This is the fragmentary list of all of the victims and survivors of Auschwitz concentration camp. This list represents only a sample portion of the 1.1 million victims and some survivors of the Auschwitz death camp and is not intended to be viewed count by any means.

Victims

The following victims who were male are signified by the  Pale Turquoise  background. The female victims are marked by the  Light Pink  background.

NameDate of birthDate of deathAgeEthnicityNotability
Agsteribbe, EstellaEstella Agsteribbe[2]April 6, 1909September 17, 194334JewishGymnast. Member of the Gold medal winning Dutch gymnastics team at the 1928 Summer Olympics.
Alt, HeinzHeinz Alt1922January 6, 194522 or 23JewishComposer. Deported from Theresienstadt concentration camp to the camp on September 28, 1944.
Ančerl, JanJan Ančerl28.2.1943c. October 15, 19442JewishSon of Karel Ančerl and Valy Ančerl. Born while parents were in Theresienstadt concentration camp.
Ančerl, ValyValy Ančerl c. October 15, 1944 JewishWife of Karel Ančerl.
Andreas Pius, Count Andreas Pius Cyrill of Zoltowski-RomanusCount Andreas Pius Cyrill of Zoltowski-Romanus Andreas Pius1881 or 1882September 4, 194159PolishNoble
Barlicki, NorbertNorbert BarlickiJune 6, 1880September 27, 194161PolishLawyer, Publicist, Politician
Bernard of Łubieński, CountCount Bernard of ŁubieńskiFebruary 23, 1894October 10, 194147PolishNoble. Was a member of the Polish Ministry of Commerce and Industrial Affairs before war broke out. Belonged to the first group of people to organise the underground fight.
Blum, RenéRené Blum[3]March 13, 1878April 30, 194365JewishChoreographer, founder of the Ballet de l'Opéra; brother of Léon Blum. Transferred to the camp on September 23, 1942.
Brady, HanaHana Brady[4]May 16, 1931October 23, 194413JewishArrived at the camp on October 23, 1944, and was gassed immediately.
Brumlík, RudolfRudolf BrumlíkDecember 14, 1899May 14, 1944 CzechBusinessman from Prague: Accreditations: Clairvoyant , Chiromant and Psychographer.

 

