The Langfeðgatal ( Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈlauŋkˌfɛðkaˌtʰal̥] ) is a 12th-century Icelandic genealogy of Scandinavian kings.

The text of the Icelandic Langfeðgatal can be found in AM 415. [2] Jacob Langbek published the text and a translation into Latin in the first volume of Scriptores Rerum Danicarum Medii Ævi , published in 1772. [3]

Raymond Wilson Chambers suggested that the Langfeðgatal, along with Textus Roffensis, the Ættartölur and the "West Saxon Regnal List from 494 to Reign of Æthelred " were influenced by a common Anglo-Saxon archetypal genealogy that existed around 970 CE. [2] Alexander M. Bruce has discussed the Langfeðgatal in a study of Scyld and Scef comparing it with Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies. He noted a difference in the primary branch in that the first name in the genealogy is that of Noah, followed by his son Japheth. This initial line continues through various figures including Jupiter and Priam, the king of Troy to his grandson Thor. Bruce noted the differences to Anglo-Saxon genealogies such as those in the Anglian collection but suggested that the line from Thor "soon refers to names and sequences familiar to us from the Anglo-Saxon works". When this line reaches Odin, it splits into two branches, a Norwegian line of legendary progenitors leading to King Harald Fairhair and a Danish line leading to an eponymous Danish King, Horda-Knute. [2]

Judy Quinn, in a Cambridge University study edited by Margaret Clunies Ross followed Eyvind Fjeld Halvorsen's definition of ‘Langfeðgatal’ in Kulturhistorisk Leksikon for Nordisk Middelalder, saying that "in texts of the twelfth century and later it appears to have been combined with the learned European fashion for tracing lineage back to Christian and classical forebears, such as Adam, Noah or the Trojan King Priam. An example of this type of genealogical text, or langfeðgatal, is found in the second appendix to Islendingabok."

Bruce suggested that Snorri Sturlson was in possession of the Langfeðgatal or a closely related text when he composed the detailed list of gods and heroes given in the introduction to the Prose Edda. [2]

Below is a comparative table of the Langfedgatal compared other Scnadinavian genealogies from the Yngling ​:

Beowulf

eighth c.-tenth c.

Ynglingatal

late ninth c.

Íslendingabók

early twelfth c.

Langfeðgatal

twelfth c.

Historia Norvegiæ

late twelfth c.

Ynglinga saga

c. 1225

Hversu Noregr byggðist

1387

Thor Burri
Hloritha Burr
Einrid Óðinn Ásakonungr
Yngvi Tyrkjakonungr Vingethor Ingui Freyr
Njörðr Svíakonungr Vingener Neorth Njörðr Njörðr
Freyr Moda Froyr Yngvifreyr Freyr
Fjölnir Fjölnir Magi Fiolnir Fjölnir Fjölnir
Sveigðir Svegðir Seskef or Sescef Swegthir Svegðir Sveigðir
Vanlandi Vanlandi Beduig Wanlanda Vanlandi Vanlandi
Vísburr Visburr Athra Wisbur Vísburr Vísburr
Dómaldi Dómaldr Itermann Domald Dómaldi Dómaldr
Dómarr Dómarr Heremot Domar Dómarr Dómarr
Dyggvi Dyggvi Scealdna Dyggui Dyggvi Dyggvi/Tryggvi
Dagr Spaka Dagr Beaf Dagr Dagr Spaka Dagr
Agni Alrekr Eatus Alricr Agni Agni Skjálfarbóndi
Alrekr and Eiríkr Agni Godulf Hogni Alrekr and Eiríkr Alrekr
Yngvi and Álfr Yngvi Finn Ingialdr Yngvi and Álfr Yngvi
Jörundr Jörundr Freealaf Jorundr Jörundr and Eiríkr Jörmunfróði/Jörundr
Aun Aun inn gamli Voden, whom we call Odin "He was King of the Turks. He fled hither to the north because of the Romans" Auchun Aun hinn gamli Aunn inn gamli
Ongenþeow Egill Egill Vendilkráka His son Skiold Eigil Vendilcraca Egill Tunnudólgr Egill Tunnadólgr
Ohthere and Onela Óttarr Óttarr His son Fridleif Ottarus Óttarr Vendilkráka Óttarr Vendilskráka
Eadgils and Eanmund Aðils Aðísl at Uppsölum His son Frode the Peacemaking Adils/Athisl Aðils Aðils at Uppsölum
Eysteinn Eysteinn His son Fridleif Eustein Eysteinn Eysteinn
Yngvarr Yngvarr His son Havar the Strong in Hand Ynguar Yngvarr Yngvarr inn hári
Önundr Braut-Önundr Frode Broutonundr Brautönundr Braut-Önundr
Ingjaldr Ingjaldr inn illráði Varmund the Wise Ingialdr Ingjaldr hinn illráði Ingjaldr inn illráði
Óláfr Óláfr trételgja Olaf the Gentle Olavus tretelgia Óláfr trételgja Ólafr trételgja
Hálfdan Hálfdan hvítbeinn Upplendigakonungr Dan the Magnanimous (or "proud") Halfdan hwitbein Hálfdan hvítbeinn Hálfdan hvítbeinn
Eysteinn Eustein Eysteinn Eysteinn
Hálfdan Halfdan Hálfdan hinn mildi Hálfdan inn mildi
Guðröðr Goðröðr Guthrodr Guðröðr veiðikonungr Guðröðr veiðikonungr
Ólafr Óláfr Halfdan Niger Ólafr Hálfdan svarti
Rögnvaldr Helgi Harald "The most fair" Haraldus Rögnvaldr heiðum hæra Haraldr inn hárfagri