This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism.[2][3] Some organisations have multiple wings or components, one or more of which may be designated as terrorist while others are not.

This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism. This list also excludes groups that might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above.

This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people, entities (corporations), and specific vehicles, refer to lists under .

Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments

The list includes references to organisations associated with Al-Qaeda by the United Nations.

= officially designated as terrorist

OrganizationAUS
CAN
EGY
EU
IND
IRN
ISR
JPN
KAZ
NZL
PRC
PHL
ROC
ROK
RUS
SAU
TUN
TUR
UKR
UAE
UK
UN
USA
Abdullah Azzam Brigades[5][7][9][10][12][13]
Abu Nidal Organization[14][16][10][13]
Abu Sayyaf[17][14][18][19][5][7][9][10][12][13]
Aden-Abyan Islamic Army[14][10]
Ajnad Misr[20][10][21]
Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta Samaj[22]
al-Aqsa Foundation[16]
al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades[14][16][13]
Al-Badr[22]
al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya[14][16][23][5][7][9][10][13]
Al Ghurabaa[10]
al-Haramain Foundation[23][12]
Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya[14][10][12]
Al-Mourabitoun[17][14][18][24][12][25]
Al-Nusra Front[17][14][18][23][26][27][28][5][7][9][10][29][30]
al-Qaeda[17][14][32][22][34][35][37][39][18][41][43][23][5][7][9][10][44][13]
al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula[17][14][46][5][7][9][12][13]
al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent[17][14][47]
al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb[17][14][18][23][5][7][9][12][13]
Al-Shabaab[17][14][5][7][9][10][13]
Takfir wal-Hijra[16]
Al-Umar-Mujahideen[22]
All Tripura Tiger Force[22]
Ansar al-Sharia (Libya)[5][7][9][10][12][48]
Ansar al-Sharia (Tunisia)[49][5][7][9][10][12][50]
Ansar al-Islam[17][14][5][7][9][10][12][13]
Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna[10]
Ansar Bait al-Maqdis[17][51][5][9][24][13]
Ansar Dine[12][52]
Ansaru[10][12][53]
Armed Islamic Group of Algeria[14][10][12]
Army of Islam[5][7][9][13]
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order[54]
Osbat al-Ansar[14][23][5][7][9][10][12][13]
Aum Shinrikyo[14][55][18][56][13]
Babbar Khalsa International[14][16][22][10]
Balochistan Liberation Army[10]
Boko Haram[17][14][5][7][9][10][57][53][58]
Caucasus Emirate[14][18][23][5][7][9][10][60][61]
Committee for Charity and Solidarity with Palestine[35]
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)[22]
Communist Party of the Philippines/
New People's Army
[16][62][13]
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist[64]
Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei[65]
Continuity Irish Republican Army[10][13]
Cumann na mBan[10]
Deendar Anjuman[22]
Donetsk People's Republic[66]
Dukhtaran-e-Millat[22]
East Turkestan Information Center[67]
East Turkestan Islamic Party[32][67][68][5][7][10][12][69]
East Turkestan Liberation Organization[70][67][72]
Egyptian Islamic Jihad[14][23][10][12]
ETA[14][16][10][13]
Fianna Éireann[10]
Force 17[35][10]
Great Eastern Islamic Raiders' Front[16][64]
Grey Wolves[73]
Gülen movement[74]
Hamas[75][14][76] [35][77][78][18][80][13]
Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades[17][81][16][10][82]
Haqqani network[14][5][7][9][10][13]
Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami[10][12][13]
Harkat-al-Jihad al-Islami in Bangladesh[10][13]
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen[14][22][10][12][13]
[10]
Harakat Sham al-Islam[83]
Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin[14][10]
Hezbollah[14][84][85][18][86][86][13]
Irish Republican Army[10]
Kurdish Hezbollah[64]
Hezbollah (Military Wing)[87][86][86]
Hezbollah (External Security Organisation)[17][14][86][86][10]
Hezbollah Al-Hejaz[46][5][7][9]
Hilafet Devleti[64]
Hizb ut-Tahrir[41][23]
Hizbul Mujahideen[16][22]

[88]

Hofstad Network[16]
Holy Land Foundationfor Relief and Development[16][35]
Houthis[26][5][7][9]
Indian Mujahideen[14][22][5][7][9][10][13]
International Sikh Youth Federation[14][16][22]
Irish National Liberation Army[10]
Irish People's Liberation Organisation[10]
Islamic Jihad

