Ah Boys to Men (simplified Chinese: 新兵正传; traditional Chinese: 新兵正傳; pinyin: xīnbīng zhèngzhuàn; Wade–Giles: Hsin1 Ping1 Cheng4 Chuan4; literally: "Recruits' True Biography") is a 2012 Singaporean-Malaysian three-part comedy film produced and directed by Jack Neo, written by Neo and Link Sng and starring Joshua Tan, Maxi Lim, Wang Wei Liang, Noah Yap, Ridhwan Azman, Aizuddin Nasser and Tosh Zhang. The main plot revolves around a group of army recruits in National Service in Singapore. Neo had wanted to shoot an army-themed film since his army days, but could not find a suitable chance to do so. Ah Boys to Men is the first local film to be released in two parts and the first to film in Pulau Tekong, as well as the first South-East Asian film to feature Dolby Atmos surround sound. The film's theme song, "Recruits' Anthem" was written and composed by one of the cast, Tosh Zhang.

The film was released on November 8, 2012. It is the highest-grossing Singaporean film of all time, and has grossed over four times of its S$3 million budget. Buoyed by audience demand, a third installment titled Ah Boys to Men 3: Frogmen was released on February 19, 2015. It features the same cast but is however not a sequel to the second film.


The film opens with the Republic of Singapore apparently being under an immense invasion from a fictional army, with iconic Singaporean landmarks (such as the Merlion and the Esplanade) coming under fire and many civilians killed brutally. It is later revealed that the war was fictitious setting of a war-based role-playing game played by Ken Chow (Joshua Tan), a rich and spoiled child reluctant to enlist into National Service. Ken plans to study abroad with his girlfriend Amy (Qiu Qiu), but his plans are derailed by NS. After being chided by Amy for his childishness, Ken takes it out on a nearby rubbish bin, to be apprehended by two policemen in the vicinity. A disappointed and embarrassed Amy looked very sad and angry.

Back home, after being driven back by his father (Richard Low), Ken confides to his parents about his fears of National Service. His overprotective mother (Irene Ang) decides to help him think of ways to defer, but to no avail. Eventually, they are all forced to face the hard truth - there is no going against the law. The Chow family sadly send off Ken on the day of his enlisting. Thereafter, Ken and a few other recruits are assigned to Ninja Company (Platoon 2, Section 2) and are sent to their bunk and introduced to their Platoon Sergeant (Tosh Zhang), a portrayal of the tough-nails sergeant stereotype. Whilst waiting for the mandatory haircut, Ken gets to know a few people - "Lobang" (Wang Wei Liang), Aloysius Jin Sia-lan (Maxi Lim) and "I.P. Man" (Noah Yap).

After two weeks of training, Ken and the other recruits are allowed to book out. A lavish party is thrown to celebrate Ken's return, but his mood is ruined when he is shown a photo of his girlfriend with another man. Ken angrily confronts her and demands that they meet, which she does not agree to. She later admits that she has fallen for another man and dumps Ken on the highway. Determined to regain her love, Ken devises a plan to escape from Pulau Tekong and send her off, for he feels she is merely just testing him. Ken stops drinking water, in hopes to get a heat injury, for which he would be sent home for ten days; he takes the extra measure of sleeping under a ceiling-fan after dousing himself in cold water. However, he gets into a situation worse than expected and he is quickly sent off to a hospital after collapsing during training. Ken's father is alerted of his son's critical condition while in a company meeting. He quickly drives off to the hospital, but the shock and strain is too much and he suffers a stroke while driving and violently collides with another vehicle.

Ken wakes up in the next scene, surrounded by his two sisters, in a hospital. He realised his foolish actions have caused problems for many people and cannot bear to face his father, who has survived the car crash and is recuperating in another ward in the same hospital. Awakened to reality, Ken is finally fit enough to go back to training. The film ends at this junction, and snippets of the next part are shown.


