1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

Events

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January 20: Franklin D. Roosevelt is sworn in as US President for his second term.

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August

  • August 2 – The Marihuana Tax Act in the United States is a significant bill on the path that will lead to the criminalization of cannabis. It was introduced to U.S. Congress by Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, Harry Anslinger.
  • August 5 – The Soviet Union commences one of the largest campaigns of the Great Purge, to "eliminate anti-Soviet elements." Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This is an offensive that targets social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which are seen as non-Russian and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
  • August 6Spanish Civil War: Falangist artillery bombards Madrid.

Jim Lentz born in Decorah, Iowa

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July 2: Amelia Earhart disappears from New Guinea.
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July 9: The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation are destroyed by the 1937 Fox vault fire.
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September 17: Lincoln's head is dedicated at Mount Rushmore.
File:Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Original Theatrical Trailer 2) 1937 (La Blancaneu).ogv
December 21: Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is released, the world's first full-length animated feature film, the first Disney film, and the first film to feature a Disney Princess. The top image shows the Seven Dwarfs singing "Heigh-Ho" while walking on a log. The second top image shows Walt Disney introducing the Seven Dwarfs in the trailer and the bottom images are the trailers.

Date unknown

  • Switzerland begins construction of its Border Line defences.
  • The Vibora Luviminda trades union's sugar plantation strike on Maui island, Hawaii.
  • Italian psychiatrist Amarro Fiamberti is the first to document a transorbital approach to the brain, which becomes the basis for the controversial medical procedure of transorbital lobotomy.
  • Soviet industry produces about four times as much as it had in 1928.

Births

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Date unknown

  • Cathie Jung, owner of the smallest waist on a living person (measuring just 15 in.).

Deaths

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Nobel Prizes