Wolczak, RosetteRosette WolczakMarch 19, 1928November 23, 1943 French JewDeported from Switzerland for "immorality"
Czech, BronisławBronisław CzechJuly 25, 1908June 4, 194435PolishSkier – 24 times Polish champion, and participant of Winter Olympics of 1928, 1932 and 1936; soldier of Armia Krajowa
Deutsch, LeaLea Deutsch[6]March 18, 1927May 194316JewishChild actress. Born Jewish, converted to Roman Catholicism with her family on June 1941 as an attempt by her father to save the family from certain death, but still considered Jewish by Nazi racial laws. Died in the cattle wagon routed to Auschwitz.
Feiner, HerthaHertha Feiner March 12, 1943 JewishAmong last Jewish employees to leave Berlin. Put on train to Auschwitz on March 12, 1943; poisoned herself in transit.
Fondane, BenjaminBenjamin FondaneNovember 14, 1898October 2, 194445JewishPoet, critic, existentialist philosopher and author
Fondane, LinaLina Fondane   JewishSister of Benjamin Fondane.
Freiberger, Miroslav ŠalomMiroslav Šalom Freiberger[7][8]1903 or 1904c. May 3, 194339 or 40JewishHead Rabbi of Jewish Municipality of Zagreb, catechist, translator, writer and spiritual leader, educated in law and theology science. On last transport of Jews from Croatia. Killed at camp entrance when he protested against the inhumane procedure that was implemented against the members of his community.
Gerron, KurtKurt GerronMay 11, 1897November 15, 194447JewishActor and film director; was either persuaded or coerced[10] by the Nazis to make a propaganda film showing how humane the conditions were at Theresienstadt concentration camp. After filming finished, he was deported on the final transport ever to Auschwitz, on November 15, 1944, and was gassed immediately.
Gerson, DoraDora Gerson[11]March 23, 1899February 14, 194343Jewishcabaret singer and silent-film actress.
Ginz, PetrPetr GinzFebruary 1, 1928September 28, 194416JewishWriter. Esperantist.
Gertner, AlaAla Gertner[12][13]March 12, 1912January 5, 194532JewishSmuggled gunpowder into the camp to help the Sonderkommando blow up Crematorium IV during an October 7, 1944 revolt. Tortured and eventually executed by hanging along with her three conspirators, the last public hanging at Auschwitz.
Robota, RozaRoza Robota[12]1921January 5, 194523JewishSmuggled gunpowder into the camp to help the Sonderkommando blow up Crematorium IV during an October 7, 1944 revolt. Tortured and eventually executed by hanging along with her three conspirators, the last public hanging at Auschwitz.
Safirsztajn, ReginaRegina Safirsztajn[12] January 5, 1945  Smuggled gunpowder into the camp to help the Sonderkommando blow up Crematorium IV during an October 7, 1944 revolt. Tortured and eventually executed by hanging along with her three conspirators, the last public hanging at Auschwitz.
Haas, PavelPavel HaasJune 21, 1899October 17, 194445Jewishcomposer. After arrival at the camp, Josef Mengele was about to send Karel Ančerl to the gas chamber, but weakened Haas, who stood next to him, began to cough and the death sentence was therefore chosen for him instead.
Haining, JaneJane HainingJune 6, 1897August 16, 194447ScottishScottish missionary working in Hungary since 1932. Arrested by the Nazis in 1944 on charges of espionage and working among Jews while trying to save young Jewish girls. Arrested and sent to prisons in Fő utca and Buda, and then sent to Auschwitz in May 1944, where she was tattooed as prisoner 79467.
Hirschmann, IvanaIvana HirschmannMay 5, 1866May 8, 194377JewishCroatian first female professor of gymnastics
Krása, HansHans KrásaNovember 30, 1899October 17, 194444Jewishcomposer; helped to organize cultural life in Theresienstadt concentration camp.
Ullmann, ViktorViktor UllmannJanuary 1, 1898October 18, 194446JewishComposer, conductor, pianist, teacher, music critic, active in Prague. Deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp on September 8, 1942, where he helped to organize cultural life. Transferred to Auschwitz on October 16, 1944.
Schächter, RafaelRafael SchächterMay 25, 1905January 194539JewishComposer, pianist and conductor. Helped to organize cultural life in Theresienstadt concentration camp. Died on the death march.
Hillesum, EttyEtty HillesumJanuary 15, 1914November 30, 194329Jewishdiarist and writer
Jahn, LilliLilli JahnMarch 5, 1900c. June 19, 194444Jewishdoctor who gained international fame posthumously following the publication of her letters to her five children which she wrote during her imprisonment in the labor camp Breitenau
Janson, Paul-ÉmilePaul-Émile JansonMay 30, 1872March 3, 194471Belgian30th Prime Minister of Belgium in 1937–1938
Jonas, ReginaRegina JonasAugust 3, 1902December 12, 194442Jewishfirst ordained female rabbi in Germany, rabbi at Neue Synagoge in Berlin, killed two months after entering the camp.
Katzenelson, ItzhakItzhak KatzenelsonJuly 1, 1886May 1, 194457Jewishteacher, poet, dramatist; his son Zvi Katzenelson was on the same transport and was killed the same day as Itzhak.
Kien, PeterPeter KienJanuary 1, 1919c. October 16, 194425Jewishartist, poet and librettist active in Theresienstadt concentration camp (Terezin), died from infectious disease soon after arrival to Auschwitz on October 16. Wife and parents were on same transport and were killed.
Kofman, BereckBereck KofmanOctober 10, 1900194342JewishHasidic orthodox rabbi, deported to Auschwitz from Drancy internment camp on Convoy No. 12 on July 29, 1942. According to survivor, he was at the camp for one year before his murder by a Kapo on a Shabbat because he refused to work. He was beaten up with a pickax and buried alive. Father of French philosopher Sarah Kofman.
Kolbe, Saint MaximilianSaint Maximilian KolbeJanuary 8, 1894August 14, 194147PolishSaint. Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of Polish Army Sergeant Franciszek Gajowniczek, who was a stranger to him.
Kolmar, GertrudGertrud KolmarDecember 10, 1894March 194348JewishWriter used the Pen name of Gertrud Kolmar {born Gertrud Käthe Chodziesner}
Kunerwalder, EgonEgon Kunerwalder[14]    First husband of Stephanie Helbrun (married 1942). Deported to the camp with his wife in December 1943. Threw himself on the electric wire surrounding the camp in 1944.
