John Joseph "Jack" Haley (August 10, 1897 – June 6, 1979) was an American vaudevillian, stage, radio, and film actor, light comedian, singer and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz.

Early life

Haley was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Canadian-born parents John Joseph Haley Sr. and Ellen Curley Haley. His father was a sailor by trade and died in a ship wreck off the coast of Nova Scotia on February 1, 1898 when Jack was only six months old. He had one older brother, Bill, who died of pneumonia in 1915 at the age of 20 after contracting tuberculosis.


Haley headlined in vaudeville as a song-and-dance comedian. One of his closest friends was Fred Allen, who would frequently mention "Mr. Jacob Haley of Newton Highlands, Massachusetts" on the air. In the early 1930s, Haley starred in comedy shorts for Vitaphone in Brooklyn, New York. His wide-eyed, good-natured expression gained him supporting roles in musical feature films, including Poor Little Rich Girl with Shirley Temple, Higher and Higher with Frank Sinatra and the Irving Berlin musical Alexander's Ragtime Band. Both Poor Little Rich Girl and Alexander's Ragtime Band were released by Twentieth Century-Fox. Haley was under contract to them and appeared in the Fox films Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm and Pigskin Parade, marking his first appearance with Judy Garland.

Haley hosted a radio show from 1937 to 1939 known to many as The Jack Haley Show. The first season (1937-1938), the show was sposored by Log Cabin Syrup and was known as The Log Cabin Jamboree. The next season (1938-1939), the show was sponsored by Wonder Bread and was known as The Wonder Show. During the second season the show featured Gale Gordon and Lucille Ball as regular radio performers.

Haley returned to musical comedies in the 1940s. Most of his '40s work was for RKO Radio Pictures. He left the studio in 1947 when he refused to appear in a remake of RKO's Seven Keys to Baldpate. Phillip Terry took the role.

"The Tin Man" in The Wizard of Oz

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer hired Haley for the part of the Tin Man in The Wizard of Oz after its contracted song-and-dance comedian Buddy Ebsen suffered an almost fatal allergic reaction. He had unwittingly inhaled some of the aluminum dust that composed the majority of the components that went into the creation of his silver face makeup. Bits of it instantly began to settle on his lungs and within a few days of principal photographic testing, he found himself preparing to sit down to dinner one night only to encounter difficulties taking a regular breath of oxygen. The dust was subsequently converted into a paste for Haley in the hope that the previous catastrophe that befell Ebsen would not be repeated. This time around, however, a different incident occurred. The application of the aluminum paste to Haley's face resulted in an eye infection that led to him being off the set for four days of shooting. Appropriate surgical treatment was administered and any chance of serious or permanent eye damage averted. Haley also portrayed the Tin Man's Kansas counterpart, Hickory, one of Aunt Em and Uncle Henry's farmhands.

Haley did not remember the makeup or the costume fondly. Interviewed about the film years later by Tom Snyder, he related that many fans assumed making the film was a fun experience. Haley said, "Like hell it was. It was work!" For his role as the Tin Woodman, Haley spoke in the same soft tone he used when reading bedtime stories to his children. Oz was one of only two films Haley made for MGM. The other was Pick a Star, a 1937 Hal Roach production distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Personal life

Haley was raised Roman Catholic. He was a member of the Good Shepherd Parish and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California. He married Florence McFadden (1902-1996), a native of Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania on February 25, 1921, and they were married until his death. Flo Haley opened a successful beauty shop and had many film personalities among her clients. The couple had a son, Jack Haley, Jr., who became a successful film producer, and a daughter, Gloria. In 1974, the younger Haley married entertainer Liza Minnelli, the daughter of his father's Oz co-star Judy Garland. The marriage ended in divorce in 1979. Jack Haley, Jr. died on April 21, 2001. Gloria Haley-Parnassus died on May 1, 2010. His nephew Bob Dornan served as a Republican congressman from California.


Haley's last film appearance was in 1977's New York, New York—in the lavish "Happy Endings" musical number, he played a host who introduces a top Broadway star at an award ceremony, played by his then-daughter-in-law, Liza Minnelli. Two years later, Haley died of a heart attack on June 6, 1979, in Los Angeles, California. Two months prior, on April 9, 1979, he appeared at the 51st Academy Awards ceremony with his Oz co-star Ray Bolger to present the award for Best Costume Design. Bolger announced the nominees, Haley the winner. Before he could open the envelope, Bolger asked, "How come you get to read the winner?" Haley replied, "When your son produces the show, you can announce the winner". Jack Jr. was the show's producer that year. Haley remained active until a week before his death. He is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California.

Haley's autobiography, Heart of the Tin Man, was published in 2000.