  • Joshua Tan as Ken Chow,[6] a spoilt teenager who dislikes the Army and is reluctant to enlist as he wants to study abroad with his girlfriend. Tan, originally from Australia, previously encountered a similar situation faced by his character in real life, when plans with his girlfriend were derailed by his mandatory NS.[6] Tan, an undergraduate at Monash University, had to defer his studies to shoot Ah Boys to Men.[7]
  • Maxi Lim as Aloysius Jin a.k.a. "Wayang King",[6] one of Ken's bunk mates and a nerd stereotype. Ambitious in nature, he aims to be among the best and get into Officer Cadet School (OCS) so as not to disappoint his mother; his "wayang" behaviour is encouraged by his parents.[8] It is Lim's feature-length film debut; previously he had worked on local television sitcoms and short films.[7]
  • Wang Wei Liang[9] as Bang "Lobang" Lee Onn,[10] a street-smart and witty recruit, who according to filmmaker Gilbert Chan, "really nailed the portrayal of a slightly rebellious but very funny caricature". A getai singer by profession under the mentorship of Wang Lei, Wang auditioned for the role without prior preparation.[7]
  • Noah Yap as Man In Ping a.k.a. IP Man,[11] Ken's bunk mate. Yap had to defer his theatrical studies at the Nanyang Academy of Fine Arts to shoot Ah Boys to Men. It was reportedly Yap's "unconventional hairdo hair" that made Neo see potential in him.[12] A certain scene required Yap to kiss co-star Tan's buttocks; Yap, though, did not find doing so uncomfortable. He said: "It's all acting. For me it [the scene] wasn't difficult … not that I have worked with a bare ass before."[13] His nickname is a parody of a Chinese martial artist Yip Man.
  • Ridhwan Azman[14] as Ismail Mohammed,[2] one of Ken's bunk mates. Formerly taking an events management course at Institute of Technical Education's Bishan campus, Azman had to quit his studies to shoot Ah Boys to Men. Previously, he was a finalist in Campus SuperStar, a Chinese talent-singing competition.
  • Tosh Zhang[15] as Sergeant Alex Ong,[2][16] a stern platoon sergeant in charge of Ninja Company. Neo offered Zhang the role after viewing his vlogs. Said Neo of Zhang:[17] "He is eloquent, has musical talent and acts well, too. It is rare to have such a unique all-rounder." Initially supposed to attend a film course at Deakin University in Melbourne, Victoria, Zhang deferred to shoot Ah Boys to Men and subsequently turned down his place at the university.[17] Following the release of part one of Ah Boys to Men, he was nominated for The New Paper's 2012 Breakout Star award, a subcategory of the newspaper's annual Flame Awards.[18] Zhang eventually won.[17] Zhang became a nominee in the 2015 Kids' Choice Awards.
  • Aizuddin Nasser as recruit Muthu Shanmugaratnam,[2]
  • Luke Lee[19] as Sergeant Jed Heng,[2]
  • Fish Chaar as Captain SL Tham, Officer Commanding of Ninja Company,[2]
  • Richard Low as Ken's father,[6]
  • Irene Ang as Mary Chow, Ken's mother,[6][20][21]
    • Joanna Germaine as young Mary Chow
  • Chen Tianwen as Aloysius' father,[2]
  • Ye Li Mei as Aloysius' mother,[2]
  • Qiu Qiu as Amy, Ken Chow's teenage girlfriend,[2][22]
  • Sherraine Low as Mayoki, IP Man's girlfriend,[2]
  • Wang Lei as Ken's Uncle
    • Cheah Keng Heng as young Ken's Uncle
  • Tony Koh Beng Hoe as Ken's Second Uncle
  • Yoo Ah Min as Ken's grandmother
  • Justin Dominic Mission as the 1970s Army Sergeant
  • Bernie Utchenik as the 1970s Army Medical Doctor

Local YouTube personality Samuel Driscoll was approached to play an army boy, but declined as it was "not something that I'm ready to do".[23]


