Belo Corporation // was a Dallas-based media company that owned 20 commercial broadcasting television stations and two regional 24-hour cable news television channels. The company was previously known as A. H. Belo Corporation after one of the early owners of the company, Alfred Horatio Belo, now the name of the newspaper company spun off from Belo early in 2008. Belo had its headquarters in the Belo Building in Downtown Dallas, designed by Dallas architects Omniplan and constructed between 1983 and 1985.
The company traces its roots back to 1842 with the introduction of The Daily News in Galveston, Texas. Its flagship, The Dallas Morning News, has been publishing since 1885. The name A.H. Belo Corporation was applied to the company in 1926. The name was shortened to Belo Corporation in 2002.
On October 1, 2007, Belo announced the separation of its newspaper and television businesses by spinning off its newspaper business to shareholders as A. H. Belo Corporation, officially completed in February 2008. The television business retained the Belo Corporation name (without the "A. H." initials). The spin-off was structured so that the broadcasting company was the legal successor to the prior company.
On June 13, 2013, Gannett Company announced plans to buy Belo for $1.5 billion and the assumption of debt. Because of ownership conflicts that exist in markets where both Belo and Gannett own television stations and newspapers, Gannett planned to sell six Belo-owned stations--KMOV in St. Louis, WHAS-TV in Louisville, KMSB in Tucson, KGW-TV in Portland, Oregon and KTVK and KASW in Phoenix—to Sander Media, LLC, owned by former Belo executive Jack Sander. Gannett would have provided some services to the Sander stations under joint services agreements. Due to concerns about any possible future consolidation of operations of Gannett- and Belo-owned properties in markets where both own television stations or collusion involving the Gannett and Sander stations in retransmission consent negotiations, anti-media-consolidation groups (such as Free Press) and pay television providers (such as Time Warner Cable and DirecTV) called for the FCC to block the acquisition.
The concerns were especially pronounced in St. Louis, since the merged company would have controlled two of the three news departments run by "Big Four" stations in that city--KMOV, which was to have been sold to Sander, and Gannett-owned KSDK. On December 16, 2013, the United States Department of Justice threatened to block the deal unless Gannett, Belo and Sander completely divested KMOV to a government-approved third-party company that would be barred from entering into any agreements with Gannett, in order to fully preserve competition in advertising sales with KSDK. Justice claimed that Gannett and Sander would be so closely aligned that Gannett would have dominated spot advertising in St. Louis. On December 20, the deal was approved by the FCC. With the completion of the deal on December 23, on the same day Gannett and Sander agreed to sell KMOV, KTVK and control of KASW for $407.5 million to Meredith Corporation (which owns KPHO-TV in the Phoenix market); Sander served as caretaker owner of those stations during the sale process, and SagamoreHill Broadcasting would take on KASW's license. Meredith's purchase of KMOV was completed on February 28, 2014, and its purchase of KTVK, along with SagamoreHill's purchase of KASW, were completed on June 19. SagamoreHill has since been forced to divest KASW to the Nexstar Broadcasting Group; that sale closed on January 30, 2015.
On June 29, 2015, Gannett split into two companies, one specializing in print media and named "Gannett," and the other specializing in broadcast and digital media. The latter company, Tegna, retained most of the Belo stations and is the legal successor to the company that previously bore Gannett's name.
Former Belo-owned Television Stations
Stations are arranged in alphabetical order by state and city of license.
- (**) - Indicates a station owned by Dun & Bradstreet subsidiary Corinthian Broadcasting prior to its acquisition by the original A.H. Belo Corporation in 1984.
- (++) - Indicates a station owned by the Providence Journal Company prior to its acquisition by the original A.H. Belo Corporation in 1997.