Feature films

YearMovie titleRoleDirector/StudioNotes
1927Broadway MadnessRadio AnnouncerBurton L. King
Excellent Pictures
Film debut
1930Follow ThruJack MartinLloyd Corrigan and
Laurence Schwab
Performer: Button Up Your Overcoat
1933Mr. BroadwayJack HaleyJohnnie Walker and
Edgar G. Ulmer
Broadway-Hollywood Productions
Sitting PrettyPete PendletonHarry Joe Brown
Performer: You’re Such a Comfort to Me; I Wanna Meander with Miranda and Good Morning Glory
1934Here Comes the GroomMike ScanlonEdward Sedgwick
1935Spring TonicSykesClyde Bruckman
Fox Film Corporation
Redheads on ParadePeter MathewsNorman Z. McLeod
Fox Film Corporation
The Girl FriendHenry H. HenryEdward Buzzell
Columbia Pictures
Performer: What is This Power and Two Together
CoronadoChuck HornbostelNorman Z. McLeod
Performer: All's Well in Coronado by the Sea and Keep Your Fingers Crossed
1936F-ManJohnny DimeEdward F. Cline
Poor Little Rich GirlJimmy DolanIrving Cummings
20th Century Fox
Performer: You've got to Eat your Spinach Baby and Military Man
Mr. CinderellaJoe Jenkins/
Aloysius P. Merriweather
Edward Sedgwick
Pigskin ParadeWinston ‘Slug’ WintersDavid Butler
20th Century Fox
Performer: You Do the Darndest Things Baby and The Balboa
1937Pick A StarJoe JenkinsEdward Sedgwick
Performer: Pick A Star and I've Got It Bad
She Had to EatDanny DeckerMalcolm St. Clair
20th Century Fox
Wake Up and LiveEddie KaneSidney Lanfield
20th Century Fox
Danger – Love at WorkHenry MacMorrowOtto Preminger
20th Century Fox
Performer: Danger Love at Work
Ali Baba Goes to TownHimself - CameoDavid Butler
20th Century Fox
1938Rebecca of Sunnybrook FarmOrville SmithersAllan Dwan
20th Century Fox
Performer: Alone With You
Alexander’s Ragtime BandDavey LaneHenry King
20th Century Fox
Performer: Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning; That International Rag and
In My Harem (DVD extra only)
Hold That Co-edWilber PetersGeorge Marshall
20th Century Fox
Thanks for EverythingHenry SmithWilliam A. Seiter
20th Century Fox
1939The Wizard of OzThe Tin Man/HickoryVictor Fleming
Writer (uncredited)
Performer: If I Only Had a Heart and The Merry Old Land of Oz
1941Moon Over MiamiJack O’HaraWalter Lang
20th Century Fox
Performer: Is That Good?
Navy Blues‘Powerhouse’ BoltonLloyd Bacon
Warner Bros.
Performer: When are we Going to Land Abroad
1942Beyond the Blue HorizonSquidge SullivanAlfred Santell
1944Higher and HigherMike O’BrienTim Whelan
RKO Pictures
Performer: Today I'm a Debutante and The Music Stopped
Take It BigJack NorthFrank McDonald
Performer: Take It Big
One Body Too ManyAlbert TuttleFrank McDonald
1945Scared StiffLarry ElliotFrank McDonald
George White's ScandalsJack EvansFelix E. Feist
RKO Pictures
Sing Your Way HomeSteve KimballAnthony Mann
RKO Pictures
1946People Are FunnyPinky WilsonSam White
Performer: Hey Jose
Vacation in RenoJack CarollLeslie Goodwins
RKO Pictures
Last major film before retirement from motion pictures
1970NorwoodMr. ReeseJack Haley, Jr.
Directed by his son producer/director Jack Haley, Jr.
1977New York, New YorkMaster of Ceremonies (uncredited)Martin Scorsese
This film marked Jack Haley’s final screen appearance.

Short films

YearMovie titleRoleNotes
1928HaleyismsJack HaleyAlso stars his wife Flo McFadden; Vitaphone production reel #2269
1930The 20th AmendmentWallace Moore
SuccessElmerPerformer: "Just a Gigolo"; Vitaphone production reel #1257-1258
1932The Imperfect LoverVitaphone production reel #1324-1325
Absent Minded AbnerAbnerVitaphone production reel #1372-1373
Sherlock’s HomeVitaphone production reel #1441-1442
Then Came the Yawn
1933The Build UpVitaphone production reel #1444-1445
WrongorillaElmerVitaphone production reel #1486-1484
Hollywood on Parade No. A-9Himself
An Idle RoomerVitaphone production reel #1531-1532
Nothing but the ToothSmilie JonesPerformer: "Smiles"; Vitaphone production reel #1542-1543
Salt Water DaffyElmer Wagonbottom
1939Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 9HimselfDocumentary/News Reel
1946Screen Snapshots: The Skolsky PartyHimselfDocumentary/News Reel
Screen Snapshots: Famous Fathers and SonsHimselfDocumentary/News Reel


Round the TownJack HaleyMay 21, 1924 - May 31, 1924Century Promenade Theatre15 performances
Gay PareeJack HaleyAugust 18, 1925 - January 30, 1926Shubert Theatre181 performances
Gay PareeJack HaleyNovember 9, 1926 - April 9, 1927Winter Garden Theatre192 performances
Follow ThruJack MartinJanuary 9, 1929 - December 21, 1929Chanin’s 46th Theatre401 performances
Sang: Button Up Your Overcoat with Zelma O’Neal
In 1930, he starred in Technicolor’s film version
Free For AllSteve Potter Jr.September 8, 1931 - September 19, 1931Manhattan Theatre15 performances
Take a ChanceDuke StanleyNovember 26, 1932 - July 1, 1933Apollo Theatre243 performances
Higher and HigherZachary AshApril 4, 1940 - June 15, 1940Shubert Theatre84 performances
Higher and HigherZachary AshAugust 5, 1940 - August 24, 1940Shubert Theatre24 performances
In 1943, he starred with Frank Sinatra in film version
Show TimeJack HaleySeptember 16, 1942 - April 3, 1943Broadhurst Theatre342 performances
Inside U.S.A.Jack HaleyApril 30, 1948 - February 19, 1949New Century Theatre and
Majestic Theatre
399 performances