Laskier, RutkaRutka Laskier1929194314Jewishteenager who wrote a diary. Her writings were posthumously published. Dubbed the "Polish Anne Frank".
Lévy, HenriHenri LévyJune 7, 1883August 13, 194259Jewishrabbi. He was deported on Convoy No. 8 to the camp on July 20, 1942.
Levy, RudolfRudolf Levy1875194469JewishPainter and student of Henri Matisse
Mauritz of Potocki, CountCount Mauritz of Potocki 1942 Polishnoble
Makijonek, DonatDonat MakijonekMay 19, 1890Unknown date after arrival in Auschwitz 24 May 1941[15]51PolishWorld War I ace; KZ Number # 16301
Natan, BernardBernard NatanJuly 14, 1886October 194256Jewishfilm director and actor and former head of Pathé Film Studios. Arrived at the camp on September 25, 1942 and was killed several weeks later.
Némirovsky, IrèneIrène Némirovsky[16][17]February 11, 1903August 17, 194239Jewishnovelist. She was classified as a Jew under the Nazi racial laws, which did not take into account her conversion to Roman Catholicism.[16][17]
Epstein, MichelMichel Epstein November 6, 1942  Husband of Irène Némirovsky. Arrived on November 6, 1942, and was gassed immediately.
Noji, JózefJózef NojiSeptember 8, 1909February 15, 194333Polishtrack and field athlete and participant of the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. Murdered by the camp's SS guard, allegedly for trying to smuggle a letter.
Nussbaum, FelixFelix NussbaumDecember 11, 1904August 2, 194439Jewishpainter (surrealist). Entire family was eventually killed at the camp at different times, with the exception of one brother, who died from exhaustion at Stutthof in December 1944.
Pärsimägi, KarlKarl PärsimägiMay 11, 1902July 27, 194239Estonianpainter (Fauvist). Unknown circumstances as to why he was sent to Auschwitz. It may have been his sexuality, or possibly because he was aiding the Resistance, or helping hide Jewish friends.[18]
Peradze, Saint GrigolSaint Grigol PeradzeSeptember 13, 1899December 6, 194243GeorgianSaint. Priest, ecclesiastic figure, theologian, historian, Archimandrite, PhD of History, professor.
Rybarski, RomanRoman RybarskiJuly 3, 1887March 6, 194254Polisheconomist, historian and politician connected with the right-wing National Democracy political camp. Executed by shooting for organizing the resistance movement in the camp.
Salomon, ErichErich SalomonApril 28, 1886July 7, 194458Jewishphotographer (news).
Schalek, MalvaMalva SchalekFebruary 18, 1882194462Jewishpainter. Was transported to the camp on May 18, 1944 and was killed soon afterwards.
Schwarz, MommieMommie SchwarzJuly 28, 1876November 19, 194266JewishPainter-killed with his wife Else Berg
Selz, OttoOtto SelzFebruary 14, 1881August 27, 194362Jewishpsychologist and professor, formulated the first nonassociationist theory of thinking, in 1913.[19][20][21] Was transported to the camp on August 24, 1943.[21]
Singer, LavoslavLavoslav Singer1866194276Jewishknown Bjelovar industrialist.[22]
Stein, Saint EdithSaint Edith SteinOctober 12, 1891August 9, 194250GermanSaint. Philosopher and nun. Born into a Jewish family, considered a "Catholic Jew" (of Jewish heritage, but baptized and practiced Catholicism, considered Jewish by Nazi racial laws).
Rumkowski, ChaimChaim RumkowskiFebruary 27, 1877August 28, 194467JewishNazi-appointed head of the Judenrat while he lived in the Łódź Ghetto in Poland. He was known to abuse his power, such as by molesting young Jewish women within the ghetto. Family was also killed at the camp.
Taube, CarloCarlo Taube[23]July 4, 1897October 1, 194447JewishComposer, conductor and pianist. From Galicia, active in Prague. Taube, his wife Erika and their child were deported from Prague to Theresienstadt concentration camp on December 10, 1941. They were deported to Auschwitz on October 1, 1944, where all three were killed immediately.[23]
Taube, ErikaErika Taube[23] October 1, 1944 JewishWife of Carlo Taube.
Tański, TadeuszTadeusz TańskiMarch 11, 1892March 23, 194149PolishAutomobile engineer and the designer of the first Polish serially-built automobile, the CWS T-1. Arrested on July 3, 1940, and sent to the camp.
Perl, MauriceMaurice Perl[24]   JewishFather of Gisella Perl. Brought his prayer book into the gas chamber.
Barend Dresden-Polak[25] November 30, 1944 JewishHusband of Anna Dresden-Polak and father of Eva Dresden, both of whom were killed at Sobibor on July 23, 1943.
Estusia Wajcblum[12] January 5, 1945  Smuggled gunpowder into the camp to help the Sonderkommando blow up Crematorium IV during an October 7, 1944 revolt. Tortured and eventually executed by hanging along with her three conspirators, the last public hanging at Auschwitz.
Waterman-Hollander, Froukje EstherFroukje Esther Waterman-Hollander[26]October 25, 1915February 28, 194327JewishDaughter of Han Hollander and Leentje Hollander-Smeer, both of whom were killed at Sobibor on July 9, 1943.
Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski, Prince LudwikPrince Ludwik Swiatopelk-Czetwertynski1876 or 1877May 3, 194164PolishNoble.
Mosdorf, JanJan MosdorfMay 30, 1904October 11, 194339PolishRight-wing politician, director of the nationalist organization All-Polish Youth and member of political party National Radical Camp. Killed for helping Jews in the camp.
Weisz, ÁrpádÁrpád WeiszApril 16, 1896January 31, 194447JewishFootball (soccer) player and manager.
Wiesel, SarahSarah Wiesel May 1944 JewishMother of Elie Wiesel. Gassed immediately.
Wiesel, TziporaTzipora Wiesel May 1944 JewishYounger sister of Elie Wiesel. Gassed immediately.
Zimetbaum, MalaMala Zimetbaum[27]January 26, 1922September 15, 194422JewishDeported to the camp on Transport #10 on September 15, 1942. Inmate #19880. Her proficiency in several languages allowed her to work as an interpreter in the camp. Publicly executed at the camp after an escape attempt, with her lover, Edward Galiński.
Galiński, EdwardEdward Galiński[28]May 10, 1923September 15, 194421PolishPublicly executed at the camp after an escape attempt, with his lover, Mala Zimetbaum.
Hamel, EddyEddy Hamel[29]October 21, 1902April 30, 194340Jewish (American)American soccer right winger (AFC Ajax).

