The Indian Wells Masters, also known as BNP Paribas Open due to sponsorship reasons, is an annual tennis tournament held in March at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in Indian Wells, California, United States.

Current owner Larry Ellison, CTO and co-founder of Oracle, purchased the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in December 2009.

The tournament is a Masters 1000 event on the men's tour and is a Premier Mandatory event on the women's tour. Between 1974 and 1986 it was a secondary tournament of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour but in 1987 it was upgraded to be part of the Grand Prix Super Series, the series of nine tournaments just below the four majors and the year-end final in importance. It took the place of the Philadelphia Indoor event as the first Super Series event of the year. The event, held in March, is one of two tour events (along with the Miami Open), other than the Majors, in which main draw play extends beyond eight days. The women's main draw usually starts on Wednesday and the men's main draw starts on Thursday. Both finals are held on Sunday of the following week. Both singles main draws include 96 players in a 128-player grid, with the 32 seeded players getting a bye (a free pass) to the second round.

The tournament is played on hard courts and is the best-attended tennis tournament outside the four Grand Slam tournaments, with over 450,000 visitors during the 2015 event.[2] It has the second-largest permanent tennis stadium in the world (the Arthur Ashe stadium being the largest).

Location

Indian Wells lies in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), about 125 miles east of downtown Los Angeles.[3]

The tournament is played in the Indian Wells Tennis Garden (built in 2000) which has 29 tennis courts, including the 16,100-seat main stadium, which is the second largest tennis-specific stadium in the world.[6] After the 2013 BNP Paribas Open the Indian Wells Tennis Garden started an expansion and upgrade of its facilities that includes a new 8,000 seat Stadium 2.[5]

History

The tournament was founded by former tennis pros Charlie Pasarell and Raymond Moore.

Originally the women's tournament was held a week before the men's event. In 1996, the championship became one of the few fully combined events on both the Association of Tennis Professionals and Women's Tennis Association tours.

The BNP Paribas Open has become one of the largest events on both men's and women's tour. In 2004 it expanded to a multi-week 96 person field, and since then it along with the following Miami Open have been colloquially termed the Sunshine Double. Dubbed the "Grand Slam of the West",[6][7] it is the most-attended tennis tournament in the world other than the four Majors.

In 2009, the tournament and the Indian Wells Tennis Garden were sold to Larry Ellison.[8][9]

Williams sisters controversy

Venus and Serena Williams, two very successful American players, refused to play the Indian Wells tournament from 2001 to 2014 despite threats of financial sanctions and rating point penalties. The two were scheduled to play in the 2001 semi-final but Venus withdrew due to an injury. Amid speculation of match fixing, the crowd for the final loudly booed Serena Williams when she came out to play the final and continued to boo her intermittently through the entire match, even to the point of cheering unforced errors and double faults.[10] Williams won the tournament and was subsequently booed during the awards ceremony. The following month at the Ericsson Open, Richard Williams, Serena and Venus's father, claimed racial slurs were directed at him while in the stands.[2] Neither Venus nor Serena played the tournament until 2015, when Serena Williams played in the tournament, ending her 14-year boycott of the event.[2][2] Venus Williams ended her boycott by competing in 2016.[2]

