This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Romanian state, from the establishment of the United Principalities to the present day.

Affiliations

The political stance of prime ministers prior to the development of a modern party system is given by:

     C (Conservative)     MC (Moderate Conservative)
     RL (Radical Liberal)     ML (Moderate Liberal)

The political stance of prime ministers after the development of a modern party system is given by:

     PNL = National Liberal Party     PC = Conservative Party
     PNR = Romanian National Party     PP = People's Party
     PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party     PNȚ = National Peasants' Party
     PND = Democratic Nationalist Party     PNC = National Christian Party
     FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
     FP = Ploughmen's Front
     PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
     FSN = National Salvation Front
     PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
     PNȚCD = Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
     PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party     PD-L = Democratic Liberal Party
     Mil. = Military     Ind. = Independent

Interim officeholders are denoted by italics.

List of officeholders

From 1859 to 1862, the two Principalities had each its own Government, and a Cabinet, seated in Iași and Bucharest respectively. In 1862 Alexandru Ioan Cuza changed the Constitution and there appeared a single Government and Cabinet, seated in Bucharest.

PM
Name
(Birth–Death)
PortraitElectionTerm of officePartyCabinetCab.
United Principalities
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
1862–1881
1Barbu Catargiu
(1807–1862)
 ?15 February 18628 June 1862CB. Catargiu1
Apostol Arsache
(1789–1869)
Acting Prime Minister
8 June 186223 June 1862C
2Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
24 June 186211 October 1863MLCrețulescu I2
3Mihail Kogălniceanu
(1817–1891)
186411 October 186326 January 1865MLKogălniceanu3
4Constantin Bosianu
(1815–1882)
26 January 186514 June 1865MLBosianu4
(2)Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
(2nd time)
14 June 186511 February 1866MLCrețulescu II5
5Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
Apr.186611 February 186610 May 1866MLI. Ghica I6
6Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
11 May 186613 July 1866CL. Catargiu I7
(5)Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
(2nd time)
Nov.186615 July 186621 February 1867MLI. Ghica II8
7Constantin A. Crețulescu
(1809–1884)
1 March 18674 August 1867RLC.A. Crețulescu9
8Ștefan Golescu
(1809–1874)
26 November 186712 May 1868RLȘ. Golescu10
9Nicolae Golescu
(1810–1877)
1 May 186815 November 1868RLN. Golescu11
10Dimitrie Ghica
(1816–1897)
16 November 186827 January 1870MCD. Ghica12
11Alexandru G. Golescu
(1819–1881)
18692 February 187018 April 1870MLA.G. Golescu13
12Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
20 April 187014 December 1870CEpureanu I14
(5)Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
(3rd time)
18 December 187011 March 1871MLI. Ghica III15
(6)Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
(2nd time)
11 March 187130 March 1876CL. Catargiu II16
13Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
4 April 187626 April 1876CFlorescu I17
(12)Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
(2nd time)
6 May 18765 August 1876PNLEpureanu II18
14Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
24 July 187624 November 1878PNLI. Brătianu I19
25 November 187810 July 1879I. Brătianu II20
11 July 187913 March 1881I. Brătianu III21
Kingdom of Romania
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
1881–1947
14Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
13 March 18819 April 1881PNLI. Brătianu III21
15Dimitrie Brătianu
(1818–1892)
10 April 18818 June 1881PNLD. Brătianu22
(14)Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
(2nd time)
9 June 188120 March 1888PNLI. Brătianu IV23
16Theodor Rosetti
(1837–1932)
23 March 188811 November 1888PCRosetti I24
12 November 188822 March 1889Rosetti II25
(6)Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
(3rd time)
29 March 18893 November 1889PCL. Catargiu III26
17Gheorghe Manu
(1833–1911)
5 November 188915 February 1891PCManu27
(13)Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
(2nd time)
2 March 189129 December 1891PCFlorescu II28
(6)Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
(4th time)
29 December 189115 October 1895PCL. Catargiu IV29
18Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
15 October 18952 December 1896PNLSturdza I30
19Petre S. Aurelian
(1833–1909)
2 December 189612 April 1897PNLAurelian I31
(18)Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
(2nd time)
12 April 189723 April 1899PNLSturdza II32
20Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
23 April 189919 July 1900PCCantacuzino I33
21Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
19 July 190013 February 1901PCCarp I34
(18)Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
(3rd time)
27 February 19014 January 1906PNLSturdza III35
(20)Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
(2nd time)
4 January 190624 March 1907PCCantacuzino II36
(18)Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
(4th time)
24 March 19079 January 1909PNLSturdza IV37
22Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
9 January 19094 March 1909PNLI.I.C. Brătianu I38
4 March 190928 December 1910I.I.C. Brătianu II39
(21)Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
(2nd time)
29 December 191028 March 1912PCCarp II40
23Titu Maiorescu
(1840–1917)
28 March 191214 October 1912PCMaiorescu I41
14 October 191231 December 1913Maiorescu II42
(22)Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(2nd time)
4 January 191410 December 1916PNLI.I.C. Brătianu III43
11 December 191628 January 1918I.I.C. Brătianu IV44
24Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
29 January 19184 March 1918Mil.Averescu I45
25Alexandru Marghiloman
(1854–1925)
5 March 191823 October 1918PCMarghiloman46
26Constantin Coandă
(1857–1932)
24 October 191829 November 1918Mil.Coandă47
(22)Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(3rd time)
29 November 191826 September 1919PNLI.I.C. Brătianu V48
