The Academy Awards are given each year by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS or the Academy) for the best films and achievements of the previous year. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature is given each year for animated films. An animated feature is defined by the Academy as a film with a running time of more than 40 minutes in which characters' performances are created using a frame-by-frame technique, a significant number of the major characters are animated, and animation figures in no less than 75 percent of the running time. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was first awarded in 2002 for films made in 2001. [28] [29] [30]

The entire AMPAS membership has been eligible to choose the winner since the award's inception. If there are sixteen or more films submitted for the category, the winner is voted from a shortlist of five films, which has happened eight times, otherwise there will only be three films on the shortlist. [2] Additionally, eight eligible animated features must have been theatrically released in Los Angeles County within the calendar year for this category to be activated.

Animated films can be nominated for other categories, but have rarely been so; Beauty and the Beast (1991) was the first animated film ever nominated for Best Picture. Up (2009) and Toy Story 3 (2010) also received Best Picture nominations after the Academy expanded the number of nominees from five to ten.

Waltz with Bashir (2008) is the only animated film ever nominated for Best Foreign Language Film (though it did not receive a nomination for Best Animated Feature). The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) and Kubo and the Two Strings (2016) are the only two animated films to ever be nominated for Best Visual Effects.

History

For much of the Academy Awards' history, AMPAS was resistant to the idea of a regular Oscar for animated features considering there were simply too few produced to justify such consideration. Instead, the Academy occasionally bestowed special Oscars for exceptional productions, usually for Walt Disney Pictures, such as for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1938, and the Special Achievement Academy Award for the live action/animated hybrid Who Framed Roger Rabbit in 1989 and Toy Story in 1996. In fact, prior to the creation of the award, only one animated film received a Best Picture nomination: 1991's Beauty and the Beast, also by Walt Disney Pictures.

By 2001, the rise of sustained competitors to Disney in the feature animated film market, such as DreamWorks Animation (ironically, founded by former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg), created an increase of film releases of significant annual number enough for AMPAS to reconsider. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was first given out at the 74th Academy Awards, [28] held on March 24, 2002. [32] The Academy included a rule that stated that the award would not be presented in a year in which fewer than eight eligible films opened in theaters. [23]

People in the animation industry and fans expressed hope that the prestige from this award and the resulting boost to the box office would encourage the increased production of animated features. Some members and fans have criticized the award, however, saying it is only intended to prevent animated films from having a chance of winning Best Picture. DreamWorks had advertised heavily during the holiday 2001 season for Shrek , but was disappointed when the rumored Best Picture nomination didn't materialize, though it was nominated for and ended up winning the inaugural Best Animated Feature award. [28]

The criticism of Best Animated Feature was particularly prominent at the 81st Academy Awards, in which WALL-E won the award but was not nominated for Best Picture, despite receiving overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics and moviegoers and being generally considered one of the best films of 2008. [28] [28] [28] [28] This led to controversy over whether the film was deliberately snubbed of the nomination by the Academy. Film critic Peter Travers commented that "If there was ever a time where an animated feature deserved to be nominated for Best Picture, it's WALL-E ." However, official Academy Award regulations state that any movie nominated for this category can still be nominated for Best Picture. [2] There are have been complaints that the Best Animated Feature Academy Award is held in unfairly low regard by Academy members with many members refusing to vote for films they consider mere children's fare beneath them, or letting their own children see the films and go with their opinions instead. The dominance of Disney and Pixar allegedly as a result of this bias is suggested to be injuring the credibility of the award [28]

In 2009, when the nominee slots for Best Picture were doubled to ten, Up was nominated for both Best Animated Feature and Best Picture at the 82nd Academy Awards, the first film to do so since the creation of the Animated Feature category. This feat was repeated the following year by Toy Story 3 . Since 2010 onward, with the increasing competitiveness of the Animated Feature category, Pixar (a perennial nominee) did not receive nominations for several recent films considering the studio has released films of more mixed critical reaction and box office earnings, while Pixar's sister studio Disney Animation won their first three awards. [28]

In 2010, the Academy enacted a new rule regarding the performance capture technique employed in films such as Disney's A Christmas Carol from Robert Zemeckis and The Adventures of Tintin from Steven Spielberg, and how they might not be eligible in this category in the future. This rule was possibly made to prevent nominations of live-action films that rely heavily on motion capture, such as James Cameron's Avatar .

When the category was first instated, the nomination went to the person(s) most involved in creating the winning film. This could be the producer, the director, or both. For the 76th Academy Awards in 2004, only the director(s) of the film received the nomination. For the 86th Academy Awards ten years later, this was amended to include one producer and up to two directors.