Past finals

Men's singles

LocationYearChampionRunner-upScoreName
Tucson
1974 John Newcombe Arthur Ashe6–3, 7–6
American Airlines Tennis Games
1975 John Alexander Ilie Năstase7–5, 6–2
Palm Springs
1976 Jimmy Connors Roscoe Tanner6–4, 6–4
1977 Brian Gottfried Guillermo Vilas2–6, 6–1, 6–3
1978 Roscoe Tanner Raúl Ramírez6–1, 7–6
Rancho Mirage
1979 Roscoe Tanner (2) Brian Gottfried6–4, 6–2
Congoleum Classic
1980
Final not held due to rain
La Quinta
1981 Jimmy Connors (2) Ivan Lendl6–3, 7–6
Grand Marnier Tennis Games
1982 Yannick Noah Ivan Lendl6–4, 2–6, 7–5
Congoleum Classic (II)
1983 José Higueras Eliot Teltscher6–4, 6–2
1984 Jimmy Connors (3) Yannick Noah6–2, 6–7(7–9), 6–3
1985 Larry Stefanki David Pate6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
Pilot Pen Classic
1986 Joakim Nyström Yannick Noah6–1, 6–3, 6–2
Indian Wells
1987 Boris Becker Stefan Edberg6–4, 6–4, 7–5
1988 Boris Becker (2) Emilio Sánchez7–5, 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
Newsweek Champions Cup
1989 Miloslav Mečíř Yannick Noah3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1990 Stefan Edberg Andre Agassi6–4, 5–7, 7–6(7–1), 7–6(8–6)
1991 Jim Courier Guy Forget4–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
1992 Michael Chang Andrei Chesnokov6–3, 6–4, 7–5
1993 Jim Courier (2) Wayne Ferreira6–3, 6–3, 6–1
1994 Pete Sampras Petr Korda4–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1995 Pete Sampras (2) Andre Agassi7–5, 6–3, 7–5
1996 Michael Chang (2) Paul Haarhuis7–5, 6–1, 6–1
1997 Michael Chang (3) Bohdan Ulihrach4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
1998 Marcelo Ríos Greg Rusedski6–3, 6–7(15–17), 7–6(7–4), 6–4
1999 Mark Philippoussis Carlos Moyà5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2000 Àlex Corretja Thomas Enqvist6–4, 6–4, 6–3
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Andre Agassi Pete Sampras7–6(7–5), 7–5, 6–1
2002 Lleyton Hewitt Tim Henman6–1, 6–2
Pacific Life Open
2003 Lleyton Hewitt (2) Gustavo Kuerten6–1, 6–1
2004 Roger Federer Tim Henman6–3, 6–3
2005 Roger Federer (2) Lleyton Hewitt6–2, 6–4, 6–4
2006 Roger Federer (3) James Blake7–5, 6–3, 6–0
2007 Rafael Nadal Novak Djokovic6–2, 7–5
2008 Novak Djokovic Mardy Fish6–2, 5–7, 6–3
2009 Rafael Nadal (2) Andy Murray6–1, 6–2
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Ivan Ljubičić Andy Roddick7–6(7–3), 7–6(7–5)
2011 Novak Djokovic (2) Rafael Nadal4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2012 Roger Federer (4) John Isner7–6(9–7), 6–3
2013 Rafael Nadal (3) Juan Martín del Potro4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2014 Novak Djokovic (3) Roger Federer3–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–3)
2015 Novak Djokovic (4) Roger Federer6–3, 6–7(5–7), 6–2
2016 Novak Djokovic (5) Milos Raonic6–2, 6–0
2017 Roger Federer (5) Stan Wawrinka6–4, 7–5

Women's Singles

YearChampionRunner-upScoreName
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
Virginia Slims of Indian Wells
1989 Manuela Maleeva Jenny Byrne6–4, 6–1
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990 Martina Navratilova Helena Suková6–2, 5–7, 6–1
1991 Martina Navratilova (2) Monica Seles6–2, 7–6(8–6)
Virginia Slims of Palm Springs
1992 Monica Seles Conchita Martínez6–3, 6–1
Matrix Essentials Evert Cup
1993 Mary Joe Fernández Amanda Coetzer3–6, 6–1, 7–6(8–6)
1994 Steffi Graf Amanda Coetzer6–0, 6–4
Evert Cup
1995 Mary Joe Fernández (2) Natasha Zvereva6–4, 6–3
State Farm Evert Cup
1996 Steffi Graf (2) Conchita Martínez7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–5)
↓  Tier I tournament   ↓
1997 Lindsay Davenport Irina Spîrlea6–2, 6–1
1998 Martina Hingis Lindsay Davenport6–3, 6–4
1999 Serena Williams Steffi Graf6–3, 3–6, 7–5
Evert Cup (II)
2000 Lindsay Davenport (2) Martina Hingis4–6, 6–4, 6–0
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Serena Williams (2) Kim Clijsters4–6, 6–4, 6–2
2002 Daniela Hantuchová Martina Hingis6–3, 6–4
Pacific Life Open
2003 Kim Clijsters Lindsay Davenport6–4, 7–5
2004 Justine Henin Lindsay Davenport6–1, 6–4
2005 Kim Clijsters (2) Lindsay Davenport6–4, 4–6, 6–2
2006 Maria Sharapova Elena Dementieva6–1, 6–2
2007 Daniela Hantuchová (2) Svetlana Kuznetsova6–3, 6–4
2008 Ana Ivanovic Svetlana Kuznetsova6–4, 6–3
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament   ↓
2009 Vera Zvonareva Ana Ivanovic7–6(7–5), 6–2
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Jelena Janković Caroline Wozniacki6–2, 6–4
2011 Caroline Wozniacki Marion Bartoli6–1, 2–6, 6–3
2012 Victoria Azarenka Maria Sharapova6–2, 6–3
2013 Maria Sharapova (2) Caroline Wozniacki6–2, 6–2
2014 Flavia Pennetta Agnieszka Radwanska6–2, 6–1
2015 Simona Halep Jelena Janković2–6, 7–5, 6–4
2016 Victoria Azarenka (2) Serena Williams6–4, 6–4
2017 Elena Vesnina Svetlana Kuznetsova6–7(6–8), 7–5, 6–4