Name ! Date of birth Ivan Bračanin ! Date of death 1st of September 1939 ! Age 30 ! Ethnicity croatian ! Notability green grocer gassed immediately.

Name Josef Koganoviche ! Date of birth: 11th Nov 1880 ! Date of death: Jun 1944 ! Age 64 ! Ethnicity Russian ! Occupation : Orthordox Practitioner ! Notability : Belonged to the first group of people to organise the underground fight. Evaded SS Gassed immediately on arrival at Majdanek.

Survivors

Name#BornDiedAgeEthnicityImprisonedNotability
Biegala Badiukiewicz, HelenaHelena Biegala Badiukiewicz July 1, 1920January 2, 199170Polish

Rozenberg, JozekJozek Rozenberg137404November 6, 1916July 27, 199477 yearsJewish1942

April 1945

He and his wife had one son, Moniush Rozenberg, born in 1939 or 1940. They were hiding in the woods and in attics, making homemade candy to sell on the black market, until 1942 when they were captured. They used to use sugar cubes to give to the baby to keep him quiet in hiding. The gestapo took their 2-year-old son and put him in a wagon headed for Auschwitz, never to be seen again. He and his wife Gitla were separated. He was sent to Reichsautobahn Lager Pommern until he was sent to Auschwitz August 21, 1943. He survived by stealing an extra potato a day and cooking it on the oven where he loaded coal. On January 18, 1945, he was sent on a death march from Auschwitz to Wodzislaw where he was transferred via train to Buchenwald concentration camp January 22, 1945. He was assigned to the "Little Camp". Then, transferred again on January 30, 1945 to Berga concentration camp code name Schwalbe V where he was eventually liberated by American soldiers. He found his wife, Gitla Rozenberg née Rusinek who also survived the camps, when he returned to Poland.
Lewis, HelenHelen Lewis June 22, 1916December 31, 200993 yearsJewishMay 1944

1944

Dancer who trained in Prague. Left Auschwitz on a forced march to Stutthof concentration camp in January 1945. Emigrated in 1947 to Belfast, where she worked as a dance teacher and choreographer. Her autobiography, A Time to Speak, was published in 1992.[30]
Eilenberg-Eibeshitz, AnnaAnna Eilenberg-Eibeshitz November 5, 1923 94Jewish

Published Author on:

Breaking My Silence; Sisters of the Storm; Preserved Evidence, Ghetto Lodz; My Son... My Son... A Chronicle; Remember!: A Collection of Testimonies; Mirka Among Strangers; Ruthka: A Diary of War; Women in the Holocaust

Bartoszewski, WładysławWładysław Bartoszewski4427February 19, 1922April 24, 201593PolishSeptember 22, 1940

April 8, 1941

Member of Armia Krajowa. Released from camp due to actions by Polish Red Cross. Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland (twice) after 1989.
Borowski, TadeuszTadeusz Borowski November 12, 1922July 1, 195128Polish1943–late 1944writer. Transferred to Natzweiler-Struthof, then to Dachau concentration camp; committed suicide after the war.
Brady, GeorgeGeorge Brady February 9, 1928alive89JewishOctober 23, 1944

January 18, 1945

Plumber. Sent on the death march; escaped when a Soviet tank blew a hole in the building he was in. His mother, father and sister Hana were gassed at the camp.
Braun, BorisBoris Braun[31][32][33] August 20, 1920alive97Jewish University professor. His mother and father were killed during the Holocaust.
Bacon, YehudaYehuda Bacon July 28, 1929alive88JewishDecember 1943

January 18, 1945

Artist. Sent on the death march. His father was gassed in June 1944; his mother and his sister Hanna were deported to Stutthof concentration camp, where they died a few weeks before its liberation.
Dagan, Bat-ShevaBat-Sheva Dagan September 8, 1925alive92JewishMay 1943

January 1945

Kindergarten teacher, psychologist, author. Worked in camp infirmary and in the "Canada" commando. Survived death march to Ravensbrück and Malchow concentration camps in January 1945, and death march to Lübz, where she was liberated on May 2, 1945. Pioneer in children's Holocaust education, author of books, poems, and songs on Holocaust themes as well as psychological and pedagogical methods for teaching the Holocaust to young children.[34]
Gabbai, DarioDario Gabbai September 2, 1922  Jewish (Greek)April 1944