Winners and nominations

2000s

Year Winner Nominees Ref
2001 Shrek
Aron Warner
[32]
2002 Spirited Away
Hayao Miyazaki
[29]
2003 Finding Nemo
Andrew Stanton
[29]
2004 The Incredibles
Brad Bird
[29]
2005 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit
Nick Park and Steve Box
[29]
2006 Happy Feet
George Miller
[29]
2007 Ratatouille
Brad Bird
[29]
2008 WALL-E
Andrew Stanton
[29]
2009 Up
Pete Docter
[29]

2010s

Year Winner Nominees Ref
2010 Toy Story 3
Lee Unkrich
[29]
2011 Rango
Gore Verbinski
[29]
2012 Brave
Mark Andrews and Brenda Chapman
[30]
2013 Frozen
Chris Buck, Jennifer Lee and Peter Del Vecho
[30]
2014 Big Hero 6
Don Hall, Chris Williams and Roy Conli
[30]
2015 Inside Out
Pete Docter and Jonas Rivera
[30]
2016 Zootopia
Byron Howard, Rich Moore and Clark Spencer
[30]

Multiple wins and nominations

Wins Nominations Name
2 3 Pete Docter
2 Andrew Stanton
Brad Bird
1 3 Hayao Miyazaki
2 Byron Howard
Chris Buck
Chris Williams
Rich Moore
0 3 Chris Sanders
Ron Clements
2 Dean DeBlois
John Lasseter
John Musker
Sylvain Chomet
Tim Burton
Tomm Moore
Toshio Suzuki
Travis Knight
Yoshiaki Nishimura

Studio breakdown

Studio Wins Nominations Films
Pixar Animation Studios 8 10 Monsters, Inc. , Finding Nemo , The Incredibles , Cars , Ratatouille , WALL-E , Up , Toy Story 3 , Brave , Inside Out
Walt Disney Animation Studios 3 Lilo & Stitch , Treasure Planet , Brother Bear , Bolt , The Princess and the Frog , Wreck-It Ralph , Frozen , Big Hero 6 , Moana , Zootopia
DreamWorks Animation 2 11 Shrek , Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron , Shrek 2 , Shark Tale , Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit , Kung Fu Panda , How to Train Your Dragon , Kung Fu Panda 2 , Puss in Boots, The Croods , How to Train Your Dragon 2
Studio Ghibli 1 6 Spirited Away , Howl's Moving Castle, The Wind Rises , The Tale of the Princess Kaguya , When Marnie Was There , The Red Turtle
Aardman Animations 3 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit , The Pirates! Band of Misfits , Shaun the Sheep Movie
Nickelodeon Movies 2 Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius , Rango
Laika 0 5 Corpse Bride , Coraline , ParaNorman , The Boxtrolls , Kubo and the Two Strings
Les Armateurs 3 The Triplets of Belleville , The Secret of Kells , Ernest & Celestine
Sony Pictures Animation 2 Surf's Up , The Pirates! Band of Misfits
20th Century Fox Animation Ice Age , Fantastic Mr. Fox
Tim Burton Productions Corpse Bride , Frankenweenie
Cartoon Saloon The Secret of Kells , Song of the Sea

Foreign language films

The Academy Awards have also nominated a number of non-English-language films.

All the Japanese films on this list have also been released with English-language dubbing.

Events

  1. . USA Today . Associated Press. March 25, 2002 . Retrieved March 29, 2012 .
  2. . Entertainment Weekly . December 4, 2009 . Retrieved March 29, 2012 .
  3. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from on June 5, 2011 . Retrieved April 26, 2011 .
  4. Osbourne, Robert (2013). 85 Years of the Oscar . Abberville Press. p. 357. ISBN 978-0-7892-1142-2.
  5. Osbourne. 85 Years . p. 58.
  6. Osbourne. 85 Years . p. 298.
  7. Osbourne. 85 Years . p. 327.
  8. Osbourne. 85 Years . p. 357.
  9. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved August 23, 2011 .
  10. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  11. . Retrieved 18 January 2015 .
  12. . Archived from on 31 May 2009 . Retrieved 2009-05-27 .
  13. Keegan Winters, Rebecca (July 7, 2008). . Time . Retrieved April 9, 2014 .
  14. Bandyk, Matthew (January 22, 2009). . US News . Archived from on July 17, 2011 . Retrieved April 9, 2014 .
  15. Breznican, Anthony (July 2, 2008). . USA Today . Retrieved April 9, 2014 .
  16. Amidi, Amid. . Cartoon Brew . Retrieved 2 March 2017 .
  17. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  18. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  19. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  20. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  21. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  22. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  23. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  24. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  25. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  26. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 28, 2012 .
  27. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved January 16, 2014 .
  28. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved January 16, 2014 .
  29. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved January 15, 2015 .
  30. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved January 14, 2016 .
  31. . Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved January 24, 2017 .

See also