27Artur Văitoianu
(1864–1956)
27 September 191930 November 1919Mil.Văitoianu49
28Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
19191 December 191912 March 1920PNRVaida I50
(24)Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
(2nd time)
192013 March 192016 December 1921PPAverescu II51
29Take Ionescu
(1858–1922)
17 December 192119 January 1922PCDIonescu I52
(22)Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(4th time)
192219 January 192229 March 1926PNLI.I.C. Brătianu VI53
(24)Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
(3rd time)
192630 March 19264 June 1927PPAverescu III54
30Barbu Știrbey
(1873–1946)
4 June 192720 June 1927Ind.Știrbey55
(22)Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
(5th time)
192721 June 192724 November 1927PNLI.I.C. Brătianu VII56
31Vintilă Brătianu
(1867–1930)
24 November 19279 November 1928PNLV. Brătianu57
32Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
192810 November 19286 June 1930PNȚManiu I58
33Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
7 June 193012 June 1930PNȚMironescu I59
(32)Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
(2nd time)
13 June 19309 October 1930PNȚManiu II60
(33)Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
(2nd time)
10 October 193017 April 1931PNȚMironescu II61
34Nicolae Iorga
(1871–1940)
193118 April 19315 June 1932PNDIorga62
(28)Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
(2nd time)
19326 June 193210 August 1932PNȚVaida II63
11 August 193219 October 1932Vaida III64
(32)Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
(3rd time)
20 October 193213 January 1933PNȚManiu III65
(28)Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
(3rd time)
14 January 193313 November 1933PNȚVaida IV66
35Ion G. Duca
(1879–1933)
193314 November 193329 December 1933PNLDuca67
Constantin Angelescu
(1870–1948)
Acting Prime Minister
29 December 19333 January 1934PNL
36Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
4 January 19341 October 1934PNLTătărescu I68
2 October 193428 August 1936Tătărescu II69
29 August 193614 November 1937Tătărescu III70
17 November 193728 December 1937Tătărescu IV71
37Octavian Goga
(1881–1938)
193729 December 193710 February 1938PNCGoga72
38Patriarch Miron Cristea
(1868–1939)
11 February 193829 March 1938Ind.Cristea I73
30 March 193831 January 1939Cristea II74
1 February 19396 March 1939Cristea III75
39Armand Călinescu
(1893–1939)
19397 March 193921 September 1939FRNCălinescu76
40Gheorghe Argeșanu
(1883–1940)
21 September 193928 September 1939FRNArgeșanu77
41Constantin Argetoianu
(1871–1955)
28 September 193923 November 1939FRNArgetoianu78
(36)Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
(2nd time)
24 November 193910 May 1940FRNTătărescu V79
11 May 19403 July 1940Tătărescu VI80
42Ion Gigurtu
(1886–1959)
4 July 19404 September 1940FRNGigurtu81
43Ion Antonescu
(1882–1946)
4 September 194014 September 1940Mil.Antonescu I82
14 September 194024 January 1941Antonescu II83
27 January 194123 August 1944Antonescu III84
44Constantin Sănătescu
(1885–1947)
23 August 19443 November 1944Mil.Sănătescu I85
4 November 19445 December 1944Sănătescu II86
45Nicolae Rădescu
(1874–1953)
6 December 194428 February 1945Mil.Rădescu87
46Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
6 March 194530 November 1946FPGroza I88
19461 December 194629 December 1947Groza II89
Romanian People's Republic/Socialist Republic of Romania
Presidents of the Council of Ministers (informally Prime Ministers)
1947–1989
46Petru Groza
(1884–1958)
30 December 194714 April 1948FPGroza III90
194815 April 19482 June 1952Groza IV91
47Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
(1901–1965)
2 June 195228 January 1953PMRGheorghiu-Dej I92
195228 January 19534 October 1955Gheorghiu-Dej II93
48Chivu Stoica
(1908–1975)
4 October 195519 March 1957PMRStoica I94
195720 March 195720 March 1961Stoica II95
49Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(1902–2000)
196121 March 196117 March 1965PCRMaurer I96
196518 March 196520 August 1965Maurer II97
21 August 19658 December 1967Maurer III98
9 December 196712 March 1969Maurer IV99
196913 March 196927 February 1974Maurer V100
50Manea Mănescu
(1916–2009)
27 February 197418 March 1975PCRMănescu I101
197518 March 197530 March 1979Mănescu II102
51Ilie Verdeț
(1925–2001)
30 March 197929 March 1980PCRVerdeț I103
198029 March 198020 May 1982Verdeț II104
52Constantin Dăscălescu
(1923–2003)
21 May 198228 March 1985PCRDăscălescu I105
198529 March 198522 December 1989Dăscălescu II106
Romania since 1989
53Petre Roman
(1946–)
26 December 198928 June 1990FSNRoman I107
199028 June 199030 April 1991Roman II108
30 April 199116 October 1991Roman III109
54Theodor Stolojan
(1943–)
16 October 199119 November 1992FSNStolojan I110
55Nicolae Văcăroiu
(1943–)
199219 November 199211 December 1996PDSRVăcăroiu I111
56Victor Ciorbea
(1954–)
199612 December 199617 April 1998PNȚCDCiorbea I112
Gavril Dejeu
(1932–)
Acting Prime Minister
30 March 199817 April 1998PNȚCD
57Radu Vasile
(1942–2013)
17 April 199822 December 1999PNȚCDVasile I113
Alexandru Athanasiu
(1955–)
Acting Prime Minister
13 December 199922 December 1999PSDR
58Mugur Isărescu
(1949–)
22 December 199928 December 2000Ind.Isărescu I114
59Adrian Năstase
(1950–)
200028 December 200021 December 2004PDSR/PSDNăstase I115
Eugen Bejinariu
(1959–)
Acting Prime Minister
21 December 200428 December 2004PSD
60Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
(1952–)
200429 December 20045 April 2007PNLTăriceanu I116
5 April 200722 December 2008Tăriceanu II117
61Emil Boc
(1966–)
200822 December 200823 December 2009PD-LBoc Cabinets118
23 December 20096 February 2012119
Cătălin Predoiu
(1968–)
Acting Prime Minister
6 February 20129 February 2012Ind.
62Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu
(1968–)
9 February 20127 May 2012Ind.Ungureanu120
63Victor Ponta
(1972–)
7 May 201221 December 2012PSDPonta I121
201221 December 201226 February 2014Ponta II122
5 March 201417 December 2014Ponta III123
17 December 201422 June 2015Ponta IV124
Gabriel Oprea
(1961–)
Acting Prime Minister
22 June 20159 July 2015UNPR
(63)Victor Ponta
(1972–)
9 July 20155 November 2015PSD
Sorin Cîmpeanu
(1968–)
Acting Prime Minister
5 November 201517 November 2015ALDE
64Dacian Cioloș
(1969–)
17 November 2015IncumbentInd.Cioloș125