The main theme of Ah Boys to Men is conscription in Singapore, a popular topic amongst Singaporeans.[24] In conjunction with the Ministry of Defence's 2012 NS45 campaign, From Fathers to Sons,[25] it is meant to commemorate the 45th anniversary of Singapore's National Service.[26] Emotional issues that recruits experience for a long period of time, such as not being able to be that in touch with relatives are tackled in part one.[27] It also pokes fun into many infamous incidents related to the Singapore Army by parodying these events.[2] Derek Elley of Film Business Asia claims that the driving factor of Ah Boys to Men, National Service, is just a metaphor for the strict life in Singapore.[2] The second part focuses more on the unity of the protagonists,[28] as well as tapping more on hot social topics like foreign talent in Singapore.[29] It gave "a stronger story than its predecessor",[30] and had a "more meaty" drama aspect,[31] according to Jack Neo. Other themes for part two include "[...] sacrifice, love, family and patriotism".[32]



Ah Boys to Men is Jack Neo's first military-themed film,[33] as well as his "most ambitious project so far" according to himself.[12] Neo had wanted to shoot a military-themed film since his recruit days after being influenced by Taiwanese army films, but could not find the right opportunity.[26] Neo was originally approached by the Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) to edit footages from the 2010 documentary Every Singaporean Son into a film. After much deliberation, Neo decided to not use the footages and instead write a brand new script.[34] The production received the full support from MINDEF to shoot the film; they were provided access to vehicles, equipment and weapons as well as on-site consultants. Neo did not accept financial funding from MINDEF as he wanted to retain full control of the creative process. The film was funded under the Media Development Authority’s Production Assistance grant,[35] and by investors and sponsors, some of which included Toast Box, Bee Cheng Hiang and KPMG.[36]

Research for the film alone took around two and a half months.[37] Neo said the decision to break the film into two parts was made after the distributors told him to keep the films 100 minutes in length, as any longer and it would have been more expensive and difficult to schedule.[26] With a budget of S$3 million, Ah Boys to Men is Singapore's most expensive film.[38]


The crew employed a talent scout to find potential cast;[12] casting began in March 2012.[40] Additionally, an audition notice was uploaded on the production company's official website.[12] JM Artiste Management – a collaboration between mm2 Entertainment and J Teams Productions – managed the cast.[5] Neo initially wanted to include regulars like Shawn Lee and Joshua Ang, but ultimately decided not to, so as to give the audience a completely new feel.[40] Approximately 500 auditioned for the lead roles.[42] For this project, Neo wanted to work with bloggers[5] and getai singers to create a new platform for acting.[5] Many prominent businessmen in Singapore, such as Kenny Yap, executive chairman of Qian Hu Corporation, were also invited to make cameo appearances.[45] The film marked the film debut for most of the lead cast,[7] and it also resulted in a spike in their popularity, to the extent that "[...] getting mobbed by passionate fans has become part of their everyday life."[5]


Ah Boys to Men was directed by Jack Neo[5] and the script was written by Neo[5] and Link Sng.[49][50] Neo, Lim Teck,[51] and Leonard Lai[52] served as producers, while Neo's wife Irene Kng, along with Mang, Teck, Tengku Iesta, Tengku Alaudin, Kenny Chua, William Sin, Dominic Inn, Tan Tong Hai, Eric Liang and Sky Li Yunfei, served as executive producers.[2]


As part of preparation for the film, the cast members underwent a two-day Basic Military Training familiarisation course,[53] which was, to one of the stars, Tosh Zhang, "as tough as what we really went through during national service."[54] Filming took place mostly in Pulau Tekong (which is used exclusively as a training base for various Singapore Army units and home to the Basic Military Training Centre), making Ah Boys to Men the first film to have filmed there.[55] The "unpredictable" weather was a problem the crew encountered while filming at Tekong; 35 days were spent filming there.[56] Other filming locations included Robinson Road, which was used for a major war scene and specially sealed off to the public for a day on August 19, 2012[57] so as to allow the crew to film;[56] it was the first time it was closed for such reason.[57] Neo was warned beforehand that destruction of the road would cost him to be fined.[58]

