The ATP Rankings, as defined by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP), are the "objective merit-based method used for determining qualification for entry and seeding in all tournaments for both (male) singles and doubles, except as modified for the ATP World Tour Finals (singles or doubles)." The rankings period is "the immediate past 52 weeks, except for: Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, singles and doubles, which is dropped on the Monday following the last ATP World Tour event of the following year; Futures Series tournaments that are only entered into the system on the second Monday following the tournament's week. Once entered, all tournaments, except the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, remain in the system for 52 consecutive weeks."
The ATP began as the men's trade union in 1972 and rose to prominence when 81 of its members boycotted the 1973 Wimbledon Championships. Just two months later, in August, the ATP introduced its ranking system intended to objectify tournament entry criteria, which up to that point was controlled by national federations and tournament directors.
The ATP's new ranking system was adopted by men's tennis. While virtually all ATP members were in favour of objectifying event participation, the system's quite first No. 1, Ilie Năstase, lamented that "everyone had a number hanging over them," fostering a more competitive and less collegial atmosphere amongst the players.
The original ATP ranking criteria, which persisted through the 1980s, was based on averaging each player's results, though the details were revised a number of times. Starting in 1990, in conjunction with the expansion of ATP purview as the new men's tour operator, the ranking criteria was replaced with a 'best of' system modelled after competitive downhill skiing. This 'best of' system originally used 14 events but expanded to 18 in 2000.
A player's ATP Ranking is based on the total points he accrued in the following 19 tournaments (18 if he didn't qualify for the ATP World Tour Finals):
- The four Grand Slam tournaments
- The eight mandatory ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments,
- The previous ATP World Tour Finals count until the Monday following the final regular-season ATP event of the following year.
- The best six results from all ATP World Tour 500, ATP World Tour 250, ATP Challenger Tour, Futures Series, Olympics and Davis Cup tournaments played in the calendar year
The requirement to play in four ATP World Tour 500 events doesn't apply to a player who was outside the top 30 in the previous year-end ranking; however, no more than four of his results from 500 level events might be counted. For a better result within the same tour type to be transposed one has to wait for the expiry of the first worse result from previous year. It only expires at the drop date of that tournament and only if the player reached a worse result or hasn't entered the current year.
The Monte-Carlo Masters 1000 became optional in 2009, but if a player chooses to participate in it, its result are counted and his fourth-best result in an ATP 500 event is ignored (his three best ATP 500 results remain). If a player doesn't play enough ATP 500 events and doesn't have an ATP 250 or Challenger appearance with a better result, the Davis Cup is counted in the 500's table. The World Team Cup was additionally included before its cancellation in 2012.
For the Davis Cup points, point are only distributed for the World Group countries and instead of having an exact drop date they're gradually updated at each phase of the cup (compared to the results of the player from previous year and arranged his total sum of Davis Cup points to it. E.g. if a player played two matches in a semifinal but plays one the next year only that one missing match will be extracted from his points).
A player who's out of competition for 30 or more days, due to a verified injury, won't receive any penalty. The ATP World Tour Finals will count as an additional nineteenth tournament in the ranking of its eight qualifiers at season's end.
For every Grand Slam tournament or mandatory ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament for which a player isn't in the main draw, and wasn't (and, in the case of a Grand Slam tournament, wouldn't have been, had he and all additional players entered) a main draw direct acceptance on the original acceptance list, and never became a main draw direct acceptance, the number of his results from all additional eligible tournaments in the ranking period that count for his ranking is increased by one.
Once a player is accepted in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament or ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament, his result in this tournament counts for his ranking, regardless of whether he participates. A player's withdrawal from an ATP World Tour 500 event, regardless of whether the withdrawal was on time, results in a zero point included as one of his best of four results. Further non-consecutive withdrawals results in a zero point allocation replacing the next best positive result for each additional withdrawal.
Players with multiple consecutive withdrawals who're out of competition for 30 days or longer because of injury aren't subject to a ranking penalty as long as verified and approved medical forms are provided; or, a player won't have the ranking penalty imposed if he completes the Promotional Activities requirement as specified under "Repeal of Withdrawal Fines and/or Penalties" or if the on-site withdrawal procedures apply. Players might additionally appeal withdrawal penalties to a Tribunal who'll determine whether the penalties are affirmed or set aside.
Current points distribution (2009 – present)
Points are awarded as follows:
|ATP World Tour Finals||+500||+400||(200 for each round robin match win)|
|Masters 1000||1000||600||360||180||90||45||10 (25)||(10)||25 (16)|
|Summer Olympics||750||450||340 (bronze)|
|500 Series||500||300||180||90||45||(20)||20 (10)|
|250 Series||250||150||90||45||20||(5)||12 (5)|
|ATP Challenger Tour Finals||+50||+30||(15 for each round robin match win)|
|Challenger 125,000 +H||125||75||45||25||10||5|
|Challenger 35,000 +H||80||48||29||15||6||3|
|Futures 15,000 +H||35||20||10||4||1|
|Futures 10,000 +H||27||15||8||3||1|
- (ATP 1000 series) Qualifying points changes to 16 points only if the main draw is larger than 56
- (ATP 500 series) Qualifying points changes to 10 points only if the main draw is larger than 32
- (ATP 250 series) Qualifying points changes to 5 points only if the main draw is larger than 32
In addition qualifiers and main draw entry players will then additionally receive the points in brackets for the rounds they reached.
|Rubber category||Match win||Match loss||Team bonus||Performance bonus||Total achievable|
|Singles||Play-offs||5 / 101||15|
|Final||75||753||1254||150 / 2253 / 2754|
|Cumulative total||500||500 to 5353||6254||6254|
|Final||95||355||95 / 1305|
ATP Points were distributed from 2009 to 2015
Only World Group and World Group Play-Off matches and only live matches earn points. Dead rubbers earn no points. If a player doesn't compete in the singles of one or more rounds he'll receive points from the previous round when playing singles at the next tie. This last rule additionally applies for playing in doubles matches.