Romania used the Julian calendar prior to 1919, but all dates are given in the Gregorian calendar.

Timeline

Dacian CioloșSorin CîmpeanuVictor PontaMihai Răzvan UngureanuCătălin PredoiuEmil BocCălin Popescu-TăriceanuEugen BejinariuAdrian NăstaseMugur IsărescuAlexandru AthanasiuRadu VasileGavril DejeuVictor CiorbeaNicolae VăcăroiuTheodor StolojanPetre RomanConstantin DăscălescuIlie VerdețManea MănescuIon Gheorghe MaurerChivu StoicaGheorghe Gheorghiu-DejPetru GrozaNicolae RădescuConstantin SănătescuIon AntonescuIon GigurtuGheorghe TătărescuConstantin ArgetoianuGheorghe ArgeșanuArmand CălinescuMiron CristeaOctavian GogaGheorghe TătărescuConstantin AnghelescuIon G. DucaAlexandru Vaida-VoevodIuliu ManiuAlexandru Vaida-VoevodNicolae IorgaGheorghe MironescuIuliu ManiuGheorghe MironescuIuliu ManiuVintilă BrătianuIon I. C. BrătianuBarbu ŞtirbeyAlexandru AverescuIon I. C. BrătianuTake IonescuAlexandru AverescuAlexandru Vaida-VoevodArtur VăitoianuIon I. C. BrătianuConstantin CoandăAlexandru MarghilomanAlexandru AverescuIon I. C. BrătianuTitu MaiorescuPetre P. CarpIon I. C. BrătianuDimitrie SturdzaGheorghe Grigore CantacuzinoDimitrie SturdzaPetre P. CarpGheorghe Grigore CantacuzinoDimitrie SturdzaPetre S. AurelianDimitrie SturdzaLascăr CatargiuIon Emanuel FlorescuGheorghe ManuLascăr CatargiuTheodor RosettiIon BrătianuDimitrie BrătianuIon BrătianuManolache Costache EpureanuIon Emanuel FlorescuLascăr CatargiuIon GhicaManolache Costache EpureanuAlexandru G. GolescuDimitrie GhicaNicolae GolescuȘtefan GolescuConstantin A. CrețulescuIon GhicaLascăr CatargiuIon GhicaNicolae CrețulescuConstantin BosianuMihail KogălniceanuNicolae CrețulescuApostol ArsacheBarbu Catargiu