January 27, 1945

Member of Sonderkommando. Family was killed at the camp.
Jerzy Bielecki (prisoner)   Polish Political prisoner. Suffered hanging torture (arms hung behind back).
Paczyński, JózefJózef Paczyński January 20, 1920April 26, 2015  Polish Political prisoner. About every 1 1/2 weeks, he was ordered to cut the hair of the camp's commanding officer, Rudolf Höss. Personally witnessed gassings from nearby.
Piechowski, KazimierzKazimierz Piechowski918October 3, 1919alive98PolishJune 20, 1940

June 20, 1942

Imprisoned because the boy scouts were labeled a criminal organization. From Rajkowy. Deported to camp on second transport from Tarnów. On June 20, 1942, he escaped from Auschwitz I along with 3 other prisoners, dressed as members of the SS-Totenkopfverbände, fully armed. They stole an SS staff car from the motor pool, a Steyr 220 belonging to Rudolf Höss, and drove out the main gate. The escape was facilitated by Piechowski's fluent command of German. As they drove toward the gate he told the guards to hurry up and open it. None of the four were recaptured.[36]
Jaster, Stanisław GustawStanisław Gustaw Jaster[36]64381921  PolishJune 20, 1942Veteran of Invasion of Poland in rank of first lieutenant, from Warsaw. On June 20, 1942, he escaped from Auschwitz I along with 3 other prisoners, dressed as members of the SS-Totenkopfverbände, fully armed. They stole an SS staff car from the motor pool, a Steyr 220 belonging to Rudolf Höss, and drove out the main gate.[36]
Lempart, JózefJózef Lempart[36]31991916  PolishJune 20, 1942Priest, from Wadowice. On June 20, 1942, he escaped from Auschwitz I along with 3 other prisoners, dressed as members of the SS-Totenkopfverbände, fully armed. They stole an SS staff car from the motor pool, a Steyr 220 belonging to Rudolf Höss, and drove out the main gate.[36]
Bendera, EugeniuszEugeniusz Bendera[36]85021906  UkrainianJune 20, 1942Auto mechanic, from Chortkiv. On June 20, 1942, he escaped from Auschwitz I along with 3 other prisoners, dressed as members of the SS-Totenkopfverbände, fully armed. They stole an SS staff car from the motor pool, a Steyr 220 belonging to Rudolf Höss, and drove out the main gate.[36]
Smoleń, KazimierzKazimierz Smoleń April 19, 1920January 27, 2012 Polish Political prisoner.
Kowalczyk, AugustAugust Kowalczyk August 15, 1921July 29, 2012 Polish Political prisoner.
Stenkin, PavelPavel Stenkin    Russian Prisoner of war.
Mikusz, JózefJózef Mikusz    Polish Political prisoner.
Veselá, SilviaSilvia Veselá    Jewish1942Deported from holding camp near Bratislava.
Eva Votavová
    JewishJuly 1942 
Pressburger, OttoOtto Pressburger    Jewish From Trnava. Forced to dig mass graves and exhume corpses. His mother and father were killed at the camp.
Breder, LibušaLibuša Breder    Jewish Worked in the "Canada" sector of the camp. Witnessed rapes of women by the camp's officers.
Citrónová, HelenaHelena Citrónová    Jewish Worked in the "Canada" sector of the camp. An SS officer, Franz Wunch, fell in love with her. As a result, Wunch would later save Helena's sister from the gas chambers, although her sister's son and daughter could not be saved.
Rybacki, TadeuszTadeusz Rybacki    Polish Political prisoner. Served as a waiter at the SS canteen in the camp.
Alexander, VeraVera Alexander    Jewish Witnessed crimes committed by Irma Grese.
Mozes Kor, EvaEva Mozes KorA7063January 30, 1934alive83Jewish1944

January 27, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Both of her parents and two older sisters were killed at the camp; only Miriam and herself survived. Founder of CANDLES Holocaust Museum and Education Center.
Miriam MozesA7064January 30, 1934June 6, 199359Jewish1944

January 27, 1945

Eva's twin sister. One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Mengele injected Miriam with a chemical that stopped the growth of her kidneys; later, Eva donated one of her kidneys.
Laks, JonaJona LaksA277001930  Jewish (Polish)August 1944

- January 27, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments.
Kriegel, VeraVera Kriegel      One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments.
Pufeles, PearlPearl Pufeles      One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments.
Helen Rappaport      One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments.
Reichenberg, EphraimEphraim Reichenberg    Jewish One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments.
Frankfurter, GyuriGyuri Frankfurter[37]    Jewish One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. From Berettyóújfalu. Emigrated to United States in 1947, name changed to "George".
Frankfurter, LaciLaci Frankfurter[37]    Jewish One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. From Berettyóújfalu. Emigrated to United States in 1947, name changed to "Leslie".
Greenfeld, PeterPeter Greenfeld[38]A-24591940  Jewish1944

January 27, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Known at the camp as "Josef "Peipchek" Klineman". Born in Prague.
Klineman, MarthaMartha Klineman[38]A-49311940  Jewish1944

