Cypress a common name for various coniferous trees or shrubs of northern temperate regions that belong to the family Cupressaceae. The word cypress is derived from Old French cipres, which was imported from Latin cypressus, the latinisation of the Greek κυπάρισσος (kyparissos).
Species that are commonly known as cypresses include:
- African cypress (Widdringtonia species), native to Southern Africa
- Bald, pond, and Montezuma cypresses (Taxodium species), native to North America
- Chinese swamp cypress (Glyptostrobus pensilis), Vietnam, critically endangered
- Cordilleran cypress (Austrocedrus chilensis), native to Chile and Argentina
- Cypress (Cupressus species)
- Cypress-pines (Actinostrobus species), southwestern Australia
- Cypress-pines (Callitris species), Australia and New Calendonia
- Cypress vine (Ipomoea quamoclir), in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae
- False cypress (Chamaecyparis species), Asia and North America.
- Fujian cypress (Fokienia hodginsii), southeastern China
- Guaitecas cypress (Pilgerodendron uviferum), Tierra del Fuego
- Patagonian cypress (Fitzroya cupressoides), southern Chile and Argentina
- Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), famous for its longevity, popular garden plant
- Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), native to the Monterey Peninsula, California
- Nootka cypress (Cupressus nootkatensis), native to the Pacific Northwest of North America
- Siberian cypress (Microbiota decussata)
- Summer cypress (Bassia scoparia), in the Amaranthaceae family
The Cupressaceae family also contains 13–16 other genera (not listed above) that do not bear cypress in their common names.