Jalandhar, formerly known as Jullundur in British India, is a city in the Doaba region of the northwestern Indian state of Punjab. Jalandhar is the oldest inhabited major city in the Indian state of Punjab. In recent times the city has undergone rapid urbanisation and has developed into a highly industrialised centre of commerce.
Jalandhar has been shortlisted for the second phase of the “Smart City” initiative of the Indian Government.
Jalandhar used to be the capital of Punjab from India’s independence (in 1947) until Chandigarh was constructed in 1953. Jalandhar is situated alongside the Grand Trunk Road and is a well-connected rail and road junction. Jalandhar is 144 km northwest of Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab and Haryana.
The history of Jalandhar District comprises three periods — ancient, medieval and modern.
The city is named after Jalandhara, a demon king, who is mentioned in the Puranas and Mahabharta. According to another legend, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of Lava (Ramayana), son of Rama. According to another version Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term `Jalandhar' means area inside the water, i.e., tract lying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas. The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively. The archaeological explorations made during recent years have pushed the ancient times of Jalandhar District of Harappa period.
The modern history of Jalandhar District states that Khilafat Movement was started in the district in early 1920 to bring pressure upon British rulers to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi extended sympathy and support to this movement. Jalandhar District was declared 'Proclaimed Area' under the Seditious Meetings Act. After the independence of the country, however, the district was affected by communal riots and exodus of minority communities from both sides of the border, consequent upon the partition of the country.
The city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and long, hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer vary from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures have highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of −7 °C (19 °F). The climate is dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm.
|Climate data for Jalandhar|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||6.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||10.7|
As per provisional data of 2011 census Jalandhar had a population of 873,725, of which 463,975 were male and 409,750 female. The literacy rate was 85.46 per cent.
Jalandhar has been selected in the second phase of the smart city project and 200 crores have been allocated to the municipal corporation for initializing the project.
Jalandhar exports goods like furniture and glass to neighboring cities and is a global hub for the manufacture of sporting equipment. Jalandhar is famous for its sports industry and equipment manufactured in Jalandhar is used by many prominent sporting figures such as Sachin Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly and Steve Waugh among others.
The nearest airport is Pathankot Airport at Pathankot, about 90 km and Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport at Amritsar, about 75 km (47 mi) northwest of Jalandhar. It is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham, Dubai, and Doha. The airport handles as many as 48 flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago.Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar informed for opening a domestic airport at Adampur Jalandhar.
Direct train service is available for other major cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi. Some prestigious trains that halt in Jalandhar City railway station are Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express. Now many trains of Jammu route are extend up to Mata Vaishno Devi-Katra.
Jalandhar City Railway Station is well-connected to other parts of the country, Jalandhar City is a major stop between the Amritsar-Delhi rail link which is serviced by Shatabdi Express, Intercity Express, and others
Direct Service to major cities such as Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi are available. There are prestigious services such as the Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express.
There is a large network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, U.P., Jammu & Kashmir, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.
Shopping & Real Estate
Shopping malls in Jalandhar include:
- Viva Collage Mall
- MBD Neapolis
- The Galleria
- Curo High Street
- Sarb Multiplex
- Ram Garments
- Splendor Shagun
- PPR Mall
- Naaz Shopping Center
- The Metropolitan
- City Square
- Vasal Tower
- Jyoti Mall
- Chunmun Mall
- The City Square
- The Shoppers Square
- Ebenezer Assembly of God Church (English/Hindi Services)
- Gurduwara Thra Sahib (Hazara Village)
- Baba Khaki Shah (Khurla Kingra)
- Gurudwara Singh Sabha (Jalandhar Cantt)
- Mayaan da Gurudwara (Jalandhar Cantt)
- Gurudwara Kakipind Rama mandi
- Devi Talab Mandir
- Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid
- Darbar Sajjad Peer Warish Shah Ji (Hardyal Nagar)
- Darbar Peer Sakhi Sultan
- Chishti Qadri Darbar Hazrat Ghous Pak Ji Peeran De Peer
- Darbar Baba Peer Phalai Wala Ji
- Darbaar Panj Peer Ji (Near Ravidas Chowk)
- Darbar Sachi Sarkar Lakha Da (Bootan Mandi, Jalandhar-Nakodar Road)
- Darbar Baba Sunehri Sai Ji (Abadi Jallowal)
- Guru Ravidass Dham (Bootan Mandi)
- Masjid Umme Salmaa (Bootan Mandi)
- Durga Shakti Mandir (Deol Nagar)
- Shiv Mandir
- Shiv Bari Mandir
- Tulsi Mandir
- Gurdwara Chhevin Pathshahi
- Gurudwara Singh Sabha-Model Town
- Gurudwara Talhan Sahib
- St Mary's Cathedral Church (Jalandhar Cantt)
- Gurudwara Nauwi Patshahi
- Church of North India (CNI) Mission Compound
- Gurudwara Makhdoompura
- Gurdwara Panj Tirth Sahib (Jandu Singha)
- Gurudwara Baba Shaheed Nihal Singh Ji Talhan
- Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir (phillar tehsil)
- Singh Sabha Gurudwara Sahib (chuharwali)
- shri Guru Ravidass Gurudwara (chuharwali)
- Gurudwara Asapuran (Tagore nagar)
- Pushpa Gujral Science City
- Fun City
- Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Museum Khatkar Kalan
- Company Bagh
- Niku Park, Model Town
- Wonder Land
- Adarsh Nagar Park
- PVR, MBD Neopolis, BMC Chowk
- PVR, Curo Highstreet
- Jyoti Market
Doordarshan Kendra, Jalandhar is an Indian television station in Jalandhar, owned and operated by state-owned Doordarshan, the television network of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India). It was established in 1979 and produces and broadcasts the 24-hour Punjabi language TV channel, DD Punjabi, which was launched in 1998 and covers most of the state of Punjab, India.