Jamaat Mujahideen
[23]
Islamic Jihad Union[89][10][12][13]
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan[17][14][18][41][89][23][5][7][9][10][12][13]
International Union of Muslim Scholars[90][91][91][90][91][90]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[17][14][92][93][94][95][96][97][18][98][99][100][23][26][101][5][7][9][10][29][13]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Caucasus Province[54]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province[54][102]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Libya Province[17][103]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Yemen Province[103]
Jaish-e-Mohammed[17][14][22][5][7][9][10][12][13]
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar[14][83]
Jamaat al Dawa al Quran[104]
Jamaat Ul-Furquan[10]
Jamaat-ul-Ahrar[10][105]
Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh[22][10]
Jamiat al-Islah al-Idzhtimai[23]
Jamiat ul-Ansar[17]
Jamiat-e Islami[23]
Jemaah Islamiyah[17][14][10][12][13]
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid[12][13]
Jund al-Aqsa[106][10][107]
Jund al-Khilafah[10][54]
Jund al-Sham[23]
Jundallah[109][13]
Kach and Kahane Chai[14][35][13]
Kangleipak Communist Party[22]
Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup[22]
Kata'ib Hezbollah[5][7][9][13]
Khalistan Commando Force[22]
Khalistan Zindabad Force[16][22]
Khuddam ul-Islam[10]
Komala[111][113]
Korean People's Army[114]
Kurdistan Communities Union[64]
Kurdistan Democratic Party/North[64]
Kurdistan Freedom Falcons[16][10]
Kurdistan Workers' Party[17][14][16][116][117][18][118][64][10][13]
Lashkar-e-Taiba[17][14][22][23][5][7][9][10][12][13]
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi[17][14][10][12][13]
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam[120][14][16][22][10][13]
Libyan Islamic Fighting Group[10][12][13]
Loyalist Volunteer Force[10]
Lugansk People's Republic[66]
Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia[121]
Manipur People’s Liberation Front[22]
Maoist Communist Centre of India[22]
Marxist–Leninist Communist Party[64]
Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group[10][12][13]
Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa[14][12][13]
Mujahidin Indonesia Timur[10][122][54]
Mujahideen Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem[13]
Muslim Brotherhood[123][41][23][26][5][7][9]
National Action[10]
National Democratic Front of Bodoland[22]
National Liberation Army[14][16][13]
National Liberation Front of Tripura[22]
Orange Volunteers[10]
Palestine al-muslima[35]
Palestine Liberation Front[14][35][13]
Palestinian Islamic Jihad[17][14][16][10][13]
Palestinian Relief Development Fund – Interpal[35]
Party of Free Life of Kurdistan[125][125]
People's Congress of Ichkeria and Dagestan[23]
People's Liberation Army of Manipur[22]
People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak[22]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine[14][16][13]
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command[14][16][80][13]
Provisional Irish Republican Army[10][126]
Quds Force[14][13]
Real Irish Republican Army[10][13]
Red Hand Commando[10]
Red Hand Defenders[10]
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia[14][13]
Revolutionary Organization 17 November[127][13]
Revolutionary Party of Kurdistan[64]
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party–Front[16][64][10][13]
Revolutionary Struggle[13]
Saor Éire[10]
The Saved Sect[10]
Tevhid-Selam (Al-Quds Army)[64]
Shining Path[14][16][13]
Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries[128][128][128][128]
Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan[10]
Society of the Revival of Islamic Heritage[23][12]
Stichting Al Aqsa[16]
Students Islamic Movement of India[22]
Supreme Military Majlis ul-Shura of the United Mujahideen Forces of Caucasus[23]
Tahrir al-Sham[129]
Taliban[14][18][41][23][5][7][9]
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi[10]
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan[14][5][7][9][10][12][13]
Tamil Nadu Liberation Army[22]
Tamil National Retrieval Troops[22]
Tanzim[35]
Ulster Defence Association[10][130]
Ulster Volunteer Force[10][130]
United Liberation Front of Assam[22]
United National Liberation Front[22]
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia[14][13]
Vanguards of Conquest[14]
Workers' Party of Korea[131][132][114] [133][134]
World Tamil Movement[14]
World Uygur Youth Congress[67]
Yarmouk Martyrs Brigade[135]

Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past

Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.

OrganizationEU
RSA
UK
US
IND
African National Congress16 December 1961- 11 February 1990[136]August 1988[138] – 2008[139][140]
Aum Shinrikyo? – 18 July 2011[16][142]
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia? – 18 July 2011[16][142]2001-2014[13]
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine10 August 1997 – 10 August 1999[13]
Fatah
Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council16 November 2000[143] – 2011[22][144]
Kach and Kahane Chai ? – 12 July 2010[146][148]
Japanese Red Army8 October 1997 – 8 October 2001
Khmer Rouge8 October 1997 – 8 October 1999
Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front8 October 1997 – 8 October 1999
People's Mujahedin of Iran ? – 2010[149]8 July 1997 – 28 September 2012[13]
Palestine Liberation Front ? – 12 July 2010[146][148]
Palestine Liberation Organization1988[150] – 1991[151]
Revolutionary Nuclei10 August 1997 – 18 May 2009
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement10 August 1997 – 8 October 2001
Red BrigadesAugust 1970 – ?
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia2001 – 13 November 2017[152]
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) ? – 6 September 2012[153]

Process of designation

Among the countries that publish a list of designated terrorist organizations, some have a clear established procedure for listing and delisting, and some are opaque. The Berghof Foundation argues that opaque delisting conditions reduce the incentive for the organization to abandon terrorism, while fuelling radicalism.[154]

Australia

Since 2002, the Australian Government maintains a list of terrorist organizations under the Security Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2002.[17] Listing, de-listing and re-listing follows a protocol[17] that mainly involves the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and the Attorney-General's Department.[155]

Canada

Since December 18, 2001, section 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.[156]

Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and finally published in the Canada Gazette.[156] The list is also published on the website of Public Safety Canada.

