This is a list of cryptocurrencies. There were more than 1100 cryptocurrencies available for trade in online markets as of October of 2017. The collective market cap of the coins is in excess of $170 billion. 
 
 
ReleaseStatusCurrencySymbolFounderHash algorithmTimestampingNotes
2014ActiveAuroracoinAURBaldur Odinsson
(pseudonym)
ScryptProof-of-work (POW)Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.
2009ActiveBitcoinBTC, XBTSatoshi NakamotoSHA-256dPOWFirst decentralized ledger currency.
2014ActiveBlackCoinBC, BLKRat4 (pseudonym)ScryptProof-of-stake (POS)BlackCoin secures its network through a process called minting.
2014InactiveCoinyeKOI, COYE ScryptPOWUsed American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.
2014ActiveDashDASHEvan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan
X11POW & POSAdds privacy to transactions through a decentralized coin-mixing system called Darksend.
2015ActiveDecredDCR Blake-256POW & POSCreated by Bitcoin developers.
2013ActiveDogecoinDOGE, XDGJackson Palmer
& Billy Markus
ScryptPOWBased on an internet meme.
2014ActiveDigitalNoteXDNXDN-dev team, dNoteCryptoNightPOWDigitalNote (XDN) is a new private cryptocurrency with an instant untraceable crypto messages and first blockchain banking implementation, use CryptoNote protocol.
2015ActiveEthereumETHVitalik ButerinDagger HashimotoPOWTuring complete smart contracts.
2013ActiveGridCoinGRC ScryptPOWFirst cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing
2011ActiveLitecoinLTCCharles LeeScryptPOWFirst cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.
2013ActiveMastercoinMSCJ. R. WillettSHA-256dN/AMastercoin is both digital currency and communications protocol built on top of the existing bitcoin block chain.
2014ActiveMazaCoinMZCBTC Oyate InitiativeSHA-256dPOWThe underlying software for MazaCoin is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
2014ActiveMoneroXMRMonero Core TeamCryptoNightPOWMonero (XMR) is a new privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol.
2011ActiveNamecoinNMCVincent DurhamSHA-256dPOWAlso acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2013ActiveNxtNXTBCNext
(pseudonym)
SHA-256dPOSNxt is specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.
2012ActivePeercoinPPCSunny King
(pseudonym)
SHA-256dPOW & POSFirst to use POW and POS functions.
2013ActiveEmercoinEMCEvgenijM86SHA-256POW & POSTrusted storage for any small data: acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS, PKI store, SSL infrastructure and other.
2014ActivePotCoinPOT ScryptPOWDeveloped to service the legalized cannabis industry
2013ActivePrimecoinXPMSunny King
(pseudonym)
1CC/2CC/TWNPOWPrimecoin uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.
2013ActiveRippleXRPChris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb
ECDSA"Consensus"Based on peer to peer debt transfer. The term Ripple can refer to both the digital currency or the payment network.
2014ActiveTitcoinTITEdward Mansfield & Richard AllenSHA-256dPOWFirst cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.
Proposed to be developed as MonetaInactiveZerocoin Matthew Green, Ian Miers and Christina Garman  Proposed bitcoin extension to add true cryptographic anonymity
[1]
 
 

Altcoins

Ardor [39]
Civic[36]
IOTA
Lisk[5]
MCAP[35]
Metal[22]
Neo
NEM[2]
Nexus[29]
PIVX
Qtum[7]
Steem[13]
TenX
Zcash[9]