza
- Pagani Zonda GR (racing car)
- Zonda F
- Pagani Zonda Roadster F
- Zonda F Clubsport
Pagani announced a car named "Zonda Cinque" which was introduced as a 2009 model. The Cinque is based on the track-only Zonda R, but will feature a new 678 horsepower Mercedes-Benz V12, active aerodynamics, and a newly developed "carbon-titanium fibre," which is stronger and lighter than typical carbon fibre. Only 5 were produced, all of which were already spoken for.
Pagani announced in July 2009 that they will also be producing a Zonda Cinque Roadster, of which only 5 will be produced. The Roadster uses the same Mercedes-Benz V12 engine as the coupe version, but has been made lighter and stronger to keep the car structurally rigid. Both the coupe and the roadster will do 0-100kmh in 3.4 seconds, 0-200kmh in 9.6 seconds and a top speed of 349kmh (217 mph). The carbo-ceramic brakes provided by Brembo will get the Cinque from 100-0kmh in 2.1 seconds and 200-0kmh in 4.3 seconds. The maximum side acceleration is 1.45g with road tyres and at 300kmh the car produces 750 kg of downforce, the most of any other road-going Zonda.
At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, Pagani announced the exclusive Zonda Tricolore, a celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Frecce Tricolori, the Italian Air Force's aerobatic squadron. Originally intended to be limited to a single car, eventually 3 were produced. The Tricolore is based on a top specification Zonda Cinque, built on a carbon titanium chassis with sequential transmission and titanium exhausts. The 7.3 litre Mercedes AMG V12 in the back pumps out 670 hp (500 kW), which translates to 217 mph (349 km/h) all out and 0-62 mph in 3.2 seconds.
"Tricolore" is also the name of the Italian flag.
- 2009 Zonda PS (originally white with golden contrast) – commissioned by Peter Saywell
- 2009 Zonda GJ (carbon fiber black)
- 2010 Zonda Uno (light blue)
- 2011 Zonda HH (sky blue) - commissioned by programmer David Heinemeier Hansson
- 2011 Zonda 750 (pink)
- 2011 Zonda Rak (yellow)
- 2011 Zonda Absolute (carbon fiber black)
- 2011 Zonda 760RS (carbon fiber black)
- 2012 Zonda 760LH (Purple) – commissioned by F1 driver Lewis Hamilton
- 2012 Zonda 764 Passione (Grey/Purple)
- 2013 Zonda Revolucion
- 2014 Zonda Revolucion 5 of 5
- 2015 Zonda 760 X
The Pagani Huayra was officially debuted online with many pictures in a press release on January 25, 2011. The official world debut was at the Geneva Auto Salon 2011 in March. It is the successor to the Pagani Zonda. It is named Huayra after the Incan god of wind. Pagani expects to build no more than 40 each year and each will sell for £1,000,000. The engine is a M158 twin-turbo 6.0 Litre V12 from Mercedes' AMG division producing 720 horsepower (537 kW) and 1,000 N·m (740 lb·ft) of torque. The Huayra's main body is made from carbotanium; a composition of carbon fiber and titanium, thus it is reasonably lightweight. The Huayra has been redesigned from the ground up, but shares many visual qualities with the outgoing Zonda. The top speed has gone up from the 220 mph (350 km/h) (set by the Zonda F Roadster) to 235 mph (378 km/h), and the 0–100 km/h time is 3.2 seconds. When the car was driven round the Top Gear test track by The Stig it set a lap time of 1:13.8, making it the fastest road car round the track.
Official technical data
- Engine: Mercedes-AMG V12 Bi-Turbo M158
- Displacement: 5,980 cc
- Power: 720 horsepower (537 kW) at 5800 rpm
- Torque: 1,000 N·m (740 lb·ft) at 2250–4500 rpm
- Transmission: 7-speed sequential cross. AMT robotic system with driving programs
- Length: 4,605 mm (181.3 in)
- Wheelbase: 2,795 mm (110.0 in)
- Height: 1,169 mm (46.0 in)
- Width: 2,036 mm (80.2 in)
- Dry weight: 1,350 kg (2,976 lb)
- Weight distribution: 44% front 56% rear
- Drag Coefficient: .31 to .36 (variable).