Men's Doubles

LocationYearChampionRunner-upScoreName
Tucson
1974 Charlie Pasarell
Sherwood Stewart
Tom Edlefsen
Manuel Orantes
6–4, 6–4
American Airlines Tennis Games
1975 William Brown
Raúl Ramírez
Raymond Moore
Dennis Ralston
2–6, 7–6, 6–4
Palm Springs
1976 Colin Dibley
Sandy Mayer
Raymond Moore
Erik Van Dillen
6–3, 7–5
1977 Bob Hewitt
Frew McMillan
Marty Riessen
Roscoe Tanner
7–6, 7–6
1978 Raymond Moore
Roscoe Tanner
Bob Hewitt
Frew McMillan
6–4, 6–4
Rancho Mirage
1979 Gene Mayer
Sandy Mayer (2)
Cliff Drysdale
Bruce Manson
6–4, 7–6
Congoleum Classic
1980
Final not held due to rain
La Quinta
1981 Bruce Manson
Brian Teacher
Terry Moor
Eliot Teltscher
7–6, 6–2
Grand Marnier Tennis Games
1982 Brian Gottfried
Raúl Ramírez (2)
John Lloyd
Dick Stockton
6–4, 3–6, 6–2
Congoleum Classic (II)
1983 Brian Gottfried (2)
Raúl Ramírez (3)
Tian Viljoen
Danie Visser
6–3, 6–3
1984 Bernard Mitton
Butch Walts
Scott Davis
Ferdi Taygan
4–6, 6–4, 7–6
1985 Heinz Günthardt
Balázs Taróczy
Ken Flach
Robert Seguso
7–6, 7–5
Pilot Pen Classic
1986 Peter Fleming
Guy Forget
Yannick Noah
Sherwood Stewart
7–6, 6–2
Indian Wells
1987 Guy Forget (2)
Yannick Noah
Boris Becker
Eric Jelen
5–7, 7–6, 7–5
1988 Boris Becker
Guy Forget (3)
Jorge Lozano
Todd Witsken
6–3, 6–3
Newsweek Champions Cup
1989 Boris Becker (2)
Jakob Hlasek
Kevin Curren
David Pate
3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1990 Boris Becker (3)
Guy Forget (4)
Jim Grabb
Patrick McEnroe
6–4, 6–3
1991 Jim Courier
Javier Sánchez
Guy Forget
Henri Leconte
7–6, 6–1
1992 Steve DeVries
David Macpherson
Kent Kinnear
Sven Salumaa
6–3, 2–6, 6–4
1993 Guy Forget (5)
Henri Leconte
Luke Jensen
Scott Melville
4–6, 6–2, 7–6
1994 Grant Connell
Patrick Galbraith
Byron Black
Jonathan Stark
3–6, 6–1, 7–6
1995 Tommy Ho
Brett Steven
Gary Muller
Piet Norval
7–6, 6–7, 6–4
1996 Todd Woodbridge
Mark Woodforde
Brian MacPhie
Michael Tebbutt
6–3, 6–4
1997 Mark Knowles
Daniel Nestor
Mark Philippoussis
Patrick Rafter
7–5, 6–4
1998 Jonas Björkman
Patrick Rafter
Todd Martin
Richey Reneberg
6–4, 7–6
1999 Wayne Black
Sandon Stolle
Ellis Ferreira
Rick Leach
6–3, 6–4
2000 Alex O'Brien
Jared Palmer
Paul Haarhuis
Sandon Stolle
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Wayne Ferreira
Yevgeny Kafelnikov
Jonas Björkman
Todd Woodbridge
6–2, 7–5
2002 Mark Knowles (2)
Daniel Nestor (2)
Roger Federer
Max Mirnyi
6–4, 6–4
Pacific Life Open
2003 Wayne Ferreira (2)
Yevgeny Kafelnikov (2)
Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
3–6, 7–5, 6–4
2004 Arnaud Clément
Sébastien Grosjean
Wayne Black
Kevin Ullyett
6–3, 4–6, 7–5
2005 Mark Knowles (3)
Daniel Nestor (3)
Wayne Arthurs
Paul Hanley
7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–2)
2006 Mark Knowles (4)
Daniel Nestor (4)
Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2007 Martin Damm
Leander Paes
Jonathan Erlich
Andy Ram
6–4, 6–4
2008 Jonathan Erlich
Andy Ram
Daniel Nestor
Nenad Zimonjić
6–4, 6–4
2009 Mardy Fish
Andy Roddick
Max Mirnyi
Andy Ram
3–6, 6–1, 14–12
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Marc López
Rafael Nadal
Daniel Nestor
Nenad Zimonjić
7–6(10–8), 6–3
2011 Alexandr Dolgopolov
Xavier Malisse
Roger Federer
Stanislas Wawrinka
6–4, 6–7(5–7), [10–7]
2012 Marc López (2)
Rafael Nadal (2)
John Isner
Sam Querrey
6–2, 7–6(7–3)
2013 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
Treat Conrad Huey
Jerzy Janowicz
6–3, 3–6, [10–6]
2014 Bob Bryan (2)
Mike Bryan (2)
Alexander Peya
Bruno Soares
6–4, 6–3
2015 Vasek Pospisil
Jack Sock
Simone Bolelli
Fabio Fognini
6–4, 6–7(3–7), [10–7]
2016 Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Nicolas Mahut
Vasek Pospisil
Jack Sock
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
2017 Raven Klaasen
Rajeev Ram
Łukasz Kubot
Marcelo Melo
6–7(1–7), 6–4, [10–8]