January 27, 1945

Peter's twin. One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Born in Prague.
Salomon, LipotLipot Salomon[39]A-57231923 or 1924April 19, 196540 yearsJewishMay 28, 1944

January 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Born in Turţ. First deported to Vynohradiv ghetto on April 14, 1944.
Salomon, DezoDezo Salomon[39]A-57241923 or 1924April 22, 199671 yearsJewishMay 28, 1944

January 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Born in Turţ. First deported to Vynohradiv ghetto on April 14, 1944.
Somogyi, PeterPeter Somogyi[40]A-17454April 14, 1933  JewishJuly 9, 1944

January 27, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. From Pécs. Their mother and older sister (14 years) were gassed at Auschwitz at arrival.
Somogyi, ThomasThomas Somogyi[40]A-17455April 14, 1933  JewishJuly 9, 1944

January 27, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. From Pécs.
Helbrun, StephanieStephanie Helbrun[14] February 4, 1924  JewishDecember 1943

January 18, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Born in Subotica, lived in Prague until 1939. Escaped on the death march. Their parents and sister were killed in various camps.
Helbrun, AnnettaAnnetta Helbrun[14] February 4, 1924  JewishDecember 1943

January 18, 1945

One of the "Mengele twins" who was selected and used for involuntary medical experiments. Born in Subotica, lived in Prague until 1939. Escaped on the death march.
Able, GeorgeGeorge Able[14]      Met Annetta Helbrun when both were assigned to a commando loading corpses. Later married Annetta in 1948.
Spiegel, Zvi ErnstZvi Ernst Spiegel[40] 1913 or 1914   January 27, 1945Assigned to supervise twins used in the medical experiments of Josef Mengele. Saved children from the gas chamber on several occasions. After the camp's liberation, he took 157 Mengele twins and homeless children to safety in Hungary. 29 years old in 1944.
Nyiszli, MiklósMiklós Nyiszli June 17, 1901May 5, 195654JewishJune 1944

January 18, 1945

Prisoner, and doctor (pathologist) who served Josef Mengele. Sent on the death march.
Dacko, RyszardRyszard Dacko    Polish Political prisoner.
Hantz, StanislawStanislaw Hantz    Polish Political prisoner.
Einsenschmidt, EliezerEliezer Einsenschmidt    Jewish  
Cahana, Alice LokAlice Lok Cahana February 7, 1929alive Jewish1944Deported from Sárvár. Abstract painter.
Venezia, MorrisMorris Venezia February 25, 1921  JewishApril 11, 1944Part of the Sonderkommando.
Rosenbach, FranzFranz Rosenbach    Gypsy Survived because he was transferred to another camp. His mother was killed at the camp.
Szmyt, WładysławWładysław Szmyt    Polish Political prisoner.
Mandelbaum, HenrykHenryk Mandelbaum181970December 15, 1922June 17, 200885JewishApril 22, 1944

January 18, 1945

Part of Sonderkommando. Fled on a death march.
Mann, IbiIbi Mann    Jewish  
Eichengreen, LucilleLucille Eichengreen February 1, 1925alive92JewishAugust 1944

October 1944

From Hamburg. Deported to Łódź Ghetto on October 26, 1941, where she was molested by Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski and remained for four years until deported to Auschwitz. Transferred to Neuengamme concentration camp.
Pilecki, WitoldWitold Pilecki4859May 13, 1901May 25, 194847PolishSeptember 22, 1940

April 26, 1943

Soldier and secret agent ("Tomasz Serafiński"). He volunteered to be imprisoned at Auschwitz (the only person known to do so) for a Polish resistance operation in order to gather intelligence and escape. As the author of the Witold's report, the first intelligence report on Auschwitz, his operation enabled the Polish government-in-exile to convince the Allies that the Holocaust was taking place. Later executed by Polish communists.
Wiesel, ElieElie WieselA-7713September 30, 1928July 2, 201689JewishMay 17, 1944

January 1945

Writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Peace Prize winner (1986). His mother and younger sister are gassed immediately. Transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp, where Wiesel's father, Shlomo, was beaten[41] and killed. Two older sisters, Hilda and Beatrice, survive.
Firestone, RenéeRenée Firestone    Jewish Her sister was killed at the camp during medical experiments.
Pisar, SamuelSamuel Pisar[43] March 18, 1929July 27, 201588Jewish Lawyer, writer. His parents and younger sister Frieda were killed during the war. Transferred to Dachau concentration camp. Escaped during a death march.[43]
Ančerl, KarelKarel Ančerl April 11, 1908July 3, 197365JewishOctober 15, 1944Conductor. Josef Mengele was about to send Ančerl to the gas chamber, but a weakened Pavel Haas, who stood next to him, began to cough and the death sentence was therefore chosen for him instead. Helped to organize cultural life in Theresienstadt concentration camp.
Perl, GisellaGisella Perl[24] 1907198880 or 81 yearsJewish1944Gynecologist. Forced to be an inmate doctor. Saved the lives of hundreds of pregnant women by aborting their pregnancies (pregnant women were often killed for experiments by Josef Mengele).
Vrba, RudolfRudolf Vrba44070September 11, 1924March 27, 200681JewishJanuary 15, 1943

