The Citizens in Charge Foundation (CCF) is a non-profit, nonpartisan [3] organization that advocates in favor of direct democracy. [4] [5] [6] [7] It was founded by libertarian -leaning activist Paul Jacob. [3]



  • Filed an amicus brief written by Todd Graves in the successful case, Citizens for Tax Reform v. Deters , whereby Ohio’s ban on paying petition circulators per signature was struck down in 2008. The state’s appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court was denied.
  • Filed Amicus curiae brief in Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action v. Granholm urging the court to allow the Michigan Civil Rights initiative Committee to intervene in the challenge to their successful initiative. The state officials handling the suit publicly opposed the initiative.
  • Amicus curiae brief was filed in v. Brunner , a case calling for Ohio to abide by its constitutional requirement that new gambling allowances must be put to a statewide vote.
  • Funded research and negotiations with Nebraska’s Secretary of State in, Mann v. Gale , wherein the Secretary of State agreed to standardize procedures used to verify signatures.
  • Citizens in Charge, et al v. Miller challenged Nevada’s narrow interpretation of the single-subject requirement for initiatives. This case was filed in federal district court in Nevada.
  • Citizens in Charge v. Brunner challenged Ohio’s arbitrary referendum title setting process. The case is pending in federal district court.
  • CCF was represented by the American Civil Liberties Union in Citizens in Charge Foundation, Inc. v. Gale , which challenged Nebraska’s residency requirement, county-based distribution requirement, and requirement that petitions indicate whether circulators are paid or volunteer. [8]


In 2010, CCP released a state-by-state report card that "assesses the restrictions and accessibility each state provides for citizen-led ballot initiatives and referendums." [3] [9]

Citizens in Charge

Citizens in Charge is a 501(c)(4) advocacy organization started by Paul Jacob in 2001 that works directly with public officials and voters to protect and spread ballot initiative rights. Citizens in Charge and Citizens in Charge Foundation are separate organizations. Paul Jacob also serves as president of Citizens In Charge. [10]