Women's Doubles

YearChampionRunner-upScoreName
↓  Tier III tournament   ↓
Virginia Slims of Indian Wells
1989 Hana Mandlíková
Pam Shriver
Rosalyn Fairbank
Gretchen Rush-Magers
6–3, 6–7(4–7), 6–3
↓  Tier II tournament   ↓
1990 Jana Novotná
Helena Suková
Gigi Fernández
Martina Navratilova
6–2, 7–6(8–6)
1991
Final not held due to rain
Virginia Slims of Palm Springs
1992 Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Stephanie Rehe
Jill Hetherington
Kathy Rinaldi
6–3, 6–3
Matrix Essentials Evert Cup
1993 Rennae Stubbs
Helena Suková (2)
Ann Grossman
Patricia Hy
6–3, 6–4
1994 Lindsay Davenport
Lisa Raymond
Manon Bollegraf
Helena Suková
6–2, 6–4
Evert Cup
1995 Lindsay Davenport (2)
Lisa Raymond (2)
Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Arantxa Sánchez
2–6, 6–4, 6–3
State Farm Evert Cup
1996 Chanda Rubin
Brenda Schultz-McCarthy
Julie Halard
Nathalie Tauziat
6–1, 6–4
↓  Tier I tournament  ↓
1997 Lindsay Davenport (3)
Natasha Zvereva
Lisa Raymond
Nathalie Tauziat
7–5, 6–2
1998 Lindsay Davenport (4)
Natasha Zvereva (2)
Alexandra Fusai
Nathalie Tauziat
6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1999 Martina Hingis
Anna Kournikova
Mary Joe Fernández
Jana Novotná
6–2, 6–2
Evert Cup (II)
2000 Lindsay Davenport (5)
Corina Morariu
Anna Kournikova
Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–3
TMS Indian Wells
2001 Nicole Arendt
Ai Sugiyama
Virginia Ruano
Paola Suárez
6–4, 6–4
2002 Lisa Raymond (3)
Rennae Stubbs
Elena Dementieva
Janette Husárová
7–5, 6–0
Pacific Life Open
2003 Lindsay Davenport (6)
Lisa Raymond (4)
Kim Clijsters
Ai Sugiyama
3–6, 6–4, 6–1
2004 Virginia Ruano Pascual
Paola Suárez
Svetlana Kuznetsova
Elena Likhovtseva
6–1, 6–2
2005 Virginia Ruano Pascual (2)
Paola Suárez (2)
Nadia Petrova
Meghann Shaughnessy
7–6(7–3), 6–1
2006 Lisa Raymond (5)
Samantha Stosur
Virginia Ruano
Meghann Shaughnessy
6–2, 7–5
2007 Lisa Raymond (6)
Samantha Stosur (2)
Chan Yung-jan
Chuang Chia-jung
6–3, 7–5
2008 Dinara Safina
Elena Vesnina
Yan Zi
Zheng Jie
6–1, 1–6, [10–8]
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament  ↓
2009 Victoria Azarenka
Vera Zvonareva
Gisela Dulko
Shahar Pe'er
6–4, 3–6, [10–5]
BNP Paribas Open
2010 Květa Peschke
Katarina Srebotnik
Nadia Petrova
Samantha Stosur
6–4, 2–6, [10–5]
2011 Sania Mirza
Elena Vesnina (2)
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Meghann Shaughnessy
6–0, 7–5
2012 Liezel Huber
Lisa Raymond (7)
Sania Mirza
Elena Vesnina
6–2, 6–3
2013 Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina (3)
Nadia Petrova
Katarina Srebotnik
6–0, 5–7, [10–6]
2014 Hsieh Su-wei
Peng Shuai
Cara Black
Sania Mirza
7–6(7–5), 6–2
2015 Martina Hingis (2)
Sania Mirza (2)
Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina
6–3, 6–4
2016 Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Coco Vandeweghe
Julia Görges
Karolína Plíšková
4–6, 6–4, [10–6]
2017 Chan Yung-jan
Martina Hingis (3)
Lucie Hradecká
Kateřina Siniaková
7–6(7–4), 6–2

Records

Men's singles

Women's singles