April 7, 1944

Scientist. Escaped from the camp. Co-author of the Vrba-Wetzler report, delivered to the Allies, which saved the lives of an estimated 120 to 200 thousand Jews. Testified against Adolf Eichmann at Eichmann's trial.
Hejka, EugeniuszEugeniusz Hejka608October 16, 1918200990PolishJune 14, 1940

November 1940

Polish-Catholic soldier punished as an eleventh for escape of Tadeusz Wiejowski, survived.
Wetzler, AlfrédAlfréd Wetzler29162May 10, 1918February 8, 198869Jewish1942

April 7, 1944

Escaped from the camp. Co-author of the Vrba-Wetzler report, delivered to the Allies, which saved the lives of an estimated 120 to 200 thousand Jews.
Dekel, AlexAlex Dekel[45]      Served under Josef Mengele as his subject, witnessing many of Mengele's human medical experiments.
Kielar, WieslawWieslaw Kielar August 12, 1912June 1, 1990 Polish (non-Jewish)[46] Author of the autobiographical novel Anus Mundi: 5 Years in Auschwitz
Levi, PrimoPrimo Levi174517July 31, 1919April 11, 198767Jewish (Italian)February 21, 1944

– January 18, 1945

Was an Italian Jewish chemist and writer. He was the author of several books, novels, collections of short stories, essays, and poems.
Frank, AnneAnne Frank June 12, 1929February or March 194515Jewish (German)September 3, 1944

– October 28, 1944

Teenage diarist from Amsterdam, held 7 weeks at Auschwitz, transferred to Bergen-Belsen where she died of Typhus.
Brewster, EvaEva Brewster December 28, 1922December 3, 200481Jewish (German)April 1943

- January 1945

Author of "Vanished in Darkness – An Auschwitz Memoir".
Sobolewski, SigmundSigmund Sobolewski88May 11, 1923August 7, 2017 PolishJune 14, 1940

- November 7, 1944

immortalized in the book "Prisoner 88: The Man in Stripes."
Buergenthal, ThomasThomas Buergenthal May 11, 1934alive Jewish human rights champion, former judge of the International Court of Justice, author of A Lucky Child, interned at Auschwitz-Birkenau and Sachsenhausen.
Cyrankiewicz, JózefJózef Cyrankiewicz62933April 23, 1911January 20, 198977PolishSeptember 4, 1942

