The metropolitan city (città metropolitana in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy, operative since 2015. The metropolitan city, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features.

History

The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan cities the comuni of Rome, Turin, Milan, Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Bari, Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory. In 2009, amendments added Reggio Calabria to the list. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Trieste in Friuli-Venezia Giulia; Cagliari in Sardinia; Catania, Messina and Palermo in Sicily.

On 3 April 2014 the Italian Parliament approved a law that establishes 10 metropolitan cities in Italy, excluding the autonomous regions. The new metropolitan cities have been operative since 1 January 2015.

Organisation

The metropolitan city is composed by the municipalities (comuni) that before had been members of the same province. Each metropolitan city is headed by a metropolitan mayor (sindaco metropolitano) assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan council (consiglio metropolitano), and by a non-legislative assembly, the metropolitan conference (conferenza metropolitana). Members of the Metropolitan council are elected and chosen by mayors and city councilors of each municipality in the metropolitan city, the metropolitan mayor is the mayor of the provincial capital. The metropolitan conference is composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the capital.

The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities are:

  • local planning and zoning;
  • provision of local police services;
  • transport and city services regulation.

Metropolitan cities

Metropolitan cityArea (km²)PopulationPopulation Density (/km²)EstablishedMayor
Rome
Roma
5,3524,336,9158103 April 2014Virginia Raggi (M5S)
Milan
Milano
1,5753,190,3402,0263 April 2014Giuseppe Sala (PD)
Naples
Napoli
1,1713,128,7022,6723 April 2014Luigi De Magistris (MA)
Turin
Torino
6,8292,293,3403363 April 2014Chiara Appendino (M5S)
Palermo
Palermo
5,0091,276,5252554 August 2015Leoluca Orlando (I)
Bari
Bari
3,8211,251,0043273 April 2014Antonio Decaro (PD)
Catania
Catania
3,5741,116,1683124 August 2015Enzo Bianco (PD)
Florence
Firenze
3,5141,007,4352873 April 2014Dario Nardella (PD)
Bologna
Bologna
3,7021,003,0272713 April 2014Virginio Merola (PD)
Genoa
Genova
1,839864,0084703 April 2014Marco Doria (SI)
Venice
Venezia
2,462858,4553493 April 2014Luigi Brugnaro (I)
Messina
Messina
3,266647,4771984 August 2015Renato Accorinti (I)
Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria
3,183558,9591763 April 2014Giuseppe Falcomatà (PD)
Cagliari
Cagliari
1,248431,3023464 February 2016Massimo Zedda (SI)