A certain fight scene set in a restaurant, which involved ten actors, took a night to finish filming.[28] Aerial shots required the use of Spidercams and cameras strapped onto remote control plane.[12] Scenes set in the 1970s were, according to Neo, the hardest to film as the details were hard to perfect. Additionally, Neo had to specially get 1970s-era local army helmets due to MINDEF not having any in stock.[59] Army uniforms set in that era could not be found; Neo instead purchased new sets of uniforms and dyed them until they reached the desired colour.[59] About half a day was spent on set daily; filming in total took seventy days[54] to finish in September 2012.[60]


For the opening scenes, in which many landmarks in Singapore were destroyed, computer-generated imagery (CGI) was used to create the explosions.[61] Neo's insistence to use real weapons and pyrotechnics for the shooting of the CGI-war sequences, despite the high cost, was due to him wanting to provide a "new feel" for the audience.[62] The film features Dolby Atmos surround sound, the first South-East Asian film to do so.[63][64] The visual effects were done by Vividthree Productions Pte Ltd and spearheaded by VFX Director Jay Hong.[2]


The official theme song of Ah Boys to Men, titled "Recruits' Anthem", was written, composed and performed by Tosh Rock Zhang, a YouTube personality and also one of the cast. Most of the song was written during filming in Pulau Tekong. Initially rejected by director Jack Neo twice,[16] it was first uploaded on YouTube, accompanied with an official music video, prior to the release of the film. Reception to "Recruits' Anthem" was overwhelmingly positive[65] and within a month of its uploading, it grossed 610,000 hits.[11] As of March 2014, "Recruit's Anthem" has grossed over 2, 000,000 hits.[66]


Ah Boys to Men is the first two-part Singaporean film.[12][55] Ah Boys to Men premiered on November 6, 2012[67] at the Golden Village Multiplex.[64] It was first commercially released in Singapore on November 8, 2012[6] and it opened in Malaysian cinemas on December 20, 2012.[58] Discussions with film distributors in Hong Kong[68] and mainland China[8] are ongoing. Both parts one and two will be showcased at the Hong Kong International Film & TV Market from March 18, 2013 to March 21, 2013.[8]

The film will be premiered at the in89 Digital Cinema, Ximending, Taiwan, on April 10, 2013, as well as at Resorts World Manila's cinema some time in April.[8]

Home media

Ah Boys to Men was released in DVD on January 25, 2013.


Pay television rights

In December 2012, it was announced at the Asia TV Forum & Market and ScreenSingapore 2012 conference that STAR Chinese Movies had acquired pay television rights to Ah Boys to Men in certain territories in Southeast Asia, in a deal with Clover Films, one of the film's distributors and production companies, for an undisclosed price.[72]


"We can help low-income families... come up with this merchandise... which many youngsters will be interested to buy. So I thought this was a win-win situation"

—Jack Neo on Camou Products, cited in[73]

The cast and crew of Ah Boys to Men will be promoting and selling Camou Products, a variety of army-themed merchandise, all of which are made from old decommissioned army apparel.[73][8] A comic book based on the film's first part, titled Ah Boys to Men 1 and published by Marshall Cavendish, has been released; the artwork was done by James Teo.[8]


Critical response

Ah Boys to Men has received mixed reviews from critics. Derek Elley of Film Business Asia graded it at 6 out of 10 marks, praising it for its "superior production values" but noting that it "lost momentum" during the second half.[2] Kwok Kar Peng of The New Paper commented on the lengthiness of the film, also expressing his opinion that it seemed like an advertisement for the Singapore Army, but added that it had "its good points".[21] TODAY 's Christopher Toh, gave the film 3 out of 5 stars and criticised the over-use of CGI "that makes Doctor Who blush" though he commended the acting skills of the lead cast.[8] Vanessa Tai, also from TODAY, felt that some of the jokes in the film were "sexist" and concluded that it might create a bad impression for the SAF (Singapore Armed Forces).[9] In response, Neo stated that the "sexist" jokes were existent within the Army and were common.[78] Gary Chua, also from TODAY, in response to the review by Tai, voiced out his disagreement. He felt that the film had instead done the SAF proud.[9] F Movie Mag's review took issue with its excessive length, as well as its sense of incompleteness, though it also praised the director, as well as the energetic performance of the actors.[63] Travis Wong of inSing.com gave the movie 2 out of 5 stars, criticising the "obnoxious product placement" and the rehashing of past jokes.[9] Hee En Ming of Fridae dubbed Ah Boys to Men as "possibly the worst boot camp comedy ever", reserving only negative feedback for it.[49] At the National Day Rally 2012, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong complimented Neo on the film.[9] Loong Wai Ting of Malaysia's New Strait Times ranked part one as number 10 on her list of Jack Neo's best movies.[9] Maliki Osman lauded the film (as a whole) "for striking a chord in many Singaporeans, and in the process helping to strengthen Singaporeans' commitment to defence."[9]