The city is the region's headquarters for newspapers, national television and radio stations. These include Daily Ajit, Jagbani, Punjab Kesari, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan Times, The Tribune, Hind Samachar, etc.
State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Jalandhar that transmits programs of mass interest. FM local radio stations include:
There are excellent medical facilities in Jalandhar which include treatment centers and specialist hospitals. The Municipal Corporation of Jalandhar claims that the city has over 423 hospitals, a claim that would make it the city with the highest number of hospitals in South Asia.
Cricket is very popular in grounds and streets of the city. There is an international-standard stadium at Burlton Park. The Indian cricket team played a Test Match against the Pakistan cricket team on this ground on 24 September 1983.
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Jalandhar. It is usually used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of JCT Mills Football Club. People can be seen jogging, playing soccer, weight-lifting, etc. in the stadium most of the time. The Punjab government has started new projects at the stadium.
Surjit Hockey Stadium
Surjeet Hockey Stadium is a field hockey stadium in Jalandhar, Punjab, India. It is named after Jalandhar-born Olympian Surjit Singh. This stadium is a home of the franchise Sher-e-Punjab of the World Series Hockey.
There is a Government Sports College in the city and it is a focus for many of the National Sports Councils. In this college, many sports are played like cricket, hockey, swimming, volleyball, basketball, etc.
Higher education institutions include
- DAV University
- Lovely Professional University
- Khalsa College
- Guru Nanak Dev University, Regional Campus
- Punjab Technical University
- Doaba College
- Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences
- DAV College, Jalandhar
- Hans Raj Mahila Mahavidalya
- DAV Institute of Engineering & Technology
- CT Group of Institute, Jalandhar
- KMV College
- St. Soldier Management & Technical Institute
- PCMSD college for women
- Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus, Jalandhar (Punjab)
- Trinity College
- Mehr Chand Polytechnic College
- B.D Arya Girls college
- Lyallpur Khalsa College
- Lyallpur Khalsa College for Women
- KCL Group of Institute
- Mata Gujri Institute of Nursing
- Delhi Public School
- Edex Institute
|Dr. Ranbir Singh Kanwar||Sugarcane Researcher, Director of Research (Agriculture) PAU, Director of Research Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University|
|Vanya Mishra||Winner of Miss India Femina 2012|
|Lawrence Durrell||Expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer|
|Kundan Lal Saigal||Actor/Singer|
|Hans Raj Hans||Singer|
|Bahadur Singh||Indian former shot putter who won gold medal|
|Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq||4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan|
|Diwan Bhai Abdul Hamid||Revenue and Chief Minister of Kapurthala State|
|Hafeez Jullundhri||Writer and poet|
|Baba Kashmira Singh||Head of Sidhant Sant Samaj or Gurbani|
|Paul Nischal||NRI President, first Indian candidate for the British Political Party|
|Col. Balbir Singh Kullar||Hockey Player|
|Varinder Singh Ghuman||Bodybuilder, Wrestler and Punjabi Film Actor|
|Ajit Pal Singh||Hockey Player|
|Surjit Singh||Hockey Player|
|Pargat Singh||Hockey Player|
|Inder Kumar Gujral||Former Prime Minister of India|
|Wasim Sajjad||Two-time Acting President of Pakistan, Ex-Chairman of Senate|
|Sheikh Anwarul Haq||Former Chief Justice|
|Mian Mohammed Sharif||Surveyor General|
|Lala Jagat Narain||Freedom fighter and founder of Punjab Kesri|
|Rannvijay Singh||Indian Actor who acts in Bollywood and Punjabi Films and also a VJ on MTV India|
|Basheer Hussain Najafi||One of the six Grand Ayatollahs|
|Sardar Swaran Singh||Politician|
|Udham Singh (field hockey)||Hockey Player|
|Darshan Singh (field hockey)||Hockey Player|
|Ashwini Kumar Chopra||Journalist, Politician (MP-Karnal)|
|Kartar Singh Duggal||Writer|
|Kulwant Singh Virk||Writer|
|Ishar Singh (poet)||Poet|
|Sadhu Singh Hamdard||Freedom fighter and Writer|
|Ajit Saini||Writer and Army General|
|Gurbachan Singh Talib||Writer|
|Gurdial Singh||Writer and novelist|
|Chaudhry Muhammad Ali||Former Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Swami Shraddhanand||Indian educationist and an Arya Samaj missionary|
|R. Paul Dhillon||Indo-Canadian journalist|
|Arun Shourie||Politician, author, and journalist|
|Amanjot Singh||Social Worker|
|Agha Sadiq||Writer and poet|
|Dharam Singh Uppal||Athlete|
|Balbir Singh, Sr.||Hockey Player|
|General Zia ul Haq||x Chief of Army Staff and president of Pakistan|
|Nalini Priyadarshni||Poet, Writer||Vijay Sampla||State Minister in Union Govt|
|Bhagat Chunni Lal||Minister in Punjab Govt|
|Ram Kapoor||Indian Actor|
|Sardar Buta Singh||Ex-Home Minister of India|
|Balraj Singh Kehra||MTV Roadies X4 Winner|
|Shammi Jalandhari||Punjabi Poet, Writer and Lyricist|
|Akhil||popular Punjabi Singer&Musician|
|Hakeem Jaan Muhammad||Famous physician migrated to Pakistan (okara) district.|
|Verinder Singh Virdi||Micro Writer, also presented Longest Greeting of the world (10.5 km long) to President of India Dr.Shanker Dayal Sharma at Rashtrapati Bhawan in 1995.|