|City of license / Market||Station||Channel|
|Years Owned||Current Ownership Status|
|Phoenix, AZ||KTVK||3 (24)||1999-2013||Independent station owned by Meredith Corporation|
|KASW||61 (49)||2000-2013||The CW affiliate owned by Nexstar Broadcasting Group|
|Tucson, AZ||KMSB-TV ++||11 (25)||1997-2013||Fox affiliate owned by Tegna|
(Operated through a SSA by Raycom Media)
|KTTU||18 (19)||2002-2013||MyNetworkTV affiliate owned by Tucker Operating Co., LLC|
(Operated through a SSA by Raycom Media)
|Sacramento - Stockton - Modesto||KXTV **||10 (10)||1984-1999||ABC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Honolulu||KHNL ++||13 (35)||1997-1999||NBC affiliate owned by Raycom Media|
|Boise, ID||KTVB ++||7 (7)||1997-2013||NBC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Twin Falls, ID||KTFT-LD ++|
(satellite of KTVB)
|7 (20)||1997-2013||NBC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Fort Wayne, IN||WANE-TV **||15 (31)||1984||CBS affiliate owned by Media General|
|Indianapolis||WISH-TV **||8 (9)||1984||The CW affiliate owned by Media General|
|Louisville, KY||WHAS-TV ++||11 (11)||1997-2013||ABC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|New Orleans, LA||WWL-TV||4 (36)||1994-2013||CBS affiliate owned by Tegna|
|WUPL||54 (24)||2007-2013||MyNetworkTV affiliate owned by Tegna|
|St. Louis, MO||KMOV||4 (24)||1997-2013||CBS affiliate owned by Meredith Corporation|
|Santa Fe - Albuquerque||KASA-TV ++||2 (27)||1997-1999||Fox affiliate owned by Media General|
|Charlotte, NC||WCNC-TV ++||36 (22)||1997-2013||NBC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Tulsa||KOTV **||6 (45)||1984-2000||CBS affiliate owned by Griffin Communications|
|Portland, OR||KGW-TV ++||8 (8)||1997-2013||NBC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Chattanooga||WTVC||9 (9)||1980-1984||ABC affiliate owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group|
|Austin, TX||KVUE||24 (33)||1999-2013||ABC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Beaumont - Port Arthur, TX||KFDM-TV||6 (21)||1969-1984||CBS affiliate owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group|
|Dallas - Fort Worth, TX||WFAA-TV||8 (8)||1950-2013||ABC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Houston, TX||KHOU-TV **||11 (11)||1984-2013||CBS affiliate owned by Tegna|
|San Antonio, TX||KENS-TV||5 (39)||1997-2013||CBS affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Hampton - Norfolk - Portsmouth, VA||WVEC-TV **||13 (13)||1984-2013||ABC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Seattle - Tacoma, WA||KING-TV ++||5 (48)||1997-2013||NBC affiliate owned by Tegna|
|KIRO-TV||7 (39)||1995-1997||CBS affiliate owned by Cox Media Group|
|KONG||16 (31)||2000-2013||Independent station owned by Tegna|
|Spokane, WA||KREM-TV ++||2 (20)||1997-2013||CBS affiliate owned by Tegna|
|KSKN||22 (36)||2001-2013||The CW affiliate owned by Tegna|
|Availability||Station, Channel No.||Acquired/|
|Seattle, Portland, Spokane, Boise||NWCN (Northwest cable news), Channel Numbers Vary||1997||Acquired from part of the KING Broadcasting Group from merger with The Providence Journal Company. Owned by Tegna.|
|Dallas, Houston, San Antonio, Austin, Corpus Christi, Laredo, Texarkana, Port Arthur/Beaumont, Waco, El Paso, Wichita Falls, Rio Grande Valley||TXCN (Texas Cable News), Channel Numbers Vary||1999||Composed of news teams from: WFAA, Dallas; KHOU, Houston; KENS, San Antonio; KVUE, Austin. Defunct as of May 1, 2015.|
|Boise||24/7 (news channel)|
KTVB sub-channel: 7.2 / 26.2, 28, KZAK-LD: 49
|2003||Composed of the KTVB news team. Owned by Tegna.|
|New Orleans metropolitan area, Baton Rouge, Acadiana Region||NewsWatch 15 15||1988||Composed of the WWL-TV news team, jointly owned with Cox Communications. Partially owned by Tegna.|
|Hampton - Norfolk - Portsmouth, VA||Local News on Cable (LNC) 5||1997||24-Hour News channel that was only available on Cox Cable. Defunct as of December 31, 2010.|
In addition, Belo operates websites for each of its properties. The sites were formerly part of a separate company, known as Belo Interactive. In late 2004, the company began the process of reintegrating the sites into sister media properties. One of its most infamous investments was in the failed CueCat and its parent company, Digital Convergence. Belo integrated its media properties to be able to use the device, but it never took off.
Belo is also one of the major investors in Classified Ventures, LLC.
In late 2009, Belo began transitioning the Web operations of its television stations from a largely in-house operation to the Broadcast Interactive Media platform. The first such relaunches were the Web sites of its Arizona station properties—KTVK/KASW in Phoenix and KMSB/KTTU in Tucson—which launched in September 2009. The transition (at least for the major Belo television properties) was completed on November 19, 2009 when WFAA in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex relaunched its Web site.