Box office

Ah Boys to Men grossed S$6.18 million dollars domestically.[4][50] It earned S$234,000 on its opening day[68] and took the number one spot in its opening weekend, earning S$1,509,422 at the box office.[9] It broke the record for the biggest opening weekend for local productions, a record previously held by Neo's earlier film Ah Long Pte Ltd (S$1.484 million) in 2008,[85] as well as that for the biggest opening-day box-office result for a local film outside of the Chinese New Year season.[9] The first Asian movie to top the Singapore box office since November 2011,[87] it passed the S$5 million mark on November 29, 2012, the second Singaporean film to do so,[30] and at that point of time became Singapore's second-highest grossing film, overtaking the previous record holder, Money No Enough 2 (2008), which was also directed by Neo.[88] On December 17, 2012, Ah Boys to Men became the highest-grossing Singaporean film, having already taken in S$6.03 million, surpassing Money No Enough (1998), the previous record holder and another work of Neo's.[89] Neo said in response to the milestone: "I've waited 12 years to be able to make a film that can beat Money No Enough. I'm so glad that the day has finally come."[10] Because of that, Neo said that he and the cast will skinny dip,[10] tentatively in the Singapore River, as he had earlier promised.[39] However, not all of the cast were comfortable with the prospect of skinny dipping. Tosh Zhang said he was a bit reluctant to do so, but would go along, seeing that majority would be doing so.[10] The idea was later scrapped; Neo and the cast will instead be taking part in various charity-related events.[93] Online box office revenue tracker Box Office Mojo has listed Ah Boys to Men as the fifth-highest grossing film of 2012 in Singapore.[10]

Home media

Part one was released in DVD on January 25, 2013. More than 50,000 units of the DVD for part one have been sold.[94]

Sequels and spinoffs

The project had originally been envisaged as just two parts until after the release of the second part. Buoyed by "non-stop" requests for a threequel,[10] Jack Neo confirmed on February 20, 2013 that he had begun working on one under the working title Ah Boys to Men 3,[96] though actual filming would only take place after 2013.[94][97] Neo posted on his Twitter account (in Chinese):[98]

Many people asked, because of the tremendous success of the first two parts, would there be a part three? To be honest, we did not intend on making one then. But after the release of the second episode, everyone kept asking for 'part 3 part 3' non-stop; this support has made me really touched. Given this, I would like to announce that we have decided to produce Ah Boys to Men 3, and we would like your suggestions.

In a later interview with Channel News Asia, Neo admitted that "I have been really reluctant to tell people that I'll be working on a third film, because I know people's expectations will only get higher after the first two."[97] Neo said that he was still pondering on the storyline and also needed time for research.[97] At a promotional tour in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, for part two, Neo announced that possible cast for part three included Henry Thia and Mark Lee and that "[w]e are currently preparing for the shoot".[93] During which he also "officially announced":[99]

Many people especially the media are asking me about making another instalment for "Ah Boys To Men". Now I officially announce that we will bring you episode three for the movie.

A spin-off to the Ah Boys to Men movie franchise titled Ah Boys to Frogmen was announced by Jack Neo to be scheduled for production in August 2014 based on the story of a group of navy boys.[100]