1 A player who wins a singles rubber in the first day of the tie is awarded 5 points, whereas a singles rubber win in tie's last day grants 10 points for a total of 15 available points.
2 For the first round only, any player who competes in a live rubber, without a win, receives 10 ranking points for participation.
3 Team bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 7 live matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.
4 Performance bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 8 live matches in a calendar year. In this case, no Team bonus is awarded.
5 Team bonus awarded to an unchanged doubles team who wins 4 matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.
Previous points distribution (until 2008)
Points are awarded as follows:
|Tournament category||Total financial|
|Grand Slam||$6,784,000 to $9,943,000||1000||700||450||250||150||75||35||5||15|
|Tennis Masters Cup||$4,450,000||750^|
|(100 for each round robin match win,|
+200 for a semifinal win, +250 for the final win)
|ATP Masters Series||$2,450,000 to $3,450,000||500||350||225||125||75||35||5 (20)||(5)||15*|
|International Series Gold||$1,000,000||300||210||135||75||25||0 (15)||(0)||10*|
|International Series Gold||$800,000||250||175||110||60||25||0 (15)||(0)||10*|
|International Series||$1,000,000||250||175||110||60||25||0 (15)||(0)||10*|
|International Series||$800,000||225||155||100||55||20||0 (10)||(0)||10*|
|International Series||$600,000||200||140||90||50||15 (20)||0 (10)||(0)||5|
|Challenger||$50,000 or $35,000+H||55||38||24||13||5||0||2|
(€): All prize money and fees for ATP Masters Series, International Series, and Challengers played in Europe must be paid in euros (€). In most cases they're calculated at the 0.85 USD/EUR exchange rate, but it varies and is most often rounded throughout the 2008 ATP Official Rulebook.
(^): Tennis Masters Cup: maximum number of points that can be assigned to the player at this round (after he qualified to the semifinal with 3 round-robin wins)
(m): Tennis Masters Cup: minimum number of points that can be assigned to the player at this round (after he qualified to the semifinal with 1 round-robin win)
+H: Any Challenger or Futures providing hospitality shall receive the points of the next higher prize money level in that category. Monies shown for Challengers and Futures are on-site prize amounts.
Points are assigned to the losers of the round indicated. Any player who reaches the second round by drawing a bye and then loses shall be considered to have lost in the first round and shall receive first round loser's points (5 for Grand Slams and all AMS events). Wild cards at Grand Slams and AMS events receive points only from the second round. No points are awarded for a first round loss at International Series Events, Challenger Series, or Futures Series events.
Players qualifying for the Main Draw through the qualifying competition shall receive qualifying points in addition to any points earned, as per the following table, with the exception of Futures.
(*): 5 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series) or 64 (ATP Masters Series)
In addition to the points allocated above, points are allocated to losers at Grand Slam, Tennis Masters Series, and International Series Gold Tournaments qualifying events in the following manner:
- Grand Slams: 8 points for a last round loser, 4 points for a second round loser
- Tennis Masters Series: 8 points for a last round loser(**), 0 points for a first round loser
- International Series Gold: 5 points for a last round loser(**), 0 points for a first round loser,
(**): 3 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series Gold) or 64 (ATP Masters Series).
- ATP Rankings 5. Point Table (Page 153)
†Change after previous week's rankings
‡Change after previous week's rankings
Number one ranked players
The following is a list of players who have achieved the number one position in singles after the inception of the rankings in 1973 (active players in green):
|#||Player||Date reached||Total weeks|
|1||Ilie Năstase||August 23, 1973||40|
|2||John Newcombe||June 3, 1974||8|
|3||Jimmy Connors||July 29, 1974||268|
|4||Björn Borg||August 23, 1977||109|
|5||John McEnroe||March 3, 1980||170|
|6||Ivan Lendl||February 28, 1983||270|
|7||Mats Wilander||September 12, 1988||20|
|8||Stefan Edberg||August 13, 1990||72|
|9||Boris Becker||January 28, 1991||12|
|10||Jim Courier||February 10, 1992||58|
|11||Pete Sampras||April 12, 1993||286|
|12||Andre Agassi||April 10, 1995||101|
|13||Thomas Muster||February 12, 1996||6|
|14||Marcelo Ríos||March 30, 1998||6|
|15||Carlos Moyá||March 15, 1999||2|
|16||Yevgeny Kafelnikov||May 3, 1999||6|
|17||Patrick Rafter||July 26, 1999||1|
|18||Marat Safin||November 20, 2000||9|
|19||Gustavo Kuerten||December 4, 2000||43|
|20||Lleyton Hewitt||November 19, 2001||80|
|21||Juan Carlos Ferrero||September 8, 2003||8|
|22||Andy Roddick||November 3, 2003||13|
|23||Roger Federer||February 2, 2004||302|
|24||Rafael Nadal||August 18, 2008||141|
|25||Novak Djokovic||July 4, 2011||205|
Last update: June 27, 2016
Year-end number one players
Players with highest career rank 2–5
The following is a list of players who were ranked world no. 5 or higher but not no. 1 in the period after the 1973 introduction of the ATP computer rankings (active players in green):