European Union

The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups.[157] The first list is copied from the United Nations, and the second is an autonomous list.

Autonomous list

All other designated organizations.

  • the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources.
  • a ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available.

It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.

  • European Union list of terrorist groups and individuals, 25 June 2012.[159]

Listing process

New organizations are added to the autonomous list following this process:

  1. "Designation": Member states and third party states tips about an organization. This state must have solid evidence and must the tip must be sent by the national authority.
  2. Scrutinity: The Presidency, or a delegation, gathers basic information, and might require more information from the tipping state.
  3. Consultations: Information is shared with other member states for discussion. Everything is still confidential. 15 days after, delegates of the states meet as the CP 931 Working Party, Europol is sometimes invited too.
  4. Recommendation: The CP 931 Working Party prepares the listing decision.
  5. Decision by EU Council: The council adopts the list. The decision must be unanimous, which means that every state has a veto right.
  6. Official Publishing: In the EU Official Journal
  7. Notification and Statement of Reason: The council secretariat notifies each designated organization via mail, together with instructions on how to get the decision to be reconsidered.

Delisting process

The EU has similar process to review the list, and to remove organizations for the list.

India

Under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, the Ministry of Home Affairs maintains a list of banned organizations: List of organisations banned by the Government of India.[22]

Korea

Myanmar (Burma)

The Central Committee for Counter-Terrorism of Myanmar is responsible for determining and designating organisations as terrorist groups. The only group on Myanmar's terror list is the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, declared on 26 August 2017 in accordance with the country's counter-terrorism law.[160]

New Zealand

The New Zealand Police are responsible for coordinating any requests to the Prime Minister for designation as a terrorist entity.

People's Republic of China

The Ministry of Public Security maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website . This list has been translated to English by the Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the USA.

Philippines

The first group to be officially listed as a terrorist organization under the Human Security Act of 2007 is the Abu Sayyaf on September 10, 2015 by the Basilan provincial court.[19]

On December 2017, President Rodrigo Duterte reportedly issued a proclamation declaring the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and its armed wing, the New People's Army (NPA), as terrorist organizations. The proclamation was made in accordance with the Human Security Act and the Terrorism Financing Prevention and Suppression Act.[62]

Historically the CPP-NPA has been considered as an "organized conspiracy" by the Philippines Government. The label was placed on the CPP's predecessor, the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 and its armed group the Hukbalahap in 20 June 1957 through the Anti Subversion Act or Republic Act No. 1700. The law covered any succeeding organizations of the PKP-1930 and the Hukbalahap which includes the CPP-NPA. Being a member of groups covered by the law is considered illegal.[162] On October 1992, Fidel Ramos signed a law repealing the Anti-Subversion law.[163][165]

Russia

A single federal list of organizations recognized as terrorist is used by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. The National Anti-Terrorism Committee maintains a list of terrorist organizations on its website nac.gov.ru, which named as Federal United list of Terrorist Organizations.[20]

Serbia

Serbian authorities and their Yugoslav predecessors regard the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) as a terrorist group.[20][20]

Tajikistan

In 2015, the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan was banned in Tajikistan as a terrorist organization.[20]

Ukraine

In Ukraine, the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics are designated as terrorist organizations. Ukrainian authorities claim that the two organizations are made up of a rigid hierarchy, financing channels and supply of weapons with the purpose of deliberately propagating violence, seizing hostages, carrying out subversive activity, assassinations, and the intimidation of citizens.[66]

United Nations

The United Nations does not have a general list of all terrorist organizations. Instead, it has focusing on a particular context.

UN 1267 regime list

The is focused on Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and their associates.

  • prohibition of sale or transfer of arms and related materiel.
  • the freezing of funds and other financial assets or resources.
  • the prevention of entry onto or transit through the territories of member states.
  • a prohibition on provision of technical assistance or training in military matters or in the manufacture or maintenance of arms and related materiel.

The EU provides exceptions to the implementation of relevant asset-freezing sanctions per UN resolution 1452 (2002). Upon request, a competent national authority may determine to release funds on the following grounds if, within the time limit provided for, there has been no objection made, or a release has been explicitly approved, by the UN Sanctions Committee.

  • necessary to cover basic expenses, intended for the payment of professional fees for legal services or for the payment of fees or services in relation to the maintenance of frozen funds or assets
  • necessary for extraordinary expenses

United Kingdom

  • United Kingdom Government's Proscribed terrorist groups.[10]
  • as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk .

United States

  • United States State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
  • blocking Terrorist Property and a summary of the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 595 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), Terrorism List Governments Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 596 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), and Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 597 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations)
  • United States Department of State. . Retrieved 2011-07-17. 

See also