-

later Prime Minister of Poland and Chairman of the Polish Council of State.
De-Nur, YehielYehiel De-Nur135633May 16, 1909July 17, 2001 Jewish Writer.
Desnos, RobertRobert Desnos July 4, 1900June 8, 194544French French surrealist poet. Died of typhoid in Theresienstadt.
  • Lowy Adolf - Lang Andras, from Hungary (Miskolc)
  • Ted Banwell, British soldier and member of Dutch Resistance
  • Leo Bretholz, Austrian Jew who escaped from train en route; author of Leap into Darkness.
  • Lowy Dezso, from Hungary (Miskolc) - Jewish accountant
  • Laure Diebold, French resistant, Compagnon de la Libération
  • Xawery Dunikowski, Polish sculptor and artist, best known for his Neo-Romantic sculptures and Auschwitz-inspired art. Survived.
  • Anna Eilenberg-Eibeshitz, Polish-Jewish writer, Auschwitz, survived.
  • Kurt Epstein, Czechoslovak Jewish Olympic water polo competitor
  • Hans Frankenthal, German-Jewish author, survived.
  • Viktor Frankl, Austrian-Jewish neurologist and psychiatrist, survived.
  • Franciszek Gajowniczek, Polish Army Sergeant whose life was spared when Maximilian Kolbe took his place. Survived and died in 1995.
  • Józef Garliński, Polish best selling writer who wrote numerous books in both English and Polish on Auschwitz and World War II, including the best selling 'Fighting Auschwitz'. Survived and died in 2005.
  • Leon Greenman, British anti-fascism campaigner. Survived and died in 2008.
  • Perry Broad, Brazilian non-commissioned officer SS-Unterscharführer, active at Auschwitz from April 1942 - 1945.
  • Nicholas (Miklós) Hammer, Hungarian born Jew, who was placed in Auschwitz I block 6 and worked in the Kanada I section. Subject of the biography Sacred Games by Gerald Jacobs. Unusual as he was in labour, concentration and death camps before being liberated.
  • Magda Herzberger, Romanian-Jewish author and poet, survived.
  • Ruth Huppert Elias, Czechoslovak-Jewish (from Ostrava), Author of Triumph of Hope - From Theresienstadt and Auschwitz to Israel, survived.
  • Joseph Friedenson, Polish-Jewish (from Łódź), editor of Dos Yiddishe Vort, survived.
  • Stefan Jaracz, Polish actor and theater director who survived camp but died of Tuberculosis in 1945.
  • Isabella Katz Leitner Hungarian-Jewish (from Kisvárda), author of Isabella – From Auschwitz to Freedom, survived.
  • Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer, Nobel Laureate in Literature for 2002.
  • Stanisław Kętrzyński, Polish historian and diplomat
  • Gertrude "Traute" Kleinová, Czechoslovak Jew, 3-time table tennis world champion
  • Antoni Kocjan, Polish glider constructor and a contributor to the intelligence services of the Polish Home Army. Murdered by Gestapo in 1944.
  • Abram Korn, Polish-Jewish (from Lipno), author of Abe's Story: A Holocaust Memoir, survived.
  • Rena Kornreich Gelissen, Polish-Jewish (born in Tyliczi), author of Rena's Promise - A Story of Sisters in Auschwitz, survived.
  • Zofia Kossak-Szczucka, Polish writer and World War II resistance fighter, co-founder the wartime Polish organization Żegota. Released through the efforts of the Polish underground.
  • Henri Landwirth, Belgian philanthropist and founder of Give Kids the World (survived).
  • Joel Lebowitz, Mathematical Physicist. Survived. Honors include the Boltzmann Medal, Henri Poincaré Prize, and Max Planck Medal.
  • Olga Lengyel, Hungarian-Jewish author of Five Chimneys, survived.
  • Stepan Lenkavsky, Ukrainian nationalist ideologist
  • Curt Lowens, German-Jewish actor and resistant, survived.
  • Arnošt Lustig, Czechoslovak and later Czech Jewish writer and novelist, the Holocaust is his lifelong theme, survived.
  • Branko Lustig, Croatian-American film producer.[47]
  • Filip Müller, Inmate# 29236; Survivor and author of "Eyewitness Auschwitz – Three Years in the Gas Chambers" 1979
  • Alfred "Artem" Nakache, French swimmer, world record (200-m breaststroke), one-third of French 2x world record (3x100 relay team); imprisoned in Auschwitz, where his wife and daughter were killed
  • Igor Newerly, (1903–1987) – Polish novelist and educator.
  • Henry Oertelt, German-Jewish author of An Unbroken Chain incarcerated at Theresienstadt, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Golleschau and Flossenburg, survived.
  • Bernard Offen, (born 1929) Polish documentary filmmaker working in Poland and the United States to create Second Generation Witnesses.
  • Harry Osers (born 1929) Czech engineer, currently living in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Ignacy Oziewicz, (1887–1966) Polish army officer, first commandant of Narodowe Sily Zbrojne
  • Lev Rebet, (1912–1957) Ukrainian nationalist ideologist.
  • Bernat Rosner Hungarian-Jewish lawyer, co-author of An uncommon friendship. Survived.
  • Mira Ryczke Kimmelman German-Jewish (from Danzig), author of Echoes from the Holocaust – a Memoir, survived.
  • Lowy Sandor, from Hungary (Miskolc) – Jewish lawyer
  • Vladek and Anja Spiegelman, parents of Art Spiegelman, author of Maus. Vladek Spiegelmann was the central character in Maus.
  • Józef Szajna, (1922–2008) Polish scenery designer, stage director, playwright, theoretician of the theatre, painter and graphic artist.
  • Leon Schiller, (1887–1954) Polish theater and film director, critic and theoretician. He was also a composer and wrote theater and radio screenplays.
  • Paul Steinberg, (1880–1964) German-Jewish (born in Berlin), author of Speak You Also - A Survivor's Reckoning, survived.
  • Hedi Szmuk Fried, Hungarian-Jewish (from Sighet), author of The Road to Auschwitz – Fragments of a Life, survived.
  • Rebbe Menachem Mendel Taub of Kaliv
  • Jack Tramiel, (1928-2012). Polish-born businessman, founder of Commodore International. Rescued by the U.S. Army in April 1945.
  • Rose Van Thyn (1921–2010), Auschwitz and Ravensbrueck survivor who directed Holocaust education activities in her adopted city of Shreveport, Louisiana
  • Simone Veil, née Simone Annie Jacob (July 13, 1927–), French politician, survived.
  • Shlomo Venezia, (1923–2012) Greek-Jewish (born in Thessaloniki), author of Inside the Gas Chambers – Eight Months in the Sonderkommando of Auschwitz, survived.
  • Rose Warfman (née Gluck), (1916–2016) a French nurse, member of the French Resistance
  • Stanislaw Wygodzki, (1923–2012) Polish-Jewish author, survived.
  • Strasser Julianna Zsuzsanna – Lang Andrasne, from Hungary (Paks)
  • Dorfsman Ita Hanna – Lodz, from Poland
  • Bedriska ‘Ishka’ Lavecka (Irene Capek), from Czechoslovakia, MBE (28 December 1924 – 19 November 2006) was a Jewish holocaust survivor, humanitarian and local Australian politician.

See also